Search results for "‑imm‑"

‑imm‑ TACR. 1this infix is the default affix for Class 2 verbal roots; past tense, punctiliar aspect; cross references the subject. Bimmangun kanuh ho- Abe ot to- mangen muntikid an umed Talih hi abung na. Reportedly, Abe got up and er..went climbing toward Talih to his hut. Sim: ‑um‑. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.) 2when affixed to transitive verbs, this infix encodes past tense and punctiliar aspect; it cross-references subject and expresses partitive quantification of the undergoer object. 3this infix encodes a process completive aspect and cross-references the subject. Himmapit hi Apu Paredes ot kinalikali da mu toan kay dibdib ya abun munlau. Sir Paredes gave a speech, followed by Sir Datumanong’s inspirational talk; they said many good things, but who knows if their words are just like the wind that passes by. Kon tuwali waday kimmadangyan hi tugal? Rightly so, was there ever one who became a rich man through gambling? 4this infix derives a verb from a noun; cross references the subject; past tense. Mu adi nama-ag on himmagabiy tagu. But not just anyone can perform the hagabi ceremony.

‑imm‑ ‑an TACR. this circumfix encodes past tense, punctiliar aspect; and cross-references a topicalized place. Hituy immaliyan mi handi. Here is where we came before. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

‑inum‑ TACR. this infix is an allomorph of the past tense infix -imm-. It is used when there is a loss of the vowel ‘u’ in the first syllable of a root. Binumtik kanu te tumattakut. He ran away because he is afraid. Deke bot immatung, immeyak inumbun tat immatung, immat-atung ta, hay bo odog di indangdang. When it became hot again, I went and sat so that I became very warm again; I would turn so that I can feel the heat on my back. This infix is an allomorph of the past tense infix imm. It is used when there is a loss of the vowel ‘u’ in the first syllable of a root. ‑inum‑. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

abilod proc. to become swollen and reddened, an area of skin is inflamed; welt. [Usually caused by being whipped or hit with something.] Immabilod di tipana te hinuplit nan mittulu. His buttocks has become swollen and red because the teacher whipped him. Immabilod di matana te kinumga. Her eyes became swollen and red because she cried. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2E Body/Physiological function. Sim: abnul. (sem. domains: 2.5.6.3 - Swell, 2.5.3 - Injure.)

abkiya 1sta. a group of people, birds or animals scatter in different directions usually as a result of fear. Dingngol da nan tinumkuk ot maabkiya da. They heard a shout and so they scattered in all directions. ma‑. (sem. domains: 7.5.1.1 - Separate, scatter.) 2proc. (fig) each family member chooses to go their own way, resulting in no family unity. Immabkiyay pamilyan Maria te mun-aawit da. Maria’s family have each gone their own way because they are always quarreling. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2A Movment from one place to another. (sem. domains: 4.1.6 - Disunity.)

ablat intrans. to climb up to a higher place. [This is still used in Lagawe area as common language; Lagawe is thought to be the original area of the Ifugao and the Hanglulo language.] Restrictions: Hudhud epic. Immablatak ad tap-o ot inhabyat ku nah tuktuk di bilid. I climbed upwards and reached the top of the mountain. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2A Movement from one place to another. Syn: tikid. (sem. domains: 7.2.2.4 - Move up.)

abnul proc. to swell. Umabnul nan kinalat di ulog. The snake bite is swelling. Immabnul di taklek. My hand is swollen. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 2E Body/Physiological functions. Sim: abilod. (sem. domains: 2.5.6.3 - Swell.)

abtu (sp. var. aptu) to anticipate. 1.1trans. to look forward to something; eagerly await someone or something; the affix cross-references that which is anticipated. Abtuwan day aliyana. They are eagerly anticipating her arrival. Abtuwan nay ayan da. He was eager for them to leave. Naabtuwan ka yaden ugge ka immali. You were waited for eagerly, yet you did not come. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, na‑ ‑an. Class 2C, Emotion and sensation . (sem. domains: 3.2.7.1 - Hope.) 1.2intrans. to anticipate something with impatience; the negative component of waiting and time passing is highlighted; the person feeling the impatience is cross-referenced by the affix. Uma-abtuh Bugan an nunhood ke he-a. Bugan was impatiently waiting for you. Umabtuwak hi kahilongana. I am waiting impatiently for nighttime. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. infl. umab-abtu

adang₂ trans. to measure with hand, length is measured from outstretched thumb tip to little finger tip; hand span. Adangom. Measure it. Umadang kah himpulu nah linubid. Measure ten spans of the rope. Adangon yu nan kadukkena. Measure its length. Adi maadang di kadukkena. Its length cannot be measured. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑/na‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 8.2.8 - Measure.) der. hin-adang

ado₂ (sp. var. adaw) trans. to get cooked food, root crops and vegetables from a pot; to dish up cooked food. Adawom nan gattuk. Dish up the camote. Umado ka nah ihda. Dish up some viand. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4C Convey/ bring objects toward agent. Sim: bano, ak’ud, haklung, hoklad; Sim: bak’uy. (sem. domains: 4.5.4.3 - Serve.)

adugayyap intrans. 1to be scattered everywhere, due to a large number. Umadugayyap da. They are scattered everywhere. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 7.5.1.1 - Separate, scatter.) 2to put out runners like a creeping plant, e.g. sayote; to spread. 2A Movement from one place to another. (sem. domains: 6.2.1 - Growing crops.)

agab 1trans. to peel citrus fruit. Agaban yu nan tabuyug ta kanon taku. Peel the pomelo so that we can eat it. Umagab kayuh kanon yun tabuyug. Peel some pomelos and eat them. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 5.2.1.2.1 - Remove shell, skin.) 2comm. peeling of citrus fruit; rind. Iwele yu nan agab ta adi miwahit. Throw away the peelings so that they will not be scattered. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something.

agang hungry. 1.1sta. to be hungry; non-agentive cause of hunger is exertion, work, time. Maagangan da nadan mungngunu. Those working will be hungry. Naagangan te ugge nangan dih biggatna kinali immanamut hi gagala te maal-aliwot hi inagang na. She was hungry because she didn’t eat breakfast; that’s why she went home early because she was feeling dizzy from her hunger. Idadaan yu ta mangan da te naagangan da. Prepare (the food) so that they can eat because they are hungry. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. 6A Physiological states. (sem. domains: 5.2.2.5 - Hungry, thirsty.) 1.2proc. to become hungry; the process is in view. Immagang. I have become hungry. Umanamutak te imma-agang. I’ll go home now because I have become very hungry. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. infl. maagangan

agid trans. to sharpen to a point, e.g. wood, sticks, rattan strips. [The end of rattan strips are sharpened for weaving baskets.] Nipniphod an naagidan nan patanong nan am-ama. The walking stick of the old man was nicely sharpened. Inagidan Pedro nan uwe. Pedro sharpened the point of the rattan strips. Mun-agid nadan u-ungah uwe. The children are sharpening the tips of the rattan strips. Umagid kah bilau ta puntobong. Sharpen some canegrass sticks for spits. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, na‑ ‑an, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. Class 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.)

agol 1comm. to be hesitant; refers to the feeling of hesitation to do a thing because of fear of consequences. Waday agol kun e mundallanan nah hilong. I am afraid to go and walk around during night time. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.3 - Doubt.) 2intrans. Umagolak an e hunggop hi baleda. I am hesitant to enter their house. Nun-ule-ule da te uma-agol hi Bugan an mundalan nah madanglol an banong. They walked slowly because Bugan was cautiously walking on the slippery dikes. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 2C Emotion and sensation. (sem. domains: 9.4.4.5 - Uncertain.)

agtu carry. 1.1trans. to carry something on head. [Women are usually the ones who carry things on their heads.] Iagtu na nan bintok nan page. She will carry the bundle of palay on her head. Agtuwon yu nadan page. Carry the palay on your head. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. 3F Move something along with oneself. Sim: pah-on. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.) 1.2trans. to carry an indefinite object or some of an indefinite object on head. Mun-agtuh bulhe hin dumayyu. She will carry beans on her head when she comes down. Umagtu kah page. Carry some rice on your head. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.) id. ammunay uluk an in-agtuk id. In-agtunay langkak na.

agub intrans. to become smelly; to have an offensive odor. Mun-agub nan danum nah butilya. The water in the bottle stinks. Mun-agub nan dotag te nabuluk. The meat is smelly because it is rotten. Ibalbal muy bulwatim ta adi umagub. Wash your clothes so that they will not become smelly. mun‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.4 - Smell.)

aguteet (sp. var. agutuut) intrans. for something to smell; a bad smell that is very strong; stink. Mun-agutuut di dolada. Their yard stinks. Mun-ageteet di ihbuna. Her urine has a bad smell. Umaguteet di awidan te pun-ihbuwan di kaunga-unga. Backyards become smelly because the children make them their urinals. Mun-agutuut nan hinamak dan nate. The dead person they found smells rotten. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑,. 1C General class. (sem. domains: 2.3.4 - Smell.)

agwat cross over. 1.1intrans. to cross over a body of water. Umagwat dah duwan wangwang ta ahida dumatong. They will cross two rivers before they will arrive. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2A Movement from one place to another. (sem. domains: 7.2.3.5 - Move past, over, through.) 1.2trans. to cross over a body of water, ravine or other expanse while carrying something. <The choice of affix (-on/-in-) cross-references the object NP and highlights a feature of the water, ravine, etc. (see first example under Sense 1.2)> Ambilog nan wangwang an eda agwaton. The river that they will cross is wide. Iagwat mu nan golang. Bring the child across the river. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑.

ah’ol intrans. to be envious; to be jealous. Adika umahoahol. Do not always be jealous. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2C Emotion and sensation. Sim: amo. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.1.8 - Jealous.)

ahuk 1comm. smoke. Ibughul mu nan panto ta ume nan ahuk. Open the door so that the smoke will go out. Munluluwaak te nan ahuk. I am shedding tears because of the smoke. (sem. domains: 5.5.4 - Burn, 5.5.5 - What fires produce.) 2intrans. for a fire to be smoking. Mun-ahuk nan apuy. The fire is smoking. Umahuk nan ilukut. The cigarette emits smoke. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3trans. to direct smoke toward something. Ahukan yu nan iyyukan. Direct the smoke towards the honeybees. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

ak-ak 1trans. to separate thread; pull apart without breaking as in separating thread; untangle. Ak-akom nan tinayum. Separate the threads of your weaving. ‑on/‑in‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 7.5.1.1 - Separate, scatter.) 2intrans. to separate the strands of thread, rope. Mun-ak-ak hi tulang na. Her sibling is separating thread. Umak-ak ka nah linubid. Unwind some strands from the rope. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

akad 1intrans. to step forward; to pace. Umakad kah himpulu. Make ten paces. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2A Movement from one place to another. Sim: akdang. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1 - Walk.) 2trans. this form focuses on the manner of moving, a step. Iakad mu. Take a step.

akhop 1sta. having little relative height; situated below normal height; low. Naakhop nan kaiw di be-et. The guava tree is very low. Umakhop nan duplanu. The airplane will lower itself. Naak-akhop di kad-an nan baleyu. Your house is on a lower place. ma‑/na‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 6D Descriptives. ant: tag-e. (sem. domains: 8.2.6.4 - Low.) 2intrans. to be aware of one’s shortcomings; to show respect for others; to be humble. Maphod di mun-akhop namam-a hin waday bahul. One should be humble especially if he is at fault. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 4.3.2.2 - Humble, 4.5.6.2 - Low status.)

aklib trans. to scatter things while searching for something; to get things and scatter them, mostly done by children when parents have put things up or away. Tipet umanaklib kayu? Why do you keep searching among things and scattering them. Nganney anaklibon yu? What are you always searching for? ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 7.5.1.1 - Separate, scatter.)