Browse Turkmen - English Dictionary

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b


bogaz1n1channel, gulf, straitGeografiýa sapagynda Bering bogazyny kartada tapanlygym üçin mugallym meni sögdi.In Geography my teacher told me off for not being able to find the Bering Straits on a map.2throatBogazym agyranda bejermek üçin mamam ary bal ýapýardy.When I got a saw throat my mother used to put honey on it.Söýgüli hokeý komandam ýaryşda utanda begenjime bogazyma sygdygyndan gygyryp sesimi zaýaladym.
bogaz2adjpregnantSygyrymyz bogaz bolanlygy üçin, sagamzok.The cows are pregnant so we aren't milking them.Goýyn soýylmazdan öň bogazmy dälmi barlanylýar, sebäbi bogaz mal soýmak günä.animals
bogmakv1to bind, tie up, bundleBugdaýly haltaň agzyny bogup, araba ýükledik.We tied up the mouth of the sack of wheat and loaded it onto the cart.2to strangle, throttleAgşam gölämiz öz boýnundaky ýüpüne bogulup galypdyr.In the evening our calf got wound up in the cord tying him up, and strangled himself.
bognamakvto sawGuran agaçlary bognamak üçin byçgy alyp geldim.I brought a saw to saw up the dried wood.
bogulmakv1to choke, suffocate, pant, be strangled (by), gasp (for2to become hoarse, for one's voice to get hoarseÝanymda çilim çekseler bokurdagym bogulýar.If those around me smoke my voice gets hoarse.Gazetde bir kiçi çaga bil guşagy boýnyna dakyp, çykaryp bilmän bogulyp galanyny çap etdiler.Dem gysma adamlar kämahal üsküligine bogulyp bilýärler.Hamamda köp otursam yssydan ýaňa bogulýan.Demgysma adamlara ylgamak gadagan , sebäbi olaryň derrew bokurdagy bogulýar.Iki sany doňdyrma iýenimden soň sesim bogulyp, gepläp bilmedim.Gyşda suwa ýykylanymdan soň sesim bogulyp, gepläp bilmedim.Ýeke partiýaly syýasat ynsanyň erk-ygtyýaryny bogýar.
bogunn1joint; branchMollagara sanatoriýasynda bogun agyrly adamlary gyzgyn palçyk bilen bejerýärler.In Mollagara sanatorium people with painful joints are treated with mud.Gamyş bogun-bogun bolup ösýär.Reed grow branch by branch.2syllablebogny ysmazlykcomp.bogun agyrysycomp.1rheumatismŞu günki ene dilinde geçen temamyz ýapyk bogunlary boldy.2nodebotanical3syllableýapyk we açyk bogunclosed and open syllablesbogun ölçegigrammar
bogunlyadjsyllableOrs dilinde iki bogunly sözleri öwrenmek aňsat bolmady.In Russian it wasn't easy to learn the two syllable words.
bokurdaknthroatAgşam erbet düýş görüp, bokurdagym gurap oýanypdyrn.At night I saw a nightmare and woke up with a dry throat.Bokurdagym agyranda gyzgyn süýt bilen burçy garyp içýärin.When my throat is sore I drink hot milk and pepper.
boladjrich, abundant, plentiful, lavishŞu ýylky bugdaý hasylymyz bol bolsun diýip Hudaý ýoluna sadaka aýtdym.This year to get a good harvest I promised to give God a sacrifice.Aşpezçi edip eli bol adamy bellemeli, sebäbi ol hiç zady gysganman nahara dürli dümen zatlary bol edip salýar.Goňşymyz ak goýun toýuny uludan tutup, iýeri-içeri bol edip paýlady.My neighbours gave out a lot of food and drink to celebrate the white sheep celebration.
bolamakvto become abundant/plentifulTomus gök önümler bolanda, olaryň bahasy arzanlaýar.In summer when there are a lot of vegetables their price drops.
bolçulyknabundance, plenty, profusionSüýji kökäň bolçulygyna gözüm düşüp, näme aljagymy bilmedim.When I saw the abundance of sweet biscuits, I didn't know which to buy.Bir gytçylygyň bir bolçulygysay.
bolelinboleli:nadjabundance; abundantBolelinçilikde ýaşamak üçin azap çekip işlemeli.You have to work hard to live a life of abundance.Sanatoriýada dynç alamyzda, bizi bolelin iýmitlendirdiler, ugrumyza seretdiler.
bolgusyzadjstupid, useless, good-for-nothing, pointlessBolgusyz adamyň edýän hereketi düşnüksiz.I stupid person's actions can't be understood.Bolgusyz gürrüňi bes et!Stop your pointless talk!Bolgusyz ýaňrap kellämi biderek gürrüňler bilen agyrtma.
bolluknabundance
bolmakv1to bebolmazlykabsenceýok bolmazlykiki boluptogether, two-of-us/you/themOl Angliýada boldy.S/he was in England (for a while).2to be bornOňa ogul boldy.He/they had a son.3to become, grow, happen, occur, take placeeýe bolmakto acquire, become the owner ofbolup geçmekto happenŞeýle bolup çykdy.That's how it happened.kiçi bolmakto grow small, to reduce in sizeBu uly bir waka bolupdy.A major event took place.4to finishBoldy!That's all!Indi boldy!Now (at last) it's finished!Men iýip içip boldum.I've had enough to eat and drink.Nahar iýlip bolnansoň, patyşa ýene gürläp başlady...After he had finished eating, the king began to speak again...5to be possible6to try, to be about toöldürjek bolmakto try to killid.kül bolmakkülBoldy!comp.Enough! Stop!Boljak!comp.1OK! It's going to happen!2All right - I'll do it!bolmajysy bolmakcomp.Bolýar!comp.1Al right!Brit2Okay, OK!AmerIndi boldy!comp.Now it's finished!
bolmasaconjunctionotherwise, or (else)Howluk, bolmasa ýetişmersiň!Hurry up, otherwise you won't make it!
bolsaconjunctionwhereas; if; conditional present tense of 'to be'
boluşnbehaviour, conduct, habitŞu bolşuň göwnüňe jaýmy?Is your behaviour acceptable?Bolşuň dagyn näteňet, utanaňokmy?
bomba'bombanbombÝer ýüzünde hiç kim, hiç wagt atom bombasyny ulanmasyn.Let nobody in the whole wide world ever use an atom bomb.
bombalamakvto bombBombalamak diýen buýruk komandirden geldi.The command to bomb came from the commander.Uruş döwürinde obamyz bombalanandan soň köp jaýlar weýran boldy.
borçbo:rçn1debt2duty, responsibilityborjuňy berjaý etmekto carry out one's duty, do one's duty
borçlanmakbo:rçlanmakvto pledge oneself, be under an obligation (to), commit
borçlybo:rçlyadj1in debt, indebted, owing somebody somethingBiriniň öňünde borçly bolmagy halamok.I don't want to be in debt to anyone.2obliged, responsible forEnem-atam ýogalandan soň kiçi jigimlerime seretmegi özümi borçly hasaplaýardym.After my parents died I was obliged to bring up my younger siblings.
borçnamabo:rçna:manobligation, engagement, commitmentÝolbaşçymyz bir hepdelik dynç alyş bolanda, hemme borçnama orunbasara tabşyryldy.When our leader took a week's leave all his/her responsibilities were transferred to his/her deputy.Maňa iş hödürlänlerinde maňa degişli borçnama kaýyl bolup şertnama gol çekdim.
bosaganthresholdTürkmenlerde bosagada oturlsa halananok.Turkmen don't like sitting on the threshold [of the door].