agid trans. to sharpen to a point, e.g. wood, sticks, rattan strips. [The end of rattan strips are sharpened for weaving baskets.] Nipniphod an naagidan nan patanong nan am-ama. The walking stick of the old man was nicely sharpened. Inagidan Pedro nan uwe. Pedro sharpened the point of the rattan strips. Mun-agid nadan u-ungah uwe. The children are sharpening the tips of the rattan strips. Umagid kah bilau ta puntobong. Sharpen some canegrass sticks for spits. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, na‑ ‑an, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. Class 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.)
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agip 1sharpen or align by cutting. 1.1trans. to sharpen to a point; to align by cutting [The traditional method for killing a pig for sacrifice was to pierce the heart with a sharpened stick.] Agipan yu nan bilau. Sharpen the tip of the canegrass stick to a point. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5B Changing state of site by the removal of something. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) 1.2trans. to sharpen, an indefinite object to be sharpened is in view. Umagip kah bilau ta pun-wiwik. Sharpen a canegrass stick for piercing (a pig). 2trans. to align teeth by cutting. Kay inagip di bab-ana It’s as if her teeth have been aligned by cutting. ‑on/‑in‑.
bongdod 1trans. to cut off the tip or end of a branch. Bongdodan yu nan kaiw. Cut off the tip of the wood. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) 2comm. the end part of a branch that is been cut off. Teyay bongdod nan hapang an pinalang mu. This here is the end piece of the branch that you cut off.
bongwa 1trans. to cut in half long, hard objects crosswise. Bongwahom nan kaiw ta alak bongwa. Cut that wood so that I can get half of it. Adi mabongwa. It cannot be divided/cut. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. 4A Change structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut, 7.8 - Divide into pieces.) 2trans. to cut off a part of a whole; may not collocate with string or cloth. Bumongwa ka nah pinah-on mu. Cut a part from that which you are carrying. 3comm. part of; a portion of objects such as wood, iron; portion of body. Nan bongwan di tabla di alam. The other half of the wood is the one you get. Alam di ohan bongwa nah em binongwan tinapay. You get a part of the bread that you divided. der. nunbinnongwa
botyak (sp. var. butyak) trans. to cut open the stomach and/or intestines of animals. Botyakom nan putu ne lininiham. Cut open the stomach and clean it. Hi Jose di mumbotyak nah gulding. Jose will be the one to cut open the stomach of the goat. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
bughi 1trans. to split or cut open. Bughiyon yu nan putun di nuwang. Cut open the carabao’s stomach. Nihipag di tokona ot mabughiy hubil na. His mouth was hit and his lip was split open. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) 2sta. to burst open Nabughi nan putun di gulding dih pun-ilagim da. The stomach of the goat burst open when they were singeing it. ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 7.8.4 - Tear, rip.)
bulyu 1comm. a bamboo tie, usually for tying bundles of rice. Sim: alino. (sem. domains: 7.5.4 - Tie.) 2trans. to strip bamboo for tying; to make bamboo tying strips. Dakolom di bulyuwom te dakol di maani. Make plenty of bamboo strips as there’s plenty to be harvested. Mumbulyu dah pamtok nah maani. They are making bamboo tying strips for the rice which will be harvested. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) der. binulyu
daluhdu trans. to remove grasses with a bolo. Idaluhdum nan punggabut mu nah kaddat ta makikaan nan lamut na. You remove the crabgrass (with the bolo) so that its roots will also be removed. Mundaluhdu nadan mungngunu nah payo. The field workers are removing the grasses (with a bolo). i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 3B Move and release object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.)
daut trans. to cut open an animal in order to remove internal organs; gut an animal. Iphod mun dauton nan babuy te kal-ina magogod nan putuna ya mibuka nan kinana. Cut open the pig carefully because the intestines might be cut and the food contents spill out. Dauton yu nan gulding. Cut open the goat and remove the internal parts. He-ay manaut nah gulding. You will be the one to cut open the goat. ‑on/‑in‑, maN‑/naN‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut, 126.96.36.199 - Steps in food preparation.)
dikhal split wood. 1.1trans. to split wood. Dikhalon yu nan udyo. Split the narra-wood. Dinikhal na nan ongal an kaiw. He split the big log. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change structure of object. Sim: giha, gihgi, potw’ak. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) 1.2trans. to split with a component of manner, place, or instrument in view. Idikhal mu nah dola. Split the wood in the yard. i‑/iN‑. 1.3trans. to split wood with a durative activity in view. Mundikhal hi Jose hi itungu. Jose is splitting firewood. muN‑/nuN‑. 1.4trans. to split wood involving a partitive component, i.e. split a limited amount; some. Dumikhal kah itungun da apum. Split some wood for your grandparents’ firewood. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1.5trans. to split wood with the component of contrasting the agent with others. <
> Manikhal ka. You split wood. maN‑/naN‑. 1.6trans. to split wood for a beneficiary. Indikhalan Juan nan nain-ina. Juan split wood for the old woman. i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. 1.7pass. refers to wood that will be split or has been split. Nadikhal ke nan kaiw ya mahapul an ihap-e. When the wood is split, we will have to dry it. ma‑/na‑. Morphophonology: The final consonant of the prefix maN- assimilates to the point of articulation of the initial consonant of the root, and then, reduces that consonant.
gabut to cut grass. 1.1trans. to cut grass to ground level, usually done in a field in preparation for planting. Em gabuton nadan hoholok nah dola taku. You go and cut the grasses in our backyard. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) 1.2trans. the site of the grass-cutting is prominent. Gabutan yu nan loba ta adi punbalayan di gando. Cut the grasses on the slope of the field so that the rats will not nest there. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 1.3intrans. the activity of cutting grass is prominent. Munggabut da nadan u-unga nah garden. The children are cutting grasses in the garden. muN‑/nuN‑. 1.4trans. the instrument used in cutting grass is prominent. Pinhod kuy lida an punggabut. I would like the grass-bolo for cutting the grass. puN‑. comp. ahigabut
galip trans. to slice something finely. Galipom nan danggu. Slice the spring-onions. Mungalip dah mikamo nah ihda. They are slicing (spices) to be mixed with the viand. Gumalip kah duwan amput. Slice two cloves of garlic. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
gartib (sp. var. galatib) 1comm. a pair of scissors. Alam nan gartib ta pu-litan daka. Get the scissors and we will cut your hair. (sem. domains: 6.7.1 - Cutting tool.) 2trans. to cut with scissors. Gartibom ya- tun papel. Please cut this paper. Gartibam tun buuk ku nah indoggan. Cut some of my hair at the back. Punggartib na papel. He is cutting the paper. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, puN‑. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano: kartib.
gidgid trans. to shave off hair. Igidgid mu ta maid kihdiyan di kutu. Shave off all hair so the lice won’t have any place to hide. Gidgidom am-in di buuk na. Shave off all his hair. Antipet em ginidgidan hi Jose? Why did you shave Jose? ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.)
gipgip (sp. var. gapgap) 1trans. to slice something. Em gipgipon nan patatas. Go, slice the potatoes. Munggipgip kah aba ta kanon di babuy. Slice the taro for the pig’s food. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4A Change the structure of an object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) 2comm. a slice of something. Oongngal di gipgip nan gattuk. The camote slices are big. Nan gipgip nadan gattuk di ipakan mun nadah gawgawa. The slices of the sweet potato are the things you feed the ducks with.
gitagit 1comm. grooves; notches; chop marks. Tuluy gitagit nan kaiw. The wood has three grooves. Ang-angom ke di gitagit nan bangko. Look at the notches on the bench. Sim: gim’a; Syn: gitok. (sem. domains: 7.7.7 - Mark.) 2trans. to notch something. Gitagitom nan kaiw. Notch the wood. Gitagitam nan gumok. Put notches on the metal. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.)
gitok 1comm. grooves, notches or chop marks on wood. Ha-adam hi gitok nan pangipatakan. Place a groove on the spot to be nailed. Syn: gitagit. (sem. domains: 7.7.7 - Mark.) 2trans. to place a groove or notch on something. Gitokom nan kaiw. Place a groove on the wood. (in order to cut) ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) 3intrans. to make a notch or groove on wood. <
> Adika munggitok. Don’t place grooves. muN‑/nuN‑. When a noun is incorporated into the verb form, the verb becomes an intransitive verb grammatically though the transitive meaning component is still understood.
gogod 1comm. a slice of something, usually meat. Alam di ohan gogod. Get a piece (which has been sliced). Sim: ngulungul. (sem. domains: 7.8.5 - Make hole, opening, 7.8.3 - Cut.) 2trans. to cut with knife or bolo, e.g. meat. Gogodon yu nan bagang di manuk. Cut off the chicken's head. Eka munggogod hi dotag. Go to cut meat. Gumogod ka hi ittay nah dotag. Cut a piece of meat. Nagogod di takle na. He cut his hand. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑, ‑um‑. 4A Changing the structure of an object.
guhugu 1comm. grater made of rattan thorns. Kinapya nah gughugu nan adi bumungan littuku. He made the non-bearing rattan into a grater. 2trans. to grate; scrape into small pieces. Mungguhugu kah laya. Grate some ginger. Guhuguwon yu nan mangga. Grate the unripe mango. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.)