Chizigula - English


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IritériyaNG9EritreaChiriteriya ni luga ikulongwa mwe Iritériya.Tigrinya is a language spoken in Eritrea.Natogola kwita Iritréiya, ilo ni vedi nidyamanye gari dyangu kwnaza.I want to go to Eritrea, but it's better that I fix my car first.See alternate pronunciation: Eletereya.See: Mwiritériya.
-isaV > VCsfx1make VOther forms of this suffix are -iz(a), -ez(a), -ish(a).This is the causative verb derivational extension. The final vowel -a changes to -e in the subjunctive, future, negative, and relative.2cause to V3have V
-isa (~ -esa)V > VExsfx1excessivelyThe variant -esa occurs following mid vowels e or o in the previous syllable.This is the excessive verb derivational extension. The final vowel -a changes to -e in the subjunctive, future, negative, and relative.2too much3a lot4hard5really
Isa (~ Yesu)NPropJesusIsa ni mchume wa Mnungu.Jesus is a prophet of God.Isa nani myuyusadyi.Jesus was a resurrector.Isa kabasuira wantru wengi wahande wa rotiJesus broke little pieces of bread for lots of people.Isa is the Muslim pronunciation; Yesu is the Christian form.man's name
IsakaNPropIsaacIsaka nani mwana wa Ibrahim.Isaac was a child of Abraham.
isbhunyaNG5foam rubberChitogola madyodoro ya isbhunya.We would like foam rubber mattresses.Chiti cha basikili ni chedi kama china isbhunya.A bicycle seat is better if it has foam rubber.Isbhunya yavuta mazi kulika bha'a.Foam rubber soaks up water better than plastic.Bha'a dyadaha kuerereka ma mazi kuliko isbhunya.Plastic can float on water better than foam rubber.
isfiltoNG5temperHakudaha kulahisa masa; yeye ana isfilto.H can't resolve disputes so much; he has a temper.
isha< Arb isha'1NG5prayer (fifth of the day, late night)Sikugona bila kuduka isha.I don't sleep without saying the late night prayer.2NPropIshaMbuyangu wa kwe skulu etangwa Isha.My friend at school is named Isha.woman's name
-ishaV > VCsfx1make VOther forms of this suffix are -iza, -eza, -isa.This is the causative verb derivational extension.The final vowel -a changes to -e in the subjunctive, future, negative, and relative.2cause to V
isharaNG5signKudyera siyo ni ishara ya nyigusa.To burp is a sign of satisfaction.
isi1NG51countryChigombera isi yetu.We fought for our country.Isi yake imfaliya.His country honored him.Kafira isi yake.He died for his country.Chaunga uchumi wa kila isi.We need stability for every country.Somaliya ni isi ya Afrika, ikala mwe luhembe wa Afrika. (Arbow: 6)Somalia is a country in Africa; it sits in the horn of Africa.mtru / wantru we isiperson / people of the country2countriesUislamu ni wingi mwe zi isi za warabu.There is a lot of Islam in the Arabic countries.Ukristo ni wingi mwe zi isi za Yurup.There is a lot of Christianity in the countries of Europe.Ukristo ni wingi mwe zi isi za wafrika.There is a lot of Christianity in the countries of Africa.isi njeni ~ is za kweiseforeign countries
isi2NG51flyIsi ino yavenga mbwani?Why is this fly flying around closeby?Bwiribwiri dadya isi.The spider is eating a fly.2fliesNingasa isi zino no mgongo!Shoo these flies off my back!Nahangasa isi zise kuchima mwe nyama yangu.I'm swatting at flies so they won't land on my meat.
isi za kweiseNG51abroadWashegale wa foroza wasereza mizigo mingi ikulawa isi za kweise. The dock workers have unloaded lots of loads coming from abroad.Mbeya za isi za kweise zadaha kuhota hano.Seeds from abroad can grow here,2foreign countries
iskashatoNG51coop(erative)Naunga kuzenga iskashato lakini sina chikongero.I want to build a coop but I don't have anything to start it with.Nadaha nikagaluka vihi mwe iskashato yenyu bila miye kulava mapesa?How can I be in your cooperative without paying any money?2coops, cooperativesSono ukabalanga iskashato za wantru!Don't be destroying people's cooperatives!Iskashato zaleta faida mwa wantru.Coopes bring benefit to people.
iskulu ~ skuluNG5school(s)Iskulu ino sikuyunga hano.This school, I want it here.Hakunga kuamuwa kuhusu iskulu zino izi mbiri naite ihi.She doesn't want to decide regarding these two schools, which one she'll go to.
IsninaNPropIsninaIsnina kanishuira shayi ino na chudyiyo.Isnina strained this tea for me with a strainer.Isnina si mdhiranyi.Isnina isn't a troublemaker.Isnina kadaha kutowa nkhonde.Isnina knows how to punch.woman's name
ispokuwa ~ spokuwaPrepexcept (not)Hakuna wafufusadyi ispokuwa Mnungu.There aren't any resurrectors except God.Hakuna wafufuladyi watuhu ispokuwa Mnungu.There aren't any other resurrectors except God.Nyama zose nadya ispokuwa nguluwe.All meat I eat except not pork.
istimuNG51romanceWavere wengi hawadahire istimu.Many women don't know romance/fondling.Simwinkha istimu yedi mwana chiche yuno.I gave good romance/fondling to this girl.See: kuistimiya.2fondlingWeye kudaha istimu.You know how to fondle.
istiniNG5smallpoxIstini ni unyenje ukulava wadutu mo u mwiri.Smallpox is a disease that brings out little blemishes on the body.Silawigwa ni madutudutu ya istini.I came out with poxes all over from smallpox.Ana istini.He/she has smallpox.Istini yangu ihona.My smallpox healed up.Istini zao zihona.Their smallpox healed up.
istoriya (storiya)< ItNG51story (-ies)Kufyamphula kila istoriya ni kazi yangu.To recognize each story is my work.The initial i only occurs in the middle of a sentence, never at the beginning of an utterance.2history (-ies)3legend(s)
Italiya< It1NG9ItalyVitaliyani ni vingi mwe Italiya.There are many Italian dialects in Italy.Dyeshi dya Somaliya divunwa ni dyeshi dya Italiya.The Somali army was overrrun by the army of Italy.See: Chitaliyani, Mtaliyani ~ Mwitaliyani.2NG5
Itobhiya ~ ItopiyaNG5EthiopiaAsili za wantru wose wa mwe duniya ni Tanzaniya na Itópiya.The origins of all people in the world are Tanazania and Ethiopia.Vivoko va hondo ya Somaliya na Itópiya nani mwaka wa mirongo mfungate na mfungate.The beginnings of the war between Somalia and Ethiopia were in the year seventy-seven.Hondo ya Somaliya na Itópiya sirikali naikasaka mabharobharo yakagombe hondo.In the war between Somalia and Ethiopia the government was drafting young tough guys to fight the war.See: Mtobhiyani, Waitobhiyani, Chitobhiyani, Vitobhiyani.
iviyaAdv1just like that2the way thatIviya nidilekiri.It's the way I left it.
ivo1DemNG41those (near you)Suntra viya ivo!Wash those dishes (near you)!Viya ivo ni vangu.Those tools are mine.Viya vako si ivo.Those are your items.vintru ivothose things (near you)2that (way), the wayUna umoyo wake wakudyamanyiza ivo?Do you have the courage to be doing that?Sinya mvere yudya ivo akuyafingirisa!Look at that woman the way she is swaying it!Nagaluke ivo ukunga.It will be the way you want.Si ivo.It's not that way.ivo weaire...the way that they came...ivo vilongire Mzigulathe way the Kiziguans talkivo vidumule Mzigulathe way the Kiziguans decidedSee: nivo.3like thatNimba wafentula meso ivo?Why are you opening [your] eyes wide like that?Naona kama ni mtengwa unanilonga ivo.I feel like I'm isolated when you speak to me like that.4whatNgombe yangu inatenda ivo nikunga, nanitage.If my cow does what I want, I'll sell it.Kuna samaawati mfungate ama mnane kuhusu i Chitabu ivo ilongire.There are seven or eight atmospheric layers regarding what the Quran says.5howLalahi mbuye sidimanyize ivo diri.Sucker fish, I don't know how it is.6those waysWazigula wa Somaliya ivo wazire (Arbow)The Kiziguas of Somalia, the way they came (Chapter One heading)
ivo2Conj1sinceIvo nerekwe nanikagona mwe di gane.Since I was born, I've been sleeping in a bachelor pad.Ivo nigonezwe mwe ispitali, silaulwa ni wandugu waidi.Since I was admitted to the hospital, I've been checked on by two relatives.Kuhukumisa wantru wengi ivo ugaluke jaji.You have sentenced a lot of people since you became a judge.This conjunction requires subjunctive final -e on the verb in its clause.2from the time (when)Ivo nerekwe sidyamanye uchumba.From the time I was born, I haven't done any shacking up.3even thoughMhingo wasongoleka ivo utogire.Ebony is carvable even though it's hard.