bagtlyadjhappy, fortunate, blessed'Ýaşy uzyn, bagtly gyz bolsyn!' diýip, myhmanlar arzuw etdiler.'May you have a long-living, happy daughter!' the guests wished.Myrat we Leýli durmuşyňyz bagtly bolsyn!May you, Murad and Leyli, live a happy life!Çagasy bolan ene-atalar örän bagtly adamlar.Parents who have children are very blessed.
bagtsyzadjunhappy, unfortunateUruşda ýogalan esgerleriň ene-atalary bagtsyz.The parents of soldiers who come back deceased from the war are unhappy.Maýyp we ýetimler öýündäki çagalar örän bagtsyz.Cripples and orphans who live at home are very unfortunate.bagtsyz bolmakto be unhappy1948-nji ýyldaky ýer titremesi Türkmenistan üçin iň bagtsyz ýyl boldy.The earthquake which occurred in 1948 made it the most unfortunate year for Turkmenistan.bagtsyz etmekto make unhappy
bagtyýarbagtyýa:radj1happy, fortunateTürkmenistan döwletimiziň adamlary bagtyýar.The people of the state of Turkmenistan are fortunate.Ýurt parahatçylygy adamlary bagtyýar edýär.The nation's peace makes people happy.2Bagtiyarboy's name
bagyrn1liverBagry agyrýan adamlara alkagol içgilerini içmek gadagan.For people with liver problems it is forbidden to have alcoholic beverages.Hassanyň bagryny rentgene düşürdiler.They put the sick person's liver through the X-ray.2heart, soulEjem ýogalanda, görüp bilmedigime ýürek-bagrym ýanyp kül boldy.When my mother died, the fact that I couldn't see her turned my heart and liver into ash i.e. I fell apart completely.
bagyş etmekvto dedicate, devote; donateWatanym üçin mal-mülkümi bagyş etmäge kaýyl.I was happy to donate my flocks and possessions to my mother country.Nahardan soň ölen-ýitenlere bagyş edip, aýat-töwir okalýar.After eating, those lost and died are dedicated and/as some scripture and a grace is read.Çagalar öýüne bir-näçe oýnawaç bagyş etdim.I donated several toys to the nursery.
bagyşlamak1vto dedicateGüýç-kuwatyny önümçilige bagyşlady.He gave his strength and health to (factory) production.Gahrymanlar janyny ýeňiş üçin bagyşladylar.The heroes dedicated their lives to gaining victory.Babadaýhan bütin ömrüni eken baglaryna bagyşlady.The patron saint of farming devoted his whole life to planted gardens.2interjto forgiveGadyr gijesinde adamlar biri-birini bagyşlaýarlar.On Gadyr night people forgive each other.Gadyr night is a feast at the end of Ramadan.Bagyşlaň!comp.1Forgive me! Sorry. Bagyşlaň! Kitaphana haýsy köçede ýerleşýärkä?Excuse me, I wonder on which street the library is located?2Excuse me
bagyşlanmakvto be dedicated, be devotedJenaýatçy günäsiniň azda-kände bagyşlanmagy üçin, derňew işine kömek etdi.Criminals, whether they have few or many sins, are quickly helped into work.
bahabaha:cfçekn1price, costÇöregiň bahasy näçe?How much is the bread?Satylýan erbet hilli aýak gaplar bahasyna görä däl.The poor-quality footwear is not worth its cost.Muzeýdäki eksponatlaryň bahasy çäksiz.The exhibits in the museum were priceless.belli bahasy ýokno fixed price2opinion, popularityTeatrda goýlan sahna gowy baha berildi.The stage that was put in the theatre was well-liked.Doganyň dogana bahasy ýökdyr.One's brother's value is priceless.3score, markMugallym okuwça bäşlik baha goýdy.The teacher gave the pupil a five.
bahalamakvto cost, price, estimate the worthDokalan halynyň hilini bahalamak üçin ýürite adam çagyrdyk.A specialist was called in order to estimate the carpet's worth.Atam mal bazara goýun bahalamaga gitdi.My father went to the livestock market to price the sheep.
bahalaşmakvto haggle, to barter, to negotiate a priceBazarda bahalaşyp keçe aldym.At the market I haggled and bought a felt mat.Goňşyma ylalaşykly bahalaşyp sygyrymy satdym.I sold my cow to my neighbour at the agreed and haggled price.Firmanyň üsti bilen bahalaşyp jaý satyn aldyk.We haggled with the firm's help and bought a house.
bahalyadjexpensive, valuableDaýhan birleşikde agrarçy hünärment bahaly adam.In a collective farm an agricultural specialist is a valuable commodity.Arheologlaryň gazyp tapan gadymy küýzesi örän bahaly.The ancient jug that the archaeologists dug up is extremely valuable.
bahanancause, reason, excuse, pretext, groundsbir bahana bilenunder/on the pretext ofÝaz aýynda bahana bilen joralarymy alyp gök meýdana çykdyk.During spring my female friends and I had a good reason to go to a meadow (for a picnic).Bir iş bilen şähere baranymda, bahana bilen babamlara myhmançylyga bardym.When I went to town for something, I had the pretext of going to see my grandfather's family.Nurgeldi ekskursiýa gidende, bahana bilen gämä münüp gördi.When Nurgeldi went on an excursion he had an excuse for experiencing a boat trip.
baharcfýazdyrmak1ýazmak3adj1springBahar paslynda baglar gülleýär.In Spring the trees come into bloom.Bahar baýramySpring festivalearly Spring2BaharBaharda godylýan gyzlaryň adyna Bahar diýip dakylýar.Girls born in the Spring are often named Bahar.girl's name
bajaba:janbrother-in-law, a man's wife's sister's husbandAýal doganlaryň ýoldaşlary biri-birine baja bolýar.Sisters' husbands are 'baja' to one another.
bajyn1sisterform of address to someone approx. the same age, but not well acquainted with.dial2older sister (some dialects)Gyz maşgala doganlaryna we jigilerine bajy bolýar.Women in the family are bajy to their brothers and sisters.
bakba:kntankbenzin bakypetrol tankMaşynyň benzin bagyny dolduryp gitdik.We went out to fill the car's petrol tank.
bakabakaposttowards, in the direction ofGyz öýlerine baka ylgady.The girl ran in the direction of her house.
bakalybaka:lyinterjnow, now thenDur bakaly!Now wait!
bakanbakanposttowards, in the direction ofGyz öýlerine bakan ylgady.The girl ran in the direction of her house.
bakjanmelon garden, plantationBakjadaky ekinleri wagtly-wagtynda suwarmaly.Things planted in a melon garden need watering regularly.Bakjada her-hili gök önümler ösýär.In a plantation all kinds of plants grow.especially for (water)-melon and gourdsçagalar bakjasycomp.nursery school, kindergarten, crècheÇagalar, çagalar bakjasynda wagtyny şadyýan hem peýdaly geçirýärler.Children in a nursery school have an enjoyable and productive time.Çagalar bakjasynda terbiýeçiler çagalar üçin gyzykly sahnalary goýýarlar.In a nursery school the carers put on interesting shows for the children.
bakjaçynmelon growerHäzirki döwürde bakjaça terbiýeçi diýýärler.Currently melon-growers are classed as instructors.
bakmakv1to watch, look (at), stare (at), gaze (at)Maşynyň içinde we gapdalynda yzyňa bakmak üçin ýörite aýna goýylupdyr.A special mirror is put inside and on the sides of a car in order to look behind.Ýaş-juwanlar biri-birine mähirli bakyp otyrdylar.The young people sat looking at each other lovingly.Çagalary käýän wagtyň ýere bakyp durlar.When you tell children off they look at the floor.2to graze, fatten up, tendBaga bakylan öküziň etinden palaw bişirip iýdik.We cooked and ate pilau made from the meat of an ox that had been fed intensively.Mal bakmak çopana ýagşy.It's good to watch livestock if you are a shepherd.Tut gurçugyny bakyp, gowy pile hasylyny aldyk.We kept mulberry worms and gained a good harvest of cocoons.