arosiNG5wedding(s)Arosi yangu ni dyero.My wedding is today.Sidhighwa arosi.I've been invited to a wedding.Sisharahirwa gari dyangu dye arosi.My wedding car has been decorated for me.Kwe arosi ya Luhizo sitwikwa alo shano za mavuta.At Luhizo's wedding I was asked to bring five quarts of oil.
arthi< EngNG5earth (planet)Mwenyezimungu kaumba mbingu na arthi.God created heaven and earth.Ntrondo cha mchira ni mawe ikulagala kwe arthi kulawa kwe nafasi ya kulanga.A shooting star is a rock falling to earth coming from outerspace.Here th represents a voiced interdental fricative [ð]. See alternate pronunciation: arli.
arzagiNG5sustenanceWagambire waleke kwiira arzagi si yawo.Tell them not to cry for sustenance that is not theirs.Sina arzagi ya kudya.I don't have sustenance to eatNna arzagi ya kudya.I have sustenance to eat.
asante (asanteni)GreetthanksAsante, kuniuguza weye. -- Karibu.Thanks, you took care of me [while I was sick]. -- [You're] welcome.Asante kwa kunisaidiya dyero.Thanks for helping me today.The response to asante is karibu '[you're] welcome'.
asarariNG5hex(ing) using the QuranMwanangu katumirwa asarari.My child was sent a hex using the Quran.Dhadhiri kadaha asari.Dadiri knows how to do hexing (using the Quran).
AshaNPropAshaSitwikwa dholou ni Asha.I was helped putting a bucket on my head by Asha.Asha simhinyiza gari ndodo kwa kupata lesani yake.I've trained Asha with a little car to get her license.See: kusha.woman's name
AshamberekoNG1Lady KunjiraSimwona Ashambereko miye nanna miyaka mishano.I saw Lady Kunjira when I was five years old.This is a female person with made up face and long nose and enlarged buttocks in the vinyago ritual.
asharaNG5assignment(s)Sitogola ashara zangu kufafanulwa ni tate.I like my assignments to be explained by dad.Mwalimu kagamba, "Mwanafunzi yuno hakudyamanya ashara zake anaita kunymba."The teacher said, "This student doesn't do his assignments when he goes home."
ashito< ItNG5acidAshito ino inilava madutu mo uso.This acid is bringing out swellings on [my] face.The initial syllable is stressed.
ashoNG5dinnerNnabula ku nyumba, nanidye asho.When I get home, I'll eat dinner.Asho yangu dyero ni makolokolo.My dinner today is shrimp.Asho isimalikwa.Dinner is served.Kuno nikwita nanikadyamanye halaka eze nibwire asho.Where I'm going, I'll hurry to come back (to get) to dinner.
asiliNG51origin(s)Asili ya Mzigula ni Tanzaniya. (Arbow: 5)The origin of the Kiziguans is Tanzania.Asili yangu ni Mtanzaniya.My origin is [that of] a Tanzanian.Asili za wantru wose wa mwe duniya ni Tanzaniya na Itopiya.The origins of all people in the world are Tanzania and Ethiopia.2root(s)Asili ya mayonda ni binadamu.The root of monkeys is human beings.There is a belief that monkeys were once human beings who have been damned.3organicWatagadyi mboga wataga mboga asili.Vegetable venders sell organic vegetables.4natural(ness)Aona kama naadahe kuhoneza wantru na dawa asili.She feels like she can heal people with natural medicines.Wadaha kuhonezwa na dawa za asili.They can be healed with natural medicines.
asilimiyaNG5percent(age)Asilimiya mirongo chenda na chenda za haiwani zina michira.Ninety-nine percent of animals have tails.Asilimiya mirongo mtandatu ya wantru mwe duniya wakoroma.Sixty percent of people in the world snore.
AsininaNPropAsininaMsekwa na Asinina famili zao zaduganaMsekwa and Asinina's families help bury each other.See alternate pronunciation: Asnina.woman's name
Asiya1NPropAsiaAsiya na Zuwa hawakulandulana.Asia and Zuwa don't talk to each other.woman's name2NG5AsiaJapani atowa nkhondo isi za Asiya sa China, Kambodyiya,Viyetnam,Indonésiya. (Arbow)Japan attacks in the war countries in Asia like China, Cambodia, Viet Nam and Indonesia.
askari (maaskari, waaskari)1NG1soldierAskari yudya kehambahamba.That soldier is really dressed to the hilt.Askari yudya ni hatari.That soldier is dangerous.This noun has plurals in both NG1 and NG3, which seem to have no difference in meaning. However, the plural in NG3 seems to be preferred because the NG1 plural in wa- is also the plural of the diminutive NG7, so it can imply smallness. See: chiaskari.2NG1policemanAskari yuno kaninkha tikiti ya mbokolo shano.This policeman gave me a ticket for five hundred [dollars].3NG1authorityDyero kwiza askari kunyumba kwangu akanuza masuwali.Today there came an authority to my house asking me questions.4NG1officialAskari kanidyerekera tímbiro mwe zi hanshi zangu.The official stamped my papers for me.5NG3officerAskari kazangaza wantru viboko.The officer flogged people with whips.
AsninaNPropAsninaMsekwa na Asnina famili zao zaduganaMsekwa and Asnina's families help bury each other.See alternate pronunciation: Asninina.woman's name
AsniniNG5Monday(s)Asnini zose ni kunyumba; sikushegeya male.All Mondays I'm home; I don't work at all.Asnini nakonga kazi.Monday, I'm starting work.
asubuhiNG51prayer (first of the day, before dawn)Asubuhi inabula, ninula niduke!When first prayer [time] arrives, wake me up to pray!Saladhi ya asubuhi ina sajudha nne.The first prayer has four prostrations.2early at twilightKila siku nenuka asubuhi nasola mazowezi.Every day I wake up early at twilight and do exercises.
atarisha (maatarisha)< It attriceNG1actressAtarisha yuno ni mtana.This actress is beautiful.The singular of this noun is NG1 but the plural is NG3.
athabuNG5tortureKila zambi zina athabu yake.Every sin has its torture.Here, the th is a voiced interdental fricative [ð].See: kuathawa, kudyera athabu.
atiyo (waatiyo)< Som abtiNG1uncle (maternal)Simsindikiza atiyo kwe bara ye ndege.I escorted uncle to the airport.Atiyo kaniletera zawadi.Uncle brought me a present.Miye na Luhizo chikalizana mwana wa atiyo na mwana wa mame sangazi.Me and Luhizo are related as child of maternal uncle and child of paternal aunt. (= Me and Luhizo are kissin' cousins.)See: mtumba, mdyomba.
atore (maatore)< ItNG1actorAtore kakoma mtru egale chiziha chake.The actor killed someone who had a weapon.Atore we filmu ino ana chidyiradyira.The actor of this film is uninhibited.Mwe filmi ino atore yuno ni adui.In this film this actor is a bad guy.See: uatore.Normally, atore refers to an actor playing a good guy.
auConj1orWaunga chiwasa au nyumba au zose?Do you need real estate or a house or both?Kafu dya Mnungu ao kekomwa?Did he die from God (= naturally) or was he killed?Waunga miye nidyamanye au Jon adyamanye?Do you need me to do it or Jon to do it?Waita Somaliya au Kenya?Are you going to Somalia or Kenya?Kutogola ihi: raha ya duniya au raha ya ahera?Which do you like: comfort of the world or comfort of the hereafter?Naunga mgosi au mvere.I need a man or a woman (but not both).Sigirizi ino kusigirwa ni raisi au (yuhi)?Has this information been directed to you by the president or who?Waunga bhasta au ugali?Do you want pasta or polenta?Au is used primarily in questions. It is an exclusive conjunction. See: ama, wala.2otherwiseSibanwa ni i sheriya au egu nikukome.I am constrained by the law, otherwise I would kill you.
au ... auConjeither ... orAu yeye au miye, nakufe mtru.Either he or I, somebody will die.Au nanite kwe skulu au nanite kwe kazi.Either I'll go to school or I'll go to work.Ama can be substituted for au in either position.
AustraliyaNG9AustrailiaNamna mtandantu ya milamba yalawa Madagaska, midi Afrika, umwenga Australiya.Six kinds of baobab trees come from Madagascar, two from Africa, one from Austrailia.