Chizigula - English


i


-iye1V > VRelClsfxrelative clause aorist and past verb suffixWantru wadya wehiye wafa.The people who were bad died.Nnana mahoka yaihiye.I had a nightmare that was bad.Sitogole meza zino zihiye.I don't like these tables that are bad.Xuraa ya dyero sidya matagi na maboko yeiviye.For breakfast today I ate eggs and bananas that were ripe.See alternative pronunciation: -ire, -ize.2V > VNegsfxnegative aorist and past verb suffixTunda dino hadiviye.This fruit isn't ripe.Weye hwihiye.You are not ugly.This negative suffix is used in combination with si- and ha- negative prefixes.
iyo (-yo)1DemNG5that (near you)Lete saa iyo!Bring that clock (near you)!Ali, kuvalwa nyani nkhazu iyo? -- Sivalwa ni mame.Ali, that t-shirt was put on you by whom? -- It was put on me by mom.Nkhazu iyo sono widyere iki kwa sababu naitudyuke.Don't put bleach in with that t-shirt (near you) because it will fade.Ninkhiriza galamu iyo!Hand me that pen!Shaba iyo ifunike!That pot (near you), cover it!Zino si hilahi iyo nimwinkhire male.These are not the amounts that I gave her at all.2DemNG2those (near you)
iyo yoseDemNG51anySimu iyo yose nanigule yabanika.Any phone that I buy breaks.Nyumba iyo yose nanimzengere, ailemera.Any house I build for her, she rejects it.This phrase has a short form: yoyose.2all (of)
-iz(a)1V > VCsfx1make V-Iz(a) becomes -ez(a) following e or o in the previous syllable. Other forms of the suffix are -is(a) and -ish(a).This is the causative verb derivational extension.2cause to V
-iz(a)21V > VBsfxV forThis form of the suffix is normally used after sibilants in previous syllables; other forms of this suffix are -ir(a) and -er(a).This is the benefactive applicative verb derivational extension.2V > VInsfxV with, use to VMkazangu kanilisiza mkamshi.My wife fed me with a spoon.Kenya ilindimuliza Somaliya na mizinga. = Kenya ilindimuliza mizinga Somaliya.Kenya has threatened Somalia with heavy weapons.This is the instrumental applicative verb derivational extension. If the instrument doesn't immediately follow the verb, then na 'with' normally precedes it.
-ize1V > VRelClsfxrelative clause (aorist and past) verb suffixNi kudya umanyize.It is there where you have known. Wazana wadya wakoshize wazazi wao mwe hondo wahuzunikisa.Those kids who lost their parents in the war have grieved a lot.Simanyize idi dyibu idyo umanyize.I don't know the answer that you know.See alternative pronunciation: -ire, -iye.2V > VNegsfxnegative aorist and past verb suffixSimanyize.I don't know (= haven't known).Hamumanyize.You (all) don't know (= haven't known).This negative suffix is used in combination with si- and ha- negative prefixes.
iziDef NG5/6theChiona izi nyumba ze famli.We saw the houses of the families.Chisuntra izi nguwo.We washed the clothes.Wazana nawagona wakenulwe ni izi nguto.The kids were already sleeping when they were awakened by the noises.Izi mbuzi zidimwa.The goats were herded.Izi ng'ombe zahamirana.The cows are butting heads (with each other).ku + izi > kwi zi, mwa + izi > mwe ziThis is the Augment or definite article for NG5 and NG6 plurals.
izi (maizi)NG3rootIzi dyo mti ditanda.The root of the tree has spread out.
izi (maizi)NG31voiceIzi dya Mhando ni kulu.The voice of Mhando is big.Mhando ana izi kulu.Mhando has a big voice.Izi dyangu didumka kwasabu sichemesa.My voice is broken because I've sung too much.2voiceboxSee: kudumkwa ni izi.3Adam's apple4larynx
IzninaNPropIzninaNamchinyiza Iznina mwanawe.I'm brushing Izinina's kid's teeth for her.woman's name
izoDemNG5/6those (near you)Mbuli zako izo ukulonga ni njeni kwangu.Your ideas that you're talking about are foreign to me.ngazi izothose ladders near youNi furaha mbuli izo akukudyamanyiza mgosiwo.Those things your husband does for you are pleasures.
IzrailiNG5IsraelMwezi wa Tandatu naita Izraili.In June I'm going to Israel.See: Mizraili, Waizraili.