Chizigula - English


i


inda (indani)VTfirst doUkatalala mboko, inda kugomola a maganda!When you transplant banana plants, first strip off the outer skins!Indani kwivana, akadyika nibasani!First understand each other, then come to me!This is the imperative of kunda.
IndiyaNG9IndiaMwe Indiya mna Vihindi tafauti.In India there are different Hindi languages and dialects.Naita Indiya likizo yangu.I'm going to India for my vacation.Asili ya mibiringanya ilawa Indiya.The origin of eggplant plants is India.See: Mhindi, Chihindi.
indole (maindole ~ waindole)NG3blind (person)Miye ni indole.I am blindSee alternative pronunciation: ndole.
Indonesiya ~ Indoneziya1NG5IndonesiaIndonéziya ina viziwa vingi.Indonesia has many islands.Indonésiya ina Waislamu wengi.Indonesia has a lot of Muslims.Malésiya ni isi dyirani na Tailand na Indonésiya.Malaysia is a country neighboring with Thailand and Indonesia.Chimalésiya ni luga imndani mwe zi isi za Malésiya na Indonésiya.Malay is a language in the the countries of Malaysia and Indonesia.2NG9
indoshareri< SomNG5veil(s)Sikunga mvere akuvala indoshareri.I don't like a woman who wears a veil.
infekshon< EngNG5infectionNaikuletere infekshon.It will bring you infection.Dektari kanigamba, "Chikozo chako china infekshon."The doctor told me, "Your bladder has an infection."
*ingahi (hengahi, kwingahi, mengahi, mingahi, mwingahi, nyingahi, vingahi, wengahi)Intrrg1how many?Wantru wengahi? NG1How many people [are there]?Kuna miti mingahi kudya? -- Kiashi. / Mingi. / Simingi. / Yose. NG2How many trees are there in that place? -- A few. / Lots. / Not many. / All of them.Magari mengahi? NG3How many cars [are there]?Vikome vingahi? NG4How many cups [are there]?Kuna nyumba nyingahi kudya? -- Nyingi. / Kiashi. / Zose. NG5How many houses are there in that place? -- Lots. / A few. / All of them.Simu nyigahi?How many phones [are there]?Nyuzi nyingahi? NG6How many strings [are there]?Kusoma kwingahi? NG8How many readings [are there]?Mahali hengahi? NG9How many places [are there]?See fieldnotes p1084.2how much?Una mapesa mengahi? -- Sina mapesa mengi male.How much money do you have? -- I don't have much money at all.
*ingi (chingi, hingi, kwingi, mengi, mingi, mwingi, nyingi, vingi, wengi)Quant1many2much3lots (of)4a lot (of)Initial vowel i contracts with preceding vowel: a + I > e
iniIntrrgwhen?Waita ini?When are you going?Wenuka ini?When are you leaving?Nachibwerane ini?When will we meet (again)?Mkaziwo ketula ini?When did your wife deliver?
ini (maini)NG3liver
inkari ~ ankariNG5curse(s)Inkari yako hainitoze male.Your curse doesn't take hold of me at all.Inkari ya mame iha kuliko ya tate.A curse from mom is worse than that from dad.Inkari ya mame na ya tate iha.A curse from mom or dad is bad.
ino (-no)1DemNG5thisNyumba ino izengerwa ni wowo.This house was built by them.Meza ino naitogolowa ni wowo.This table was liked by them.Sitogola mbuzi ino.I like this goat.Picha ino haikuonekana vedi male.This picture doesn't look well at all here.Naita Septi ino.I'm going this Saturday2DemNG2theseMisaka ino yanidiba.These colds are annoying me.Ino ni nyumgo.These are winnowing baskets.
insharaNG51sign(s)Masomo yenyu ni inshara ya maendeleyo makulu.Your education is a sign of major progress.See: kwinshara.2premonition(s)Nna inshara luvi nakunye fula.I have a premonition that tomorrow it'll rain.Nna inshara uko ukwita naukalumire.I have a premonition that wherever you're going you're going to get hurt.
inshuarensi< EngNG5insurance (company)Chipapariswa ni inshuarensi.We have been swindled by the insurance company.
inspekta (wainspekta, mainspekta)NG1inspectorKabula chikawo cha inspekta mwe polisi.He got to the rank of inspector in the police.This noun has two plural forms, one in NG1 and the other in NG3.
inspekta kamili (mainspekta kamili)NG1full-inspectorMwangu kagaluswa inspekta kamili.My son was made full-inspector.
intaneti< EngNG5internet(s)Mna websaidi nyingi mwe itaneti.There are a lot of websites on the internet.
intante (maintante)NG1conductor (of conveyance)Bhorsa dyanke kafifinyikirwa ni intante.Her bag was stuffed for her by the conductor.
-ir(a)1V > VBsfxV for-ir(a) becomes -er(a) following either e or o in the previous syllable; -iz(a) is normally used following sibilants in previous syllables.This is the benefactive applicative verb derivational extention.2V > VInsfxuse to VThis is also the instrumental applicative verb derivational extention.3V > VTsfxtransitiveThis set of suffixes may also derive some transitive verbs.
Irak(i)1NG5IraqRaisi wa Marikani kahungulisa maskari ya Iraki.The president of the U.S. decreased [the number of] soldiers in Iraq a lot.Maskari ya Marikani yahunguliswa mwe Iraki.American soldiers have been decreased a lot in Iraq.Marikani itawala Iraki kwa mda mdodo.America conquered Iraq for a short time.Iraki si yedi.Iraq is not good.Madyeshi ya Marikani mwe Irak(i) yavigitirwa mabomba ni Iran.Bombs were dropped on American soldiers in Iraq by Iran.See: M'iraki, Wairaki.2NG9Iraki ni kwedi. (only said if not in Iraq)Iraq is good.Iraki si kwedi. (only said if not in Iraq)Iraq is not good.
Iran(i)1NG5IranMadyeshi ya Marikani mwe Irak(i) yavigitirwa mabomba ni Iran(i).Bombs were dropped on American soldiers in Iraq by Iran.Kwawo ni Irani; kwetu ni KismayoTheir home is Iran; ours is KismayoSee: Chi'irani, M'irani, Wairani.2NG9
-ire1V > VNegsfxnegative pastNechiro sigonire male.Last night I didn't sleep at all.Zuzi nasigonire male.The day before yesterday, I didn't sleep at all (but have since).Zuzi sigonire.I haven't slept since the day before yesterday.Sionire i simu.I didn't see the phone.Sidire / Nasidire.I didn't eat.Hamdire zaidi male.You (all) didn't eat much at all.Hawadire a matunda.They didn't eat the fruits.Sitire mahali hengi male.I didn't go to many places at all.(Na)sikamire.I was not milking.See alternative pronunciations: -iye, -ize.This suffix is used in combination with the prefixes ha- or si- to form the negative past.2V > VUnrlsfxpast irrealisYeye egu nalindire.He should have hunted.Nakukomire.I should have killed you.Wanikomire.You should have killed me.Anikomire.He should have killed me.Namkomire.I should have killed him.(Egu) Nadire.I should have eaten.Wadire.They should have eaten.Egu adire.He should have eaten.3V > VRelClsfxrelative clause (past) verb suffixMphunda ziya naninkhire hande ziguta.The donkeys that I gave food to are full.Mpunga udya nanidire ni wedi.The rice I ate was good.Mtru yuno nipendire kafa.This person that I loved died.Sibindiviza kazi idya noukongire.I finished the work that you started.mere yagoniremilk that's gone to sleep = curdled milkMiguwa ino niguire yose ni mabua.All of these sugarcanes that I bought are spongy.Nakaula simu yangu inagira.I'm looking for my phone that got lost (on me)Sibalaza wabuga waidi nawagonire he di tuwa.I drove away two rabbits that were sleeping in the bush.Akudhighire nakukomire male.He who warned you didn't kill you at all. ProverbAdire neze hano.Whoever ate should come.Adire, so hano!Whoever ate come here!Wanikomire ni wano.They who killed me are these ones.
*iri (chiri, diri, eri, mwiri, viri, weri, wiri, yeri)VRelClwhere someone is, where something isMiye suswa hadya naniri.I was removed from where I was.aho wiriright there where you areuko wirithere where you aremno wiriin here where you are (and I am too)mmo wiriin there where you aremmo eriin there (near you) where he/she ismno chiriin here where we areaho mwiriright where you all areuko mwirithere where you all aremno mwiriin here where you all are (and I'm here too)mmo mwiriin there where you all are (and I'm not there)mmo weriin there where they areWowo wauswa hadya naweri.They were removed from where they were.mti uko wirithe tree where it ismiti uko irithe trees where they aregari uko dirithe car where it isChitumiya tarbhina kuvumbuira maadui aho yeri.We used binoculars to discover where the enemies are.magari uko yerithe cars where they areChikombe chuswa hadya nachiri.The cup was removed from where it was.chiti uko chirithe chair where it isviti uko virithe chairs where they arekabuga uko kerithe rabbit where it iswabuga uko werithe rabbits where they areThis is the irregular and suppletive relative form of kugaluka. See: ivo iri.
IritériyaNG9EritreaChiriteriya ni luga ikulongwa mwe Iritériya.Tigrinya is a language spoken in Eritrea.Natogola kwita Iritréiya, ilo ni vedi nidyamanye gari dyangu kwnaza.I want to go to Eritrea, but it's better that I fix my car first.See alternate pronunciation: Eletereya.See: Mwiritériya.
-is(a)1V > VExsfx1excessively-is(a) > -es(a) following either e or o in the previous syllable.This is the excessive verb derivational extension.2too much3a lot4hard5really