na-1Vpfx1nonpresentThis is an initial prefix.2definite past tenseNakawakama.He killed them.Nawagoma.They fought.Nasigona.I sleptIdi kolongo nadifukulwa.The hole was dug.Wali udya nanidire ni wedi. / Wali udya nidire nani wedi.That rice that I ate was good.Wabuga wadya nanidire wana mwire. / Wabuga wadya nidire nawana mwire.The rabbits that I ate were good.Ku kaya nahachina mabomba ya warabi.Back in the village we didn't have pipes for irrigation.This prefix na- is an initial. Combined with the final indicative suffix -a it indicates that a past activity is complete. It is used with suffix -(i)re in relative clauses in the past. Two na- prefixes cannot be used in the same overall sentence. Negative ha- comes after na-.3future tenseNanigone.I will sleepNanidye a matunda.I'll eat the fruits.Nderi ineza, nachikahande naho.When the rainy season comes, we'll go plant again.Chose nachisinye uswero!Let's all look at the sunset! / We'll all look at the sunset.Nachite kwe soko!Let's go to the market! / We'll go to the market.Nanikupikire.I'll cook for you.The prefix na- combined with final subjunctive suffix -e indicates a future activity. When the subject is 1st person plural, this same future construction also forms a "let's" command. The two meanings are differentiated in context.

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