a-1Vpfx1definite present (progressive)Nechiro siva mtru akuugula.Last night I heard someone moaning with pain.Aunga nyumba yedi.She wants a nice house.Chalonga Chingereza.We're speaking English.Naunga nyumba.I want a house.Waona ngamira ningahi?How many camels do you see?Meso yake yaluma.Her eyes are hurting.Nadya a matunda.I am eating the fruits.Nasinya tivi.I'm watching TV.Azenga nyumba haluse vino.He is building a house right now.Chadya haluse vino.We are eating right now.Washegeya.They are working.Mbeho yazuka.The wind is blowing.Naita ku nyumba.I'm going home.Simba yazuka.The lion is leaping.Natogola nidye.I would like to eat.Ngwena idya yaerereka.That crocodile is floating.Weye, nakuona, kutozwa ni shetani.You, I see, are possessed by an evil spirit.Nawahinya wazana wano.I'm training these kids.Changamizana.We're endangering each other.A- 'he/she' + a- definite present > a- ; a- > k- / V___V; see past progressive ka-.A- occurs after the subject prefix and before an object prefix, if any. It is used much like the English present progressive but also in wider circumstances, namely, often with stative verbs.2???Sibwiza mphalamunyu, niyo yafakata.I caught a dragonfly, and then it got away.Ka- + ku- > aku-.a- in the example above is a mystery. See normal past progressive ka- and aku-.3habitual aspectNagona kila siku.I sleep every day.Nadya kila siku.I eat every day.Nanya kila siku.I shit every day.Changamizana kila siku.We endanger each other every day.