Search results for "‑in‑ ‑an"

‑in‑ ‑an TACR. 1this circumfix encodes past tense, a punctiliar time aspect and cross references the direct object; it is a member of the default affix set for Class 5 verbal roots. Andaan mo ta deket waday takon di ittay an hinapulan an pihu ya intalu ta nangamung hi udum an algo an ahi nin makahhapul. When you have just a little money, why not keep it for a rainy day when you might need it badly. Wada key dinatngan da, lingngo da ta potnon da. When they find a satisfactory tree, they fell it and remove the parts not needed. Dinulhukak nan apuy te nalutu di kanon ta. I extinguished the fire because our food is cooked. Sim: ‑an. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.) 2when this circumfix co-occurs with verbal root classes other than Class 5, the affix cross-references a specific site-object. Uhup nan tinaddogak hidi. I stood there for a long time. .

abang 1comm. rental. Ongal di mapihhu da nah abang di tatagu. They get big money from the rentals of the people. (sem. domains: 6.8.4.6 - Hire, rent.) 2trans. to rent. Abangan mi nan balen Mike. We will rent Mike’s house. Abangan da nan daulon yu. They will rent the space under-your-house. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal oriented actions. 3trans. to rent. An mun-abang kayuh balen da Bayawon? Are you renting in the house of Bayawon? Adida pinhod an umalah mun-abang. They do not want to have anyone rent it. Kaatnay pun-abang yu ohan bulan? How much are you renting it for one month? muN‑/nuN‑/puN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano. infl. maabangan

abbel trans. to repair terrace walls by adding mud. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 6.2.2 - Land preparation.)

abbung trans. to cover for protection or shelter, e.g. mosquito net, leaves to cover small plants. Inabbungana nan anga nah panyuk. He covered his face with a handkerchief. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 7.3.7 - Cover.) der. ab-abbung

abbuy chant. 1.1intrans. to join in chanting. [This chanting is creative and original and is done for social enjoyment. It is most commonly done with the Hudhud and Liwliwa epics.] muN‑/nuN‑. Speech verbs. (sem. domains: 4.2.3.3 - Sing.) 1.2trans. to chant responsively or in reply; the song which elicits the reply is prominent. Abbuyan yuy kantana. You join in replying to his song. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

abok 1comm. a mat, anything used to spread on the floor to sleep on. Mahuyopak nah abok. I will sleep on the mat. (sem. domains: 5.1 - Household equipment.) 2trans. to spread a mat or blanket for sleeping. Iabok mu nan ulo. Spread the blanket. Abokam nan dulung ta pungkaddapanan nan golang. Spread a mat on the floor so that the baby can crawl on it. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Class 3A Move and position object. Syn: api.

abol 1comm. the native loom-woven skirt. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) 2weave. 2.1intrans. to weave on a hand loom. Mun-abol hi apu. Grandmother is weaving/weaves. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 6.6.1.4 - Weaving cloth.) 2.2trans. to weave a particular product on a loom. Nganney iabol mu ad uwani? What will you weave with now? (referring to the thread which is to be used) Wano nan in-abol ku ad nakugab. A loincloth is what I wove yesterday. An maphod di pun-abol nah ampuyo? Does she weave skirts well? i‑/iN‑, puN‑. Class 3C Move, combine or attach object. (sem. domains: 6.6.1 - Working with cloth.) 2.3trans. to weave with a site-object cross-referenced by affix. Abolan dakah ampuyo. I will weave a skirt for you. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

abono₁ 1intrans. to work without pay, free labor. Mun-abono kayu. You will work for free. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class . Sim: baddang, tulung, dang-a. (sem. domains: 6.1 - Work.) 2trans. to pay for something for someone, making it free for them. [If the payment is offered without being requested, it will not be reimbursed.] Abonowam ta ahik bayadan. Pay for me and I will pay you later. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.

abono₂ 1comm. fertilizer. 2to fertilize. (sem. domains: 6.2.2.3 - Fertilize a field.) 2.1intrans. to apply fertilizer; a durative activity. Mun-abono takuh bigat. We are going to apply fertilizer tomorrow. muN‑/nuN‑. 2.2trans. to apply fertilizer to plants. Abonowam nan bulhe. Put fertilizer on the beans. Em abonowan nan intanom mu. Go and fertilize what you have planted. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Class 5A Changing state of site by adding something. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.

abtu (sp. var. aptu) to anticipate. 1.1trans. to look forward to something; eagerly await someone or something; the affix cross-references that which is anticipated. Abtuwan day aliyana. They are eagerly anticipating her arrival. Abtuwan nay ayan da. He was eager for them to leave. Naabtuwan ka yaden ugge ka immali. You were waited for eagerly, yet you did not come. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, na‑ ‑an. Class 2C, Emotion and sensation . (sem. domains: 3.2.7.1 - Hope.) 1.2intrans. to anticipate something with impatience; the negative component of waiting and time passing is highlighted; the person feeling the impatience is cross-referenced by the affix. Uma-abtuh Bugan an nunhood ke he-a. Bugan was impatiently waiting for you. Umabtuwak hi kahilongana. I am waiting impatiently for nighttime. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. infl. umab-abtu

abugadu 1comm. one who is legally qualified to act for another in matters of civil law; attorney; lawyer. Umayag kah abugadu ta hiyay mangitakdog ke he-a. Call an attorney to defend you. (sem. domains: 4.7.4.1 - Legal personnel.) 2intrans. to do the work of an attorney; practice law. Mun-abugadu nan imbabalena hin maongal. His son will be an attorney when he grows up. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to defend someone in court. Abugaduwan dakan hiya. He will defend you. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 4.7.5.4 - Defend against accusation.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: abogado.

abuwan (der. of abu) advpred. this predicate expresses the idea that there is only one reason for what someone is doing or the only thing that is involved; the affix cross-references the action or thing. {This is a modality adverbial predicate that modifies an action.} Hay abuwan tun at-atton dan dakamid uwani ya dog-alon dakami tuh boble. The only thing that they want to do to us now is to drive us away from this barrio. Bokon ya abuwan datuwey matibod Manila. These are not the only things that can be seen in Manila. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Limiting or minimalizing. (sem. domains: 8.3.5.3.3 - Unique.)

abyu trans. to caress the cheeks of someone, usually only women do this to children or older women. Ab-abyuhanah apuna. She is caressing the cheeks of her grandmother. {literary} ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal oriented sites. (sem. domains: 7.3.4.1 - Touch.)

ad-ad trans. to clean by rubbing, e.g. metal objects; to scrub; to polish; brush teeth. Ad-adam nan banga ta makaan nan uling na. Scrub the pot so that the soot will be removed. An inad-adam di bab-am? Did you brush your teeth? Adi maad-adan nan banga. The pot cannot be scrubbed clean. Iad-ad mu nan lampahu. Use the coconut husk to polish. (the floor) ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ma‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 7.7.5 - Rub.)

adug to guard something or someone. 1.1trans. to watch over; to guard. Adugan yu nan ihda te ibtik nan puha. Guard the viand because the cat will run off with it. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal oriented actions. Sim: bantay. 1.2trans. to guard a baby implies one babysits; take care of a baby. Mun-adug kah golang hi bigbigat. You will baby sit tomorrow. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 4.3.4.5.2 - Care for.) 1.3caus. to have someone babysit. Ipaadug ku nan golang ke he-ah bigat ta umeyak ad Lagawe. I will have you babysit the baby tomorrow so that I can go to Lagawe. ipa‑/impa‑. comp. ahiadug

aga₁ 1comm. medicine. [This word may refer to any herbal plant or medicine used to treat sickness.] Inumom hanan agam. You drink your medicine. (sem. domains: 2.5.7.2 - Medicine.) 2treat medically. 2.1trans. to treat with medicine. Makat agahan ta hanan sugat mu. Come and we’ll treat your wound. Iaga ta tun ginattang inam. We’ll treat it with what your mother bought. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 2.5.1 - Sick, 2.5.3 - Injure.) 2.2pass. to be treated with medicine; to be cured of sickness. Inumom nan aga ta maagahan ka. Take the medicine so that you will be cured. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 2.5.1.1 - Recover from sickness.) 3intrans. one who treats with medicine; doctor; healer. Hiyay mun-aga nah nag-od. He will be the one to treat the wound. muN‑/nuN‑. der. mun-aga der. pun-agahan infl. agahan

agab 1trans. to peel citrus fruit. Agaban yu nan tabuyug ta kanon taku. Peel the pomelo so that we can eat it. Umagab kayuh kanon yun tabuyug. Peel some pomelos and eat them. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 5.2.1.2.1 - Remove shell, skin.) 2comm. peeling of citrus fruit; rind. Iwele yu nan agab ta adi miwahit. Throw away the peelings so that they will not be scattered. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something.

agag trans. to shorten life span, e.g. someone kills another and shortens his life span. Inagaganan pinoppog di nitaguwan nan ibak. He brought about the early end of my brother’s life. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal-oriented sites. (sem. domains: 2.6.6 - Die.)

agahan (infl. of aga) trans. to treat sickness with medicine. Hay agahan di doktor ya hay mundogo, bokon hay maid di dogona. (Luke 5:31) A doctor treats the sick person, not one who has no sickness. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal-oriented sites. (sem. domains: 2.5.7 - Treat disease.)

agalin 1pass. to transfer; a process of change. Adim ikamo nan maingit an bulwati nah mabayak te maagalinan. Do not mix the red dress with the white because the color will transfer. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 8.3.3.3.6 - Change color.) 2trans. for one person to influence another, particularly used in a negative sense. Hay gaga-ihon tagun takon di ohana ya mabalin an agalinana nadan udum. A bad person, even if he is the only one, can influence others. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 4.3.4.4.2 - Use a person.)

agid trans. to sharpen to a point, e.g. wood, sticks, rattan strips. [The end of rattan strips are sharpened for weaving baskets.] Nipniphod an naagidan nan patanong nan am-ama. The walking stick of the old man was nicely sharpened. Inagidan Pedro nan uwe. Pedro sharpened the point of the rattan strips. Mun-agid nadan u-ungah uwe. The children are sharpening the tips of the rattan strips. Umagid kah bilau ta puntobong. Sharpen some canegrass sticks for spits. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, na‑ ‑an, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. Class 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.)

agip 1sharpen or align by cutting. 1.1trans. to sharpen to a point; to align by cutting [The traditional method for killing a pig for sacrifice was to pierce the heart with a sharpened stick.] Agipan yu nan bilau. Sharpen the tip of the canegrass stick to a point. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5B Changing state of site by the removal of something. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) 1.2trans. to sharpen, an indefinite object to be sharpened is in view. Umagip kah bilau ta pun-wiwik. Sharpen a canegrass stick for piercing (a pig). 2trans. to align teeth by cutting. Kay inagip di bab-ana It’s as if her teeth have been aligned by cutting. ‑on/‑in‑.

ah’in 1comm. salt. Ialim nan ahin ta ahinak tun ihda. Bring me the salt and I will salt the viand. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.3 - Cooking ingredients.) 2trans. to add salt to something. Ahinan yu nan ihda. Salt the viand. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. 3intrans. to give salt to an animal. He-ay mun-ahin nadah baka. You will be the one to give salt to the cows. muN‑/nuN‑. 4nom. salt container. [The tubung bamboo container was formerly used to store salt.] Ihaad mu nan ahin nah pun-ahinan. Put the salt in the salt container. puN‑ ‑an.

ahhud trans. to pound alternately with pestles; to remove the husk from rice. [More than one person is pounding in a mortar] Mun-ahhud dan mumbayun nah page. They are alternating the pounding of rice. Ahhudan da nan bayuwon. They are alternately pounding the rice. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 1A Movement with a manner component. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.)

ahuk 1comm. smoke. Ibughul mu nan panto ta ume nan ahuk. Open the door so that the smoke will go out. Munluluwaak te nan ahuk. I am shedding tears because of the smoke. (sem. domains: 5.5.4 - Burn, 5.5.5 - What fires produce.) 2intrans. for a fire to be smoking. Mun-ahuk nan apuy. The fire is smoking. Umahuk nan ilukut. The cigarette emits smoke. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3trans. to direct smoke toward something. Ahukan yu nan iyyukan. Direct the smoke towards the honeybees. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.