Appendices 18 – 25
APPENDICES 18 - 25.02
Appendix 18: A 24-hour day ( kdaw )
tanay klóót onuk
First crowing of rooster.
gwun dulék kmóót
Second crowing of rooster.
getlun dulék kmóót
Third crowing of rooster.
gfaten dulék kmóót
Fourth crowing of rooster.
kafi mwas/kafi haya
About 3:00 a.m., almost daybreak.
First sign of dawn.
kekmò onuk te tonok
The jumping down of birds/fowl to the ground.
sut mata kdaw
Sun comes up (sunrise).
Early morning; the first part of the day between dawn and midday.
Climbing of the sun.
sóól mneged kdaw
Middle of the day.
Tipping down of the sun about 1:00 p.m.
sóól mosol kdaw
Ascending of the sun.
Children are asleep.
senga tau lembang
Deep sleep of adults.
Midnight/middle of the night.
Appendix 19: Sounds
Sound of an engine, wind or heartbeat.
Music (huge dull sound) produced on the drum (such as a plastic can or basket) that is played along with the klintang .
Sound of a fire that is very fast burning (dry and hot).
A continuous humming, buzzing sound.
Warning call of the omen bird.
Abrupt sound, as the ticking of a clock.
Sound of things being thrown.
Sound of blowing on a fire through a bamboo tube; sound of a horse snorting.
Sound when a coffin is finished, when the top and bottom are pounded together.
Horse’s friendly whinny of recognition.
Sound of creaking, as when pulling something tight out of a hole.
Sound produced as water starts to boil.
Sound of brass ankle bracelets with little metal balls in them.
Calling sound of a monkey or young hornbill.
Clucking of a hen as when calling her chicks.
Squeal of a mouse.
Sound of something being stirred.
Sound of a rooster crowing.
Sound on one’s body, as when being hit with a punch or a kick.
Sound of something boiling, bubbling up or firearms.
Cackle of hen.
Sound of flushing as it flows through a pipe; of liquid being swallowed.
Sound of something being torn.
Squeal of a pig being chased and bitten by a dog.
Sound or cry of a monkey.
Sound of banging things, as kettles and dishes being used, gongs.
Sound of rain; rumble, as a plane landing or a group of people shuffling along on the ground.
Sound of expelling gas during bowel movement.
Flapping sound of bird or chicken wings as they fly.
Sound of footsteps, walking or running.
Sound of grass and rocks being crushed.
Sound of something being released, of rushing down a hill.
Sound of a bow and arrow being put together in readiness to shoot; sound of something breaking, as a rope holding up something heavy as it stretches and breaks.
Sound of clothes, cloth being torn.
Slight rustling sound.
Rustling sound in the grass.
Sound of something landing in the water.
Sound of something hard to pull out, as teeth.
Breaking sound, as dry twigs being walked on, big tree falling due to strong wind, or floor-joists due to too much weight.
Sound of rope breaking or cloth tearing or cracking of knuckles.
Sound of sand/tiny stones or dirt when chewed in food.
Crunching sound, as of raw cabbage, carrots being eaten.
Soft rustling sound.
Sound of something dropping or thrown onto the floor or into the grass.
Sound of rushing, as a group running or of something falling or gurgling in a hole.
Gurgling sound of liquid as it passes through the throat when drinking.
Sound of frogs jumping into the water to escape a predator.
Small sound of something moving in the grass or hole, just once.
Sound of anything that rattles while shaken in a container.
Sound of a gun being cocked.
Sound of something hard as it lands on something hard; sound produced as when whipping someone or something with a stick.
Sound of grabbing something with force in anger.
Sound of a waterfall or liquid spilling on a hard surface.
Sound of something breaking when intending to only bend it.
Rumble, as thunder, airplanes.
Sound produced when clicking the tongue.
Sound of glass cracking.
Sound of chewing, as when breaking sugarcane off with one’s teeth.
Sound of something hard hitting something hard.
Crunchy sound, as when eating hard kernels of roasted corn or raw cassava.
Sound of something falling flat against something flat.
Sound of expelling air through the lips.
Sound of a bow string being loosened, of an umbrella being closed.
Sound of a gun or an arrow as it is shot into the air.
Sound of a tree falling; sound of tuber plants that break off in the ground when being pulled up.
Sound produced in the throat, as a newly delivered baby struggles to breath or cry.
Sound of a louse as it is being crushed.
Sound of head lice popping, a gun being cocked, or a pig eating fat ground worms.
Sound of things banging or falling as one hurries through them.
Noise of many feet on the floor (like the sound of soup boiling).
Sound of air escaping, as from a ball, tire; the sound of air released, as through a carabao’s nose.
Continuous humming, buzzing sound, as of bees, planes, cars, chain saw.
Sound, as of rain, wind, fire, motor.
Sound of a river when flooded; beginning rumble of thunder; a guitar that has good volume.
Sharp and distinct, as the sound made by bells jingling; a person’s voice that is very nice to listen to, pleasant.
Sound and act of expressing pain, as Ouch!.
Sound and act of expressing extreme pain, unbelief or disapproval.
Warning sound a hen produces in its throat when seeing an enemy.
Meow of a cat.
Growl while holding something in its mouth, as a cat or dog.
Whine of a dog.
Screech of a monkey.
Sound of inhaling after crying, snuffle.
Sound of a gun being cocked or a fancy bolo being taken out of its scabbard.
Squish, the sound of one walking in mud or when pounding taro or some other juicy substance.
Sound that is harsh, irritating to the ears, as the sizzling, sputtering sound of frying or fat falling into the fire.
Sound of two things rubbing together.
Squeak of bamboo rubbing together; death rattle of people.
Squeal of a pig when being chased or killed.
Sound in a kettle as liquid begins to boil.
A certain sound and style of pounding rice.
Singing of a song; a song.
Sound of things banging or falling as one hurries through them.
Prolonged sounds of explosives, as when many grenades explode together; round bamboos being burned; rocks hitting each other as they are being carried by the strong current of a flood.
Discordant sound of two gongs having almost the same tone/pitch.
Whistle produced by blowing hard between two fingers inserted in the mouth.
Rhythmic sound of two pestles being used to pound rice in one mortar.
Sound of chopping, cutting, tapping or pounding.
Sound produced when beating something with two sticks.
Music tune mimicking the woodpecker sound.
Sound produced when one gags.
Warning sounds of roosters and hens as they go along together.
Popping sound of the corn or rice kernel as it pops when placed over the fire.
Sound of a gun shot into the air.
Sound of a tiny chick.
Hen’s cackle after she lays an egg; loud laughter.
Sound of young birds or chicks first learning to peck.
Sound of maya birds eating in the rice field.
Sound produced when clearing one’s throat.
Sound produced in the throat, as when a newborn baby struggles to cry.
Sound produced by a horn, an engine, a gun or a mouth
Clicking sound made by the tongue, tsk, tsk.
Sound, noise, generic.
Imitation of sounds by instrumental music, as rain, horses galloping; harmony.
Loud whinny of a horse showing pride.
(Of animals) snort, the sound of air being expelled through the nostrils.
Appendix 20: Reptiles
The smallest land lizard.
A kind of lizard, green.
A fat lizard.
An amphibious, brown lizard somewhat like the tree lizard but longer.
Ground lizard with a dorsal fin.
Forest lizard sung about in lullabies.
Flying tree lizard.
Smallest green tree lizard.
Monitor lizard, large, colored black and yellow.
A kind of snake.
Big jungle snake.
Python, boa constrictor.
Legendary snake having eight tails.
Appendix 21: Implements
Appendix 21.1: Hunting and war implements
Sharp, pointed arrow.
Simple, plain, blunted arrows, used for play or training purposes.
Ordinary, large hunting spear.
Hunting knife; dagger; a short double-bladed knife.
Spear, generic, usually a weapon used for war.
Shoot with bow and arrow.
Short, fast arrow used as a weapon.
Tiny arrow made completely from bamboo, usually used by children for practice in using bow and arrow.
A kind of arrow.
Wide-bladed bolo, used only as a weapon.
Fancy, long-bladed bolo with curved handle used for war.
Metal-tipped arrow that is used for killing pigs.
Rectangular shield made of wood.
Poisoned arrow used for killing pigs.
Pronged, metal arrow that can not slip back out, used for animals, even people.
Arrow that has a jacket holder covering the sharp end.
Arrow used for hunting wild pig which is smaller than a spear and has prongs.
Long, rattan-handled spear with iron head, used for hunting wild pig and in war.
Bamboo spear used for hunting wild pig, very sharp pointed.
Six-pronged spear gun about 1 m. long, made of bamboo or light wood.
Three-pronged arrow used for hunting birds.
Short arrow used in fighting.
Gun, toy gun (generic).
Way of hunting field rats.
Appendix 21.2: Harvesting and planting implements
Sickle, a reaping hook with a semi-circular blade and short handle.
Bolo with a curved, wide blade.
Small 6 or 7 in. sharpened piece of bamboo used for harvesting corn.
Scraper or knife used to scrape the burned hair off a pig or deer hide.
Sharpened stick used for making holes in the ground when planting corn, beans, cucumbers.
Dibble-stick, a pointed stick used to dig holes for planting rice.
Dibble-stick with a noise maker on the top so that it makes a clapping sound as the holes are made.
Four-handspan long bolo used in bartering at weddings.
Long work bolo, but accidentally broken off, with about one-fourth left at the base.
Short wide-bladed bolo.
Hatchet or axe of the Tboli before World War II.
Harrow used in field work.
Small all-purpose knife used by men.
Type of work bolo.
Fancy knife (bolo/kris).
Saw-toothed piece of rounded metal used for scraping and grating coconut out of the shell.
Large bolo having a curved end.
Razor blade, originally referring to the 6 in. razor blade.
Rice harvesting knife.
Iron file used to sharpen metal.
Bellows, large bamboo tubes used for bellows in brass making.
Scabbard; sheath for sword or dagger.
Hoe with a pointed blade.
Machinist’s hammer with ball peen.
Kris, also known as creese, a dagger with a serpentine blade used for trading between chiefs and worn by the bridegroom at weddings.
Bolo, generic; weapon.
Bolo with a long curved blade.
Blade of an abaca stripper.
Largest work bolo.
Tool (knife) used to strip abaca from the plant.
Bolo used for cutting tall grass.
Awl, a pointed instrument used for weaving in the design on baskets.
Bolo with long blade.
Large, thin, wide, sharp bolo.
Appendix 22: Traps
A kind of pig trap.
Trap for pig, deer, monkey.
The part of a pig, rat, fox trap that springs suddenly and with force when entered.
Heavy rat trap made of bamboo and roundwood.
Trap for small birds.
Trap for hunting and fishing, generic.
A kind of pig trap.
Noose-type snare for wild game.
Noose-type rat trap.
T rap made of sharpened bamboo sticks placed at an angle.
Trap for fowl or small animals.
A kind of rat trap.
Part of a pig trap.
Snare-type trap for monkey and fox.
Appendix 23: Bamboo
The largest kind of bamboo, thick, strong with edible shoots, used for flooring, fencing and house posts.
A kind of small bamboo used for arrows.
A kind of small bamboo used for tying and building houses.
A very thin kind of bamboo used for walling.
A kind of bamboo.
A kind of bamboo usually used for walling.
A kind of bamboo used for flooring or walls.
A kind of bamboo much like lahak , used for walling and fences.
A kind of small bamboo used in weaving baskets.
A kind of rattan, the leaves of which are used for roofing .
A kind of bamboo that is very small, used for making arrows and rat traps.
A kind of bamboo, large and thorny.
Appendix 24: Baskets
A large basket used for harvesting.
Bushel basket made of rattan.
A flat, shallow, wide winnowing basket with four inset corners.
A basket which has a cover and is bigger than a leban , wide at the bottom, narrow at the top.
A fairly large, flat shoulder bag, 12 x 18 inches, woven from a small bamboo with a triangle-shaped closure, used for carrying betel nut chews when doing field work or traveling.
Rectangular basket with lid.
A woven basket made in varying sizes, very pretty, used for many things.
Circular winnowing basket.
Large tree-bark container used to store rice.
S mall, rectangular, woven, pocket basket used as a wall et.
Short, flat basket hung under the shelf over the firetable, used for drying lighter things like frogs, rats.
Basket with lid.
A kind of basket.
Winnowing basket with one end open, having only two inset corners.
Short small basket with cover used for putting away leftovers or food for a child already asleep.
Large shallow basket with cover used for putting away fineries, clothing.
Appendix 25: Fish
Appendix 25.1: Kinds of fish
A kind of small round fish.
A kind of large, reddish, scaly fish that appears at the time of harvesting the early rice.
Tiny fish, usually dried.
A kind of small fish, brown, white-bellied, scaly, very tasty but spoils easily.
Minnows, a certain fresh water fish.
Small ocean fish.
A kind of white-speckled fish with pointed nose and mouth.
Any of various edible, bivalve mollusks as clams and oysters and their shells.
A kind of fresh water fish that is small and somewhat round, resembling the mudfish but is about the size of one’s index finger.
A kind of fish.
A kind of fish without scales found in the sea.
Appendix 25.2: Fishing implements
Part of a fishtrap that prevents the fish from escaping.
A section of bamboo used as a container for little fish, frogs, crabs.
A fish trap, somewhat cone-shaped, made of bamboo.
A large net used for fishing in deep water.
A funnel-shaped net for fishing, made from abaca.