Chizigula - English


n


nkhondo ~ hondoNG51war(s)Watuhu wenulwa ni gumbo, haswa wengi wenulwa ni nkhondo nyingi. (Arbow: 5)Others were displaced by drought, many especially were displaced by a lot of wars.Wagosi na lika awo nawadahe kutowa i nkhondo waheza kunyuma. (Arbow: 9)The men and youth who were able to fight the war ended up in the rear.Wana wengi wagaluka wakaulwa mwe nkhondo.Many children became sought after in the war.nkhondo i nkulu ya kaidi mwo ulimwengusecond great war in the world (= World War II)The initial n is voiceless.See: mta nkhondo.2battle(s)
nkhondo ya wenye kwa wenyeNG5civil warSomaliya nkhondo ya wenye kwa wenye ikazuke, wantru wagaluka mafungu maidi.When the Somali civil war began, people were in two groups.Bada ya miyaka mirongo mitatu yo uhuru (1990), Somaliya kwazuka nkhondo ya wenye kwa wenye. (Arbow)Thirty years after independence (in 1990), Somalia began the civil war.The initial n is voiceless. See alternate pronunciation: hondo ya wenye kwa wenye.
nkhoreNG5berry (type of)Nataga nkhore mwe di duka dyangu.I sell "kore" berries in my shop.Nkhore zabedelika hawadyi zina iva."Kore" berries change to yellowish orange when they are ripe.Sitogola nkhore lakini sikahata ukazidya; ni lazima uzitufe mbeyu zake.I like "kore" berries but I dislike it when you eat them; it's necessary that you spit out its seeds.The initial n is voiceless.See: mkore.
nkhoroshoNG5cashew(s)Nataga nkhorosho.I'm selling cashews.Nkhorosho zapatirwa mapesa Tanzaniya.Cashewes get money in Tanzania.The initial n is voiceless.
NkhulukuluNPropNkulukuluSieregediirwa honde yangu ni Nkhulukulu.My farm got weeded for me by Nkulukulu.Chashukuru vidala wano wachinkire mviko we di bwinda sa: Mnala Binti Nkhulukulu,... (Arbow)We appreciate so much these who gave us the ritual in the butt-shaking dance like: Lady Binti Nkulukulu, et al.The initial n is voiceless.man's name
nkhumaNG51vagina(s)Ino ni nkhuma yako.This is your vagina.Nkhuma ya ntrembo yapanuka ikereka.The vagina of an elephant dilates when she gives birth.The initial n is voiceless.See: kuma.2pussy (-ies)Chinga nkhuma wako!Hold out your pussy!The command in the example is only said to a wife or lover.3vulva(s)Mvere yuno kasha mwe nkhuma.This woman has gotten burned on the vulva.
nkhumbitu (ukumbitu)NG5eyebrow(s)Nna alama ya kutatuka mwe zi nkhumbitu.I have a scar from tearing on the eyebrow.Nkhumbitu zangu sizimoga.My eyebrows, I've shaved them.Zuwa kahaka wanda mwe zi ngohe na mwe zi nkhumbitu.Zuwa applied mascara on the eyelashes and on the eyebrows.The initial n is voiceless.This noun is used in the plural even if refering to one eyebrow; the singular indicates one eyebrow hair.
nkhumbiziNG51fight(ing)Kuna nkhumbizi.There is fighting (going on).Nkhumbizi yanisumbula.Fighting bothers me.Lekani nkhumbizi, wana nyuwe!Stop fighting, you children!Chimazani nkhumbizi!Stop fighting!Kwinula weye nkhumbizi ino?Did you start this fight?Washindwa waleta nkhumbizi.The defeated ones have caused a fight.The initial n is voiceless. See alternate pronunciation: humbizi.2dispute(s)Kaleta mbuli zedi za kusuluhishiza nkhumbizi ino.He brought good ideas to resolve this dispute.3argument(s)4crime(s)Wantru wengi wasama kaya ino kwasabu ya nkhumbizi.Lots of people have moved from this town because of crimes.
NkhumulwaNPropNkumulwaNkumulwa ni zina dimanyikane mwa Wazigula.Nkumulwa is a name that is known (= common) among Kiziguans.Nkhumulwa ni mgosi.Nkumulwa is a man.The initial n is voiceless.man's name
nkhundeNG51bean(s)Nkhunde zahota.The beans are sprouting.Nkhunde zatunga.The beans are shooting up.Naunga nikadanyuire nkhunde.I'm going to go pick beans.Sisambula nkhunde.I podded beans.Sipima dyuniya dimwenga dya nkhunde na mizani.I weighed one gunny sack of beans with scales.Nkhunde za honde ino zinyala.The beans on this farm have dried up.Nkhunde ni hande yedi ya afiya.Beans are good nutritious food.nkhunde zititublack beansnkhunde zikungalawhite beansnkhunde zihundured beansnkhunde zimanyasigreen beansThe initial n is voiceless. See alternate pronunciation: hunde.See: uhunde (mihunde).Nkhunde is the name for beans in general and specifically for green beans.2green bean(s)Mayombo yasambuka chi rahisi kuliko nkhunde.Lima beans pod easier than green beans.
nkhuni (ukuni ~ lukuni)NG6firewood (pieces of)Naita nikateme nkhuni.I'm going to go cut firewood.Situla nkhuni zino.I chopped these pieces of firewood.Setula izi nkhuni.I lowered the firewood (from my head).Wau katemerwa nkhuni zake ni wezikuluze.Grandma's firewood was fetched for her by her grandkids.The initial n is voiceless.See: kutema.
nkhunkhuniNG5bedbug(s)Ni nkhunkhuni.It's a bedbug.Washa hiti na mwagira dawa kwa kukoma nkhunkhuni zose za mwe nyumba!Turn on the heat and spray insecticide to kill all the bedbugs in the house!The initial n is voiceless.
nkhuyuNG5fig(s)Nadya nkhuyu niguire.I'm eating a fig that I bought.Mwana chiche yuno ana utana wa nkhuyu.This girl has the beauty of a fig. (i.e., her beauty is only skin deep.)utana wa nkhuyubeauty of a fig (saying)The initial n is voiceless.See: mkuyu.These fruits are beautiful on the outside but weird-looking on the inside, hence the saying above, which means roughly: beauty is only skin deep or don't judge a book by its cover.
nkhwambizaNG5wall(s)Mwana yuno kila siku apogosa nkhwambiza yangu.Every day this kid is drilling into my wall.Mtoho uno kawike he nkhwambiza!This pestle, go place it by the wall!Wasawi wanyanyagira mwe zi nkhwambiza na chiro.Witches tiptoe along the walls at night.The initial n is voiceless.
nkhwenjeNG51wound(s)Nkhwenje yangu ihona.My wound healed up.Nkhwenje yangu yakhwina.My wound is throbbing.Sizobola nkhwenje yangu.I peeled [a scab] off my wound.Sono wifonyonkhole nkhwenje yako!Don't pick at your wound!Nkhwenje yangu yetika ufira.My wound is suppurating pus.Sidomolwa mwe nkhwenje yangu.I was pecked on my wound.Nkhwenje yangu ikwera gome.My wound got a scab.Sigomola facha ye nkhwenje yangu.I have stripped off a bandage from my wound.The initial n is voiceless. See alternate pronunciation: hwenje.See: kwenje, mkwenje.2sore(s)Nkhwenje yangu yahwina.My sore is throbbing.
nkhwikwi1NG5hiccup(s)Sono udye mphiripiri! Nazikuzidishe izi nkhwikwi.Don't eat peppers! They will increase [your] hiccups.The initial nasal is voiceless.See: kudyera nkhwikwi.
nkhwikwi2NG5street(s)Wekala mwe zi nkhwikwi.They were on the street(s).Wekala mwe zi nkhwikwi, wadyenda wakaunga nkhande na kazi.They stayed on the streets; they went looking for food and work.The initial n is voiceless.See: ukwikwi.
nkhwinaNG51longingSimtowera nkhwina.I miss her. (lit: I beat longing for her).Sina nkhwina yoyose.I have no longing at all.The initial n is voiceless.See: kutowera nkhwina.2lossNaona nkhwina.I feel a loss.3missing4homesicknessNna nkhwina za Kenya.I have homesickness for Kenya.
NkhwirehiNPropNkwirehiMarhemu Mzee Huseni Mberwa Nkhwirehi kachinkha usimo Wazigula ivo wezire Somaliya..The late Mr. Husein Mberwa Nkwirehi gave us the history of how the Kiziguans came to Somalia.Mgolo amunga Nkhwirehi akamwambize kusomeza a wana.Mgolo wants Nkwirehi to go help him teach the children.The initial n is voiceless.man's name
nkhwiriziNG5raptor (kind of)Nkhwirizi ni famili imwenga na vimphanga."Nkhwirizi" is in the same family as eagles.The initial n is voiceless.
nne (hanne, kanne, manne, minne, vinne, wanne)NofourYapimika nne.They measure four (e.g., feet).Nne pangira mbiri ni mbiri.Four divided by two is two.Abhayo nana wana wanne. NG1My older sister had four kids.Nna wavere wanne.I have four wives.Waunga minyau minne? NG2You want four cats?miti minnefour treesSisoma magazeti manne. NG3I read four magazines.madole mannefour fingersvintru vinne NG4four thingsNi saa nne za chiro. NG5It's ten o'clock at night. (= four o'clock pm Chizigula time)Galamu zino sizipima na zapimika inchi nne.These pens I measured, and they measure four inches.Sifunga ngombe nne na karabu.I fastened four oxen [together] with a yoke.China nyumba nne.We have four houses.simu nnefour phonesnyuzi nne NG6four stringsNachibwira wabuga wanne. NG7We caught four rabbits.kusoma kanne NG8four readingshantu hanne NG9four placesWantru wanne wamwe ndoni waunga mikavu minne.Four people who're in the boat need four paddles.Kanne is used in counting and in modifying NG8 nouns and as an ordinal; nne is used in modifying NG5 and NG6 nouns; otherwise nne is used with an agreement prefix to modify nouns in other genders.
nnenne (wannewanne)Nofour by four, in foursZihande nnenne mphambayuwe zino!Plant these mango pits in fours!Lisi ino ni nkulu kwa ivo wantru wetange wannewanne.This list is big so call people in fours.
nngwaAdj1cherishedWamziganya mgosi nngwa.They've accused a cherished man wrongly together.Mgosi nngwa soni!Cherished man (= Sir), please come!Mvere nngwa soni!Cherished woman (= Ma'am, please come!The initial n is voiced and syllabic.This possibly comes from (ku)ngwa '(to) be wanted'. See: mgosi nngwa.2poor innocentSono mtowe mwana nngwa!Don't hit that poor innocent child!Wagosi wadya waposa mvere nngwa.Those guys screwed that poor innocent woman.3someone else'sChino ni chikombe nngwa.This is someone else's cupIno ni nyumba nngwa.This is someone else's house.Ni mbovu kwa kusinya ama kutegereza mizungu nngwa.It is prohibited to watch or listen to someone else's secret rituals.4somebody else'sDino ni kompyuta nngwa.This is somebody else's computerIno ni simu nngwa.This is somebody else's phone.mwana nngwasomebody else's childmeza nngwasomebody else's table
nnyani (< ni nyani)Intrrg1who is it? / who are they?Mzigula nnyani?Who is a Kiziguan?Nnyani atogole kulinda?Who (is it that) likes to hunt?Nnyani anitowire?Who (is it that) hit me?Nnyani amsingise?Who (is it that) shook her?Nnyani akanga achihonye? -- Nachibwirane kunyumba; nachihonyane chose.Who's going to save us? -- Let's meet at home; the two of us will save each other.Nnyani akutowire? -- Ni yuno.Who is it that hit you? -- It's this one.This is a contraction of ni 'be' plus nyani 'who' virtually always used to question the subject. See: ani.2by whomAli, kuvalwa nnyani nkhazu iyo? -- Sivalwa ni mame.Ali, that t-shirt was put on you by whom? -- It was put on me by mom.This is a contraction of ni 'by' plus nyani.
nnyoNG5genitalsMvere na mgosi wana nnyo.A woman and a man have genitals.I nnyo!Hey pussy! / Hey dick!To call someone nnyo is quite offensive and disparaging.