ha-1Vpfxit (place)Hazuka mbeho.It's blowing (in a specific place).Sihatogola hano. / Sihatogola.I like this place. / I like it.Sihakahata hano. / Sihakahata.I hate this place. / I hate it.Sihatogola. -- Hahi? -- Hano.I like it (place) -- Where? -- Here.Mahali hano hanisumbula. / Hanisumbula.This place bothers me. / It bothers me.Hano hachimalika.Here is standable.Hasi hano hana simole.This ground has dampness.Takayunga habalangwa. [only said if speaker is in Takayunga]Takayunga [village] has been ruined.Afmithou hana wantru wadyehe. (only said if in or near Afmidow.)Afmidow has few people.This is the subject and object verb prefix for NG9 (near).2NG9pfxplace nearHasi hano hana simole.This ground has dampnessSihatogola hantu hano hose.I like it, all this place.This is the NG9 near prefix. It can be used on any proper noun to mean at so-and-so's.
ha (-a, he, ho)PrepNG91ofmahali / hantu ha tateplace of (my) fatherha + i > he, ha + u > ho2for3atWi kuhi? -- Ni mdani mwe Overland sichimala ha a matala.Where are you? -- I'm on Overland (I) stopped at the lights.Ha Hawa ni hatali / hakulu.At Hawa's it's longer / bigger.Ha Mwaliko ni hakulu.At Mwaliko's it's bigger.This preposition can be used before any proper noun to mean at so-and-so's.
ha di dyeroPP1up to todayNivo Mzigula ha di dyero anakosha nguku, asola mgulo. (Arbow)That's why a Kizigua up to today, if he can't get a chicken, he'll take a coucal pheasant.2until today
ha haliVLocStnot there (be)Mgosiwe he hali. / He hali. NG1Her husband isn't there. / He's not here.Hawe hali.They're not there.Mti hau hali. / Hau hali. NG2The tree isn't there. / It's not there.Miti hai hali. / Hai hali.The trees aren't there. / They're not there.Idi kompyuta hadi hali. / Hadi hali . NG3The computer isn't there. / It's not there.A makompyuta haya hali. / Haya hali.The computers aren't there. / They're not there.Chiti hachi hali. / Hachi hali. NG4The chair isn't there. / It's not there.Viti havi hali. / Havi hali.The chairs aren't there. / They're not there.I shaba hai hali. NG5The pot is not there.This is a verb phrase consisting of the negative prefix ha- followed by a locative stative verb agreeing with its subject in number and gender, followed by hali 'there'. None of the elements in the phrase can be said in isolation, even ha+ hali can't be said without a locative stative verb with ha- as its prefix. See the examples above.
ha- (si-, hu-, hachi-, ham-, hawa-)-V > VNegpfxnot, -n'tHatogole banti diya dimanyasi.He doesn't like that green door.Hamtogoleni nyose male.He doesn't like you all at all.Hadikalumira.It isn't hurting.Hutogole unyolo udya mdyihi?You don't like that short necklace?Nachiro hukugona male.At night you're not sleeping at all.Nimbwani weye hukwita?Why are you not going?Nahachigonire male.We didn't sleep at all.Hachigona male.We're not sleeping at all.Hachigone male.We'll not sleep at all.Hachiwatogole.We don't like them.Hamkudya zaidi male.You (all) aren't eating much at all.Hamdire zaidi male.You (all) haven't eaten much at all.Nahamgonire.You (all) didn't sleep.Ham(u)dye zaidi male.You (all) won't eat much at all.Nahawagonire.They didn't sleep.Hawatogole buku diya dihundu.They don't like that red book.Wantru wengi wanasola chintru hawadahire kuvuza.Many people when they take something don't know how to give it back.Hano hahakuchimalika.Here is not standable.Simanyize.I don't know.Hamanyize.He/she doesn't know.Hachimanyize.We don't know.Hawamanyize.They don't know.Mwaliko hana upole.Mwaliko doesn't have gentleness.This is an initial prefix, but it comes after initial na- nonpresent. The verb stem on which ha- occurs is followed by nonassertive -(ir)e in the aorist and definite past in na-. The six persons have the following forms: S1 si-, S2 hu(ku)-, S3 ha-, P1 hachi-, P2 ham-, P3 hawa-.
haaPrtyesKumtogola yeye? -- Haa.Do you like him/her? -- Yes.Kudugwa? -- Haa, sidugwa.Are you buried? -- Yes, I'm buried.Maiti yadugwa? -- Haa (yadugwa).Is the corpse buried? -- yes (it's buried).Kwasigwa? -- Haa, sasigwa.Are you divorced? -- Yes, I'm divorced.Wazana ni wadyima? -- Haa, wazana ni wadyima.Are the kids healthy? -- Yes, the kids are fine.Waunga usame? -- Haa, nansame.Do you want to move? -- Yes, I'll move.Wi tiyari? -- Haa.Are you ready? -- Yes.Kwaga? -- Haa, saga.Are you lost? -- Yes, I'm lostWeye wi mwali? -- Haa, ni mwali.Are you secluded? -- Yes, I'm secluded.Waunga uhande wa nyama? -- Haa.Do you want a piece of meat? -- Yes.Weye nouchigalukire mvigita? -- Haa.Will you be the thrower for us? -- Yes.Vitungulu venyu vasuka? -- Haa, vitungulu vasuka.Are your onions germinating? -- Yes, the onions are germinating.Kudaha (kulonga) Chizigula? -- Haa.Do you know (how to speak) Kizigua? -- Yes.
habaNG5bullet(s)Chisumka izi haba.We fled from the bullets.Sivuta u mpinde we bundiki yangu, niyo kwalawa haba shano kwa mara imwenga.I pulled the trigger of my gun, so there came out five bullets at one time.
haba (mihaba)AdjhugeZiti dino dina milamba mihaba.This huge tree has huge gigantic leaves.
habari1NG5newsHabari zino chizieneza Marikani yose.This news, we spread it to all America.Gazeti dino dina habari zedi.This journal has good news."Trump" kalongigwa zaidi mwe zi habari.Trump has been talked about a lot in the news.China wagambiradyi washano wakuchiletera habari kila siku.We have five reporters that bring us news every day.This noun is virtually always used in the plural. See: mta habari (wata habari).2NG5informationMsipa wo mgongo nuwo ukusambaza habari mwe i vihendo i vituhu mo umwiri kulawa ko ubongo.The spinal cord in the spine transfers information to other parts of the body coming from the brain.Kalemera kati kulava izi habari.He totally refused to give out information.3NG5messageUna habari gani na miye kulawa kwa mwanangu?What message do you have for me from my son?4NG5report(s)Habari ya kubakuirana hande mwe zi mamuli ilekwa mwaka.Reports of snatching food from each other at parties stopped long ago.5GreetWhat's happening?Habari (zako)? -- Nnyamani.(Your) news? (= What's happening?) -- It's good.Habari zenyu? -- Nnyamani.You all's news? (= What's happening?) -- It's good.This is a common greeting, as the example above indicates.
Habari ya kwazana?GreetNews of losing each other?This is a greeting used when people have been separated from each other for some time.
habatsodaNG51fennelMku Shabani ana eka mbiri za habatsoda.Older brother Shabani has two acres of fennel.Habatsoda ni dawa kwa wanadamu.Fennel is medicine for humans.2black seed(s)Sola habatsoda zino kazihande!Take these black seeds and go plant them!
hadhayoAdvlast timeHadhayo, sionana na mwanafunzi wangu.Last time, I met with my student.
hadi1ConjtillNiyo alemerwa hadi u mwana akafungwa he di sina dyo mnere. (Arbow: 8)And then she was denied, till the child was tied to the trunk of the mnere tree.2Prepup tohawanati kuvuna suke hadi wandere.Chikawo icho chigaluka mzi au kaya nkulu hetangwa Mpangeni hadi vinodyero. (Arbow)That gathering place became a village or big town called Mpangeni up to now today.
hadisi< ArbNG51story (-ies)Hadisi za Wazigula ziwandikiswa ma mabuku.The stories of Kiziguans have been written a lot in books.Mwalimu wangu anunga niwandike hadisi mbiri kwa mara umwenga hambwe?My teacher wants me to write two stories at the same time?Hadisi zino zisanwa ni baba.These stories have been created by grandpa.2tale(s)Baba nakanigambira hadisi kila mara.Grandpa was telling me tales all the time.Hadisi ino ilongwa ni baba.This tale has been narrated by grandfather.3history (-ies)Nachakula hadisi ya Wazigula niimanye mpaka kundani.I'm researching the history of Kiziguans to know it profoundly.Hadisi ino ichakuzwa ni Sehondo na Zawadi.This history has been researched by Sehondo and Zawadi.Tate katogola kugamirisa wanawe hadisi za kale.Dad likes to tell his children ancient histories.
hadisi ya maisha (hadisi za maisha)NG51biography (-ies)Hadisi ya maisha ya Wana-Nkhucha sisoma mwe di buku dya Hamadi Ramazani.The biography of Wana-Nkucha I've read in Hamadi and Ramazani's book.Naunga kupata hadisi za maisha ya raisi ywetu.I would like to get the biographies of our president.Naniwandike hadisi za maisha ya maraisi matatu.I'll write the biographies of three presidents.2autobiography (-ies)Hadisi ya maisha yangu ni ntrali.My autobiography is long.Siwandikirwa hadisi ya maisha yangu.I've been written my autobiography. = My autobiography has been written for me.Hamadi na Mesozi wawandika hadisi za maisha yao.Hamadi and Mesozi have written their own autobiographies.
hadodo1NG9little placeMahali hadya nizengire ni hadodo.The place that I've built is a little place.2Adva few timesHema hadodo!Breathe a few times!3Adva little (bit)Kudaha kulonga Chihindi? -- Sidaha hadodo.Do you speak Hindi? -- I know a little.Mpigwe wareba mpinde hadodo use kulagala.The trip supports the dowel [on a snare] a little bit to not fall.4AdvbarelySikumanya hadodo.I barely know you.
hadyaNG51need(s)Kila mvere aungigwa atimize hadya za mgosiwe.Every woman is needs to fulfill the needs of her husband.2aim(s)Hadya yako ni mbwani? -- Hadya zangu ni kupata ilimu.What is your aim? -- My aims are to get knowledge.3purpose(s)hazina hadya male mbuli zino.These things don't have any purpose at all. = These things don't matter at all.4reasonNachite kwa lumwenga; haina hadya chipangane.Let's go at the same time; there's no reason for us to separate.
hadya (-dya)DemNG91that (specific place)Kushinda kwanza hadya.You won that first prize/place.Mahali hadya he kuhi?Where is that place?Hadya ni hani?Whose is that place?Hantu hadya ni hedi.That place is nice.Hantru hadya haiha.That place is bad.Hadya hose haiha.All that place is bad.Si hadya.It's that place (pointing).Si hadya. It's not that place.The two examples of si hadya, with completely opposite meanings are due to two different verbs: si.2thereE hadya hasi.She is down there.Nyose mwi hadya.You all are right there.kaihasike hadya nkhazu yangu!Go hang my t-shirt up there!Kazibe kolongo diya hadya!Go plug that hole there!
hadya ndodoNG51number one (go)Ali waunga (kwita) hadya ndodo? -- Naunga (kwita) hadya nkulu.Ali do you have to go number one? -- Male, I have to go number two.2pee
hadya nkhuluNG51number two (go)Ali waunga (kwita) hadya nkhulu? -- Naunga (kwita) hadya nkhulu.Ali, do you have to go number two? -- Ha. I have to go number two.2poop
hadya viyaAdvlast timeSakulema mti hadya viya.I was straightening a tree there last time.Siona mbwa na mnyau wakubalazana hadya viya.I saw a dog and a cat chase each other last time.Kunidirifishisa hadya viya.You pissed me off a lot last time.
hadyahadyaDemNG9that same placeNachibwirane hadyahadya.We'll meet at that same place
hafaNG51neighborhood(s)Zuzi chisamira hafa nduhu.The day before yesterday we moved to another neighborhood.Waunga usamire kuhi? -- Naunga nsamire hafa nduhu.Where do you want to move to? -- I want to move to another neighborhood.Sikwera moto nikaita kwe hafa yangu.I took a motorcycle taxi when going to my neighborhood.2block(s)Wawotera hafa yetu.They fenced our block in.Kuvigitwa mabomba maidi niyo hafa yose yasha.There were two bombs thrown, and then the whole block burned.
hafisiNG5office(s)Nna mafaili mengi mwe hafisi yangu.I have way too many files in my office.Mizigo ino ihokerezwa ni hafisi yetu.These packages have been received by our office.Ni kwa mbwani hachikugaluswa kama wahishimiywa mwe hafisi ino?Why is it we are not treated as respected ones in this office?See alternate pronunciation: ofisi.
hafiyaNG51healthKila siku nadya hande za hafiya.Every day I eat foods for health (= healthy foods).Nasomera hafiya.I'm studying health.Kushawalisa ni kwedi; kwakwinkha mri mtali na hafiya yedi.Forgiveness is good; it gives you long life and good health.See alternate pronunciation: afiya.2nutritionFalfalire zina mwire na hafiya yedi unazipika vedi.Lentils are delicious and have good nutrition if you cook them well.