-era (-ira ~ iza)1V > VBsfxV forThe variant -era is used following mid vowels e or o in the previous syllable; iza is usually used following a sibilant in previous syllables, otherwise -ira.This is the benefactive applicative verb derivational extension. The final vowel -a changes to -e in the subjunctive, future, negative, and relative.2V > VInsfxV with, use to VThis is the instrumental applicative derivational extention.
eriyaNG5area(s)Eriya ino hano haikulimika kwasabu ina mamawe.This area over here isn't plowable because it has boulders.Eriya ino haikulimika kwasabu ya zuwa na chisanga.This area isn't farmable because of the sun and sand.Wadondolesa hadisi eriya zino hano.They're collecting stories a lot in these areas [around] here.
ero1AdvthenBasi ero unanibase ku nyumba.OK then, you have to visit me at home.Kwa ivo ero nanikuone.So then I'll see you.See: mnaero.2AdvsoSee: basi ero, haluse ero, kwa ivo ero.3ConjbutNi vedi, ero suwe chagombera vitumbuwa; ngalawa zino zita kuhi? (Arbow)It's OK, but we are fighting over fry bread; where are these boats going?
-esa (~ -isa)V > VExsfx1excessivelyThe variant -esa occurs following mid vowels e or o in the previous syllable, otherwise -isa.This is the excessive verb derivational extension. The final vowel -a changes to -e in the subjunctive, future, negative, and relative.2too much3a lot4hard5really
Eshiya (Maeshiya)NG31AsiaMwaka ukwiza naita safari Eshiya.Next year I go on a trip to Asia.Warabu waishi isi za Eshiya.Arabs live in countries of Asia.Msekwa adyamanya biyashara ya hano na Eshiya.Msekwa is doing business here and in Asia.Raisi kasafiri Eshiya.The president has traveled to Asia.See alternate pronunciation: Ezha.See: M'eshiya.2Asian (big ugly)Eshiya dino dinibawa mapesa ye di gari dyangu.This big ugly Asian stole the money for my car from me.This is a cuss word.
-ez(a)V > VCsfx1make V-Iz(a) becomes -ez(a) following either e or o in the previous syllable. Other forms of this suffix are -is(a) and -ish(a).This is the causative verb derivational extension.2cause to V
Ezha ~ Ezhiya< EngNG5AsiaMwaka ukwiza naita safari Ezha.Next year I go on a trip to Asia.Wakimbizi wengi walawa Ezha.A lot of refugees come from Asia.Warsha wa nguwo una faida nyingi mwe Ezhiya.A clothes factory has many benefits in Asia.Msekwa adyamanya biyashara ya hano na Ezhiya.Msekwa is doing business here and in Asia.The zh here indicates [ž] voice laminal palatal fricative. See alternate pronunciation: Eshiya.See: Mezha.