zani (wani, yani, ani)IntrrgNG5/6whose?Nyayo zino ni zani? (Arbow)Whose are these footprints?Nyumba zino ni zani?Whose are these houses?Nyuzi zino ni zani?Whose are these strings?
Zanziba(ri)1NG9ZanzibarZanzibari ni chiziwa.Zanzibar is an island.Wantru wadya wapatigwe ni adyali ye ndoni Zanzibari waokoweswa.Those people who got in the boat accident in Zanzibar were saved in great numbers.Mwivano wa Zanziba na Tanzaniya bhara sani wa haki male.The coexistence between Zanzibar and Tanzania hasn't been just at all.See: Mzanzibari.2NG5
zao (-ao)PossPrnNG5/6their(s)Mphula zao zaluma.Their noses hurt.Wabhadhiya wegala nkhome za kusakira ngamira zao.The nomads carried sticks to goad their camels.Sadhiya na Mwaliko mbuli zao zanishigitiza.Sadiya and Mwaliko's troubles make me feel terrible. (lit.: Sadiya and Mwaliko, their troubles...)Nashigitizwa ni mbuli zao Sadhiya na Mwaliko.I'm made to feel terrible by Sadiya and Mwaliko's troubles. (lit. :..by their troubles Sadiya and Mwaliko.)nyumba zaotheir housesnyuzi zaotheir stringsSee alternate pronunciations: zawe, zawo.
zarau (mazarau)NG31disrespectMwana yuno kanihonyesa zarau gulo.This kid showed me disrespect yesterday.See: kuzarau.2denigrationWaishi mwe isi idya bila zarau.They live in that country without denigration.3scornWadyamanyizwa zarau kwa sababu ya mavazi yawo.Scorn was done to them because of their dress.
zaruraNG51emergencySiigonere safari ino; ni ya zarura.I wasn't aware of this journey [before]; but it's an emergency.2businessA wegazi zarura yawo igaluka nyingi sika zino.The deliverers' busines became too much these days.
zawadi1NG5gift(s)Wauzana zawadi.They asked each other for a gift.Wenkhana zawadi. They gave each other giftsNanikuletere zawadi.I'll bring you a gift.2NG5present(s)Miye na mkazangu chaleterana zawadi chinalawa kwe zi kazi.Me and my wife bring presents to each other when we get off work.3NG5prize(s)Zawadi zino ni za kumiziziza wana wetu wasome.These prizes are for encouraging our kids to study.Walimu wadya ambawo wakusomeza hisabu nawenkhigwe zawadi.Those teachers who are teaching math will be given prizes.4NPropZawadiAbhayo mwanawe etangwa Zawadi.Older sister's child is named Zawadi.Zawadi na Bahati wasafishanya nyumba ino.Zawadi and Bahati have cleaned this house together.woman's name
zawe ~ zawo (-awo)PossPrnNG5/6their(s)Wandugu waidi wachukizana kwa tabiya zawo zihiye.Two relatives offended each other with their bad behavior(s).Ibada yangu na i zawo hazikuletana.My faith and theirs are not alike.nyumba zawe / zaotheir housesnyuzi zawe / zaotheir stringsSee alternate pronunciation: zao.
zaye (mazaye)NG31charcoal scoopSilumizizwa zaye dino.I was hurt with this charcoal scoop.Zaye dino nahaira moto.With this charcoal scoop, I'm fetching fire.See alternate pronunciation: zae.2dustpanSighemera zaye dino manyasi yadya.I used this dustpan to throw that trash away.Zae dino nadiduira manyasi.This dustpan, I'm using it to throw trash away.Niletera idi zaye nikube a manyasi!Bring me the dustpan so I can scoop up the trash!
=zePossPrnNG1/2/6/71hisKadugwa ni wambuyaze.He was buried my his mates.The clitic -ze is a short form of zake or wake.2her
ze (< za + i)PrepNG5/61of theChiona i nyumba ze famli.We saw the houses of the family.bundiki ze walindadyiguns of the huntersza + i > ze2for theNgondo ze di gari zakoshekana.Tools for the car are missing.
zediGreetgoodSimwira! -- Ni zedi.Chat! (= Hi!) -- It's good.
zehe (mazehe, mzehe, wazehe)AdjoldNi mzehe.I'm old.Gari dino ni zehe.This car is old.Magari yano ni mazehe.These cars are old.Kompyuta dino ni zehe.This computer is old.
zeituni (mazeituni)NG3guavaMzeituni uno hauna zeituni hata dimwenga.This guava tree doesn't have even one guava.Sakutungula zeituni dimwenga na hongoli.I went to pick one guava with a fruit picking stick.See: mzeituni.
zengo (mazengo)NG31lumber (rough, unfinished)Nafunga zengo.I'm tying lumber.Fungula idi zengo!Untie the lumber!Sakusenga zengo.I went there and cut lumber.Zengo ni miti isengigwe ya kuzengera nyumba.Lumber is the wood cut for building a house.2pole (rough, unfinished)Silema zengo.I straightened a pole.Zengo dyangu dilemeswa.My pole has been straightened a lot.Zengo dino dilemwa ni nyani?This pole has been straightened by whom?3sticksZengo ni miti i misisiri ikusosomekwa hagati he vihanda na mango."Zengo" are the thin sticks stuck in between the studs and horizontal beams.
zenye (zozenye, -enye)PrnNG5/6themselvesMbuzi zino zipirika zenye.These goats jumped by themselves.Nyuzi zino zikonyeka zenye.These threads curled up by themselves.Zozenye is longer form of zenye.
zenyuPossPrnNG5/61your(s) (pl)Bundiki zenyu zitozeni lakini sono mdale i mipinde!Your guns, grab them but don't touch the triggers!Gulani mafenusi; ikani mwe zi nyumba zenyu!Purchase kerosene lamps and store them in your houses!Sometimes possessive pronouns of NG5,6 are used where NG1 forms are expected.2you all'sHabari zenyu? -- Nnyamani.You all's news? (= What's happening?) -- It's good.Katogola firi zenyu.He likes you all's hair.
ZerereNPropZerereSimsola mwana wa Mze Zerere.I married the daughter of Mr. Zerere.man's name
zeseNG5musical instrument (kind of)Muzeni Chiroboto ero Ndongani kaona zese? (Arbow)Ask Chiroboto though did he see a musical instrument in Ndongani.
zetu (-etu)PossPrnNG5/6our(s)Nyalo zetu nazilume luvi.The soles of our feet will hurt tomorrow.Nyuso zetu zaluma.Our faces hurt.Karibu wamame zetu sangazi wose wafa; kusigala yumwenga tu.Nearly all our paternal aunts have died, only one remaining.Nyumba zetu chizitima.Our houses, we've thatched them.Sometimes possessive pronouns of NG5,6 are used where NG1 forms are expected.
zi1VLocSt NG5/6are, they areZi mwe di draya dino.They (clothes) are in the dryer.Nyumba zi kuhi? -- Zi kudya. / Zi hano.Where are the houses? -- They're over there. / They're here.Farasi zi meso.The horses are alive.Nyuzi zi kuhi? -- Zi hano.Where are the strings? -- They're here.Sanuti nazi mwe meza zikoshwa.The change that was on the table hasn't been found.Izi nkhome hazi hadya.The sticks aren't there.2Def NG5/6theku + izi > kwi zi, mwa + izi > mwe ziAlso, zi is the shortened form of izi, the augment for NG5 and NG6 plurals.
zi- (z-)-Vpfx1theyNyalo zako nazilume luvi. / Nazilume.Your soles (of feet) will hurt tomorrow. / They will hurt.Nyalo zangu zaluma. / Zaluma.My soles (of feet) hurt. / They hurt.Ngombe zino zifa. / ZifaThese cows died. / They died.Nguwo ziya nazihutwa. / Nazihutwa.Those clothes have been washed. / They have been washed.Kila zambi zina athabu yake.Every sin has its torture. zi- > z- before a vowelThis is the hird person subject and object prefix referencing NG5 and NG6 plurals.2themKazidyamanya.He has made them.Meza ziya azidyamanya.Those tables, he made them.Nanikazidya.I was eating them (e.g., rice and beans).Wazicheremula.They made them (e.g., walls) come crashing down.Nguwo za Masala na Ali sizizuhulanya.Masala and Ali's clothes, I have faded them.
ZidiNPropZidiZidi ni mkulu.Zidi is my older brother.Simdai Zidi aite kutanga.I demanded that Zidi go to the farm.
ziga (maziga)NG3pot (earthen)Kumpikira gali dyangu na idi ziga dya mere.You cooked him [a big serving of] my polenta with a pot of milk.
ZigulaNG3Zigula (tribe or homeland in Tanzania)Miye kabila yangu ni Zigula.My tribe is Zigula.Mwe zi ngalawa Wazigula wenula njogomo nkulu waunga wavuzwe kwao, Zigula. (Arbow: 8)On the ships, the Kiziguans started a great clamor that they wanted to be returned to their home, Zigula.Idi Zigula dyafa siku zino.The Kizigua [tribe] is dying these days.There is no plural to this noun. See: Chizigula, Vizigula, Mzigula, Wazigula, uzigula.
Zigula dya KaidiNG3Second KiziguansZigula dya Kaidi disigaira Somaliya.The Second Kiziguans remain in Somalia.Walala watuhu wachambize wowo nawo kuno Zigula dya Kaidi chikuwashukuru ni:..The other ladies that helped us, those here of the Second Kiziguans, are:..The Second Kiziguans are those that were taken to Somalia from Tanzania as slaves by the Arabs.