-ire1V > VNegsfxnegative pastNechiro sigonire male.Last night I didn't sleep at all.Zuzi nasigonire male.The day before yesterday, I didn't sleep at all (but have since).Zuzi sigonire.I haven't slept since the day before yesterday.Sionire i simu.I didn't see the phone.Sidire / Nasidire.I didn't eat.Hamdire zaidi male.You (all) didn't eat much at all.Hawadire a matunda.They didn't eat the fruits.Sitire mahali hengi male.I didn't go to many places at all.(Na)sikamire.I was not milking.See alternative pronunciations: -iye, -ize.This suffix is used in combination with the prefixes ha- or si- to form the negative past.2V > VUnrlsfxpast irrealisYeye egu nalindire.He should have hunted.Nakukomire.I should have killed you.Wanikomire.You should have killed me.Anikomire.He should have killed me.Namkomire.I should have killed him.(Egu) Nadire.I should have eaten.Wadire.They should have eaten.Egu adire.He should have eaten.3V > VRelClsfxrelative clause (past) verb suffixMphunda ziya naninkhire hande ziguta.The donkeys that I gave food to are full.Mpunga udya nanidire ni wedi.The rice I ate was good.Mtru yuno nipendire kafa.This person that I loved died.Sibindiviza kazi idya noukongire.I finished the work that you started.mere yagoniremilk that's gone to sleep = curdled milkMiguwa ino niguire yose ni mabua.All of these sugarcanes that I bought are spongy.Nakaula simu yangu inagira.I'm looking for my phone that got lost (on me)Sibalaza wabuga waidi nawagonire he di tuwa.I drove away two rabbits that were sleeping in the bush.Akudhighire nakukomire male.He who warned you didn't kill you at all. ProverbAdire neze hano.Whoever ate should come.Adire, so hano!Whoever ate come here!Wanikomire ni wano.They who killed me are these ones.