Tboli - English



h-varhe-pfxThis causative prefix changes an adjective to a verb. When it occurs with a verb, it signals that the action is initiated by one person but performed by another. When it occurs with a noun, the noun becomes a causative or reflexive verb.Ne htólóng le se mò bnék, ne htólóng le se gunu le ma mò ken.They set some (rice) apart (cause to be different) for seed, and they set some apart (cause to be different) that which they will use for food.
habulnThe little bit of extra added when a purchase has been made, usually for friends after a bargain has been made.vTo give an extra of anything.g-, k-, -m-, -n-, sf-.
hafaknWing, organ of flight in birds, fowl, airplanes.Sifen laan hafaken.She stuck it under her wing.Okóm yó kmò Tukol du yem ikong Ko, tódô suen laan hafaken, snufiten hafak kmoen du, yó kmoen du hsufaen eta ne elaan.But what Tailor Bird did with Hornbill's tail feather was he just put it under his wing; what he did was hold it tight with his wing; he had it protruding up above and down below.vTo have wings.ge-, he-, ke-, -m-, -n-.
hafak léwékexprAn expression used to describe someone who arrives or leaves hurriedly, as when bad news is received. Also when one is overly excited to meet a loved one coming toward his house.Deng tódô hafakléwéken nen e gungol deng hto mà dì.Mother just flew in her skirt when she heard that uncle had died.
hafilfromafilv(Of people who come along to a gathering uninvited and unwelcome) to blow in.Tódô gel gbót mung hafil gu dyu.He just comes along blowing in from afar.g-, k-, -n-.
hagang1nRocky cliffs, large and white.Sok hulé tuduk ebè Kiambà tey dê hagang tonem.When you go through the forest to Kiambà you see many rocky cliffs.synhfasang 1fromfasang*hfulù 1fromfulù*2v/adj(Of women) to be brave, courageous, as in court.Tnanahem hol hagang soki kól bè kukum.Early on you really be courageous when you arrive in court.ge-, ke-, -m-, -n-.synhtuluk 1fromtuluk
hagênRolling object used for target practice.vTo get something rolling and then shoot at it for training purposes; to launch a moving target.ge-, ke-, -m-, -n-.
hagunHandle of a knife, cup, kettle; part of a bow.vTo make a handle.ge-, hef-, ke-, -m-, -n-.cfbwol 1dol 1hedwél 1dwéltlunul 1
hahanThigh of person or animal; lap of a person.Tey litô lem hólólen kun, luk gu bè blututen, lel gu bè hahan.It's said there was bleeding from his hands, at the same time from his abdomen and from his thighs.Appendix 12 Body parts of a person
hahùvTo be homesick.ge-, he-, ke-, -m-, -n-, sf-.
haitnMinnows, a certain fresh water fish.Appendix 25-01 Kinds of fish
hakangTagalog gatas-gatas1nEuphorbia hirta.Australian asthma weed, a creeping herb. Also known as cat's hair or snake weed.cfbnes tugéng 1Appendix 17-02 Grasses2nTattoo.Tey lemtom hakangen tau tu.That person's tattoo is very clear and pretty.syntugéng 13nStake where carabao is tied.Nélékem yem mtétél ke moi hakang klembew.Choose what is strong when you make a stake for the carabao.4vTo hit something dead center, as a target, direct to the point.Sok gnóm ye sidek yem udél bê ye kento hakang eta yem tau.If you feel that the words are bad/hurting, don't be direct to the point with the person.Ke gemtii iwas hol hakangem bè kfuhen.If you shoot a monkey (with bow and arrow) really hit his chest.ge-, he-, ke-, -m-, -n-, s-.
hakênA portion of a floor that is higher than the main floor in a Tboli house.It is along three sides of the room where visitors sit and occupants sleep. The wall can be swung out from the top for light and air.synblabà 1desyung 1Appendix 11 Parts of a traditional housevTo make this portion of the floor.ge-, ke-, -m-, -n-.
hakingvTo change direction and proceed on from one place or thing to another.Omin le yó bud haking ebè yem sotuhen.Then they again changed direction (and went) to another one.Sok deng kógówem lem fedyan hakingi kut ebè yem tindà bong, mlihi kut snilas.After you have gone to the market, please change direction (go back) to the big store to buy slippers.g-, h-.Sok ye ston nahem hol hfaking ebéléu gu laanen hlós.When you see each other have him change direction to me before he proceeds.k-, -m-.Ominem yó hmaking du etahen sok sidek tulónen.Then turn it back against him if he tells something not nice.-n-.Tedu hnakingem etmool igò monem do mógówi eteta?What did you change direction for, going far downstream when you told me you are going to the mountains?
hakulnYoung, immature, bean pods.Yó gel bol le du, blotung matak duhen ke blangul ne yem hakulen.They always mix young mung beans or green beans and its young pods (in the soup).vTo cut the bean pods for cooking.ge-, he-, ke-, -m-, -n-.
halanShelf; a platform built above the fire table used for drying firewood, wild pig or corn used for seed. Often the kettles are hung underneath it over the fire.Ne lemwót yem sóól, tebel le lem kuleng tonok, ne nules le, hyón le ta hala mò lensut le sok le kól mehek.They leave half of the cooked rice in the clay kettle; they cover the top and tie it; they set it on the shelf above the firetable for bringing out when they arrive from planting.Appendix 11 Parts of a traditional housevTo make this shelf.g-, -m-, -n-.
halangnDorsal fin.Klifótu là mkó yem halang utón.I forgot to remove the dorsal fin of the fish.adjTo have a fin.-m-, -n-.Hmalang utón él.Fish have fins.
halang waknA variety of softwood tree and its inedible fruit.Appendix 09-02 Trees for lumber and other uses
halas1nAppearance.synbalu1 1cflasì 1vLoud, offensive and provocative.Tey hmalas tau ni.This man is very offensive.he-.2adjStrict, rigid; severe, harsh.me-.Tey mefalas kogoten kukum Datù Piang.Chief Piang was very strict in handling his court cases.
halayTagalog palay1nOryza sativa.Rice, unhusked, a staple food of the Philippines.Traditionally Tboli have planted only upland rice on mountain sides. The main parts of the rice plant are: tlê 'a shoot' (which comes up at the base of the plant, usually three or four for each plant); |tinu 'the stalk' (each one has five or six hollow joints, with a leaf coming out at each joint); doun 'leaves' (which are long, slender, and pointed, rather stiff); teglang 'the stem' (where the leaf is attached to the stalk); klifak 'a sheath-like covering at the base of each stem'; (after the leaf has dried and fallen off, the klifak remains on the stalk, strengthening it); bungu 'fruit' (i.e., the grains of rice which grow on a branched panicle (head), each one bearing from fifty to three hundred spikelets (flowers) from which the grains develop). When speaking in general of the unhusked rice grains, they are called botù, which is any spherical entity; husked rice is msó; glutinous rice is hulut. The importance of rice in the culture can be seen in (1) the many stages they can identify in the development of the rice plant, and (2) in the great many varieties of upland rice Tboli can identify by looking at the grains.Appendix 05 Stages in rice plant development; Appendix 06 Varieties of upland ricevTo produce, plant rice, have an abundant harvest.Ni halay ni mò le halay.This year they plant rice.Tey hmalay yó kem tau bè Ledel halay ni.The people at Ledel have an abundant harvest this year.ge-, he-, ke-, -m-.Angat hmalay kun tum dnadu tu.That plowed field there will produce much rice.Ne tódô buten bè yó ne yem hol kkinì nawa yó kem tau, bè yem hol kmò le tniba mò hnalay le.And beginning right then the people are really inspired (hot breaths) to make their fields ready for planting rice.-n-.Angat hnalay le yê kun tum dnadu le leged.They say their mother and company will plant rice on the plowed field upstream.bolok halaySo much rice it can't all be harvested.halay bolokRotten, spoiled rice.Appendix 06 Varieties of upland rice2nA year.Strictly speaking, a year includes only the ten months used for rice production. The new year begins with January, the time for clearing an area for a rice field, and ends with October, the time for threshing. November and December are spoken of as kogol kmusu 'after threshing'. (See Agricultural seasons under bulón 'month'.)
halìnWound, cut; sore.Yó nmoen tenngelen kun halì gu bè hahan ne kem halì gu bè laan tihen ne gu bè hólólen.What he did was to look at the wounds on his thigh and the wounds underneath his feet and on his hands.vTo wound.ge-, he-, ke-, -m-, -n-, s-.
halutnStrand, as of hair.vFor a strand to be stuck between something.g-.Là holen hyu kehlohen dô wen balu wek ghalut lem liholen.He has difficulty in swallowing, perhaps there is a strand of hair stuck in his throat.k-, -m-, -n-, s-.synbalu1 2holu 1
hamakfromamakvTo prepare and give a betel nut chew to someone.g-, h-, k-, s-.
hambugadjProud.ge-, ke-, -m-, -n-.synhanggan 1hbong dandón 1hegdag 1hegmón 1heklabak 2htiól 1hton dóyón1 1hton salù 1