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b


bosgunnrefugee, run-away, fugitive
bosmakvto flee as a refugee, to leave en mass
boşadjempty, vacantboş ýer barmy?is there a space?boş gep-gürrüňlerempty talkboş kürsian empty chairboş gezip ýören mallarfree range animalsboş wagtfree timeboş gapempty dishesboş orun/wezipea free rung [on the ladder]; sideways over no oneboş adama free man/womanagzy boşcomp.1empty words, meaningless prattle2empty words, nonsenseBaharyň aýdanyna seretme, onuň agzy boş.Don't listen to her, she's talking nonsense.boş sözcomp.adjtalking rubbish, empty words, nonsense, a waste of time; boshSeniň hemme aýdanlaryň boş söz.Everything you have said is a waste of time.Seniň beren wadalaryňa men indi ynanamok, olaryň hemmesi boş söz.I now don't believe any promises you make, they are all bosh.eli boşcomp.free
boşamakv1to get untied, be freed; to get away; be free; break freeŞu gün işimiň känligi sebäpli, işden giç boşadym.Today I had so much work I got away from work late.Eliň boş bolsa maňa kömek et.If you're free please help me.Itimiz boşap goňşymyzy erbet gorkuzypdyr.Our dog broke free and really scared our neighbour.It boşapdyr.The dog apparently broke free.eliň boşafree your hands2to become emptyKino gutaran badyna zalyň içi boşady.As soon as the film finished the hall was emptied.Öý boşady.The house emptied.3to go flatMaşynyň tigri boşapdyr.The car tyre went flat.4to be dismissed, be let go, be fired, be sacked, be moved onOl işden boşady.S/he was fired.
boşatmakv1to free, set free2to emptyiçerini boşatclean out the insideKwartirant ýaşap oturan jaýymyzyň eýesi otagyny boşatmagymyzy haýyş etdi.The landlord requested the lodger to free up his room for us.Wezipesinden boşatmaklaryny haýyş etdi.He asked to be freed from his responsibility.Gyzym agşamlaryna bir süýtli çüýşäni boşatman ýatanok.My daughter won't go to sleep unless she's emptied a bottle of milk.daňylgy mallary boşatmakto untie domestic animalswezipeden boşatmak
boşluknempty spaceBu boşluk ýere ysmanak oňat öser.Spinach would grow well on this empty land.
boýn1heightGyzymyň boýy gysgalygy üçin atletika berdim.Klasdaşymyň boýy çaksyz uzyn bolanlygy sebäpli ýaman utanýardy.Täze salyp başlan jaýymyzyň boýy eýäm bir ýarym metre barypdyr.Inli matanyň boýy iki metr bolsa bir köýnek çykýar.2bank, shoreÝabyň boýynda tal agaçlar ösýar.Türkmen başy şäherine dynç almaga gidemde derýaniň boýyndaky jaýda ýaşadyk.3unmarriedboý gyzunmarried woman; virginömür boýycomp.throughout one's life; your entire lifeAdamzat durmuşyny gowulandyrmak üçin ömür boýy zähmet çekýar.Humankind strives lifelong in order to improve their life.Şitilhanada ekilen limonlar ömür boýy hasyl berýar.Lemon trees grown in a special house give fruit their whole lives.ýyl boýycomp.all yearLondonda bütin ýyl boýy ýagyş ýagýar.In London it rains all year.
boýagnpaint, dyeAk boýag alyp gapy reňkledik.We bought some white paint and painted the door.
boýamakvto colour, paint, dye, stain, make upGoýunyň ýüňini boýap keçe dokaýarlar.People dye sheep wool and make mats.Saçymy hna boýamagy dellek maslahat berdi.Kanwa sapaklaryny boýamak üçin bazardan boýag getirdim.kirpikleriňi boýacomp.to apply mascara to one's eye-lashesol hemişe kirpiklerini boýaýar.she always wears mascara on her eye-lashes.
boýdaşn1friend, contemporaryŞu gün boýdaş joralarym bilen aýdym-saz konsertine gitjek.Today I'm going to a music concert with some female friends of my own age.2with the same heightOglum ýene bir ýyldan meniň bilen boýdaş bolup öser.In one more year my son will have reached my height.
boýlamakvto plumb the depth of some water and find it deeper
boýnuýogynboýnuýo:gynadjstiff-necked, proud
boýuncfbaşegmekn1neck2bank, shorederýanyň boýunythe riverbank boýnuna atmakcomp.boýnuna goýmakcomp.boýnuna münmekcomp.boýnuny sogurmakcomp.boýnuny towlamakcomp.boýun almakcomp.vto confess, acknowledge, admit, own upGyzym kitaby ýyrtyp, gorkujyna boýnuna almady.My daughter ripped the book, but because she was scared she didn't own up to it.boýun bolmakcomp.vto obey, submit to, keepTäze işe giremde kärhanaň şertlerine boýun boldum.When I started the new job I had to keep the workplace conditions.Tomus jogabynda klasymyzyň güllerini öýe getirip seretmegi boýun boldum.Boýun bolan işiňi hökman etmeli.boýun egmekcomp.1to submitUlumsy adamlar aňsat boýnuny egmeýärler.Proud people do not find it easy to submit.2to obeyBuýruga boýun egmedik esgerleriň etmişine görä temmisini alýardylar.Beýik Watançylyk urşunda sowetler namyslaryň öňünde boýun egmediler.Boýnumyň damarlaryny sowukladyp, kellämi egip bilemok.Meniň boýnumda meň bar.3to bow downUruş döwirinde nemyslara ýesir düşen esgerleriň boýyn egmedikleriň baryny öldirýardiler.During the war the Germans used to kill all those taken as prisoners who refused to bow down.boýun gaçyrmakcomp.to refuse
boýunçapost1according to, in accordance/conformity/compliancedüzgün boýunça hereket etmekto act according to the regulationskanun boýunça2in the field of, in the sphere ofkompýuter boýunça alyman expert in the field of computing3about, on, alongdin boýunça gürrüň bermekto give a talk about religion
boýunlyknbellshung from a camel
bozadjvirgin, uncultivatedBoz ýerlerini agdarmak kyn.It's hard to plough uncultivated ground.Biziň ýanymyzda boş ýatan boz meýdan bar.Near us there is an uncultivated virgin field.boz at
bozgakntrouble-maker, rabble-rouserBiziň köçämizde bozgak oglan ýaşaýar.A boy who makes trouble lives on our street.Oýnap ýorkäk bozgak goňşymyz gelip barymyzy sögişdirip goýdy.
bozguçneraser, (pencil) rubberMekdep esbaplarynyň içinde hökman bozguç bolmaly.Amongst the equipment of a school you must have a rubber.Ejem birinji gezek bozguçly galam getirende men örän begendim.When my mother first brought me a pencil with a rubber on the end I was so happy.
bozmakv1to destroy, knock downKöne jaýymyzy bozup ýerine täze jaý gurmaly.The waste ground where our house used to be before it was knocked down needs to have a new house build in it.Gadymy bozulan ymaratlary täzeden dikeltmeli.Joram bilen çigit ýaljak zadyň üstünde öýkeleşip aramyz bozyldy.2to mess upTop oýnap ýorkäk dostum bilmezlikde goňşymyzyň aýnasyny döwüp, bar oýny bozdy.While we were playing with a ball, without knowing it my friend broke our neighbour's window, and messed up the whole house.Elimden sagady gaçyryp bozdum.Toýda köýnegime tort gaçyryp bar keýpimi bozdy.3to erase, rub outGalam bilen ýazsaň, ýalňyşyňy bozmak aňsat.If you write with a pencil, it's easy to rub out your mistakes.Ýerde hek bilen çekilen suratlary, ýagyş ýagyp bozdy.4to annul, cancel, abolish, breakSiz bilen şertnama bozmaga islämok.I don't want to break the agreement we made.Haýsydyr bir tarap şertnamany bozsa, şertnama baglaşygy bozulýar.
bozuk1adj1messed-up, broken-downBozuk ýatan arabany ussa oňartdyk.We took the cart that had been lying in a broken-down state to a repairman.Telewizorymyz bozulany bäri, men täzeliklerden bihabar.Since the TV broke down I'm completely unaware of the news.Tikin maşynda galyň mata tikip, gaýmasy bozuldy.While sewing thick material using a sewing machine, the ?? broke.2immoralbozuk aýalloose woman, immoral womanahlak taýdan bozuk aýalcomp.prostitute, immoral womanAhlak taýdan bozuk aýallar uly günä gazanýarlar.Prostitutes store up great guilt for themselves.
bozuk2adjbrokenKlasymyzdaky bozuk oglan çagalary özara sögişdirip ýör.I boy in our class' children go around swearing just like he does.
bozulmakv1to be brokenGidip barýan maşynymyzyň nämedir bir zady bozulyp ýolda döwildi.The car has broken down.Radionyň antenasy gowy işlemnsoň zol sesler üzlüm-saplym bolup gelýar.2to go to pieces, be devastatedJoramyň söýän oglany öýlenýndigini eşidip, joram erbet bozyldy.Jigimiň ekzamenlerden ýykylanlygyny eşidip erbet bozuldym.Mamam garrany bäpi begençli habar eşitsede bozylýar.Ýollar bozulypdyr.Radio bozuldy.Göwnüm bozuldy.emotions
bökmekvto jump up and down, to skipBökmesem agaçdaky alma elim ýetenok.If I don't jump I can't reach the apple on the tree.Ýüp bokmegi birinji klasda öwrenipdim.I learnt to skip a rope in the first year.Ýabyň gyrasynda gurbagalar böküşip ýörler.
böldürmekbö:ldürmekvto split up, break; exchangePulumy böldürmek üçin banka bardym.I went to the bank to get change for my note.I went to the bank to split my note.Pulumyň ýetmedigi sebäpli dollary manada öwürip böldürmeli boldum.Because I had run out of cash I had to exchange some dollars for manat.
bölekbö:leknpart, partlyTorty alty bölege böldük.We cut the cake into six pieces.bölek-bölekcomp.in(to) pieces, in partsKiçijek pişigimiz gazedi bölek-bölek edip ýyrtyp oýnaýar.Our kitten tears the newspaper into pieces and plays with them.