1this suffix is a default affix for Class 5 verbal roots; encodes non-past tense and punctiliar aspect; cross-references the patient-object. Pinhod mun inilaon di Manila. Do you want to know about Manila? Handi pinghanan umeyak hidi ya kalyok on matalakak. When I went there for the first time, I thought I would get lost. Nu mabalin ya hay mo informative books di bidbidom. You should already prefer to read informative books. Sim: ‑in‑₁. (sem. domains: 9 - Grammar.) 2this suffix encodes non-past tense, punctiliar aspect, and cross-references an object that is either a path or destination. Namahig di hona da ta ihalhalla day dalan, ihinghingngi day dalan, namam-a ten waday iiban nadan himmagabi nah dalnon da. They go the wrong way, they go out of the way, especially if they know of a relative of the one performing the hagabi-ceremony who lives along the way. Nundodollop dat eda hogpon hidiyen kuwantel di Ippangyol. They became allies to enter the camp of the Spanish. 3this suffix encodes non-past tense, punctiliar aspect and cross-references an object that is an experiencer. 4this suffix derives a verb from a noun. Hukapona ya- hiya peman an dumangdang nan no; toan an kay tubung. He covered it and yes, it really can give heat; what I don’t know, it’s like a tube. Mangin-innum da moy tagu ya hamulon da nan ongngal an nuwang an makalin hidug. After the free-for-all rice-throwing, the people go on with the merrymaking, drinking and feasting on a big carabao called a hidug. general: Both of the above sentences are from texts. The first is from a text about a kerosene heater, and the second is from a text about the hagabi-bench and the celebration associated with it. pa- -on . TACR
Search results for "‑on"
ab-abig (der. of abig₂) 1comm. a narrative; a story, true or devised. (sem. domains: 3.5.4 - Story.) 2trans. to tell a story. [In the past, it was believed that some persons had the ability to foretell future events.] Dakol di inab-abig na. He told many stories. ‑on/‑in‑. Speech Verb: Purpose is to entertain. der. ab-abigon der. mangab-abig
ab-abigon (der. of ab-abig) trans. to prophesy or predict an event or action. [This meaning was used in the translation of the Tuwali Ifugao Bible.] Donglon yu bo tun ab-abigok ke dakayu. (Matthew 21:33a) Listen again to this that I will prophesy about you. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Prophecy.)
abak trans. to compete with someone. 3H Conversive action process. 1.1defeat. 1.1.1trans. to compete with the focus on the ‘defeat’ component. Abakon dakan Juan. Juan will/can defeat you. Abakok nan mittulu I can defeat the teacher. Pangabakom nan pihhuk te bayadam ten ipaabak mu. Make my money win because you will have to pay it back if you lose it. Adika piabbak. Don’t let yourself be defeated. Inabakak ke Pedroh tugal. I lost to Pedro in gambling./Pedro defeated me in gambling. ‑on/‑in‑, pi‑, ipa‑. Sim: apput. 1.1.2sta. to be the one to lose; loser. ma‑. 1.2trans. to win 1.2.1trans. to win something; usually used in relation to gambling. Kaatnay inabak mun dih hilong hi tugal. How much did you win last night in gambling. Man-u te deket nangabak di tagu nah tugal ya mun-an-anla. It might be that when one wins in gambling he is happy. ‑on/‑in‑, maN‑/naN‑. 1.2.2nom. winnings. [The word may be used in a communication situation: 1. winning in a debate 2. being more articulate than another.] Kaatnay pangabak yu? How much are your winnings?/How much did you win? Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano. der. pangabak infl. maabak infl. mangabak infl. nangabak
abig₁ trans. to predict events; to foretell what will happen. [Foretelling was not a part of the traditional religion; thought to have been introduced in the early days of Christianity.] Mun-abig hi Guinniling. Guinniling is foretelling what will happen. Abigom di maat ke hiya. Predict what will happen to him. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. Speech Verbs - Purpose is to evoke a response. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Prophecy.) der. abigon
abigon (der. of abig₁) trans. to foretell or prophesy a particular event. [This word, as well as the past tense form, inabig, are frequently used in the Old Testament to refer to the prophecies given by God to the prophets.] Kon gulat nat inila day wadah nomnom ku ya wada ot an impainilak ke diday eda abigon hi tatagu ta ipatikod da didan mangat hi gaga-iho. (Jeremiah 23:22) If only they had known what was in my mind, I would have made known to them what they should prophesy so that they would have caused them to stop doing evil. ‑on.
abul trans. to drive away, e.g. small animals, birds. Abulon yu nadan manuk ta adida kanon nan page. Drive away those chickens so that they will not eat the rice. Imme dan mun-abul hi buding. They went to drive away the rice birds. Dahdiy e mun-abul hi payo ad uwani? Who will go to drive away (the rice birds) in the ricefield today. Eyak mun-abul hi buding hi payo. I am going to drive away the rice birds in the fields. Abulom nan manuk ta adi na kanon nan boga. Drive the chicken away so it won’t eat the rice. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. Sim: dog-al, dulun, dugyun. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.)
abulut accept. Sim: tobal. 1.1trans. (prim) to agree to accept a proposal or a statement. Abulutom an hiyay mangiahawan hiya? Do you accept that he will be the one to marry her? Inabulut nan nan kinali da. He accepted what they said. Kon adi ka mo umabulut? Aren’t you accepting anything/anyone anymore. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Approve of something, 22.214.171.124 - Agree with someone.) 1.2trans. to consent to something, permit, allow. In-abulut nan ume da. He permitted them to go. Dahdiy nangiabulut? Who consented to it? Uggek in-abulut an ekayu ume. I did not agree that you will go. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Agree with someone.)
adal trans. to learn; generally refers to a formal mode of learning rather than the traditional mentoring or modeling mode. Adalom an munha-ang. You should learn to cook. Mun-an-anlah inadan nangngol an dakol di inadal da. Their mother was happy to hear that they had learned so much. Man-uke kanak hidiye ya adalon dan mumbaki nah eda pundongdongollan ya abu. The reason I say that is that they learn to recite the rituals and prayers by listening only. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 3.2.2 - Learn.) Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog: aral. infl. adalon infl. maadal infl. naadalan
adang₂ trans. to measure with hand, length is measured from outstretched thumb tip to little finger tip; hand span. Adangom. Measure it. Umadang kah himpulu nah linubid. Measure ten spans of the rope. Adangon yu nan kadukkena. Measure its length. Adi maadang di kadukkena. Its length cannot be measured. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑/na‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 8.2.8 - Measure.) der. hin-adang
addum unite. 1.1trans. to unite by bringing two or more things together; to combine; to merge; Nun-addumon mi nan patani ya immeh ohan botok. We combined the lima beans and it exceeded one bundle. muN‑ ‑on/nuN‑ ‑on. (sem. domains: 7.5.2 - Join, attach, 188.8.131.52 - Include.) 1.2trans. to add something to another thing Iaddum mu tun bulhe nah pun-ihaang mun dotag. Add these beans to the pork you are cooking. i‑ /iN‑ . (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Increase.) infl. nun-addum
ado₂ (sp. var. adaw) trans. to get cooked food, root crops and vegetables from a pot; to dish up cooked food. Adawom nan gattuk. Dish up the camote. Umado ka nah ihda. Dish up some viand. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4C Convey/ bring objects toward agent. Sim: bano, ak’ud, haklung, hoklad; Sim: bak’uy₂. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Serve.)
agamid trans. 1to bring something to oneself; draw towards one’s self. Agamidom din ulo. Draw that blanket towards you. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Convey/bring objects toward agent. Sim: akuy₂. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Pull.) 2to adopt a child Inagamid na nan imbabalen nan inayana ya nan tindalu. He adopted the child of his wife and the soldier. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Adopt.) 3to take personally something that is said. Adim agamidon di kinalik te bokon he-a. Don’t take personally what I have said because it doesn’t pertain to you. Antipet agamidom am-in di kalida? Why do you listen to everything they say? ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199.6 - Upset.)
agayup 1comm. a charm carried by boys to attract girls, may be a house-lizard, female hair, or special grass that has been blessed. Waday agayup nah uppig Tuguinay. Tuguinay has a charm in his bag. Sim: kodla, kiwil₂. (sem. domains: 4.9.4 - Miracle, supernatural power.) 2trans. to make use of a charm. ‑on/‑in‑.
agip 1sharpen or align by cutting. 1.1trans. to sharpen to a point; to align by cutting [The traditional method for killing a pig for sacrifice was to pierce the heart with a sharpened stick.] Agipan yu nan bilau. Sharpen the tip of the canegrass stick to a point. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5B Changing state of site by the removal of something. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) 1.2trans. to sharpen, an indefinite object to be sharpened is in view. Umagip kah bilau ta pun-wiwik. Sharpen a canegrass stick for piercing (a pig). 2trans. to align teeth by cutting. Kay inagip di bab-ana It’s as if her teeth have been aligned by cutting. ‑on/‑in‑.
agtu carry. 1.1trans. to carry something on head. [Women are usually the ones who carry things on their heads.] Iagtu na nan bintok nan page. She will carry the bundle of palay on her head. Agtuwon yu nadan page. Carry the palay on your head. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. 3F Move something along with oneself. Sim: pah-on. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.) 1.2trans. to carry an indefinite object or some of an indefinite object on head. Mun-agtuh bulhe hin dumayyu. She will carry beans on her head when she comes down. Umagtu kah page. Carry some rice on your head. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.) id. ammunay uluk an in-agtuk id. In-agtunay langkak na.
agwat cross over. 1.1intrans. to cross over a body of water. Umagwat dah duwan wangwang ta ahida dumatong. They will cross two rivers before they will arrive. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2A Movement from one place to another. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Move past, over, through.) 1.2trans. to cross over a body of water, ravine or other expanse while carrying something. <
> Ambilog nan wangwang an eda agwaton. The river that they will cross is wide. Iagwat mu nan golang. Bring the child across the river. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. The choice of affix ( -on/-in- ) cross-references the object NP and highlights a feature of the water, ravine, etc. (see first example under Sense 1.2)
ahinut adjectival predicate. little by little; to do something little by little. Ahinutom an ie nan kaiw. Take the wood little by little. Ahinutom an bayadan nan ongal an utang. Pay your large debt little by little. Mu dakdakol di kaapputan ta maahinut ot ya abun am-in. But one loses more times than he wins such that eventually, everything will be lost. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑. Time adverbial predicate. (sem. domains: 9.2.2 - Adverbs, 8.4.2 - Take time.)
ak-ak 1trans. to separate thread; pull apart without breaking as in separating thread; untangle. Ak-akom nan tinayum. Separate the threads of your weaving. ‑on/‑in‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Separate, scatter.) 2intrans. to separate the strands of thread, rope. Mun-ak-ak hi tulang na. Her sibling is separating thread. Umak-ak ka nah linubid. Unwind some strands from the rope. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑.
ak’ud trans. to get cooked rice from the pot; to dish out rice. Akudom nan niha-ang. Dish out the cooked rice. Opwatom nuppe nan hinamal, akudom hi ligau ta madibdiban ta mababao. Remove the cooked rice from the fire, ladle it into a winnower so the air will help to cool it. ‑on/‑in‑. 4D Release, remove, detach object. Sim: bano, haklung, hoklad, ado₂. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Take something out of something.)
aklib trans. to scatter things while searching for something; to get things and scatter them, mostly done by children when parents have put things up or away. Tipet umanaklib kayu? Why do you keep searching among things and scattering them. Nganney anaklibon yu? What are you always searching for? ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Separate, scatter.)
ako trans. 1to steal something from someone. Adiyu akawon nan manuk. Don’t steal the chicken. Eda immakoh mahapul da. They went to steal some of their necessities. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4C Convey/bring something toward agent. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Steal.) 2the person who steals; the thief is cross-referenced by the affix. Inakhupan Santiago nan lalakin e nangako nadah manuk na. Santiago caught the man who stole his chicken. Hiya ya mangakon unga. He is a child who steals. maN‑/naN‑. infl. mangako