Chizigula - English


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hamali (mahamali)NG31burden carrierMiyaka mirongo midi idyinkhire nani hamali.Twenty years ago I was a burden carrier.See: kuhamala.2loaderSikweza maguniya mbokolo shano mwe di lori siku dimwenga, nani hamali.I put five hundred gunny sacks on the semi in one day, when I was a loader.Hamali yuno kapata mshahara mkulu.This loader has got a great wage.3unloader
HamariNG5MogadishuNaita Hamari mwe sonfuru.I'm going to Mogadishu at the end (of the feast) of Ramadan.
hambweAdvsay what?Mwalimu wangu anunga niwandike hadisi mbiri kwa mara umwenga, hambwe.My teacher wants me to write two stories at once?Hambwe, wau aita safari luvi.Grandma is going on a trip tomorrow?Hambwe, Ali aunga kusola.Ali wants to get married?Hambwe, yeye naye aunga kwita.He himself wants to go?Hambwe, gari diya dyapuluka.That car flies?This adverb has the same function as rhetorical questions in English indicating surprise and/or admonition of the subject's ability to do something. Maybe our closest adverbial is 'say what?'
hamira ~ hamiriNG51leftover mixtureMkate wangu haukunga kuhamisrishwa na hamira.My flour mix doesn't need to be raised so much with left-over mixture.Sigaza hamira utumiye luvi.Leave some left-over injera mixture so you can use it tomorrow.Una hamiri? -- Male, shaba yangu sisuntra kale.Do you have any leftover mixture? -- No, I already washed my pan.This leftover injera mixture has yeast in it and is used the next day to make any other flour mixes raise faster and be slightly fermented.2leftover starterHamira ino yadaha kufutulisa mkate.This leftover starter can make any flour mix rise a lot.Hamiri yako yafutulisa maroti.Your leftover starter makes bread rise a lot.Sidyamanya maroti na hamiri.I've made bread with leftover starter.
Hamisi< ArbNG5Thursday(s)Mwe Hamisi Halima neze anihiye hisabu kwe nyumba yangu.On Thursday Halima is coming to teach me arithmetic at my house.Ni ibada kwita he zi mbira kila Hamisi kuwalombezeza wazimu.It's worship to go to the burial ground every Thursday to pray for the dead spirits.See alteranate pronunciation: xamisi.
HamisoNPropHamisoHawiwa na Hamiso wanitwika bhaldhi ya mazi.Hawiwa and Hamiso helped me put a jug of water on my head.Sitwikwa ni Hawiwa na Hamiso bhaldhi ya mazi.I was helped by Hawiwa and Hamiso to put a jug of water on my head.Zawadi na Hamiso wawenkhanya wazana wao wose hande.Zawadi and Hamiso have given all their kids food together.man's name
HamkwamaNG9HamkwamaWabula Hamkwama, hadya wakwamire bada wakasokere wazimwigwe kudyenda. (Arbow: 9)They reached Hamkwama, where they got in trouble after they got tired and couldn't walk.See: kukwama.
hamri (mahamri)NG3flatbread (small, triangular and fried)Naunga hamri dimwenga na sambusa.I want one flatbread and a samosa.
hamsheniNG5gazelle(s)Hamsheni ina mahembe matali.A gazelle has long horns.Hamsheni zina mahembe matali.Gazelles have long horns.
hamshoni (wahamshoni)NG11boyfriendMiye na hamshoni wangu chaminyana.Me and my boyfriend rub each other.Kabimbiriswa ni hamshoni wake ma manyasi.She was rolled around by her boyfriend in the grass.2girlfriendChamntru na hamshoni wake wanikirana kastuma zawe.Somebody and his girlfriend laid each other's underwear out to dry.
hamuNG5lustNna hamu na weye.I have lust for you.Nna hamu ya kukupata weye.I have lust to get you.
hamwenga1NG9same placeKuna makolo matuhu walawanye hamwenga aho kale. (Arbow: 5)There are other clans that came from the same place before.Mwaliko na Dhadhiri wasamanya hamwenga.Mwaliko and Dadiri moved to the same place together.Mbuzi na ngombe hazikudhaghanya hamwenga.Goats and cows don't graze together in the same place.See: mwenga.2AdvtogetherKwa siku njeche viya vose viletanywa hamwenga. (Arbow: 9)In a few days all of the stuff was brought together.Viya ivo viunganye hamwenga!Collect those dishes together!Shegeyani hamwenga!Work together!Miye na Hamadi chisafiri hamwenga.Me and Hamadi traveled together.Manyasi yano yaumbazize hamwenga!All this trash, pile it up together!
hanaVExst1here is, here'sSinya, hana nyumba!Look, here's a house!Hana mbwanga akutaga magauni kwa ivo simguira gauni dimwenga.Here there's a guy selling gowns so I bought one gown from him.2there isUkadyinkha hadya, pirika kwasabu hana chabachaba.When you pass there, jump because there's a puddle.3there are (here), there're (here)Sinya, hana mabavi!Watch out, here there're bandits!Hahana mabavi hano.There aren't any bandits here.Hahana mashufta hadya.There aren't any armed bandits there.Fumba mbuli zako; hano hana wana!Speak your words euphemistically; here there are children!
hana (sina, huna, hachinga, hawana, nahana)VNeg1don't have, do not haveKu kaya nahachina mabomba ya warabi.Back home we didn't have pipes for irrigation.Somaliya haina nyamani.Somalia doesn't have peace.Haina shida male.It doesn't have a problem at all. (= It's not a problem. = It doesn't matter.)Weye huna desturi yedi male.You don't have good behavior at all.2doesn't haveMwaliko hana upole.Mwaliko doesn't have gentleness.Kompyuta dino hadina mphuku male.This computer doesn't have a mouse at all.3haven't, have notWantru wengi hawana uvumulivu male.Many people haven't any patience at all.Mtru hana ilimu azulumika.Anybody who hasn't any education is defraudable.4there isn't, there aren'tAfrika aho kale nahaina mihaka, kwa ivo wantru nawakadyenderana. (Arbow: 5)Before in Africa there weren't any borders, so people would go visit each other.Kwa viya hadya hahana mchintra wa kwikaiva, hachite male.Since there there isn't a log for sitting, we won't go [there] at all.
hana nguvuVNeg1not have strengthMtru yuno hana nguvuThis person does not have strength (= is weak).2weak (be)
hanati (sinati, hunati, hachinati, hamnati, hawanati)VNeg1haven't finished yetSinati male.I haven't finished at all yet.Somi yangu siifungula saa dimwenga hainati.My fast I stopped it after one hour; it hasn't yet finished.Hunati kuhaka mazi? -- Sinati kuhaka mazi.Haven't you finished bathing yet? -- I haven't finished bathing yet.This is the highly irregular and suppletive negative form of kwadyika 'to finish, to be done'.2be not done yetSinati (kwadyika).I'm not done yet.Hunati?Are you not done yet?Hanati (kwadyika)?She's not done yet?Nkhonde zinaiva kabla hawanati kudya a mamphemba, nawakabwirana he di yuwe dimwenga dikwitangwa Chiringo haguhi no mzi wa Suwa. (Arbow: 7)When the farms were ready, but before they weren't done eating corn on the cob yet, they would meet on the dry mud knoll called Chiringo near the town of Suwa.Hunati kudya? -- Ha. / Male. / Sinati kudya.Are you done eating yet? -- Yes. / No. / I'm not done eating yet.Hanati kudya? -- Ha. / Male. / Hanati kudya.Is he/she done eating yet? -- Yes. / No. / He/she isn't done eating yet.3be not yetKulanga kwanda kutuntruma, nti hakunati kunya fula.In the sky it's first thundering, before it's not raining yet.Hakunati kucha.It's not yet dawning.Sidumulizwa mbuli zangu miye sinati kubinda.I was interrupted before I wasn't yet finished.4haven't yet, hadn't yetSinati kwita.I haven't gone yet.Mwana yuno nasimlera miye nti hanati kufa.This child, I took care of her when she hadn't yet died.Hunati kuhaka mazi? -- Sinati kuhaka mazi.Haven't you bathed yet? -- I haven't bathed yet.Kutanga hakunati kulimwa.The farm hasn't been cultivated yet.The verb following this verb is in the verbal noun form in ku-.
handagaVExstthere was/were (once upon a time)Handaga mgos ahoire kasola waverewaidi,There was a man who was cool; he married two women.This existential verb is used in stories.
handaniNG9inside a tiny placeHandani hano hechiza.Inside this tiny place is dark.Ni hano handani.I'm here inside a tiny place.
handeNG51food(s)Sadyika i hande.I finished the food.I mphunda sinkha hande.I gave food to the donkey.Hande ino ina mphiriphiri.This food has spices (= is spicey).Nna hande ningi.I have a lot of food.Nna hande ya kufaya.I have enough food. (lit.: I have food for being enough.)See alternate pronunciation: nkhande.See: kukoza hande.2meal(s)Hande iva!The meal is ready!Chisimalikire i hande!Serve us the meal!3gainWatibusadyi wakaula hande tú.The senders (to other realms) are only looking for gain.
hande (mahande)NG31piece (big)Ninkha hande dya tigiti!Give me a big piece of watermelon!Naunga hande dya boko.I want a big piece of banana.Naunga hande dya roti.I want a big piece of bread.2part (big)Nidumuira hande dya tigiti!Break me off a big part of watermelon!3section (big)Ninkhiriza hande dimwenga dya bati!Hand me a section of corrugated metal!Ninkhiriza hande bomba!Hand me a section of pipe!
hande i mbisiNG5organic food
hande ya chiro (hande za chiro)NG5dinner(s)Hande ya chiro nadya saa kumi na mbiri za mangaribi.Dinner, I eat at 6 o'clock in the evening.Sono mkadisa hande za chiro; namnenehe!Don't eat so much for dinner; you'll get fat!
hande ya chisingi (hande za chisingi)NG5lunch(es)Hande ya chisingi niyo ikudiswa.Lunch is what should be eaten the heaviest.Hande za chisingi mgahawa wangu numo ukugaluka bhizi.Lunches are when my restaurant becomes the busiest.
hande ya mtondo (hande za mtondo)NG5breakfast(s)Hande ya mtondo sikudya male.Breakfast, I don't eat at all.Hande za mtondo chadya matunda na vinywadyi.For breakfasts we eat fruits and drinks.
hande ya mwalagulo (hande za mwalagulo)NG5dinnerSitiyarisha hande yangu ya mwalagulo.I prepared my dinner.Hande ya mwalagulo nanywa chikombe cha usafu.For dinner I drink a cup of porridge.Hande za mwalagulo zihuhizeni!Dinners, make them light!