da'asi< SomNG5sandal(s)Saza da'asi yangu.I lost my sandal.Saza da'asi zangu.I lost my sandals.
dafaliNG5awake (all night long)Dafali ya kwe kazi inidyera mtwi kuluma.Awake all night at work gave me a headache.See: kudafala.
dafu (madafu)NG3coconut (with soft fresh meat)Mazi ya dafu yasaidiya nda kuluma.Juice from coconut helps a stomach ache.mazi ya dafucoconut milk
dahaliNG5inheritance(s)Nyumba ino ni dahali yangu.This house is my inheritance.Mame na tate wanilekera dahali.Mom and dad left me an inheritance.Hande ya baba ni dahali yangu.Grandfather's farm is my inheritance.
daiNG51flood(s)Dai za mwe zi nyumba zaletwa ni tubo diwaire.Floods in houses are caused by rotten pipes.2floodwater(s)Nna gari dya kukupa dai ya mwe zi nyumba za wantru.I have a vehicle for bailing floodwater out of people's houses.Honde yangu haikwingira dai.Floodwaters don't enter my farm.I dai ya mwe nyumba yaunga kukupwa.The floodwater in the house needs to be bailed out.
dakadakaNG5hide-n-seek game(s)Wanangu wavina dakadaka kweise na madyirani.My kids are playng hide-n-seek outside with the neighbors.Chavina dakadaka, lakini hano hahana usumkiro.We're playing hide-n-seek, but here there is no hiding place.This game is usually played at night, and it uses seven words that currently have no meaning, either because they are now obsolete or were borrowed from another language. Each word is said as one person touches the different players: dakadaka (first player touched), damsume (second one touched), dinaniyo (third one touched), o'o (forth one touched), deyase (fifth one touched), kidamdamo (sixth one touched), dangeska (seventh one touched). Whoever gets touched when dangeska is said, gets to go hide. This goes on until the last two people are left. The one who doesn't get dangeska has to seek the others now hiding. Compare this game with hiro, which is played in the daytime without the touching words noted above.
dakika (madakika)NG3minuteNi saa mnane na dakika mirongo mitatu na mtandatu.It's two o'clock (= eight o'clock pm Chizigula time) and thirty-six minutes.Ni saa na dakika mirongo minne na shano za chiro.It's eight forty-five in the evening. (= two forty-five pm Chizigula time)Sikawa dakika kumi na shano.I was fifteen minutes late.Dyero siza halaka dakika kumi na shano.Today I came fifteen minutes early.Albai katumbula suwa kumi kwa dakika shano.Albai gutted ten doves in five minutes.Nanitowe chisetu kwa dakika kumi na shano.I'll take a nap for fifteen minutes.The plural prefix ma- is often dropped in rapid speech in time phrases.
dala< EngNG5dollar(s)Nna dala shano mwe di bhorsa dyangu.I have $5 in my wallet.Nashegeya kwa mirongo mitatu dala kwa saa.I'm workng for $30 an hour.Simsoera deni dya dala shano Mwaliko.I borrowed $5 from Mwaliko.Nakunga dala kumi.I want $10 from you. = You owe me $10.Wanunga dala kumi, si dino!You want $10 from me, here (it is)!
daladala (madaladala)NG31motorcycle bus2tuktukKazi yangu nani kwigala daladala miyaka kumi idyinkhire.My job was driving a tuktuk ten years ago.
dalanga (madalanga)NG31clothSihangusiza dalanga dino.I used this cloth to wipe.Meso yangu yafigiswa na dalanga.My eyes were rubbed with a cloth.2ragNaunga dalanga nihangusize meza ino.I need a rag (with which) to wipe clean this table.Ukasafisha motore ama makina yoyose, tumiya dalanga dikungala!When you clean an engine or any kind of machine, use a white rag!See: midalanga.
dalanga dya kupikira (madalanga ya kupikira)NG3apronKwa viya mokadyi ni weye, dalanga dyo u kupikira divale weye tú.!Since you are the baker, you be the only one to wear the apron!Mkazangu kavala dalanga dya kupikira.My wife wears an apron.
daliliNG51sign(s)Dalili ya fula ni mavunde.A sign of rain are clouds.Mavunda yadya ni dalili ya fula.Those clouds are a sign of rain.Wabwanga wadya wakwiza ni dalili ya shida.Those guys coming are a sign of trouble.2omen(s)Ntrondo ino ni dalili ya xeri.This star is an omen of good times.3sympton(s)Unyonje wa korona dalili zake ni mbwani? -- Balidi nkhali; kukosha latha; kukosha kuhema; kusokeresa; mtwi kuluma.What are the symtoms of corona virus disease? -- High fever; lack of taste; lack of breath; being really tired; headache.Dalili ya tibhi ni kukololesa.A symtom of TB is coughing a lot.
damajo (midamajo)NG2commiphora tree (sp.)Haranti yangu sizenga na masasu ya damajo.My yard fence, I built it with branches from a commiphora tree.See alternate pronunciation: mdamajo.This tree has many sharp thorns and is used for fencing.
dambwe (madambwe)NG3secret groundIzi nyama zi che kwe dambwe.The images are still in the secret ground.
danga (madanga)NG3milk leftover (from previous baby)Konkha danga.He/she nursed leftover milk.When a mother gets pregnant while she is still suckling a previous baby, the new baby is said to nurse danga 'leftover milk'.
darasa (madarasa)NG31classroomMwe di darasa dyetu mna M'ezhiya yumwenga.In our class there is one Asian.Bila ruhusa Nguluko kafosa mwe di darasa.Without permission Nguluko left the classroom.2classKwa upande wa kusoma, sifunika wanafunzi wose mwe di darasa.With regard to reading, I have eclipsed all the students in the class.Darasa dyawo dina viti vingi.Their class has many chairs.
Darsalamu1NG9Dar es SalaamSita Tanzaniya lakini sibuire Darsalamu.I went to Tanzania but I didn't reach Dar es Salaam.Sifungulo duka dya nguwo mwe Darsalamu.I opened a clothing store in Dar es Salaam.Kasamira Darsalamu.She has relocated to Dar es Salaam.2NG5
dauntauni< EngNG5downtownKuvinwa ngoma dauntauni nechiro.There were drums performed downtown last night.Mnara wa dauntauni wadevekera.The steeple downtown leans over (because it's so tall).
dawa (madawa)NG51medicine(s)Waninkha dawa.They gave me medicine.Nasinkhigwa dawa.I was given medicine.Sinkhigwa dawa ino na inisaidiya.I was given this medicine, and it helped me.Dektari kaninkha dawa yakunidyamanya nikoze.The doctor gave me medicine that's making me pee.Dektari kaninkha dawa inidyamanye nikoze.The doctor gave me medicine that made me pee.Dektari kaninkha dawa nainidyamanye nikoze.The doctor gave me medicine that'll make me pee.Dawa ino yatibu.This medicine healsDawa zino zinihonya.These medicines saved me.Dawa ino haikutibu.This medicine doesn't heal.Dawa ino yashegeya.This medicine works.Dawa ino haikushegeya.This medicine doesn't work.dawa za mizizimedicines of herbs = herbal medicinesIn the plural only, this noun can also be in NG3.2medication(s)Dawa ino yadaha kuhololesa wantru i viga.This medication can paralyze people's legs.3remedy (-ies)Dawa ya deni ni kudivuza kwa mdai.The remedy for a loan is giving it back to the creditor.4chemical(s)Meza ino leka kuihangusisa na dawa, yabanika!This table, stop wiping it so much with chemical[s], it's being ruined.Shiri ya dawa ino yanisumbula.The smell of this chemical bothers me.5cleanerHafisi ino ihaka mwaka kusafishwa na dawa ikununkha vedi.This office has been cleaned for a long time with a good smelling cleaner.6pesticideDawa iya imwagirwe mo kwere iholoza mtama wose.The pesticide that was sprayed on the cornfield withered all the corn.Mbu za mwe kaya zibhufiywa dawa na ndege.Mosquitos in the town have been sprayed with pesticides by an airplane.7insecticide(s)Washa hiti na mwagira dawa kwa kukoma nkhunkhuni zose za mwe nyumba!Turn on the heat and spray insecticide to kill all the bedbugs in the house!Kanywa dawa?Did she drink the insecticide? (or medicine, depending on context)8herbicideChina dawa ya kudaha kurheba manyasi yaleke kufafa mwe honde.We have an herbicide able to hinder weeds so they stop spreading all over the farm.9formulaNna dawa ya kwambukiziza wantru mbushi ya korona.I have a formula for transmitting corona virus to people.Dawa ino ni ya kwambukizizwa ukimwi.This formula is for transmitting AIDs.10product(s) for body (like cream)Unahaka dawa ino, hukunyofuka ufiri hata umwenga.If you apply this product, you won't lose even a single hair.Ahaka dawa.She applies cream [to her bady].
dawa ya kulevya (dawa za kulevya, madawa ya kulevya)NG5drug(s) for getting highNechiro sidondola dawa ya kulevya.Last night I found a drug for getting high.Zamani kazi yangu nani kutaga dawa za kulevya.Before, my work was selling drugs.This form has both plurals in NG5 and NG3.
dawa za maduduNG5insecticidesChifafishizwa dawa za madudu mwe zi honde zetu.Insecticides have been propogated for us on our farm.
DayoNPropDayoWalala watuhu wachambize ni Mnala Halima Haji Dayo na Nkhanasuwi Amsulu Mnangwa.The other ladies that helped us are Lady Halima Haji Dayo and Nkanasuwi Amsulu Mnangwa.man's name
debe (madebe)NG31can (large)Mze Luhizo ataga dala kumi kila debe dya mavuta ya mgando.Mr. Luhizo sells for ten dollars each can of tallow.2measure of four gallons (roughly)
defenda (madefenda)< EngNG1defenderDefenda yuno achengeswa kwa ivo mbedelisheni!This defender has been feinted out too much, so change him!The singular is NG1 while the plural is NG3. See: tersino.