Search results for "Types of sounds"

abobok intrans. 1a rattling sound in throat, in old age or when dying. Mun-abobok di kalin din am-ama. That old man speaks with a rattling sound. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds . (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2the clattering sound in rapid succession as of automatic guns.

adod-’on₁ intrans. rumbling sound, referring to earth when there’s strong thunder. Mun-adod-on peman di pangat di kidul. The earth rumbles due to the thunder. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

agaag intrans. to squeal, high piercing sound made by humans or pigs. Mun-agaag nan babuy an pinah-on da. The pig they carried was squealing. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. Sim: alagaag. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

agimayu₁ (sp. var. alimayu) comm. wind-like sound before a thunderstorm. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

agongaang intrans. the splashing sound of water falling. Mun-agongaang hanan tudde. The water from the tube makes splashing sounds. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

ah’el 1comm. the sound of river current. Adi kami pakahuyop te hay ahel di wangwang. We could not sleep because of the sound of the current of the river. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2intrans. to make the sound of water current. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds.

alidogdog intrans. rumbling noise; reverberating, pounding noise. Mun-alidogdog di pumbayu da. Their pounding is reverberating. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. Sim: anikdul, alikudukud. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

alikudukud 1comm. sound of stamping feet, done in anger or vexation. Sim: alidogdog, anikdul. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2intrans. rumbling noise of thunder. Mun-alikudukud di kidul an kay da mumpupuddug hi kabunyan. The thunder made a rumbling noise as if there were people running after each other in the sky. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 1.1.3.6 - Lightning, thunder.) 3intrans. to make a rumbling noise from stamping feet, e.g. children running around the house. [Ifugao houses are built off the ground so that running feet create a reverberating sound.] Mun-alikudukud/Umalikuddukud day u-unga. The children are making a stamping noise. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1D Sounds.

alol’ok (sp. var. galolok) intrans. gurgling sound. Munggalolok di bagang nan golang te mun-uk-uk. There’s a gurgling sound in the baby’s throat because he has a cough. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

alongaang intrans. gurgling sound of liquid poured out of a narrow necked container. Mun-alongaang nan pun-ikuyag dan liting an malpun nah aluwog. The water being poured out of the bamboo tube is making a gurgling sound. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

anikdul intrans. to make a pounding noise on floor or walls, often done by children playing. Tipe bot mun-anikdul day u-unga? Why are the children making all that noise? Umanikdul da nadan u-unga hin ipukung yu dida. The children will make noise if you lock them up. muN‑, ‑um‑. Sim: alidogdog, alikudukud; Sim: kudu. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

anggulud (sp. var. hanggulud) intrans. to snore; rale - the abnormal sound of breathing when one has a cough or cold. Mun-anggulud hi Jose. Jose snores. muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: danggok. (sem. domains: 5.7 - Sleep, 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

ayakaak intrans. sound of splashing water. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

ayok-ok intrans. to make a bubbling sound. Mun-aayok-ok di hina-ang na. What she is cooking is making a bubbling sound. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

ayon-on intrans. 1rumbling sound of very distant thunder or explosion. Mun-aayon-on di kidul handi hilong. The distant thunder could be heard rumbling last night. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2to make rumbling noise as of thunder. Mun-aayon-on di luta te hay kidul. There’s a rumbling noise on the earth because of the thunder. general: One speaker suggested that this refers to a kind of silent thunder that seems to affect the earth during the rainy season, July and August. muN‑/nuN‑.

babkog sta. to fall with thudding sound; thumping sound. Mungkalkalli nan am-ama mu indani ya nababkog nah dulung. That old man was talking and in just a moment, he fell to the floor with a thud. ma‑/na‑. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: 7.2.2.5.1 - Fall, 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

babol 1sta. low sound; bass voice. Bumabol di kali yu hin mahikon kayu. Your voices will be bass when you mature. Mababol di kali na. His speech is in a low voice. ma‑, ‑um‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2trans. to lower the sound of one’s voice. Babolon yuy kali yu. Make your voices low. ‑on/‑in‑.

bal-ut intrans. to grunt; the sound that a pig makes. Mun-bal-ut nan babuy te nan ahu. The pig is grunting because of the dog. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

balokbok 1comm. sound of popping as of popcorn or machine gun; the component of close intervals of sound is important. Sim: buti. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2intrans. for something to make a popping sound. Mumbabalokbok nan gahhilang an nihanglag. The corn which is being roasted is popping. muN‑/nuN‑ + CV(C)‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1D Sounds. 3intrans. gurgling sound of liquids as when water is about to reach a boiling point. Mumbalokbok nan in-init mun liting. The water you are heating is gurgling. muN‑/nuN‑. id. mumbabalokbok di tokom

baltung 1comm. ritual in which the Ifugao shamans stamp their feet after each sentence of the ritual chant. Ingunu da nan baltung nah hogop. They perform the baltung-ritual during the hogop-ritual. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2trans. to perform the baltung-ritual. Baltungan dah tulun babuy nan balen da Jose. They are going to perform the baltung ritual with three pigs in the house of Jose. Mumbaltung hi Jose. Jose will perform the baltung-ritual. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑. 3comm. refers to the sound of the rapid stamping of feet. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 4intrans. to stamp one’s feet in rapid succession. [performed during the hogop ritual.] Mumbaltung da boh hilong. They are going to stamp their feet again tonight. Bumanalbaltung hanadan u-unga. The children are always stamping their feet. Mapmaphod hhi Dulyaggan ten mumbaltung. Dulaggan was very skillful when he was doing the baltung ritual. muN‑, ‑um‑.

banduyyo sta. sound of the sudden movement of something. [The use of the word implies contra-expectation; for example one might be expecting a rat but instead it is something like a bird or a snake. Usually, checking results in confirmation of what actually made the movement.] Nabanduyyo on gando. A rat made a moving noise. na‑. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

binhig (sp. var. binhiing) intrans. refers to the thudding sound made by something falling. Bumibinhig nan niyug an pun-oga da. The coconuts are making a thud as they are being dropped (from the tree). ‑um‑/‑imm‑ CV‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

bingig intrans. 1buzz, sound produced by bees, flies, mosquitoes or other insects; whizzing sound of a flying missile. Mumbingig nan hinumgop hi ingana. The thing that entered his ear is buzzing. Bumingig tun ay-ayyam nan golang. This toy of the child buzzes. Mumbingngigan day babbayung. The bees are buzzing. Pabingigom nan indat inam an ay-ayyam mu. Let the toy that your mother gave you buzz. Mabingig nadan pappahluk. The bees emit buzzing sounds. muN‑, ‑um‑, pa‑‑on, ma‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2to make a buzzing sound. Mumbingig an nala-u nan tolak. The vehicle passed by with a whizzing sound. muN‑/nuN‑.

bolokbok intrans. sound of popping as of popcorn or machine gun; the component of close intervals of sound is important ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑ CV‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

bungbung 1comm. explosives; dynamite; the sound of dynamite exploding. Inibka da nan bungbung nah wangwang. They threw the dynamite into the river. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2trans. to blast something with the use of dynamite or any explosive. Bungbungon yu din ongngal an batu. Blast that big stone. Mumbungbung da nadan mungngunuh kalata. The road workers are blasting rocks. Nabungbungan nan batu kinali niwahiwahit hi nungkikidawwi. The stone was blasted, that is why it is scattered that far. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, na‑ ‑an. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.9.3 - Destroy.) 3intrans. to dynamite fish; to fish with explosives. maN‑. der. mamungbung der. pumbungbung

bungug intrans. rumbling noise made by water, strong winds, airplane, landslide, river; or strong rain heard from a distance; the sound of a motor or engine of running vehicles. Maid maptok ya waday dingngol kuh mumbungug, indait ilung-ak nah tawang ya tinibok an mungkagdey Atade. All of a sudden I heard a rumbling noise and when I looked out of the window, I saw a landslide on Atade mountain. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Sim: gango. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

buti₂ 1intrans. popping sound of corn or rice during roasting or frying. Mumbubuti nan inhanglag dan gahhilang. The corn they are roasting is popping. Bumuti nan buwa hin mihanglang. The seed will pop when roasted. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Sim: balokbok. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2comm. popcorn.

danggok 1comm. very loud sound of snoring. Madngol di danggok mun nah kalata. Your snore could be heard on the street. Sim: anggulud. (sem. domains: 5.7 - Sleep, 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2intrans. to snore. Mundanggok ka handi hilong. You were snoring last night. Dimmanggok ya bimmangon nan golang. He snored and the baby woke up. Adik pinhod an makihuyop nah makaddanggok te tumukal. I don’t like to sleep with one who snores because it keeps me awake. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

dopog 1comm. heavy footsteps; the sound is prominent. Makainnila ten he-ay mundaldallan te nan dopog mu. It is easily known if you are the one walking because of your heavy footsteps. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2intrans. to walk heavily and loudly. Nadan ded tap-o, adi kayu mundodopog te deyan mungkag-ay dap-ul. Those of you who are upstairs, don’t walk heavily because dust is falling down here. Adi kayu dumopodopog ta adi bumangun hanadan nahuyop. Don’t walk heavily so that those who are sleeping won’t wake up. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

gagtoob sta. a banging or crashing sound, e.g. banging of doors and windows. Kimmayat hi Juan ot magagtoob. Juan climbed then fell with a crashing sound. ma‑/na‑. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

galikom 1comm. sound made by the grinding of something between the teeth. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2sta. to be crunchy; characteristic of certain types of food. Magalikom di gunit mu ammunay ahu an pakagalikom. A bone is crunchy but only a dog can crunch it. Magalgalikom nan nihanglag an gahhilang. The roasted corn is crunchy. ma‑. 3trans. to crunch something. Galikomom nan udun di gunit. Crunch the bone’s joint. Ginalikom nan ahu nan gunit di manuk. The dog crunched the chicken’s bones. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 5.2.2.1 - Bite, chew.)

gango 1comm. sound. Maphod di gangon naen gangha. The sound of the gong is very good. Sim: bungug. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2intrans. to emit a sound. Munggango nan atop handi kimmolyog. The roof was emitting a sound when there was an earthquake. Gumango nan ladyu hin waday kulyinti. The radio will emit a sound if there is electricity. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3sta. to be audible, sound can be heard. Magango nan pambab nah gangha. The way he beats the gong with his palms is audible. ma‑/na‑.

gikkong 1comm. the clacking sound of wood being struck. Dingngol kuy gikkong dih hilong. I heard the sound of striking wood last night. Sim: bangibang. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2trans. Munggikkong kayu. Make the wood striking sound. Igikkong yu hi luhung. Make the sound against the mortar. (using a pestle) Gikkongam peman! Answer the sound (by making the sound). muN‑/nuN‑, i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

ginwaak v. swishing sound, e.g. of water, heavy rain, or the felling of a banana trunk. Adiyak pakahuyop te hay ginwaak nan wa-el. I could not sleep because of the sound of the creek. Gumiginwaak/giginwaak di udan. There is the sound of the rain. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

godal comm. sound of heavy rain; the sound of big raindrops falling; a kind of rattling noise. Maka ot tedeyan godagodal di udan. Come now because there is the sound of rain. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

goh-om intrans. 1to grunt. [A grunting sound usually made by a pig but at times, old people may make the sound, or can be part of a chant.] Munggoh-om nan babuy te nauwo nin. The pig is grunting because it might be thirsty. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. Sim: ayyong, ayyog. 2to hum, may not have tune. [In the past, humming was used to express approval or in anticipation of something pleasurable, e.g. feast; it had sometimes been used to express a desire to do harm to an enemy.] Munggoh-om da nadan tatagu. The people were humming. Goh-oman yu nan kanta yu. Do some humming parts in your song. Kayang di goh-om di tataguh nangngolan dah uyauy ad Kiangan. How the people hummed when they heard about the marriage feast in Kiangan. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

gongaak intrans. the roar or splashing sound of a waterfall. Mungongaak nan liting an nalpu nah bilid. The water cascading down the mountainside was roaring. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

guwok 1comm. harmonious and resonant sound of gongs. Donglom ke nan guwok di gangha. Just hear the harmonious sound of the gong. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2intrans. to make a gong sound harmonious. Mungguwok di punggangha da. The way they beat the gongs is harmonious and resonant. Gumuguwok di balangbang Aliguyon. Aliguyon’s gong sounded harmonious and resonant. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

hib-at intrans. the alternate sounding of the gongs. [One player beats a gong with his palms; that is called the tobab rhythm. Three or four players play the hib-at rhythm to complement the tobab.] Hib-atom ta manayo kami. Beat the gongs so that we will dance. Mahaldot di panib-at nah gangha. The mannner in which he is striking the gongs is very sonorous. ‑on/‑in‑, paN‑. Sim: pol-ag. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) Manuel Dulawan: Readings on Ifugao

hid-ol intrans. a choking sound made when something obstructs the throat. Humid-ol tun tinapay. This bread makes one choke. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Sim: muntayun, bitkol, hokol. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

higgok intrans. a sound of the spasmodic inspiration of air; to hiccup. Munhiggokak. I am hiccupping. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

hihih intrans. refers to the sound made by horses; to neigh; to whinny. muN‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

hinglip intrans. to make a friction sound of exhaling or inhaling to cool mouth due to hot spicy food; to make a hissing sound. Ugge na inilan napaktiwan nan kanona ot deya humaninglip moh agat na. He did not know that there was pepper in his food and that’s why he is already repeatedly hissing from the spicy hot taste. ‑um‑/‑imm‑ ‑an‑. 2D Vocal sounds expressing feeling. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

homtak 1intrans. to make a smacking sound when eating. Munhomtak hi Eddy te mahong-oy ihdana. Eddy was smacking his lips because his food was delicious. Adika humomtak. Don’t smack your lips. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2trans. to make a smacking sound about something one likes. Homtakanay dotag. He smacks his lips when he eats meat. Mahomtakan di kadikit na. Her beauty makes one smack his lips. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ma‑ ‑an. 3comm. the sound of smacking of lips or tongue against palate when eating, usually to show that the food is delicious or may be made to show that one appreciates something beautiful. Madngol di homtak na. His smacking could be heard.

humtik 1intrans. to click the tongue in disapproval. Adika humumtik hi waday pingunu dan he-a. Do not click your tongue when they have some work for you. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2D Vocal sounds, expressing feeling. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2comm. sound of clicking of tongue in complaint, disapproval or in amazement. Dingngol nay humtik di e daka baalon. She heard the click of your tongue when she was about to send you for an errand. 3intrans. to click the tongue; durative aspect. Munhumhumtik handi naapput hi tulang na. He was clicking his tongue when his brother lost. muN‑/nuN‑.

ihiw 1comm. the sound of whistling made by rounding the tongue, usually done by men whistling at girls. Mahaldot di ihiw na. His whistling is pleasing. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2intrans. to whistle by rounding the tongue. Mun-ihiw ka ta donglok. You whistle and I will hear. Inila nan umihiw. He knows how to whistle. muN‑nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1D Sounds.

ingig intrans. whining sound, high pitched; whimper. Mun-ingig nan tolak nah matikid. The truck/vehicle made a shrill sound on the slope. Kayang kattog di ingig din unga te ugge indatan inanah tinapay. My how that child is whining because his mother did not give him bread. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

iyag intrans. to cheer. Mun-iyag da nadan tatagu handi waday bultung. The people were cheering when there was wrestling. Mun-iya-iyag dan mangmangnge an ito-ol day “He, he, he.” As they go along, the men keep cheering lustily, “He, he, he.” Nagibbu key gopana, umiyag dan am-in nan tagu, “Hahaggiyon! After the speech, everyone cheers “Hahaggiyon!” muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1D Sounds. Sim: olwag. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.7 - Praise, 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

kakb’og sta. a thudding sound as of something falling; muffled thud. Nag-a nan niyug ya nakakbog. The coconut fell with a muffled thud. ma‑/na‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

kalampaag intrans. clanging sound produced by ill-adjusted joints of mechanical contrivances. Mungkalampaag nan talak te mungkalatiyan mo. The vehicle produces a clanging sound because it is already rusty. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

kali 1comm. language. 1.1comm. human speech: may refer to any unit of utterance such as a word or sentence; may refer to a particular language or dialect. Hinnatkon di kali dah bale da. They speak a different language in their house. Am-in di kalin amam ya un-unudom. Obey all the words of your father. Binalonay nay kalim te inlot mu yaden dakol day tatagu. He didn’t like the way you told him because you said it loudly and there were many people. Uggek bo udot inila nan kali da. I didn’t even know their language. (sem. domains: 3.5.3.1 - Word.) 1.2comm. (fig) refers to the vocal mechanism and the sounds produced; voice. Mababol di kali na. His voice is bassy. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2speak. 2.1to speak; to say. Sim: hapit. 2.1.1trans. to say something with a focus on what is said. Handih 25th di Aplil kinalin Mayor an umali kanu da Apu Paredes ke Apu Datumanong hitu ad Ifugao. On the 25th of April, the Mayor said, it is reported, that Sir Paredes and Sir Datumanong will come here to Ifugao. Hay pinhod kun kalyon ya piliyom di maphod an barkadom. What I want to say is that you should choose good friends. ‑on/‑in‑. Speech verbs. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.) 2.1.2intrans. to talk; to utter words; to communicate ideas and thoughts. An kimmali ka? Did you talk? Ugge mi dingngol di nangikalim hi kalida. We did not hear how you talked in their language. Tinuttuduwak an kumali kali da. They taught me how to speak their language. Nih-up da kanu nadan no- mungkalkali ot itikod na. According to him, those who were talking came near him and he stopped. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.) 2.1.3nom. A nominalization that focuses on the manner of speaking. Hay pungkalim an pabinnugtak. Your manner of speaking is abrupt and angry. puN‑. 2.1.4trans. to scold or warn. Kinalyana nadan imbabalena ta adida mangun-unud ke hiya. He warned his children so that they will not follow him. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 3.3.3.7 - Warn.) 2.2trans. to say something by calling to someone. Kaliyam aga din mangen unga. Do call back the boy who is going. Hituwen makalin hagabi di katbalan di tagu peman. This so-called prestige feast hagabi entitles a man to due respect by his co-villagers. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.) 3think. 3.1trans. to use the mind to process or consider information or data; to think. Handi pinghanan umeyak hidi ya kalyok on matalakak. When I went there for the first time, I thought I would get lost. Pangalik pe on attiken tagu mu handi immomwa ya atag-e. I thought he was a short man but when he straightened up he was tall. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 3.2 - Think.) der. makali id. kay kidul di kalim id. malumii di kali na id. nidallom an kali infl. pangali

keket intrans. to squeak; to produce squeaking sound, e.g. loose flooring, rubbing of tree branches, rusty hinges of doors and windows. Inumbun nah kama ya mungkeket te madam-ot. He sat on the bed and it squeaked because he is heavy. Kumeket tun bale hin kumolyog. The house will squeak if there is an earthquake. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

kelelang (sp. var. keleleng) intrans. to clang or clink; the sound of metal dropped or rolled on hard surface; the clinking or jingling of metal especially coins. Mungkelelang nan lata an pungguyod nan tolak. The cans being pulled by the vehicle were clanging. Nag-a nan pihu ot mungkelelang nah semento. The one peso fell then it clinked on the concrete. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

kililing intrans. a tinkling sound. e.g. the ringing of the telephone. Mungkililing nan telepono. The telephone is ringing. Mungkililing nadan padang da. Their ankle bracelets are tinkling. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

kintong intrans. sound of chopping or cutting trees. Mungkintong di wahe da nah muyung. The chopping sound of their axes in the forest could be heard. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

kit’i intrans. a rustling sound made by insects, animals or man’s movement. Kumitikiti nadan balaingan nah karton. The cockroaches in the cardboard box are making a rustling sound. ‑um‑/‑imm‑ CV(C)CV. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

kittong intrans. to make knocking sound with shoe heels on hard surface. Inilam an hiya nan mangali te mungkittong di apatut na. You know that he is the one coming because his shoes make a knocking sound on the path. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

kitug intrans. to make the sound of rattling; to rattle. Mungkitug nan traysikel. That tricycle rattles. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

kobog sta. a thudding hollow sound of something heavy that falls. Nakakbog nan kakaw handi nag-a. The jackfruit fell with a thud. naka‑. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

kudu comm. stamping sounds on the floor or ground; rumbling noise, e.g. children running on floor boards, a number of hoofed animals running. Nganneh naen kudu? What is that stamping sound? Mungkukudu da bo nadan u-unga nah bale. The children are making rumbling noises again in the house. Sim: anikdul. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

kuli₁ 1to scream. 1.1intrans. to utter a sharp piercing outcry due to fright or frustration. [Only women scream in the culture.] Tinibok on ongngaongngal an ulog ot kumliyak. I saw a very big snake and I screamed. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 2D, Vocal sounds expressing feeling. Sim: puki, pokaw. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 1.2intrans. to be screaming; durative aspect. Mungkuli nan timmakut. That frightened person is screaming. muN‑/nuN‑. 2trans. to scream at someone or at a given place. Kuliyak di tutulang ku. I scream at my sister. Hi baleyu di em kuliyan. Go and scream in your house. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3comm. a shrill scream or cry. Makadngol di kulim hidid Ambabag. Your scream was heard at Ambabag. Immingleh Ipan hi kulina ot ipad-onan hiya nan latan di pittololyon. Ipan got tired of her screaming so he had her hold the petroleum can.

kuling₂ 1sta. to have a high-pitched voice; for one’s voice to become high-pitched. Makuling di kalin Winston yaden lalaki. The voice of Winston is high-pitched and yet he is a boy. Deke on kumuling di kalim. Sometimes your voice becomes high pitched. ma‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2trans. to sing with a high pitch. [This would be particularly true when a man sings falsetto.] Mungkankanta kayu ya maimatun di boses mu te kulkullingom. You were singing and your voice could be recognized because you were singing in a high pitch. (lit. making voice high-pitched)

kulul 1intrans. to weep bitterly; to mourn with wailing. Mungkulul da nadan tutulang na dih nate. His relatives were wailing when he died. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.1 - Sad.) 2trans. to wail over a dead person. Adi pinhod nadan imbabalenan kululan hi amada. The children did not want to wail over their dead father. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3intrans. to howl like a dog. Mungkulul nan ahu te wadan tiniboy banig. The dog is howling because it might have seen a ghost. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

linglingo sta. to be indistinct; something is heard that is not distinct. Dehtun milaninglingoh nomnom ku nan em imbaga. What you have said is ringing in my mind. Milinglingo nan kanta nah simbaan. I seem to be hearing hymns from the church. mi‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

nalpaak intrans. the sound of something flat falling on a wet or liquid surface. Manalpaak hi Pedlo handi nikudli te immudan. Pedro fell on his butt when he slipped because it rained. ma‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

ngakngak (sp. var. ngekngek) 1comm. noise caused by continuous talking or laughing. Adiyak pakahuyop dih hilong te namahig di ngakngak yu. I couldn’t sleep last night because of your laughing and talking. Sim: ngala, ngel’ek. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2intrans. to laugh and talk continuously. Mungngakngak da nadan nabutong. The drunks are laughing and talking continuously. muN‑/nuN‑.

ngala 1intrans. to make noise, by humans as they talk continuously or loudly. Mungngala da nadan u-unga te maid di mittulu da. The children are noisy because their teacher is absent. Nakangalla kayu dih hilong. You talked too much last night. muN‑/nuN‑, naka‑. 1D Sounds. Sim: ngakngak, ngel’ek. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2trans. to scold or shout at someone. Kah-in di ngalaan dida on ahida nungngunu. You have to scold them by shouting before they work. an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 4.8.4.1 - Rebuke.)

ngaling-i intrans. unbearable sound, e.g. scraping sound made from rubbing the outside green parts of bamboo causing people to cover their ears and even shout, sound of chalk screeching on board. Adim igadigad nadan ugo te mungngangaling-i. Don’t rub those bamboo because the sound is unbearable. Mungangaling-ih ingak di kinalim. To my ears, your words are unbearable. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

ngaliyot intrans. sound produced by gritting teeth; gnashing of teeth. Mungngaliyot di bab-an nan unga hin nahuyop. The teeth of the child make a gritting sound when he is asleep. muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: kotom. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

ngalotongot₁ comm. scraping noise produced by pulling or pushing something heavy over the ground. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

ngalutingit comm. whistling sounds, birds or human. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

ngawngaw (sp. var. ngewngew) 1comm. noise, especially when referring to a disturbance or disorder. Ag-agam di ngawngaw yu. My, how noisy you are! (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2intrans. to create a noisy atmosphere. Mungngawngaw da handi naapput da. They were noisy when they lost. Ngumawngaw da bo hin mabutong da. They will create a noisy atmosphere if they will be drunk. Nangawngaw kayu! You are very noisy! muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, naN‑. 3intrans. noise caused by a cat in heat; meow. Dingngol mu nan mungngawngaw an puha? Did you hear the cat meowing? muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

ngel’ek 1comm. refers to the noise of voices, laughing or talking. Ammuna moy ngelek yu! Stop your noise (talking, laughing). Sim: ngakngak, ngala. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2intrans. to make noise; be noisy. Adi kayu mungngelek. Don’t be noisy. Ngumelek nan golang hin adim idat nan ay-ayyam na. The child will make noise if you do not give him his toy. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

ngubu 1comm. indistinct sound of voices of people heard from a distance. Dingngol kuy ngubungubu da. I heard their voices from a distance. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2intrans. to hear voices from a distance. Ume bo kanu nah tap-on di wa-el nah ho- alak ya wadaday ngubungubun mangabat da. He went to the place above the creek in the er...irrigation ditch and there were mumbling voices.

pagekpek₁ intrans. the action and sound of water splashing. Idakig mu nan gulipu te mumpagekpek. Close the faucet because it is splashing. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

palakpak₂ 1comm. the sound made by clapping of the hands. Takon di nidawwi taku ya madngol di palakpak nadan mun-ang-ang-ang. Even though we are far we can hear the clapping of those who are watching. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2trans. to strike hands together; to clap. Mumpalalpak da nadan mundongol hi kanta da. Those who heard their song are clapping their hands. Palakpakan taku te maphod di impatibo da. Let us clap our hands because thier show is good. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

pipip intrans. sound of a horn; a toot; a beep. Nan talak ya abuy mumpipip. The truck is the only thing that toots. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

pokaw intrans. to scream due to fear. Mumpokaw nan babai hi takut na. The woman was screaming in fear. Pumkaw man hin itaktakut mu nan bigi. She will scream if you scare her with the worm. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1D Sounds. Sim: kuli, puki. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

puki intrans. to scream. Mumpukih inam te puntayanan amam. Your mother is screaming because your father is leaving her. Pumkiyak hin mih-up kan ha-oy. I will scream if you come near me. Pinumki te inodnan Pedlo di hukina. She screamed because Pedlo held her leg. muN/nuN‑‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2D Vocal sounds expressing feeling. Sim: kuli, pokaw. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

tapeek intrans. the sound of strong, continuous, heavy rain. Muntapeek di udan nah atop. The rain is splashing noisily on the roof. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 1.1.3.3 - Rain, 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

tatpaak sta. describes the falling of something with a thumping sound to the ground or floor. Natatpaak nan golang. The baby fell with a thumping sound. na‑. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

tig-ab intrans. to expel wind or gas from stomach through mouth; to belch; to burp. Tumanig-ab hi Mary te imminum hi kokakola. Mary is belching because she drank coca cola. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2E Body/ physiological functions. (sem. domains: 2.2 - Body functions, 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

tuling intrans. to be annoying, refers to a noise that annoys or irritates. Adika tumling. Don’t make annoying noise. Tumling di kantam. Your singing annoys me. Matlingak. I’m annoyed because of the noise. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑. 2C Emotion and sensation. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

tutuwiit comm. a bird sound; tweet. Tutuwiit, kanan nan hamuti. Tweet! Tweet!, said the bird. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

ul’ok intrans. to make the sound of vomiting or retching. Adik pinhod an donglon di mun-uulok. I don’t like to hear the sound of somebody vomiting. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

wakwakwak comm. the sound made by a crow. “Wakwakwak” kanan nan gawwang ot itayap na nan gahhilang. “Wakwakwak”, said the crow and flew away with the corncob. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)