-anaVT > VRsfxeach otherThe final vowel -a changes to -e in the future, negative, and relative.This is the reciprocal derivational verb extension suffix.
ananasi (maananasi)NG3pineappleAnanasi ni tunda dya mwisho nitogole.Pineapple is the end all fruit that I like. (= I like pineapple the best.)
ananisi (maananisi)NG3nicknameTate mkulu Musa ananisi dyake (~ yake) ni Mvungwe.Paternal uncle Moses' nickname is Mvungwe.Ananisi dino si dyedi male.This nickname is not good at all.This noun can be irregularly possessed with the NG3 plural y- possessives, as well as the expected NG3 singular dy- possessives.
aneva ~ nevaConj1ifWarabu wagamba, "Wantru wano aneva wakaunga kazi, suwe china nayo." (Arbow: 7)The Arabs said, "These people, if they want jobs, we have them."See alternate pronunciation: kaneva.2when
ani (chani, dyani, hani, kani, kwani, mwani, nnyani, vani, wani, yani, ywani, zani)Intrrg1who?Kutowa ani?Who did you hit?Katowa ani?Who did he hit?Sitowa ani?Who did I hit?Kupenda ani?Who do you love?Unakosha wazazi wako, nouchumire ani?If you lose your parents, who will you go to?Ani questions direct objects, indirect indirects, and prepositional objects; nnyani questions subjects.2whom?Nalongera ani?Whom am I talking for?3whose?Ni mwana ani? NG1Whose child is it?Yuno ni mwana ywani?Whose child is this?Ni wana wani?Whose children are they?Ni mti wani? NG2Whose tree is it?Ni miti yani?Whose trees are they?Ni gari dyani? NG3Whose car is it?Ni magari yani?Whose cars are they?Ni chiti chani? NG4Whose chair is it?Ni viti vani?Whose chairs are they?Ni nyumba yani? NG5Whose house is it?Ni nyumba zani?Whose houses are they?Ni uzi wani? NG6Whose string is it?Ni nyuzi zani?Whose strings are they?Ni kabuga kani? NG7Whose rabbit is it?Ni wabuga wani?Whose rabbits are they?Ni kuwandika kwani? NG8Whose writing is this?Ni hani? NG9Whose place (here) is this?Ni kwani?Whose place (away) is this?Ni mwani?Whose place in here is this?See p. 842 of fieldnotes.
anjera (maanjera)< EthNG3injeraSivunga anjera dyangu.I wrapped my injera up.Sivungavunga anjera dyangu.I crumpled up my injera.Nguku ino itomolesa anjera.This chicken has pecked too much at [the] tortilla.These injeras are made with teff or wheat, or a mixture of both. They originated in Ethiopia but are eaten widely in Somalia.
ankari ~ inkariNG5curse(s)Ankari ya mame iha kulika ya tate.Mom's curse is worse than dad's.
anshuru< SomNG51tax(es)Kila ukagula gari sirikali yasola anshuru mirongo midi na shano mwe mbokolo.Any time you buy a car, the government takes taxes of twenty-five percent.Wafugadyi si vedi wasowerwe anshuru.Ranchers, it's not good for them to be taxed.See: kusowera anshuru, kusowerwa anshuru.2tip(s)Kwe kazi yangu napata ansuru nyingi kushinda mshahara wangu.At my work I get a lot more tips than my wages.Wata kusuntra viya hawakupata anshuru kama wasimalikadyi.Dish washers don't get tips like waiters.
-any(a)V > VAgsfxtogetherThis is the aggregate derivational verb extention meaning 'together'. It may be added to most verbs. However, on verbs with both subject and object inflections (e.g., transitives, causatives, benefactives, instrumentals, etc.) whether the together refers to the subject or object of the verb depends on the verb and context.
apartimenti< ItNG5apartment(s)Mwaka uno apartimenti zidyarishiswa mwe kaya.This year apartments have been rented a lot in town.
aplikesheniNG5applicationAplikesheni yangu itogoerwa.My application has been accepted.
apol (ma'apol)< EngNG3appleApol ditunguka.The apple fell off [a tree].See: m'apol.
Arafa< ArbNG5Araf (feast)Idi ya Arafa yasherekeyeka.The feast of Araf is celebratable.Arafa i karibu.Araf is close (= coming).Arafa ino sishobire male.For this Araf feast, I didn't get dressed up at all.Kwa miyaka kumi Arafa zose, nachinja mbuzi.For ten years for all Araf feasts, I have slaughtered goats.This feast is in the second month in the Arab calender after Ramadan. It celebrates the Abraham and Isaac story.
araile (maaraile)NG31bisexual (man)Mgosi yudya agaluka araile.This guy is becoming bisexual.Mbwanga yudya ni araile.This guy is bisexual.This term is disparaging of a man who acts like a woman sometimes but likes both men and women.2transvestiteSeguzo kakonga kuvala nguwo za chivere kama araile.Seguzo has started wearing women's clothes like a transvestite.
ArbaNG5Wednesday(s)Chisindo ni Arba.The day after tomorrow is Wednesday.Nna ahadi ya kumwona dektari mwe Arba.I have an appointment to see a doctor on Wednesday. Arba zose ispitali ino yafungwa. All Wednesdays this hospital is closed.
ArbayiNPropArbayiArbayi abubuta koroto.Arbay is crunching a carrot.Arbayi hana dirifu kama mamnyake.Arbay doesn't have anger like her mother.woman's name
ArboNPropArbowArbo na Mhando wakubanya msanga uno.Arbow and Mhando scooped up this dirt together.man's nameThis is the last name of the author of the first book written in Chizigula, which is quoted a lot in this dictionary.
argaleniNG5pitcher(s)Natekera mazi argaleni yangu.I'm fetching water with my pitcher.Chaunga argaleni imwenga mwe choloni.We want one pitcher in the bathroom.Argaleni zino nazisangirwe wakimbizi wose.These pitchers will be distributed to all refugees.
aririNG51uncomfortable(ness)Naona ariri kwa sababu nafintriswa ni wantru mo wishi uno.I feel uncomfortable because I'm really being squished by people in this elevator.Wana ariri nyingi.They have a lot of uncomfortableness. = They're really uncomfortable.Naona ariri kwa sababu ya wanangu wasoligwe ni sirikali.I feel uncomfortable because my children were taken away by the authorities.This noun is always singular; there is no plural form.2discomfortRaha ya duniya ni ariri ya ahera.Comfort in the world is discomfort in the hereafter. (= saying)3crowded(ness)Gari dino ni ariri; wahunguleni a wantru!This car is crowded; get rid of some people!4stuffedBasi dino ni ariri.This bus is stuffed.5claustrophobiaKwingizisa viya mwe nyumba kwaleta ariri.Putting too much stuff in the house causes claustrophobia.Naona ariri mwe di kolongo dino.I feel claustrophobia in this hole.
arliNG5earth (planet)Mdani mwe arli mwapatikana zahabu za kila mfano.In the earth there is obtained gold of every type.See alternate pronunciation: arthi.
armajo< ItNG51closet(s)Sifumpha nguwo mwe armajo.I put a lot of clothes in the closet.Nguwo zangu zose sizifintranya mwe armajo.All my clothes, I stuffed them together in the closet.2wardrobe(s)Armajo yangu sihandamiza mwe dherbhi.My wardrobe, I leaned it against the wall.3chest(s) of drawersNguwo zangu za mwe armajo zifumphiswa.My clothes have been stuffed in the chest of drawers too much.4drawer(s)Niletera ngola iyo he di ziko mwe armajo!Bring me that knife in the kitchen in the drawer!Wau kafuntra nguwo zangu mwe armajo.Grandma stuffed my clothes in the drawer.Armajo ino yavugulwa na kodi yake.5cabinet(s)6cupboard(s)Ninkhiriza sahani imwenga he armajo!Hand me one plate from the cupboard!