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ýogynlykýogy:nlykn1width, thicknessBu ýorganyň ýogynlygyna bir seretsene!Look at the thickness of this blanket!2stoutness, plumpness, being fatOňa ýogynlyk gelişýär.Stoutness suits him.humans3deepnessOnuň sesi ýogyn.He has a deep voice.
ýokýo:kmodal v1not to haveSende howly ýokmy?Haven't you got a back yard?Meniň başga aýtjak zadym ýokThere is nothing more I want to say to you.Geregi ýok(There is) no need.2not to be thereOl öýde ýokHe is not at home.3noSen iňlis dilini bilýäňmi? Ýok.Do you speak English? No.Aý ýoga!comp.Really!bary-ýogycomp.1roughly, approximatelyAradan bary-ýogy iki aý geçdi.Approximately two months have passed since then.2in all, only, justGar bary-ýogy bir gün ýagdy.Snow fell, just for one day.Söz ýokcomp.Everything is all right.ýoguna ýanmakcomp.1to annihilate, wipe outBu bombalar tutuş şäheriň ýoguna ýanyp biljek.These bombs can wipe out a whole city.2to kill, annihilateMen garynjanyň ýoguna ýandym.I killed the ant.ýok bolmakcomp.to disappear, vanish, be lostOl al-asmanda ýok boldy.He disappeared into the sky.ýok bolmazlykcomp.to be insufficientBu maňa ýok bolmaz.That won't be enough for me.ýok etmekcomp.vto destroyTomzaklar agajy ýok edipdirler.Beetles have destroyed the tree.ýok zatlary aýtmakcomp.to talk rubbishMaňa ýok zatlary aýdyp oturma!Don't talk rubbish!
ýokançadjinfectious, contagiousýokanç kesellerinfectious diseases
ýokarpostabove, up, highOl ýokarda otyr.He's sitting upstairs.
ýokardakyýokarda:kyadj1upperÝokardaky çemodanda meniň zatlarym bar.My things are in the upper suitcase.2above, above-mentionedÝokardaky aýdylanlara görä düzme ýazyň.Write a summary about afore-mentioned things.
ýokarkyadj1upperýokarky etažupper floorýokarky çekerupper draweratmosferanyň ýokarky gatlagyupper layers of the atmosphere2aboveýokarky agzalanlarabove-mentionedwriting
ýokarlandyrmakcfýokarlandyrylmakvto raiseMen oturgyjymy ýokarlandyrdym.I raised my armchair.
ýokarlandyrylmakcfýokarlandyrmakv1to be increasedTelekeçiligiň girdejisi ýokarlandyryldy.The business' profit was increased.2to be improvedIşiň hilini ýokarlandyrmaly.We have to improve the quality of [our] service.
ýokarlanmakv1to rise, go up; to increase, grow upgirdeji ýokarlanýarprofits increaseOnuň zähmet öndürijiligi ýokarlandy.His labour productivity rose.2to improve, take a turn for the betterHalkyň ýagdaýy ýokarlanýar.The living standard of the nation is improving.
ýokaryadj1above, upMeniň ýokarymda guşlar uçup ýördi.Some birds were flying above me.2highýokary hilihigh quality3upstairs; above, up; the top; high, advanced, upper; high, greater than usual; eastýokary çykmakto go upstairsTozan ýokary galdy.Dust began to rise.ýokarda oturmakto sit in the place of honourýokary hilihigh qualityýokarý tarapa gitmekto go toward the easteducationperson's position
ýokarykýokary:kadv1up, upwardsçalt ýokaryk galmakto go up quicklybasgançak bilen ýokaryk çykmakto go upstairsGün bulutdan ýokaryk galyp başlady.The sun began to rise in the sky.2northwards, northboundMaryda oturan saryklar ýokaryk üýşüp başlaýarlar.The Saryks who live in Mary are starting to move north.
ýoklamakýo:klamakv1to put, do (with)Meniň ruçkamy nirä ýokladyň?What have you done with my pen?2to wipe out, kill, annihilate; to get rid ofGaýrat et, bu hapalary ýokla.Please, get rid of this mess.3to spend, use upOl bar puly bir günde ýoklaýypdyr.He had spent all money in one day.money4to remember, missGyrat Göroglyny ýoklap bir kişňedi.Gyrat suddenly neighed as he thought about Gorogly.arch
ýoklukýo:klukn1absence, lackwagtyň ýoklugylack of timepuluň ýoklugylack of moneymeniň ýoklugymdain my absence2non-existenceOnuň ýoklugy meni ünjä goýdy.His non-existence made me to worry.ýokluk formacomp.the negativeSözlemleri ýokluk forma öwrüň.Make sentences negative.grammar
ýokmakv1to stick (to, on)Onuň balagyna hapa ýokupdyr.His trousers are covered with dirt.The dirt stuck to his trousers.2to be infected (with), get the infection from somebodygrip ýokmakto catch the 'flu3to influence, effect, have an influence (on)Oňa bu sözler ýokmaz.These words have no influence on him.figIt gargyşy gurda ýokmazcomp.A dog's curse has no effect on a wolf
ýokumlyadjbeneficial, good for you, nutritiousýokumly iýmişlernutritious fruits; healthy nutrientsfood
ýokuşadjunpleasant, annoyingýokuş söz aýtmakto say unpleasant wordsýokuş görmekcomp.to take offence, be offended, be/feel hurtOnuň aýdanlaryny ýokuş görme.Don't be offended by his words.
ýokuşdyrmakvgive, pass onto, infectOl maňa sowuklamasyny ýokuşdyrdyHe gave me his cold
ýolýo:ln1road, track, way, route, path; optionýolda durmaňget out of the wayýola düşmekto set off, set out on a journeyuzak ýollong journey, long wayýola çykmazdan öňbefore setting outiki ýol bilen düşündirmekto explain in two waysparahatçylykly ýol bilenin a friendly way, peacefullyIkimiziň ýolumyz başga.Our ways of thinking are different.ýol görkezijiguideýol görkezmeka) to show somebody the way (to a place), give directions to b) to guideýol gurluşygyroad constructionIkimiziň ýolumyz başga.Our way is different.ýolda durmaň!Don't stand in the road!ýol bermeka) to let someone pass; make way for b) to permit, allow, give opportunityýol ugrunaon the way (to)Ikimiziň ýolumyz bir.We are going the same way.ýol gözlemekto look for the way; to look for the way outýoldan çykmakto lose one's wayýol açmakto force one's way through; to make one's way in lifeöz ýoluň bilen gitmekto go with your own wayýol tapmakto find a way, sort something outMaňa ýeke ýol galýar.There is one option for me.Hudaý ýolyGod's way (a religious meal)God's way: a lamb or goat is sacrificed in order to remember a deceased member of the family, to give thanks for something, or to prevent one's fate turning bad (i.e. to gain God's favour).2tractdem alyş ýollaryrespiratory tracthowa ýolycomp.nairlineTürkmenistanyň howa ýollaryTurkmenistan airlineişleri ýola salmakcomp.to set things in motionTäze müdir işleri ýola saldy.A new director set things in motion.maňa ýeke ýol galýarcomp.there is only one way out for meOnuň işi ýol almady.comp.His work has not been crowned with success.Onuň ýoly gowy.comp.His future is secure.oňa hemme ýol açykcomp.all roads are open to himöz ýoluň bilen gitmekcomp.to go one's own wayýol bermekcomp.to permit, allow, give opportunityMen muňa ýol berip bilmerin.I can't allow him to do it.ýola salmakcomp.1to see somebody off; to regulate, put rightMen ony gapa çenli ýola saldym.I took him to the door to see him off.2to get something going, set things in motionişleri ýola salmakto set things going3to leadOl meni dogry ýola saldy.He showed me the right way.ýoldan çykancomp.1spoiltÝoldan çykany terbiýelemek hökmanydyr.It is essential to teach a spoilt person.2spoilt, dissolute, reprobateýolunda durmakto bar somebody's road, be in somebody's wayýoluň(yz) ak bolsun!comp.Have a safe journey! Bon voyage!ýoluňy urdurmakcomp.to lose one's way; to go astray
ýolagçyýo:lagçyn1passengerýolagçy otlypassenger trainýolagçy uçarair-liner2travellerÝolagçy ýolda ýagşy.It's good (for a traveller) to be on the road.
ýolbarsnlionýolbars çagasylion cuburkaçy ýolbarslionessýolbars ýüreklicomp.lion-heartedÝolbars ýürekli adam çagany heläkçilikden halas etdi.A lion-hearted man rescued a child from accident.
ýolbaşçyýo:lbaşçycfdirektorn1leaderÝurt ýolbaşçysy halk üçin köp işleri edýär.The leader of the country does a lot of things for his nation.2managerKompaniýanyň ýolbaşçysy täze önümiň mahabatlandyrmalaryny görkezdi.The manager of the company presented advertisements of a new product.3chairmanÝygnagyň ýolbaşçysy söz sözledi.The chairman delivered his speech.4teacher, supervisorylmy ýolbaşçyacademic supervisorsynp ýolbaşçyclass teacher
ýolbaşçylykýo:lbaşçylyknleadership, guidanceýolbaşçylygyndaunder the leadership/guidance (of)ýolbaşçylyk etmekto lead, be in charge (of), be at the head (of)
ýoldaşn1friend, companionýoldaş bolmakto be friends (with)ýan ýoldaşmarriage partner2(travelling) companion, fellow-travellerMen ýoldaşym bilen milli muzeýe aýlandym.My fellow-traveller and I visited the national museum.3fellow worker, workmateMeniň ýoldaşym maňa birnäçe gowy maslahatlar berdi.My workmate gave me some good advice.4placentaEger aýalyň ýoldaşy bozulsa, çaga kemisli dogulýar.If a woman's placenta is broken, the child is born defective.
ýoldaşlykncomradeship, partnership, companionship, friendshipýoldaşlyk sudycomradely court - an elected court during Soviet times, operating at the local levelýoldaşlyk duşuşygyfriendly/unofficial matchsports
ýollamakýo:llamakv1to sendMaňa hat ýolla.Send me a letter.letter, e-mail2to pass on Ol maňa sowgat ýollady.He passed me a present.