abuy (der. of abu) exispred. a substitutionary form of an existential predicate that asserts a restriction by referring to the only one or only thing that qualifies in relation to the statement being made. Dadiye ya abuy Ippangyol an niha-ad ad Kiangan. They are the only Spaniards who stayed in Kiangan. Kediye ya pitu ya abuy kinnanan littalit. Those seven were the only bats that he trapped. Limiting and maximizing. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Exist.)
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maid 1negative predicate. 1.1negpred. a negative predication; the negative opposite of the existential predicate. Maid di inat kuh gaga-iho. I did not do anything bad. Adi mabalin an eta mabiyag hin maid di ustuh ngunuh pangal-an hi pumbiyagan. It isn’t possible to live if we don’t have adequate work to provide our livelihood. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - No, not.) 1.2negpred. negative predication expressing the non-existence of an agent. Maid di mun-ay-ayyam hi banting. Nobody will play with matches. Ek ang-angon, munhidhid-ipak te nahilong ya- maid hi Lammooy I went to see, I was straining my eyes because it was dark, Lammooy was not around. 1.3negpred. negative predication expressing the non-existence of a thing or possession. Maid di pihuk. I have no money. Mungngunu kayu te maid di poppog di tiempo. Work, because time is without end. Maid moy ena igattang. He had nothing more to sell. Maid, tumakut kamin e mangala mu maka-i-imin nangidat ot alan mi mo. “Nothing. We were afraid to take the candy but she was smiling as she gave it so we took it.” 2sta. to become non-existent; mama-id, the reduplication expresses the process of disappearance, i.e. becoming non-existent. Athidi bon gulatnat mama-id am-in di mumbaki ta hiya ya abuy matdaan. Like that also, if there are no longer pagan priests except for him. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Exist.) der. ma-idon der. ma-ma-idan der. mama-id id. Ma-ma-idan di nitaguwak. ph. v. maid di poppog na
mama-id (der. of maid) 1sta. for something to disappear; pass out of sight; cease to exist. Mama-id di timol nan ahu hin uggan mu amhon. The fleas of the dog will vanish if you bathe it regularly. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Exist.) 2trans. to cause to disappear or cease to exist. Tibom te ma-idon da nan impad-on mun pihhu. Be careful because they will make the money you let him hold disappear. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of object.
wada 1exispred. this form predicates that something exists; it is tense and plurality neutral. <
> Waday oha ke dakayu an immalin nungkugkug handih hilong. There was one of you who came to knock at the door last night. Hinunggopak ya wadah ina. When I entered, my mother was there. Ahika umalih andai ta waday kalyok ke he-a. Come by and by and I will tell you something. (lit. there will be something) Etakuh bale da ta wada ke ot di kinailana ya ipainum nan ditaku. Let’s go to their house and if he should have (lit. there is) rice wine, he will let us drink it. Waday kanta, hapit ya tayo an impatibon nadan nalpuh natkonatkon an boble. There were songs, speeches and dances rendered by different groups from different barrios. Wadan ustu moy bidbibidbid hi novels. There has been enough reading of novels. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Exist.) 2nom. refers to the location of someone or something. < This existential predicate can be used to equate all of the English ‘be’ copular verbal phrases. > Handih matibo na nuppey kawad-ana, ya inang-ang nan dehdin nah pingngit di wa-el ad Bae. When he was finally able to see where he was, he discovered that he was beside the brook in Bae. Mu natimtimot uggena inila nu ngannen bobley kawad-ana, ot nomnommonan had-onay kabiggatana. But he had lost his sense of direction and did not know where he was so he decided to wait until daylight. ka‑ ‑an na. comp. wada nin comp. wadahdi comp. wadahna comp. wadahtu comp. wadan wada der. mawada der. wadwada-an id. nawadaan ph. v. wada tad Morphology: kawad-ana.