Chizigula - English


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ifiyamntruNG11the sister-in-lawAkalaho ifiyamntru eza amgombera.Then the sister-in-law comes and counsels her.2the sister wifeIfiyamtru ketangwa alave madyereko.The sister wife was called to give out presents.
Ifo1NG9Ifo (refugee camp in Kenya)Mdani mwe Ifo mna mabhambho mengi.In Ifo there are a lot of marabou storks.2NG5Kambi ya Ifo isamizwa.Ifo refugee camp has been evacuated.
ifu (maifu)NG3stomach (organ)Ifu dya ng'ombe ni kulu kuliko dya mbuzi.The stomach of a cow is bigger than [that] of a goat.
Igo1NG5Eagle, IdahoMwaliko aunga kwita Igo.Mwaliko needs to go to Eagle.Chisama kulawa Bhoizi kwita Igo.We moved coming from Boise going to Eagle.Sira ya Igo magari yose yazuwiywa.On Eagle road all the cars have been obstructed.Igo kutamphirwa. / Igo hatamphirwa.Eagle has been gone to. [said if I'm out of Eagle / closeby]Igo ni yedi.Eagle is good.2NG9Igo kutamphirwa.Eagle has been gone to.Igo ni kwedi. [said if I'm out of Eagle]Eagle is good.
-igw(a)V > VPsfxpassive derivational verb extensionThe most common passive verb extension is -w(a); -igw(a) is used on some verbs apparently to break up difficult consonant clusters.
-igwa (-wa)VT > VPsfxpassive suffixThis suffix derives passive verbs (VPs) from virtually all transitive verbs (VTs), but also from a few intransitive verbs (kufigwa < kufa).
ihi1DemNG5which (one)?Ni nyumba ihi?Which house is it?2IntrrgNG2which (ones)?Ni miti ihi?Which trees are they?
ihiye (kwiha)VRelCl1bad (be)Mtru yudya ehiye kafa.The person who was bad died.Wantru wudya wehiye wafa.The people that were bad died.Sikunga nyumba ihiye.I don't want a bad house.Sitogole meza zino zihiye.I don't like these tables that are bad.Sitogole matunda yadya yaihiye.I don't like those fruits that are bad. Jon ana untu wihiye.Jon has a personality that is bad.Nnana mahoka yaihiye.I had a nightmare that was bad.Wandugu waidi wachukizana kwa tabiya zawo zihiye.Two relatives offended each other with their bad behavior(s).Ihiye is the relative stem of kwiha. See: kulongera luga ihiye, mtru ahiye.2ugly (be)
ihu (maihu)NG31infected swellingIhu dyangu duya.My infected swelling shrunk.Ihu dyangu dituruka.My infected swelling has gone down.2pustuleIhu dyake dyetikisa ufira.Her pustule superates pus a lot.
ihya (chíhya, kwíhya, ímphya, maihya, miíhya, mwíhya, víhya, wéhya, wíhya)AdjnewMwaliko ni mwíhya. NG1Mwaliko is new [around here].Msagiro ni rubani mwihya.Msagiro is a new pilot.Nna mwanafunzi mwíhya.I have a new student.Nna wanafunzi wéhya.I have new students.mtru mwíhyanew personwantru wéhyanew peopleSigula mti mwíhya. NG2I bought a new tree.Sigula miti miíhya.I bought new trees.Wengi nawakadyenda wakaunga msanga mwíhya. (Arbow) Many [people] would move wanting new land.Moto mwíhya, mwaka mwíhya na mtama mwíhya! (Arbow)New fire, new year and new corn!mikono míhyanew armswira wíhyanew songmira míhyanew songsMgosi wangu kaniguira gari (d)íhya. NG3My husband bought me a new car.Maaskari mengi yagaluka wazamini wedi kwa maaskari maihya. Many police become good sponsors for new police.Idi kompyuta (d)íhya dibonika.The new computer has broken down.A makampyuta maíhya yabanika .The new computers have broken down.Naunga buku (d)ihya.I want a new book.Naunga mabuku maihya.I want some new books.Naunga chikombe chíhya. NG4I want a new cup.Naunga viratu vîhya.I want new shoes.Mgosi wangu kaniguira nguwo ímphya. NG5My husband bought me new clothes.Uzi wíhya hauna rangi.The new string doesn't have any color.Mgosi wangu kaniguira nyumba ímphya.My husband bought me a new house.Ukwere wihya ni manyasi.The new cornfield is green.kuntu kwíhya NG9new placeThe first vowel is always stressed: [íhiya].For many people the forms in íhya are used to modify all noun generas except NG5; while the form imphya is only used to modify NG5 nouns. However, some people can use mphya in other noun generas as well. See: úhiya. and mphya
IjiptiNG5EgyptIjipti ni isi ina storiya nyingi.Egypt is a country that has many legends.Ijipti kuna istoriya nyingi.In Egypt there are many legends.Ijipti ni kwetu.Egypt is our home.
-ika (~ -eka)1V > VI-ablesfxbe Verb-able / be Verb-ibleThe variant -eka occurs after a mid vowel, e or o, in the previous syllable. The final vowel -a changes to -e in the future, negative, and relative.This suffix, the -able intransitive verb derivational extension, is very productive, but not all verbs can take it..2V > VIsfx
ikulawaPrepfromSinkhirizwa baruwa ikulawa Kenya.I was given a letter from Kenya.
ikuluNG51capitol(s) buildingMndani mwe ikulu ya Tanzaniya wana tausi nyingiInside the capitol building of Tanzania they have many peacocks.Namungira mwanangu masomo nayadole kumwigala ikulu.I want an education for my child that can take her to the capitol building.2president's houseDyero ikulu haikwingirika.Today the president's house can't be entered.
ikwetaNG6equatorIkweta ni msirimbo ukupanga i duniya mphande mbiri.The equator is the line that divides the world in two sections.Zunguni naho hakudyinkha msirimbo wa ikweta uwo ukupanga ulimwengu mpaka kulanga na hasi.Zunguni is where passes the line of the equator that divides the world from top to bottom.Ikweta yapanga i duniya mipane midi, chibura na chambikavumba.The equator divides the world in two sections, north and south.
ilaConj1untilSanikwinkhe ila ukanibwira.I'm not going to give it to you until you catch me.2but (rather)Sita Marikani ila sibuire "DiSi" male.I went to America but I didn't get to D.C. at all.Siku zino hachikugula kadi za kulongera Afrika ila chikatumiya mitandao.These days we don't buy cards to speak with Africa but rather we use internet programs.3exceptSipata zawadi za kila chintru ila sipatire kompyuta.I got a gift of everything except I didn't get a computer.
iliConjso (that)Wazana wetu nachiwahimizize magari ili wasome skulu.Our kids, we will encourage them with cars so they study in school.Nadyamanya mazowezi ili ninyale.I'm doing excercises so I can lose weight.Sigamgwa nisome kila chiro masaa matatu ili nibhase mtahani wangu.I was told to study three hours each night so I can pass my exam.Naunga nitowe mlindi ili niwashe moto wa kukokera kasagale.I want to use a firedrill so as to start a fire to barbecue a digdig deer.
ilikiNG5sign(s) of damageDhinamu yako ina iliki; yaunga kubedelishwa.Your alternator has signs of damage; it needs to be replaced.Iliki za mwe di gari dino ni ndodo, wadaha ukadigula.The signs of damage of this car are few; you can buy it.
ilimuNG51educationMtru hana ilimu azulumika.Somebody who hasn't any education is defraudable.Ilimu yangu si kamili male.My education is not complete at all.Mhonje ana ilimu yakutosha.Mhonje has sufficient education.Lika dya haluse dyauka na ilimu.The youth of today shine with education.See: kuilimika, kuilimisha, mwalimu.2knowledgeHadya yako ni mbwani? -- Hadya zangu ni kupata ilimu.What is your aim? -- My aims are to get knowledge.3expertiseNachihitadyi ilimu kwa kukuza kazi zino.We'll need expertise to expand these jobs.4discipline(s)
ilimudharaNG5lack of educationIlimudhara yadaha kuleta humbizi mwa wantru.A lack of education can bring disputes among people.
imamu (waimamu)NG11imamChitegerezanya imamu.We listened to the imam together.Imamu kachidyera mikaha miye na mpenzi wangu.The imam married me and my lover.Imamu kasokera kudyera mikaha.The imam got tired of marrying.Haudahe kugaluka imamu kama hudahire kusoma i Gurani.You can't be an imam if you don't know how to read the Quran.2prayer leader
imaniNG51faithNadaha nkaduka kila siku kwasabu nna imani yake.I can pray every day because I have faith in it.Mahundo yo uislamu ni yahi? -- Imani, saladhi, Ramazani, zaka, Hiji.Which are the pillars of Islam? -- Faith, prayer, Ramadan [fasting], charity, the Hajj.2belief(s)Nachisharafe imani ya kila mtru.Let's respect the beliefs of everyone.Imani zetu zadaha kuchifaya.Our beliefs can be useful to us.3generosityMhando ana imani ya kulava sadaka.Mhando has generosity in giving out alms.Wabafu wakosha imani.Greedy ones lack generousity.4satisfactionMkate wa mofa wadyera imani.Oven flatbread gives satisfaction.
imejiNG5image(s)Dala imeji!Touch the image [button on google]!
imeliNG5email(s)Kila imeli nikutuma nadyibiywa.Each email I send I get answered.Chaunga mdyibu yumwenga adyibiye imeli zose ze idi shirika dino.We need one responder to answer all the emails to this company.Sharifai kadyibu imeli zose.Sharifai has replied to all emails.
inaConjthatSimanya ina umkoma weye mtru yuno.I know that you are the one that killed this person.Nafikiri (ina) kumkoma weye.I think (that) you were the one that killed him/her.Ngola ino chimtuhumira Salimu ina kakoma yeye.With this knife we were suspicious of Solomon that he murdered [somebody].Ina is a subordinate conjunction.