Tboli - English



d-varde-pfxThis prefix occurs with four location words that are used in relation to a higher or lower level. It adds the meaning of a distance relatively nearby.Deng sut se yê debwak.Mother has arrived in the lower area-nearby.Uni tuged gu leged, uni lumak gu debwak.There's the sound of a walking stick (coming) from upstream and the sound of a scabbard (coming) from nearby-downstream.Sok kifu suloyen buteng laen tungô tau slingun. Senged sbalà fi gu dlogi ne fi gu dlibun.When it's dark, all night long no one sleeps as singers sing back and forth. It's the same their answering each other from the near-man's side and from the near-woman's side.debwakNearby lower area.dlegedNearby higher area.
dabuknThe inside portion, as of an abaca stalk after removing the outer fibrous layer for stripping.Snung ye du dabuk kdungon yem kobong.Strap the bamboo water container with the inside portion of abaca.
dadunPlow.Appendix 21-02 Harvesting and planting implementsvTo plow.g-, h-, k-, -m-, -n-, sem-, sen-.
dafatvTo wrap or cover with leaves, as meat gotten when hunting; to use leaves as a mat for placing meat on.Sok wen semdô gel dafat le du doun twok, doun bongu, doun blulan (yem gunun hmasà du).When someone hunts for a pig he usually wraps it in palm leaves.g-, h-, k-, -m-, -n-.synslafad 1slafi 1
dafilvarsdafilnThe second shot or attempt at killing something.vTo shoot a second time, to repeat.g-, h-, k-, -m-, -n-.Dnafilem gemtì du yem sdô bkó blatik anì géhél mlef.Shoot the pig in the trap a second time with the bow and arrow so that he'll die quickly.s-.
dafuvTo comfort; to caress, usually of children and pets or a person having difficulty in breathing.g-, h-, k-, -m-, -n-.Dnafuhem kwang yem ngà lemwól.Caress the back of that child who is vomiting.s-.synsifil 1ifilcfhduù 1duùkbit kakim 1
dafutnSplash.Tey temfed yem dafuten.Its splash went very far.vTo splash, splatter (as when cutting meat or fish with a dull knife).g-, h-, k-, -m-.Tahu se, ne e hentungan Goson hmowik yem bakbak, ne e semya ngà blawang, tódô mból hólól Datù Fak muna kuluhen, gotu dmafut uteken lan fulisen mogul.True, when Goson (forcefully) struck with the hammer, the little mosquito dodged, but Chief Frog's head was smashed with his brains all splattered when his policeman struck him (instead of the mosquito).-n-.synhasut 1
dagangCoastal AreavTo carry or take an item to a place in order to sell or display it.Nam e dagang kut efatu kdungón ni, anì ke wen filaken bemlihi kut alù mékéng.Carry this abaca across the river for us, so you can buy us dried mudfish with the money from its sale.g-, h-, k-, -m-, -n-.synhbalù 1Appendix 07 Ways of carrying
dakitvarlakitvTo include, take.Béen dê dakit ye elemen ni senkukum ni.Don't include many things in the settling of this case.Unin lemwót mulék tódô dakiten yem kgalu hólós bè beng.When he left to return home, he just took my shirt that was drying on the window sill.g-, h-, k-, -m-, -n-, s-.synhomong 1omonglabut 1tóng 1
dalvarmedalvTo spread out, stir around, as rice or corn to dry; to roll over, flatten grass using any object.g-, h-, k-, m-, n-.Ket kiwól ndal ye yem halay anì géhél mékéng.Frequently stir around the rice so that it will dry quickly.s-, sems-, sens-.adjFlattened, as plants destroyed by the wind; well stirred.meg-.Tey lenos, gotu megdal halay bè tniba.What a storm, the rice in the field was flattened (blown over).cfsbool 1boolsebwól 1stunal 1tunaltunal 1
dalang1vTo learn (something) by experimentation or by observation.g-, h-, k-, -m-.Ke wen angat sékét kudà, yó gel nmò le gu laanen, lelen le dmalang sékét kudà, ne dê kem dumu gel nmò le.If there will be horse fighting (at the wedding celebration), beforehand they spend time learning to fight horses and doing many other things.-n-.Wen dnalangen yem silà bè yem bulung Tboli gel bulung le du.There is that which the corn can learn from the Tboli medicine they treated it with.s-.The specific ingredient used for Tboli medicine is chosen because of a certain natural characteristic it has. In the above example, a piece of honeycomb is used as medicine for corn so that the corn will be "a little bit sweet, a little bit sticky--like the honeycomb". In the Tboli world view all nature is considered to be alive, therefore it is not inconsistent in their thinking to expect that the corn can learn from the honeycomb and produce in itself the same kind of sweetness and stickiness that are natural characteristics of the honeycomb.cfgbót 2frombót2vTo do the same to someone who does something to you.Là kóen hulung tmóbóng tau ni, ilóem dalangem béléu?This person here does not know how to help, had I done the same to you (lit. always you learned from me)?Hdalang tau ni.This person is expecting the same act from me (when I visit him).3conjThe same also; in like manner; the same as.Dalang le kóm.In like manner they are doing (to you) what you did to them.Dalang se hunges ken.The same also for the wrapped rice.
dalil1nA particular sequence of musical notes marking the introduction and closure of a tune played on any musical instrument.2nProvocation, deliberate mischief to incur wrath or disfavor or to provoke a fight.Tau wen lenbuten, laen lanen meles gel wen nmoen mò dalil le sfatay.A person who is angry with someone but having no way to get even, does something for a provocation for them to fight.3nFiguratively, the cause of a problem or sickness.Tedu dalil gunun wen bnukù nawam?What is the cause of your problem?-m-.cfdolil 1lasun 1lewót 1
dalitnThe pollen deposited by bees in a honeycomb.
dalulnPalpation.vTo palpate externally the abdomen by touch, so as to relieve some discomfort, usually due to an unborn child.g-, h-, k-, -m-, -n-, s-.
dalumnNeedle.adjNeedle-like.-m-.Ke hanà udì towok halay le, mon le hanà dmalum.When the growth of their rice is still small, they say it's still needle-like.syntbé 1tbek 1cftmo 1
damaynA tree, the sap of which is very sticky when it is scraped. The birds like the fruit. The scraped, slimy skin is also used as a medicine for wheezing.Appendix 09-02 Trees for lumber and other uses
danànA pressure mark, imprint.vTo imprint; to make a mark on.Ne lemwót nim klamang bulul nii, danà hangahen.And this whole mountain was imprinted by its limbs (a legendary tree).g-, heg-.Ke moi dilan hol hegdanaem.When you make a rat trap make the imprint deep.k-, -m-, -n-.synanal 1liseg 1sogu 1
dandavTo mistreat, command work to be done in an abusive, disrespectful way.Kegenen du Datù ekni sok hetbahu són danda moen kem tau.While Datù was alive when he had people working for him he just mistreated them.g-, h-, k-, -m-, -n-, s-.synaga 1dansók 1gaga 1aga2cfdók 1
dandón1adjFamous, renowned, noted.Kegenen mowil Mà Dì hol dandónen mbô bayad tau.While uncle was alive he was noted for his being in debt to everyone.2adjHuge; great; powerful.Hol dandónen ulal malas yem hatayen.It was a huge poisonous snake that killed him.synmfulùfromfulù*cffulù* 1
dansókvTo harass and ruthlessly push someone to do something in a hurry, even while it is being done or while busy with something else.g-, h-, k-, -m-, -n-.Kegenen du tehe Mà Dì ekni, tey dmansók ke wen hmoen tau.While uncle was still alive, he really harassed those he had working (for him).s-.synaga 1danda 1gaga 1aga2cfdók 1
dangan*varhdanganadvSeldom, rarely; occasionally.g-, h-, k-, m-.Ke mdangan kwen tau nù du yem gunù tey mahil bolok.A house will easily rot if it is seldom lived in.synbatul 1blóng 1
dangawvarsdangaw1nA handspan, (i.e., the space from the end of the thumb to the end of the middle finger when extended, about 8 or 9 in.).Wen lomi tók benlihu fat dangaw ktahaen.I bought a new fancy bolo that is four handspans long.Appendix 16-01 Measuring devicesvTo measure by handspan.g-, h-, k-, -m-, -n-, s-.Ne wen ulewen, wen sudeng lumaken ne lemieg kmagi na sdangaw baken.And he has a headscarf, there's a dagger in its scabbard and he's wearing a necklace with a gold piece a handspan long.2nThe ritual of divination by handspan.Yem dangaw gunu me gel temngón du yem buten yem des.It is by the handspan ritual that we know the source of a sickness.A procedure followed to find out future events by measuring up and down one's arm in such a manner that if it comes out short then it won't come to pass but if it comes out long, it will. They also do it reversely (as in a cross-examination) to really be sure.vTo divine by handspan.g-, h-, k-, -m-, -n-.Yem libun kmuleng blututen, ke alì legen kkulengen yem ngà, sal gel dnangaw le anì tngón le yem gunun là géhél sut, abay se gel hetegut wen nóyóen bè kem tuhahen.When a woman is in labor, if the child causes labor pains for a very long time (without being born), they always divine by handspan to find out why he isn't arriving quickly, because there may be some (possession) the child wants from his parents (before he will be born).It's not only things that the unborn child is seeking, but it may be that his father or mother have cursed him. If so, an item will be touched to the lips of the person who cursed as a sign of repentance and the item will belong to the child.; Men and women alike are able to divine by handspan. Some are known to be more effective than others, becoming well-known for this skill. The hands are stretched out to full length and placed palms together so that all the fingertips are equal. The diviner then blows on the thumbs, giving an injunction, saying, "Come out long, Dangaw, if this child is sick because of supernatural power (being used by someone outside the family)." Then the right hand is used to go up the left arm, handspan by handspan, until the armpit is reached. Then the hand is stretched toward the mouth, the thumb is blown on, and the process is reversed, going handspan by handspan down the arm. If the fingers of both hands come out exactly even when the palms are placed together again, then they know the sickness was NOT caused by a supernatural power. But if the right hand comes out longer than the left, a supernatural power is the cause of the sickness. The process will be repeated, this time naming a certain individual who may be responsible. If it is learned that he is NOT responsible, the process will be repeated again, naming another individual. This will go on until they have determined who is the cause of the sickness. This method of divination can be used for many problems other than sickness.cfhkowing 1kowingungkul 1
dangutnFibers in sweet potatoes, cassava.vTo be fibrous.Tey danguten ubi ni.This sweet potato is very fibrous.-m-.
datalnA plain; a flat area; level place.-m-.Yó se gunun e hugón kekem yó se danà lówóhen nim dmatal nii.Where kekem fell is where the imprint of its body was left, this flat area (valley) here.adjFlat, level, ironed out, as a problem.cflefnal 1legnò 1