Search results for "Location"

a-4Englishlocative marker prefixThis prefix indicates that the general location or direction is known but a specific place is more nebulous. It often implies movement, i.e. the implication of adi in the first example is movement down along the ground which contrasts with ida which implies the normal and constant habitation of fish is out in the sea. To indicate motion, i.e. following ur (to) or til (from), it can precede both short and long forms of direction words. To identify a location only, it can only precede short forms.Bos rokoi má bos toltolom man tili armongoh turán tan táit di káukáu adi bim mái rung di sehel mai bál di má tan táit di liu ida i lontas, bos kálámul di arwat suri olas pas di no. (Iak 3.7)The wild animals and various kinds of birds from the sky together with things that crawl down along the ground and those one who slither with their stomachs and things that live out in the sea, people are able to tame them all.Di parai singing ngo ina lu lahau má til main i torahin malar, pasi er i Tagur ina márian má til main uranang i kak hutngin malar.They said to me that I should move house from here in the old village, resulting in on Saturday I will prepare/move from here down to my new village.ala-i1ia-ma-8.5Locationlocation
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ai1pronounEnglishwhereTok Pisini stap we?One way to think of this word is as a simple interrogative pronoun, but another way is as the combination of the pronoun a (he, she, it) and the locative particle i which asks the question ‘where?’ If analyzed this way, then i appears to be a verb. Sursurungas prefer to write this combination as one word, ai, and when spoken alone, often expand it to aiá or aiáh. Ai also occurs in the discontinuous combination ai...ái (where) to both ask questions and to make statements.Kálámul a tabureng i kán hol suri bor a kokon ami kán pokon. Ai na ser pas te táit mul uri tángni kán liu?A person is upset/troubled in his mind about a pig who roots around up in his garden. Where will he find some other things to help/provide for his life?Má ngorer ái Iesu a sámtur mák parai singin wák er ngo, "Be, wákán, di ai mái rung er di wás pala iáu? Kápte kes a arangrangas i iáu?" (Ioa 8.10)And so Jesus stood and he said to that woman, "Woman, those ones who condemn you, they are where? Is there no one to punish you?"ai...áiaiáaiáhi18.5Location9.4.3.3Interrogativeinterrogative; location
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ai...áipronounEnglishwhereThis discontinuous combination is used in both statements and questions about location, as the examples illustrate. This combination can occur alone as in Ai_ái? (Where is it?).Ái Tolo a abengnai á urtarang ki ák ngulngul má tangrai bos. Kápate talas i on suri táit a longoi ngo ai a láklák ái.An evil spirit mentally affected Tolo and he was acting crazy all over the jungle. His body/mind was not clear about what he was doing or where he was going.Be, wa ai u kipi ur ái á got er a morot? Kápute mákái ngo ákte sangin imi katbán?Hey, where are you taking that rotten bamboo to? Did you not see that it's already stinking inside?ai1aiáhái18.5Location9.4.3.3Interrogativeinterrogative; location
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aiáhaiápronounEnglishwhere?This word is typically used alone without any accompanying phrase or clause.ai1ai...ái8.5Location9.4.3.3Interrogativeinterrogative; location
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ala-1Englishlocative marker prefixThis prefix indicates that a general direction is known or assumed, but a specific place is not known. The indefiniteness of this prefix can apply to either an indefinite location or to an indefinite knowledge of where something or someone is located, or both. This marker can precede both full and short forms of the direction word as well as words like main (here).Ái nana a gálta sur Martasi, ki iak parai singin ngo, "Alamudi ái," kabin nengen iau mákái a láklák uramudi, mái sár káp iau te mánán i pokon dáh a han ur on.Mother asked about Martasi, then I said to her that, "She's upcoast somewhere," because earlier I saw her walking upcoast, however I do not know which (exact) place she was going to.Ái nana a gálta sur Martasi, ki iak parai singin ngo idi gut ái si pasta. Iau hol on ngo alamudi ái kabin a parai ngo na han suri mák pasta.Mother asked about Martasi, then I said to her that she was probably upcoast at the (house of the) pastor. I thought that she was upcoast somewhere/there because she said that she was going to see the pastor.a-4alamialatungi1ia-ma-8.5Locationlocation2Englishtime marker prefixThis prefix occurs with only one time word, hirá (long ago), to indicate the very distant past, an indefinite period when it would be impossible to pin down a specific time.Inái gim arbin narsá gam suri Pinpidan án Liu, ái koner ákte kis til alhirá sang kápte be akaksim. (1Io 1.1)Now we preach/proclaim to you concerning the Word of Life, that one who already sat/existed from very long ago indeed (when) there was not yet creation.alhirái18.4.1Period of timetime
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alamilocation1Surimi iát taladeng; muni tepákEnglishhighThis is the combination of ala (locative relater) and the short form of muni, mi (up). This connotes something being so high that it is difficult to reach.Má namur ái Satan a tohtoh Iesu mul má a lam pas Iesu uri pokon a tuan alami sang, má a sangar i inngas tari singin á tan balis no on á naul matmatngan pokon. (Luk 4.5)And then Satan tested Jesus also and he led Jesus to a place that was extremely high, and quickly/instantly he revealed to him all the regions/kingdoms of the world.2Englishinside somewhereThis can be inside a house or inside some other thing, like a basket. It defines a general location, not a specific place or spot.Kak gengen is iau dungi alami polgon rat. Kauh, han kipi be ur main.My small knife I put it somewhere there inside the basket. Son, go bring it now to here/me.miala8.5Locationlocation
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alatungpronounEnglishsomewhere thereThis is the fusion of ala (locative relater) and atung (there). This term implies a general location but without an exact spot being mentioned and is the most indefinite of the terms meaning 'there'.Lik, káp iau te mánán ngo ai iau oboi ái á kak rat. Alatung i lalin suh gut. Ser suri be má kip tari urmain singing.Daughter, I do not know where I put down my basket. It's somewhere there underneath the bench probably. Search for it now and bring it to here (and) give it to me.anteratungala8.5Locationlocation
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anterlocationEnglishsomewhereThis speaks of an indefinite location, i.e. around here somewhere, or out there somewhere.alatung8.5Locationlocation
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argopsoninalienable noun1Suraru balsán diar sosopasEnglishcorner; edgeThis word refers to a corner inside a building, or to the edge of a village just inside where the jungle growth begins.Kam rat er di oboi ái kalilik alatung i gu er i pal. Una lain mákmák iatung i argopson er di lu oboi tan kápán lamas ái.That basket of yours the guys put it over there on the corner of the cook house. You should look carefully there in that corner where they put coconut shells.gosongukatbán2SurarlihEnglishspace8.5Locationlocation
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arlihalienable nounEnglishspace; areaarliwán8.5Locationlocation
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arliwánarliuáninalienable noun1SurarlihEnglishopening; spaceThis sense of the word is similar to chance or opportunity.Kalik er a tohtoh suri ngo na aratintin suri tám aratintin, mái sár ngo aratintin er kápte arliwán ur on suri ngo na kusak.That kid is trying/testing so that he can learn for (becoming) a teacher, however that school does not have an opening so he can enter.arlih2Surkatbán aru táitEnglishbetweenPákánbung kángim tu kis ami rum, ki ák pur i kak pirán tabal i katbán aru kápán libung er di pálkibán rum mai. Má pirán tabal erei ák pur uradi bim. Káp iau te mánán pasi ngo ákte pur i arliwán i aru kápán libung erei.When we were sitting up in the house, then my money fell in the middle of two palm (planks) that they floored the house with. And that money fell on to the ground. I did not realize that it had fallen between those two palm (planks).arliu8.5Locationlocation
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arpotalienable nounSuri katbán muswan, tepák uranang má tepák uradiEnglishcentreNgo da han til Lae ur Goroka, da sorliwi á Kainantu. Kainantu a katbán muswan, tepák ur Lae má ák tepák ur Goroka. A kis i arpot i sál er han til Lae ur Goroka.When they (people) go from Lae to Goroka, they pass through Kainantu. Kainantu is the true middle, far to Lae and far to Goroka. It sits at the centre of that road going from Lae to Goroka.katbán tiborbor8.5Locationlocation
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atungpronounEnglishthereThis pronoun may directly follow the verbs til (from) and ur (to) or occur prefixed with a locative relater.alatungiatungmatung8.5Locationlocation
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átikintransitive verb1SurhutEnglishboundaried; up to; as far asTok PisinkamapBos tám ruruna dikte tam táu arsagil til Ierusalem má dik han sara uri tan kuir. Te di han átik á balis á Ponisia, má te sang di han uri sim á Saipárás, má te di han uri malar á Antiok. (Apo 11.19)The believers divided-fled-separated (were scattered) from Jerusalem and they went all over to (other) parts/places. Some went as far as the region of Phoenicia, and some others went to the island of Cyprus, and some went to the town of Antioch.panggálgálta átikhan átik átik8.5Locationlocation2SurtáilEnglishprecede; go on aheadKalilik, gam átik má i git uranang i bang má iau ina mur, inak arahi be i táit min iau longoi.Guys, you go on ahead of us to the men's house and me I will follow, I need to first finish what I'm doing here.
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balisalienable nounEnglisharea; sideTok PisinsaitThis word is used to refer to geographical areas, including areas like provinces, states, regions, as well as sub-entities of those larger areas. It is also used of smaller areas, like one side of the river in a village, or the area on one side of the road or the other.balsán8.5Locationlocation
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balsáninalienable nounSurrisánEnglisharea; sideTok Pisinsait bilong ...Kalik, ák bam má á inbul erei u sawi. Unák ariwai bul pasi kesi risán náng kis i kámnah. Má ngo káp una te ariwai, ki na pim i kesi balsán sár, má kesi balsán kápte.Child, that yam you are cooking is burned. Turn it over next so one (another) side will be in the fire. And/but if you don't turn it, then only one side will be cooked, and one side not.balis8.5Location1.7Nature, environmentlocation; nature
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beheninalienable nounEnglishbehindKalilik di kis punpunam tiladi behen rum má kápdite lain longrai worwor si pasta.The guys were hiding behind the building and they did not hear very well the pastor's talk.8.5Locationlocation
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bimáninalienable nounEnglishplot of ground used for some purposebimbimán rum8.5Location1.7Nature, environmentlocation; nature
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bimán rumalienable nounEnglishcity; townplot of ground for housesmalarbim8.5Locationlocation
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bimuninalienable nounSurkuir di tahni kálámul onEnglishgrave; burial placeÁi Tuki a bokoh mák mat ái kákán. I pákánbung sár a han ur main i malar, ki ák tu sukai má i ioiohun ái kákán. Kápte má a mákái á aur ái kákán, a tu mákái sár má i bimun ái kákán.Tuki was absent/away and/when his father died. When he came to here in the village, then he stepped on (visited) then the burial site of his father. He did not see his father's face, he only saw his father's gravesite.ioiohuntarang án minattárgun minatbim8.5Location4.3.9.1Customanthro; location
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bos1alienable nounEnglishuninhabited area; jungle (generic term); bushTok PisinbusWhile bos includes the term taman (wilderness), bos is typically used for the areas closer to one's village, the places where a person frequents, making his gardens and going to hunt.taman8.5Location1.7Nature, environmentlocation; nature
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da2location1Englishinterior of land or seaThis is the short form of muda.
Má ngorer ái Iesu mul a áslai rangrangas mák mat ada i karpala on á bimán rum á Ierusalem suri ngorer dárán na sal má nák salus apilpil pasi bál matananu alari kándi sápkin. (Eba 13.12)And so Jesus also experienced suffering and he died out on the outside of the city of Jerusalem so that his blood would flow and he would wipe making clean people's stomachs from their sin.
2Englishoutsidemuda8.5Locationlocation
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di2location1Englishto the left when facing the seaThis is the short form of mudi.
2EnglishdownGama soai nirwán i gam uradi sang nák sisip i Karisito. (Kol 2.7)You should insert/push your roots going down (so) it will move down/grow into Christ.mudi8.5Locationlocation
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GárnateuKárnatáualienable nounEnglishplace name near Kudukudu; snake nameOfferings were performed at this location long ago.8.5Locationlocation
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gosoninalienable noun1Suraru balsán bat diar sosopasEnglishcornerThis is used for the space formed by a corner of something, like the space inside the corner of a house or flatbed of a truck. It is also used to refer to the corner itself. This term is also used for a part or area on the edge or outskirts of a larger area, i.e. the suburb of a village, or even of just some area within a larger area.Tan táit no erei gama oboi uramudi argopson imudi. Ngo na kis iatung i pokon di lu láklák ái, ki tan kalilik da suka sarai, pasi gamák oboi uramudi goson.All those things you all should put over there in that corner there. If they sit/remain there in the place where they/people are walking, then the guys will step on and scatter them, so you should put them over there in the corner.argopsongu2SurarlihEnglishspaceBos kuir no ákte káng, má kápte kesi arlih mul a kis. Má ngo gam nem, ki á gam sang gama mák tekesi goson suri gamák bop on.All the places are already full, and there is not one space sitting/remaining. And/but if you all want, then you yourselves see any (available) corner/area for you to sleep on (then sleep there).6.5.1.1House8.5Locationhouse; location
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