v- (vi-)-Vpfx1theyViga vake valuma. / Valuma.His legs hurt. / They hurt.V- used before vowels, otherwise vi-This prefix references third person subject and object of NG4 plurals.2them
va (-a, ve)PrepNG41ofSidya viremba va mallahi.I've eaten the fishtails of the fish.va + i > ve2forviya va kutagastuff for sale3fromViya vose va mwe di gari viserezwa.All the stuff from in the vehicle has been unloaded.
vagala (chagala)NG4outside(s)Wavinira misezigo yawe mwe vagala na chiro.They play their games outside at night.
vake (-ake)PossPrnNG41hisViga vake valuma.His legs hurt.2her(s)Viga vake ni vitana.Her legs are pretty.3itsNgamira viga vake ni vitali. / Viga vake ni vitali.A camel's legs are long. / It's legs are long.
vako (-ako)PossPrnNG41your(s)Chisingi chino alasiri nanikuletere viya vako.This afternoon late (afternoon) I'll bring you your stuff.2nd person sg2thy3thine
vakyum (mavakyum)< EngNG3vacuumVakyum dino dimaganya msomari.This vacuum is missing a screw.
Vamira ~ MvamiraNG3clan VamiraVamira ni zina dya ukolo.Vamira is the name of a clan.Ukolo wango ni Vamira.My clan is Vamira.Ukolo wa Vamira ni mkulu.Clan Vamira is big.See: mvamira.
vangu (-angu)PossPrnNG41myFundi yuno kadyamanya viratu vangu.This cobbler fixed my shoes.Kanidalisiza viya vangu ho mto.He took my stuff across the river for me.2mineViya ivo ni vangu.Those tools are mine.
vani (chani, ani)IntrrgNG4whose?Vikombe vani?Whose cups?Vikombe vino ni vani?Whose are these cups?
vao (-ao)PossPrnNG4their(s)Viga vao viluma.Their legs hurt.Vilonge vao ni tafauti.Their speech styles are varied.Na wamizi wao wegala viziha vao.And their security guards carried their weapons.See: alternate pronunciations: vawe, vawo.
Varabu (Charabu)NG4Arabic dialectsVarabu vilekana.Arabic dialects are separate from each other.
vedi1Adjgood Nani vedi nagonire.It would be good if I had slept.Si vedi male kubedela kila wakati.It's not good to change all the time.Ni vedi kubedela nguwo kila wakati.It's good to change clothes all the time.Si vedi male.It's not good at all.Mfiora wanunkha vedi.The flower smells good.2AdjbetterNi vedi chidyiandae na safari.It's better that we prepare for a journey.Ni vedi udyere fundo makambala yako.It's better that you tie knots in your ropes.3Adjright4AdjOKNi vedi.It's OK.5AdjalrightNi vedi.It's alright.6AdvwellMame kadaha kupika vedi.Mama can cook well.Sidyamanya vedi.I did it well.Nguwo zangu sizihufa vedi na sabuni.My clothes, I scrubbed them well with soap.Simtogola mgosi yudya akulinda vedi.I like that man who hunts well.Mvere yudya u mtali apika vedi.That woman who is tall cooks well.Kila mtru kaniva vedi.Everybody heard me well.See: mtenda vedi.
venkho (chenkho)NG4hangersKila nyumba ni lazima igaluke na venkho va kutundikira vintra.Every house must have hangers to hang things on.
venye (vovenye, -enye)PrnNG4themselvesVisuse vino veluma venye.These scorpions stung themselves.Vovenye is a longer form of venye.
venyu (-enyu)PossPrnNG41your(s) (pl)Leteni vitambulisho venyu!Bring (= show) your IDs!Vitungulu venyu vasuka?Are your onions germinating?2nd person plural2you all's
veo (cheo)NG41ranksWana veo vikulu.They have high ranks.See alternate pronunciation: vyoyo.2status(es)Maendeleyo ya veo kwa wavere ni mengi.There has been a lot of progress in women's status.3positionsChina veo va kulanga.We have a higher position.
vere (mavere)NG31femaleSimba ino ni vere.This lion is female.Ngoto ino ni vere.This sheep is female.Dege dino ni vere.This bird is female.Ino ni mbuzi vere.This is a she-goat.Ngombe aneva ni vere hainati kwereka yetangwa moli.If a cow is female and hasn't given birth, it's called a heifer.2bitch (woman)Vere dino dina mbuli nyingi.This bitch has too many problems.See: mvere.This is a disparaging term.
vereko (chereko)NG41childbirthsVereko valuma.Childbirths hurt.2birthsKuna vereko vingi kwe spitali dyero.There were a lot of births in the hospital today. 3offspring(s)Wazana wano wose ni vereko vangu.All these kids are my offspring(s).
verenge (cherenge)NG41canalsVerenge va mwe kaya vose vipatwa ni mivudyo.All the canals in town have overflows.I verenge valeta mvudyo.The canals are causing an overflow.2ditchesWata honde wadyamanya verege vingi.Farmers have made a lot of ditches.3waterwaysI ngalika ya miyaka alfu idyinkhire idyamanya verenge vingi mwe isi ino.The deluge of a thousand years ago has made many waterways in this country.
vetaNG51curvesSira ino ina veta nyingi.This road has a lot of curves.See: kutowa veta.2bends, bendyMto uno una veta nyingi.This river has a lot of bends.Mto uno wi veta.This river is bendy.
vetu (-etu)PossPrnNG4our(s)Vifua vetu valuma.Our chests hurt.Viya vetu chihokwa ni mashufta.Our stuff was taken from us by armed bandits.
vi (chi)1VLocSt NG 4are, they areViti vi kuhi? -- Vi hano.Where are the chairs? -- They're here.Vyoloni vi kuhi? -- Vi kuno.Where are the restrooms? -- They're around here.Visuse vi meso.The scorpions are alive.Visingi vose vi moto siku zino.All afternoons are hot these days.Viya vako vose vi hadya.All your things are there.This is the linking verb for NG4 plural nouns, both Equating and Locative-Stative.2NG4plural prefix NG4Watogola vifingo vino vimanyasi. / Wavitogola.They like these green buttons. They like them.Viga ve viti vivonika. / Vivonika.The legs of the chairs broke. / They broke.Viga vake valuma. / Valuma.His legs hurt. / They hurt.Viratu vino sivitogola. / Sivitogola.These shoes, I like them. / I like them.vi- > v- before vowels.This prefix marks NG4 plural nouns, adjectives, demonstratives and pronouns; it also is the agreement prefix on verbs for both subject and object. See chi- NG4 singular.3likeChidyamanye vidyamanye baba yetu!Let's do it like our grandpa did it!Chigambe vigambire Mnamba.Let's say it like Mnamba says it.
viba (chiba)NG41ringworm rashesSilawa viba mo mtwi.I got ringworm rashes on the head.Mtwi wake haukupalatika kwasabu ya viba.Her head isn't shaveable bald because of ringworm rashes.2rashes (dry, white, often from allergy)Viba valetwa ni hande ya mzizo.Rashes are brought by food allergies.
vibaba (chibaba)NG4kilograms (roughly)Nna vibaba vishano va mtama.I have five kilograms of corn.Pakula vibaba vidi va sisini!Scoop out two kilograms of sesame!Chibaba is a traditional measurement of weight, slightly less than a kilogram.