Chizigula - English


n


NguluNG31clan NguluNgulu ni kabila ya chi Bantu mwe Tanzaniya lakini ni ukolo mwa Wazigula.Ngulu is a Bantu tribe in Tanzania but a clan among the Kiziguans.The initial n is voiceless.There is no plural form for this noun. See: Chingulu, Mgulu, Wangulu. Originally, this group was a tribe with their own Bantu language in Tanzania, which is still spoken there today. However, some Ngulu were taken to Somalia as slaves, like the Kiziguans. When the Kiziguans were escaping from slavery in Somalia, some Ngulu went with them and integrated with them adopting the Kizigua language, so today they are recognized as a clan within the Kizigua tribe.2Ngulu tribe
nguluko1NG5running(s)Dyero hakuna nguluko.Today there is no running.Dyero china nguluko.Today we have running.Niyo asera na ngulukoThen he descends (with) running.The initial n is voiceless.See: kuguluka; mta nguluko.2NG5joggingLuhizo katogola nguluko.Luhizo likes jogging.Wata nguluko wose wavala viratu va nguluko.All joggers are wearing running shoes.3NG5speedMagolondo yano yana nguluko zaidi.These small lizards have great speed.4NPropNgulukoBila ruhusa Nguluko kafosa mwe di darasa.Without permission, Nguluko left the classroom.Nachimgaluse Nguluko mmamuli kwasabu kaidaha kazi yake.Let's make Nguluko a server because he knows the job.man's name
nguluweNG51pig(s)Nguluwe zinona.Pigs are fat.The initial n is voiceless.2porkKudya nguluwe ni haramu.To eat pork is prohibited.Ni zambi kudya nguluwe.It's a sin to eat pork.Kwa Waislamu nguluwe ni mzizo.For Muslims pork is taboo.Sizire kudya nguluwe hata siku dimwenga.I haven't eaten pork even one time.See: nyama ya nguluwe.3hog(s)4swine
ngundaNG5pigeon(s)Sishololanya suwa na ngunda.I've dry-fried together dove and pigeon.Ngunda zangu nafugirwa ni baba.My pigeons are being tamed for me by grandpa.Haranti yangu ina matundu ya kufugira ngunda.My compound has coops for taming pigeons.The initial n is voiceless.
ngunyaNG5anthill (with stable foundation)Ngunya ni sugulu aho ikale haikungoka.Ngunya is an anthill that (where it sits) doesn't get pulled up.Ngunya ino yongezeka kila chiro.This anthill increases every night.The initial n is voiceless.
ngurumoNG6growl(ing)Wowo we mwe mbago, weva ngurumo ya simba.When they were in the jungle, they heard the growl of a lion.Neva ngurumo, simanyize kama ni simba ama mbwani?I hear growling; I don't know if it's a lion or what?The initial n is voiceless.This noun is always singular; there is no plural form. See: kunguruma.
ngutoNG51noise(s)Wazana nawagona wakenulwe ni izi nguto.The kids were already sleeping when they were awakened by the noises.Neva nguto.I'm hearing noises.Nguto ningi zanidiba.A lot of noise disturbs me.The initial n is voiceless.See: kugutisa.2noisy (place)Nguto zamsumbula mo mtwi;hatogole kwikala haguhi na nguto.Noise disturbs him in the head; he doesn't like to sit close to a noisy place.3loudnessNguto zako zanisumbula.Your loudness disturbs me.4yellWano we kweise weva nguto kundani.Those who were outside heard a yell inside.
nguvaNG5vulture(s)Nguva zitogola kudya mbakati.Vultures like to eat dead bodies.Nguva ni madege yatogola nyama ifire.Vultures are birds that like to eat dead meat.The initial n is voiceless.
nguvuNG61strengthMeza idya adyamanyi ina nguvu.This table that he made has strength (= is strong).Virafu viya vi nhundu vina nguvu.Those shoes that are red have strength (= are strong).Meza ziya izi ndodo zina nguvu.Those tables that are small have strength (= are strong).Huna nguvu.You don't have strength. (= You're weak.)Mtru yudya hana nguvu.That person doesn't have strengh.The initial n is voiceless.See: chinguvunguvu2powerI Mbeho ya Kaskazini na idi Zuwa nawakamuruma kuhusu ni nyana na'ana nguvu zaidi.The North Wind and the Sun were debating about who had the most power.Mganga yun ana nguvu.This traditional doctor has power.3forceSidyata bereki na nguvu niyo natowa nchumi yangu mwe shukani.I stepped on the brakes with force and then hit my forehead on the steering wheel.Kazito kano mazi yake yadyenda na nguvu.This creek's water moves with force.Tumiya hakiri; sono utumiye nguvu!Use intelligence; don't use force!4energyMjirasole wapata nguvu kwe di zuwa.A sunflower gets energy from the sun.Naho kaidyera nguvu.And he put in energy.5vigorBaba ni mzehe lakini bado ana nguvu.Gandpa is old but he still has vigor.Mlindi upegese kwa nguvu ukaunga kulava moto!The fire drill, slide it between the palms with vigor when you want to produce a fire.6hard(ness)Itoze na nguvu!Squeeze it (with) hard(ness)!Mwalawa huri dyero; yamaanisha mwayamanya kazi ya nguvu.You're sweating today; it means that you're doing hard work.
nguwoNG51clothesKa hute izi nguwo!Go wash the clothes!Nguwo ziya ni zakuhutwa.Those clothes are to be washed.Nguwo ziya nazihutwa.Those clothes have been washed.Chisuntra izi nguwo.We washed the clothes.Sivala nguwo.I put on clothes.Sanika izi nguwo.I dried the clothes.Sinyaza nguwo mwe di draya dino.I dried clothes in this dryer.Nguwo zino zinagiza.These clothes made me pretty.Sidyeza nguwo.I tried on clothes.Kashapule, akadika vala nguwo zako!Go wash your crotch, and then put on your clothes!chiwanda cha nguwoclothes factoryMwaliko nguwo zake ni zedi.Mwaliko's clothes are nice.The initial n is voiceless.See: guwo, kaguwo, duka dya nguwo, genge dya nguwo, warsha wa nguwo.2dress(es)Wambuya wose wavala nguwo zikungala he arosi.All the bridesmaids wore white dresses at the wedding.Nguwo ndyihi zatamanisha wagosi.Short dresses excite men.3uniform(s)Wasungusungu hawakuvala nguwo za chi askari.Detectives don't wear official uniforms.Wardhiya wa chiro ni vedi avale nguwo zi ntritu.It's better that a night guard wears black uniforms.4piece of clothingSanika i nguwo.I dried the piece of clothing.5clothingNi vedi kubedela nguwo kila wakati.It's good to change clothing all the time.Mtama ubedheerwa kwa nguwo.Corn was traded for clothing.See: duka dya nguwo.6cloth(s)Mallahi yatozeka na nguwo.Fish are catchable with cloth.Mavuta ya sisini yachudyika na nguwo.Sesame oil is filterable with cloth.Wasawi watogola kuvala nguwo zihundu na tabhebha zikungala.Sorcerers like to wear red cloths and white headbands.Mvere yuno kadaha kudyamanya nguwo.This woman knows how to make cloth.Mvere yuno adyamanya nguwo na nyuzi.This woman is making cloth from thread.kudumula nguwoto cut clothkutatula nguwoto tear cloth
nguwo ya ndoni (nguwo za ndoni)NG5sail(s)Nguwo ya ndoni itoga kama turubali.A sail is strong like canvas.Nguwo ya ndoni yakusulwa wakati mbeho ikudyenda.A sail is stretched when the wind blows.Kama ukatumiya nguwo yo ndoni, ndoni yako yaita uko mbeho ikwita, lakini wadaha ukaigala uko mbeho ikulawa.If you are using sails, your boat goes where the wind goes, but you can [also] sail it where the wind comes from.
nguwo zimwengaNG5uniform(s)Wamizi wose wavala nguwo zimwenga.All the guards wore uniforms.Wazanafunzi wose wavala nguwo zimwenga.All students wear uniforms.
nguwonguwoNG51cottonSihanda nguwonguwo mwe honde yangu.I've planted cotton on my farm.The initial n is voiceless.See: mguwoguwo.2clothes (all over)Nguwonguwo zako zose zidondole!Pick up all of your clothes all over!
nguzoNG51pillar(s)Uislamu una nguzo nyingahi? -- Una nguzo shano: imani, saladhi, somi, zaka, hiji.How many pillars does Islam have? -- It has five pillars: faith, prayer, fasting, charity, the hajj pilgrimage.The initial n is voiceless.2column(s)Zumba dyangu dina nguzo nne.My mansion has four columns.
ngwazoNG51hook(s)Kanihasikire lungo uno he ngwazo!Go hang this winnowing basket for me on the hook!Wau ahasikisa viya mwe zi ngwazo za mwe nyumba yake.Grandma hangs stuff a lot on the hooks in her house.Mti mtali unafungwa ngwazo, wagaluka hongoli.When a long stick is fastened to a hook, it becomes a fruit picker pole.Bhorsa dino hadina sinyeri, lakini dina ngwazo nyingi za kufungwa.This bag doesn't have a zipper, rather it has many hooks to fasten it.The initial n is voiceless.See: kugwaza.2hanger(s)Sigula ngwazo nyingi za kutundikira nguwo zangu.I've bought a lot of hangers to hang my clothes on.3peg(s)Msomari uno utowere mo ukuta chidyamanyize ngwazo.This nail, pound it in the wall so we can make a peg.
ngwenaNG51crocodile(s), crocodilian(s)Ngwena idya yaerereka.That crocodile is floating along.Shingo ya ngwena haikukwatulika.The skin of a crocodile isn't scratchable.Mto uno si mto wa ngwena male.This river isn't a river with crocodiles at all.Ngwena zilekana mahali hanne: "crocodiles, alligators, caimans" na "gharials".Crocodilians have differenciated into four types: crocodiles, alligators, caimans and gharials.The initial n is voiceless.None of these four types are distinguished in Kizigua at all.2alligator(s)Mgwena zapatikana za idi mwe Marikani na China.Alligators are found in America and China.3caiman(s)
ngwidyiNG51kneecap(s)Nnasika cha vindi zaidi, ngwidyi zangu zaluma.When I kneel down a lot, my kneecaps hurt.The initial n is voiceless.2patella(s)Ngobera ye di vindi yetangwa ngwidyi.The kneecap is called patella.
ngwiranoNG5wrestlingMsekwa na Zawadi wagwirana ngwirano.Msekwa and Zawadi grabbed each other wrestling.Sigwisiswa wakati nikakonga kuhinya ngwirano.I got thrown down a lot when I was starting to learn wrestling.The initial n is voiceless.See: kuseziga ngwirano, kugwirana.
nhundeNG5bean(s)Nhunde zino ni njecheThere are not enough of these beans.Sisambula nhunde.I podded the beans.The initial n is voiceless. See alternate pronunciation: nkhunde.See: kunde, uhunde ~ ukunde.
-niVsfxyou (pl)Komani![You pl] Kill!(H)itani![You pl] go!Gonani![You pl] Sleep!Inkhani![You pl] Give!Ivani![You pl] Hear!Nisaidiyani!(You pl) Help me!Zengeranani!Build for each other!Simtogolani nyose.I like you all.Hamtogoleni nyose male.He doesn't like (any of) you all at all.Chimazani nkhumbizi!Stop fighting [you pl]!Kanilombereni hewelo!Go ask for the hand in marriage of so-and-so for me!Nachinukeni!Let's leave!Mvere nngwa, sogerani hano ba.Dear lady, please scoot over here.This is a second person plural suffix used on verbs, especially in plural commands. It is also used to make singular commands more polite.
ni (n-, nani, sani, niri)VEquat1amMiye ni mtru.I am a personNi mgosi.I'm a man.Ni mvere.I'm a woman.Ni mdani mno.I'm in hereWi kuhi? -- Ni mdani mwe Overland sichimala ha a matala.Where are you? -- I'm on Overland (I) stopped at the lights.Ni somo ywako.I'm your namesake.Ni mlundadyi.I'm a beekeeper.Kumanya ivo nive. / Humanyize ivo niri.You know how I am. / You don't know how I am.Ni 'I' + ni 'am' always contracts to ni. Ni often becomes syllabic n as a proclitic attached to the following word.Ni is the1st person singular and third person singular and plural Equating Verb. It is also the 1st person singular Locative/Stative Verb. In addition, it is the Locative/Stative verb for all noun classes when the predicate adjective must carry a noun class agreement prefix (e.g., -edi, -kulu). The relative and negative stem is niri. See: nivo, numo.2is(Yeye) ni mgosi.He is a man.(Yeye) ni mvere.She is a woman.Zina dyangu ni Mwaliko.My name is Mwaliko.Chintru chino ni chikulu.This thing is big.Mbwa idya ni chevu / nchevu.That dog is lazy.Mwaliko ni dektari.Mwaliko is a doctor.Lalahi mbuye sidimanyize ivo diri.Sucker fish, I don't know how it is.The suppletive negative of ni is si.3areNi wantru.They're people.Ni wagosi.They're men.Ni wavere.They're women.Hunde zino ni njeche.These beans are not enough.Vintru vino ni vikulu.These things are big.Ni wasomo.They're namesakes.
ni (n-)Prep1byNyumba ino izengerwa ni wowo.This house was built by them.Wantru wano awedi watogolowa ni suwe.These nice people were liked by us.Mtru yudya nakatogolowa ni miye.That person was liked by me.Silumwa ni nyuchi.I was stung by a bee.Uchi udyamanywa ni nyuchi.Honey is made by bees.Sigogwa nnyama.I was choked by (a piece of ) meat.Sipangwa naa wantru.I was separated by the people.Mveverwa ni izi nyuchi ni dektari.The one swarmed all over by the bees is a doctor.Ni can contract to n-, especially if the following word begins with ni or ny. Ni + wa > naa2withSilawwa ni madutu mo mkono.I came out with warts on my hand.Silawwa ni ifi.I came out with gray hair.3on account ofMapesa yetu yaziswa ni madeni.Our money has been lost a lot on account of loans.
ni bulePPin vainMwezi uno wose nanikashegeya ni bule.All this month I was working in vain.
ni lazimaVEquat1mustNi lazima chite Kenya mwaka ukwiza.We must go to Kenya next year.2have toNi lazima nikagone.I have to go to sleep.3need toNi lazima chigone kila chiro.We need to sleep every night.
ni mba ~ ni mbani ~ ni mbwaniIntrrgwhy?Nimba mwaita ku mbago bila moto? --Hachikunga moto male, nachikatowe mlindi.Why are you going to the bush without fire? -- We don't need fire at all; we're going to use a fire drill.Nimba wi dhale vino kama bau?Why are you greedy like this just like a hyena?Nimba wafentula meso ivo?Why are you opening [your] eyes wide like that?