Chizigula - English


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haga (mahaga)NG3canopyHaga dyenyu dikeni hano mtagire mboga!Your canopy, set it here to sell [your] vegetables!This is a structure with a grass, cloth or plastic tarp roof built in the fields for shade and protection from the weather. Some more permanent ones may have a raised wood floor on which to sleep.
hagaiNG5sprinkle(s)Naona dyirali ino nachipate hagai.I sense this dry season we'll get a sprinkle.Hagai ino ichabaza u mcheka wa heise.This sprinkle wet the outside doormat.Mwezi uno una hagai nyingi.This month has had a lot of sprinkles.
hagale (mahagale)NG31ruinNyumba ino igaluka hagale nani ya baba.This house has become a ruin; it was grandpa's.2temporary hutKwe di Zigula, gosho ni mzengo au hagale dikuzengwa kweise kwo mzi dyafisizwa...In the Zigula, a "gosho' is a building or temporary hut that is built ouside of the village...
hagati1NG9centerntendere za hagati na za chambikavumbanear the center and south [of Africa]Nyumba ntali ina mphanda mbiri ama ntratu hagati.A long house has two or three center supports.2NG9middle, in the middle, down the middleTala dyanemanema hagati mwe nyumba.The light is hanging in the middle of the house.Nazi ino ipasulwa hagati.This coconut has been split down the middle.Nyumba ntrali ina mphanda mbiri ama ntratu hagati.A long house has two or three center poles down the middle.3PrepNG9betweenSigaluka mfitina hagati hao.I became a trouble maker between them.Kompyuta dino di hagati hetu.This computer is between us.Galamu ino i hagati he zi hanshi.This pen is between the papers.Manyanya ye hagati ha makoko.The tomatoes are between squashes.This preposition is grammatically or etymologically a noun of NG9; that is why it takes NG9 possessive objects. See: mgati.
hagiro (mahagiro)NG31broomSihagiira hagiro dino.I used this broom to sweep.Hagiro dyangu sidihandamiza mwe dherbhi ye nyumba.My broom, I leaned it against the wall of the house.See: kuhagira.2brushMwe di gari dyangu nna hagiro dya kuhangusiza bharafu.In my car I have a brush for wiping off snow.
haguhiNG91close (to)"Lucky Peak" ni haguhi.Lucky Peak is close.Boizi na Meridian ni haguhi.Boise and Meridian are close.Miridiyan ni haguhi na Boizi.Meridian is close to Boise.Simsogeza mwanangu haguhi hangu mwe ndege.I scooted my child close to me on the plane.This is an NG9 noun used in adverbial function.2near (by)Nkhonde zinaiva kabla hawanati kudya a mamphemba, nawakabwirana he di yuwe dimwenga dikwitangwa Chiringo haguhi no mzi wa Suwa. (Arbow: 7)When the farms were ready, but before they were done eating corn on the cob, they would gather on the dry mud knoll called Chiringo near the town of Suwa.Yemen ni isi ya Warabu haguhi Afrika.Yemen is an Arab country near Africa.Uko nikwita ni haguhi.Where I'm going is near by
hahandaNG91side, by one's sideSo wikale hahanda hangu!Come sit by my side!Sikala na mnyau hahanda hangu.I'm sitting with a cat by my side.2besideIkala hahanda ho mti!Sit beside the tree!Ikala hahanda!Sit beside there!
hahiIntrrgNG91where (nearby)?Miye ni hahi?Where am I?Sihatogola. -- Hahi? -- Hano.I like it (specific place). -- Where? -- Here.Choloni ni hahi?Where is the bathroom?Di hahi?Where is it (car nearby)?He hahi?Where is it (place nearby)?Kuhera hahi?Where'd you end up?2which (one)?Ni hantu hahi?Which place is it?Ni hahi?Which one is it?
hai ~ hayiAdjaliveNi hai. / Si hai.I'm alive. / I'm not alive.Wi hai. / Hwi hai.You're alive. / You're not alive.E hai. / He hai.He/she is alive. / He/she's not alive.Chi hai. / Hachi yai.We're alive. / We're not alive.Mwi hai. / Hamwi hai.You (pl) are alive. / You (pl) arn't alive.We hai. / Hawe hai.They are alive. / They're not alive.See alternate pronunciation: hayi.See: uhai.
haiwani (mahaiwani)1NG5animal(s)Haiwani ikorishwa. / Haiwani ifugigwa.The animal has been tamed.Aho gulo wantru usafiri wao nani farasi, mphunda na haiwani nduhu.Long ago people's transportation was horses, donkeys and other animals.Haiwani zino zatombana.These animals are mating (with each other).haiwani ikorishwe / haiwani ifugigweanimal that has been tamed (= tamed animal)kundi dya haiwanibunch of animalsThe plural mahaiwani is only for the NG3 haiwani.2NG3viscious animalHaiwani dino ni hatari.This viscious animal is dangerous.Haiwani dino dyalumiza wantru.This viscious animal hurts people.
haiwani za (mwe) nyumba / kayaNG5pet(s)Sina haiwani ya nyumba.I don't have a pet.Haiwani za nyumba sizitogole.Pets, I don't like them.
HajiNPropHajjiHaji Yusufu kalawa zuzi Hiji.Hajji Joseph came from the Hajj the day before yesterday.Ramazani na Haji ni walevi.Ramazani and Hajj are drunks.This is a man's name. It is also a title used before one's name when one has gone on the Hajj (cf., Hiji).
HajiyaNPropHajiyaHajiya ni mame mdodo.Hajiya is my aunt (maternal).
hajiyamsiniNG5pickup truck(s)Nna hajiyamsini imwenga.I have one pickup truck.Nna hajiyamsini mbiri za kututira mizigoI have two pickups for carrying loads.Kaweregishiza hajiyamsini ino mallahi yake.He has used this pickup truck to hawk his fish.Hajiyamsini yake iweregishizwa mallahi mwe kaya.His pickup truck has been used to hawk fish in town.
hake (-ake)1PossPrnNG9his (place or people), of his placeHano ni hake au ni hako?Is this place his or yours?2PossPrnNG9her (place or people), of her place3PossPrnNG9its (place), of its placeChirichiri diya chionire kudya, hano ni hake.The warthog that we've seen there, this is its place.4PossPrnNG9hers (place or people)Hano ni hake.This place is hers.5Expltplease, let me pass
hakehakeAdv1separatelyWaunga kuhangnyika, hawakunga kuvina hakehake.They want to mix together; they don't want to dance separately.A madyshi yaamrishwa yadyende hakehake.The soldiers were ordered to walk separately.2individuallyKudyamanya kazi hakehake hakuchifaye male.To do work individually won't help us at all.
hakiNG51justiceNi mtru wa haki.He/she is a person of justice (i.e, is just).Majaji kazi yao ni kupanga haki.Judges' jobs are to distribute justice.2fairnessRifari , hukudyndeza haki male.Referee, you're not maintaining your fairness.3right(s)Kila mraiya haki yake ni kutowa kura.Every citizen's right is to vote.Vitendo ivo Alshabhabhu wakudyamanya wantru si haki.The deeds that Al-Shabab do to people are not right.Wavere wagomesa kwa kupata haki yao ya kutowa kura.Women protest a lot to get the right to vote.4privilegeNna haki ya kwigala gari.I have the privilege of driving a car.5dueWalezi ni vedi wapate haki zao.Babysitters are better getting their due.
hakibaNG51surplusMtama uno ni hakiba; sono munisezigire!This corn is surplus; don't play with it!Handa hande nyingi nderi ili kuhugaluke na hakiba.Grow lots of food in the rainy season so you can have a surplus.2spareMkingiro uno ni hakiba.This tire is the spare.3excess
hakidharaNG5injusticeUnegala hakidhara, mwisho neze ikusumbule umwenye.If you continue with injustice, in the end it will disturb you yourself.
hakika1AdjcertainNi hakika chiro chino nakunye fula.It's certain that it'll rain tonight.Ni hakika ana ukimwi.It's certain that he has AIDS.Ni hakika naatogole.It's certain that she'll agree.Nihakika Obama neze Bhoizi chiro chino.It's certain that Obama will come to Boise tonight.See: uhakika, kuhakikisha.2NG5certaintyNna hakika ana ukimwi.I have certainty that he has AIDS.Ino ni hakika (kwamba) mazi yano nayafakate chiro chino.It's a certainty (that) this water will escape tonight.3AdvcertainlyHakika chiro chino nakunye fula.Certainly tonight it'll rain.
HakimaNPropHakimaHakima katogola kutoza galmu kila wakati.Hakima likes to grab onto a pen all the time.Hakima kasom vedi uwana wake.Hakima has studied well for her young age.woman's name
hakimu (wahakimu, mahakimu)NG1judgeHakimu kadai ni(ka)dondole manyasi mwe kaya kwa mwezi umwenga.The judge commanded me to (go) collect trash in town for one month.Sihukumwa ni hakimu nikadondole manyasi.I was sentenced by the judge to go collect trash.Hakimu kafa.The judge died.The singular is NG1 but there are two plurals, one in NG1 and one in NG3.
hakiriNG51intelligenceUna hakiri.You have intelligence. = You are intelligent.Mlezi wa kila mwana agaluke na hakiri.The babysitter of every kid should have intelligence.Mwaliko kanyimwa hakiri; ni hezi.Mwaliko has been denied intelligence; he's crazy.2wisdomMmanyi yuno kaninkha hakiri.This sage gave me some wisdom.Jan ana hakiri.Jon has wisdom.3common senseSharifayi ana hakiri.Sharfai has common sense.Mshawalwa aungwa alete hakiri naye.The one forgiven needs to bring common sense with him.4witsAna hakiri ya kudyamanyiza chintru.He has wits for doing something.5smart(s)Mnyau yudya atogole ana hakiri.The cat that he likes has smarts.Mbwa ino ina hakiri.This dog has some smarts.Egu nana hakiri, egu nite koleji.If I had any smarts, I'd go to college.Kabuga kadya kakuguluke kana hakiri.The rabbit that is running away has smarts.6clever(ness)Wana siyas wana hakiri nyingi.Politicians have a lot of cleverness.7mind(s)Shabani na Luhizo wahutulana izi hakiri.Shabani and Luhizo have changed each other's minds.Mphombe yalemerwa kwa sababu yakubedelisha izi hakiri.Alcohol is prohibited because it changes your mind.8thoughtful idea(s)Dhadhiri ni mletadyi kila hakiri.Dadiri is a bringer of every thoughtful idea.9thought(s)Kuleta hakiri yedi.You brought a good thought.
hakiridhara1AdjwisdomlessHakiridhara ni adui yako.Your enemy is wisdomless.2NG5lack of intelligenceHakiridhara niyo ikumdyamanyani vino.Lack of intelligence is the one doing this to you (all).
hako (-ako)PossPrnNG91your (place or people), of your placeHano ni hako? -- Ni hangu.Is this your place? -- It's mine.2yours (place or people)Hano ni hake au ni hako?Is this place his or yours?