Chizigula - English


y


yoyose1QuantNG1/2/3/5anyKwereka ni kwa binadamu yoyose.Giving birth is for any human being.Sina nkhwina yoyose.I don't have any longing at all.miti yoyoseany treesmagari yoyoseany carsMikate ya mofa siitogola kuliko mikate yoyose.Oven flatbreads, I like them better than any [other] flatbreads.Sikunga simwirizi ya mtru yoyose.I don't want small talk from anybody.Mtru yoyose akunga kwita, naite.Anyone who wants to go, will go.Hachitogoere mtru yoyose apirite hano.We won't permit anyone to jump here.This is a short form of iyo yose.2QuantNG3all (of the)A makolo a yoyose wabwirana kwe di zina dyo Ushambara. (Arbow: 5)All of the clans come together in the name of Shambala.3QuantNG3at allNdugu yangu, nyamala! Huna mbuli yoyose ya kumurumira.My brother, keep quiet! You have nothing at all to argue with.
yu- (yw-)-Adjpfxsingular marker of NG1 adjectives, demonstratives and numbersmaiti ya mtru yumwengacorpse of one person
yudyaDemNG11thatSitogola mgosi yudya akulinda vedi.I like that man who hunts well.Mbwanga yudya nani msekadyi.That guy was a laugher.Askari yudya kehambahamba.That soldier is dressed to the hilt.Hachimtogole mwana yudya mkulu.We don't like that big child.Mvele yudya umtali apika vedi.That woman who is tall cooks well.Mtru yudya nakatogolowa ni mieThat person was liked by me.Mgosi yudya ni mguladyi mayembe.That man is a mango buyer.2that oneYudya kabawisa.That one steals too much.Yudya ni mdyeshi.That one is a soldier.Si yudya.It's that one (pointing).
yudya aamini (wadya waamini)DemNG1believerYudya aamini apata bharaka za Mwenyezimungu.A believer gets a blessing from God.
yuhi (wahi)1***who?Mzigula ni yuhi?Who is a Kiziguan?Ni yuhi adyamanye?Who is the one that did it?Ni yuhi akughemire? -- Sighemwa ni mansa.Who is it that threw you? -- I was thrown by an electric shock.Ni yuhi akutowire? -- Ni yuno.Who is it that hit you? -- It's this one.2***which (one)?Ni yuhi akutowire?Which one (was it that) hit you?Ni yuhi anitowire?Which one (was it that) hit me?Ni mtru yuhi?Which person is it?
yukoDemNG1/7there (where we've been talking about)Si yuko.I'm not there.Hwi yuko.You're not there.E yuko.He/she's there.Mwaliko e yuko.Mwaliko is there.He kuli.He/she isn't there.Hachi yuko.We're not there.Hamwi yuko.You all aren't there.Hawe yuko.They're not there.Kompyuta di yukoThe computer is there.Makompyuta ye yuko.The computers are there.Yuko is from uko following i or e. See p. 881 of fieldnotes.
yumbi (mayumbi)NG31waveSerinwa hasi he di yumbi.I dove under the wave.2surfYumbi diya ni kulu; kwerinwe!That surf is big; dive in!Yumbi diya dina nguvu, kwerinwe!That surf has strength, dive in!
yungu (mayungu)NG3zucchiniSitogola yungu di mbisi.I like raw zucchini.Yungu di mbisi, siditogola.Raw zucchini, I like it.
yunivasiti< EngNG5university (-ies)Mwaka ukwiza naita yunivasiti.Next year I'm going to a university.Sisomera univasiti ntratu.I have studied at three univerisities.
yunoDemNG1thisChimtogola mwana yuno mdodo.We like this small child.Simpenda mtru yuno uywedi.I love this nice person.Mtru yuno nimtogola.This person, I like him.Mzehe yuno ni fundi.This elder is a craftsman.Mwana yuno simwereka miye.I was the one who gave birth to this child.Mzehe yuno sibwirana na ye.This elder, I met with him.Yuno ni mndugu ywangu.This is my relative.
Yurupo ~ Oropa1NG9EuropeUkristo ni wingi mwe zi isi za Yurupo.There is a lot of Christianity in the countries of Europe.Poland ni isi imndani mwe Yurupo; i madyirani na Jermani. Poland is a country in Europe; it's neighboring with Germany.2NG5
Yusufu< ArbNProp1YusufuDino ni duka dya Yusufu Sundi.This is Yusufu Sundi's store.2JosephHaji Yusufu kalawa zuzi Hiji.Hajji Joseph came from the Hajj the day before yesterday.Yusufu hakudyinkhira weyawe akaita kuntru.Joseph doesn't pass by for his buddies when he goes somewhere.
Yuta1NG9UtahNankagule chiwasa Yuta.I'm going to go buy real estate in Utah.Yuta kutamphirwa.Utah has been gone to.2NG5Yuta itamphirwa.Utah has been gone to.
yuwe (mayuwe)NG31dirt clodSikutowa yuwe.I struck you with a dirt clod.Navigita yuwe.I'm throwing a dirt clodSimghemera yuwe, niyo adenega.I threw a dirt clod at him, but he dodged it.2clod of dry mud3chunk (hard)4knoll of dry mudNkhonde zinaiva kabla hawanati kudya a mamphemba, nawakabwirana he di yuwe dimwenga dikwitangwa Chiringo haguhi no mzi wa Suwa. (Arbow: 7)When the farms were ready before they were done eating corn on the cob, they would gather on the dry mud knoll called Chiringo near the town of Suwa.
yuwe dya bharafu (mayuwe ya bharafu)NG3snowballKasimu kanivigitira yuwe dya bharafu.Khasim threw a snowball at me.
ywa (-a, ywe)PrepNG11ofMisimo ya kale yahonyesa kwamba Tanzaniya ni mame ywa Afrika na ywa Ulimwengu, na msimo wa binadamu. (Arbow: 5)Archaeological evidence from the past shows that Tanzania is the mother of Africa and of the world, and the origin of human beings.mwana ywa kwanzafirst childtate ywa mbuyangufather of my friendmame ywa mbuyangumother of my friendYwa is NG1 singular only, and varies freely with wa.2from
ywake (-ake)PossPrnNG11hisMnyau (y)wake kafa.His cat died.mvere (y)wakehis woman/wifeIn rapid speech ywake often becomes wake.2her(s)mgosi (y)wakeher husbandIn rapid speech ywake often becomes wake.
ywako (-ako)PossPrnNG1your(s)Mnyau (y)wako kafa.Your cat died.Ni somo ywako.I'm your namesake.mvere (y)wakoyour woman/wifeIn rapid speech, ywako often becomes wako.
ywangu (-angu)PossPrnNG11myNanimtongere mvere ywangu kuzimu.I'll follow my girl[friend] to the other world.Tate (y)wangu kafa.My father died.Mnyau ywangu kafa.My cat died.Wi somo ywangu.You're my namesake.Loya ywangu kanichaji alfu.My lawyer charged me a thousand.Yuno ni mndugu ywangu.This is my relative.mvere (y)wangumy woman/wifemgosi (y)wangumy husbandIn rapid speech ywangu often becomes wangu.2mineMvere yuno nazimiziza u ywangu.This woman I'm using to forget mine.
ywani (wani, ani)***whose?Yuno ni mwana ywani?Whose child is this?Mwana yuno ni ywani?Whose is this child?Yuno ni mnyau ywani?Whose cat is this?Mnyau yuno ni ywani?Whose is this cat?
ywao (-ao ~ -awo)PossPrnNG1their(s)Wana inchi wamwitika mkulu ywao.Citizens of the country responded to their leader.Mwana ywao kaita kwe skulu.Their child went to school.Mnyau (y)wao kafa.Their cat died.Mwana ywao kagaluka mnyonje.Their child got sick.Tate (y)wao kafa.Their father died.In rapid speech ywao often becomes wao.
ywe (< ywa + i)PrepNG1of theIyo yahonyesa chindedi Tanzaniya ni mame ywe ulimwengu. (Arbow: 5)That truly shows that Tanzania is the mother of the world.
ywenyu (-enyu)PossPrnNG1you all(s)Dya Mnungu dinanibasa, manyani mlongozi ywenyu ni yuno. (Arbow: 9)When God's will comes to me (= when I die), know your leader is this one.Mnyau (y)wenyu kafa.You all's cat died.Tate (y)wenyu kafa?You all's father died?In rapid speech ywenyu often becomes wenyu.
ywetu (-etu)PrepNG1our(s)Tate ywetu kafa.Our father died.Mnyau ywetu kafa.Our cat died.Seneta ywetu kaita safari "DC".Our senator went on a trip to DC.In rapid speech, ywetu often becomes wetu.
ywoseQuantNG11all (of him/her)Simtogola yeye ywoseI like all of her.mtru ywoseall of a person2whateverMtru uyo ywose nezi hano, nanimshinde.If whatever one comes here, I'll defeat him.