Search results for "Pronouns"

ak pers. 1I; first person, singular pronoun; a member of Set 2 subject pronouns, cross-referenced by verbal affixes. <Morphophonology: When a verb ends in a vowel, this pronoun attaches to the verb as an enclitic, and a consonant will be inserted between the verb and the pronoun.> Handi pinghanan umeyak hidi ya kalyok on matalakak. When I went there for the first time, I thought I would get lost. Immi-ingleyak an pinhod kun umanamut mo indani bo kaya ya uminghaak. I felt so lonely that I wanted to return home, but after a while I became adjusted. Mungngahngahak yaden mungkaliyak hi bale mi. I gasped for breath and yet I shouted at our house. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2me; first person, singular pronoun; a member of Set 3 object pronouns; cross-referenced by verbal affixes. Adiyak danugon te mahakitanak Don’t hit me because I easily feel pain. Tinuttuduwak an kumali kali da. They taught me how to speak their language.

da₁ pers. 1they; third person, plural pronoun; the form is a member of both Set 1 and Set 2 and encodes the subject grammtical relation, whether or not it is cross-referenced. Indatan dah Pangkah ittay hiyo dotag ot kanana ot di mun-iyan ad Mamangan. They gave Pangka some small er...meat and told him to spend the night at Mamangan. Imme dah hilong ot muntalu da nah e-elena. They went while it was dark and hid outside of the camp. Inha-ad da nan basket hi bale. They left the basket in our house. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2third person plural, possessive pronoun, Set 1; equivalent to the English possessive pronoun ‘their’. Ume kamih bale da. We are going to their house. Loktat mo anhan ya nauman am-in di odon da. Soon enough, nothing was left of their heirlooms. Nun-idadaan day ootak da ya papahul da. They prepared their bolos and their spears. comp. dehdida ph. v. dedah di ph. v. dedah tu

daka pers. you, singular; second person, singular, member of Set 3 object pronouns; cross-referenced by verbal affixes. Idatan dakah tinapay. I’ll give you bread. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

dakami pers. 1us, exclusive; first person, plural exclusive pronoun; member of Set 3 object pronouns; cross-referenced by verbal affixes. Ialiyan dakami ya- hi ubunan mi. Please bring us chairs and we will sit down.. Indattan dakamih kendi. Teya ay, kanak an pun-ukat ku nan kendin imbolsak. “She gave us candy. Here it is,” I said as I took the candy from my pocket. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2we, exclusive; first person, plural exclusive; member of Class 4 subject pronouns; the subject is preposed before the verb and is cross-referenced by verbal affixes. Dakami nan kimmanantan dih hilong. We were the ones who kept on singing last night. Dakami ke ya intuddu day iskul hi sentral ot ume kamih di. We were told to go to the Central School, so we went there. n. ph. ke dakami

dakayu pers. 1you-all; second person, plural, member of Set 3 object pronouns; cross-referenced by verbal affixes. Umaliyak ta boh-olan dakayu. I will come and scold you. Adi dakayu homkon mu kastiguwon dakayu. You will not be pitied, instead you will be punished. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2second person, plural pronoun; a member of Set 4 subject pronouns, preposed before the verb and cross-referenced by the verbal affix; you all. Dakayu nan dumisturboh hinuyop handih hilong te kumananta kayu. You were the ones disturbing our sleep last night because you kept on singing. Dakayuy umen e mangayag nah doktor. You will be the ones to go and call the doctor. n. ph. ke dakayu

dida pers. 1them; third person, plural pronoun; member of Set 3 object pronouns; cross-referenced by verbal affixes. Idattam dida. Give some to them. Ot uggena inang-ang dida. And he did not see them. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2they; third person, plural pronoun; a member of Set 4 subject pronouns, preposed before the verb and cross-referenced by the verbal affix. Mu dida ke ne hinnatkon. But they are different. Dida kayay kombahul. They are the ones at fault. n. ph. ke dida

dita pers. 1us-two; first person, dual pronoun, member of Set 3 object; cross-referenced by verbal affixes. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2we-two; first person, dual pronoun, a member of Set 4 subject pronouns, preposed before the verb and cross-referenced by the verbal affix. Ditan duway ahi mangala nah intalun Oltagon an balat. We-two will be the ones to get the bananas that Oltagon kept. n. ph. ke dita

ditaku pers. 1us-all; first person, plural inclusive pronoun; member of Set 3 object pronouns; cross-referenced by verbal affixes. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2we-all; first person, plural pronoun; member of Set 4 subject pronouns; the subject is fronted and cross-referenced by verbal affixes. Ditakuy kombahul peman. We-all are certainly the ones at fault. Ditaku ken Ipugaw ya kulugon takun wadaday bibiyo weno pinading. We Ifugaos believe that there are bibiyo spirits or pinading spirits. n. ph. ke ditaku

eda pers. they; this form compounds the marker e with the 3rd person plural pronoun, a member of Set 1 and 2; the form is preposed before the verb in a clause, encodes a subject grammatical relation and may or may not be cross-referenced by the affix on the verb. Nadan udum ya eda maniboh wakal. Others, they go to look for vine. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

edaka pers. you, singular; the form is a compound of the marker e and the 2nd person, singular personal pronoun, a member of Set 3; the form is preposed before the verb in the clause, encodes an object grammatical relation and is cross-referenced by the affix on the verb. Am-in day tatagu ya edaka hamahamakon. All the people, they will go to look for you. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

edakami pers. we, exclusive; the form is a compound of the marker e with the 2nd person plural exclusive personal pronoun, a member of Set 3; the form is preposed before the verb in the clause, encodes the object grammatical relation and is cross-referenced by the affix on the verb.. Kanan Juliey “Nganat edakami hinalaman binangun?” Julie asked “Why did you wake us up so early?” (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

edakayu pers. you, plural; the form is a compound of the marker e and the 2nd person plural personal pronoun; a member of Set 3; the form is preposed before the verb, encodes an object grammatical relation and is cross-referenced by the verbal affix. Te edakayu awiton am-in hanadah boblen niayan yu ta ianamut dakayuh tuh boble yu. (Ezekiel 36:24) I will call you from all of the countries where you have gone so that I can return you to your home country. (The agent-subject God is understood in the context.) (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

eka pers. you, singular; the form is a compound of the marker e and the 2nd person, singular personal pronoun, a member of Set 2; the form is preposed before the verb, encodes the subject grammatical relation and is cross-referenced by the affix on the verb. Tipet eka humahallaman an ume yaden maid ni-an di lugan. Why do you go so very early when there are no rides/jeepneys yet. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

ekayu pers. you-all; the form is a compound of the marker e and the 2nd person plural personal pronoun, a member of Set 2; the form is preposed before the verb, encodes the subject grammatical relation and is cross-referenced by the affix on the verb. “Adik pinhod an ekayu maladaw,” kanan ina da. “I don’t want that you will be late,” said their mother. Deket ekayu makigubat hi buhul yu ya adi kayu tumakut...(Deuteronomy 20:1) When you go to war against your enemies, don’t be afraid... (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

em pers. you, singular; the form is a compound of the marker e and the 2nd person singular personal pronoun, a member of Set 1; the form is preposed before the verb, encodes the subject grammatical relation and is not cross-referenced by rhe affix on the verb. Em iayag din binabait mid-um tudah udum an binabai. Call those women to be added to these other women. Em gaudan di payo taku. Go spade our rice field. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

emi pers. we, exclusive; the form is a compound of the marker e and the 1st person plural, exclusive personal pronoun, a member of Set 1; the form is preposed before the verb, encodes the subject grammatical relation and is not cross-referenced by the affix on the verb. Kanan nadan muttatyunay “Pinhod mu ke ya emi gabuton?” (Mateo 13:28b) His servants asked “Do you want us to go and spade?” (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

ena₂ pers. he, she, it; the form is a compound of e ‘to go’ and the 3rd person singular personal pronoun, a member of Set 1, the form is preposed before the verb, encodes the subject grammatical relation and is not cross-referenced by the verb. Indani ya ena iuduk on mungkulih Lammooy an haniyana. Later on, according to him, he tried to pass under the extended arm yet Lammooy blocked him. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

eta pers. we-two; the form is a compound of the marker e and the second person, dual personal pronoun, a member of Set 1 and Set 2; the form is preposed before the verb and encodes the subject grammatical relation. Eta tuwali madlig on mahapul mitakke ta kinali ongal di umeh piliti. Every time you (we-two) move, it is necessary to ride so that’s why a big amount goes to fares. Kudukdul nay takon di nawotwot ta mu ta makangngun-unud tan APU DIOS, mu nan eta kadangyan yaden dakol di kabulubulunan. (Proverbs 15:16) It is better even if we are poor but really follow the LORD than that we are rich and yet have many troubles. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

etaku pers. we-all; the form is a compound of the marker e and the first person inclusive personal pronoun, a member of Set 1 and Set 2; the form is preposed before the verb and encodes the subject grammatical relation. Ot kanan miy “Etaku balen APU DIOS ta etaku mundayaw ke hiya.” (Psalm 132:7) We’ll say “Let’s go to the house of the LORD so that we will worship him.” (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

eyak pers. I; the form is a compound of the marker e and the first person, singular personal pronoun, a member of Set 2 and Set 3; the form is preposed before the verb and may encode either a subject grammatical relation if the verb is intransitive or an object grammatical relation if the verb is transitive. Eyak mun-ang-ang. I am going to watch. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

eyu pers. you-all; the form is a compound of the marker e and the second person, plural personal pronoun; the form is preposed before the verb and encodes the subject grammatical relation. Nakalugit nan eyu nungkekeyan. The place where you went swimming is very dirty. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

ha-oy (sp. var. ha-on) pers. I, first person, singular pronoun; a member of Set 4 subject pronouns; the form is preposed before the verb and functions as a topicalized agent-subject; the form is cross-referenced by the affix on the verb. Ha-oy mangipaali nah talak hitu. I will have the truck come here. Ha-oy ke ya handih wada ak ad Linda hi balen nan iban aman nih-adak I am the one who was in Linda staying at the house of my father’s relative at that time. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

he-a pers. you, singular; second person, singular pronoun; a member of Set 4 subject pronouns; the subject is preposed before the verb and cross-referenced by the verbal affix; the form is also an address and is preposed. He-a ken ohan ap-apuk ya donglom tun kalik. You, my grandchild, listen to my advice. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) n. ph. ke he-a

hiddan int. what. Restrictions: Hudhud epic. Hiddan di pungngadan mun, unga? What is your name, child? Syn: nganne. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

hiya₂ pers. he, she, it; third person, singular pronoun; a member of Set 4 subject pronouns; preposed before the verb and cross-referenced by the verbal affix. Hiya nan madle an deh Conbento. Mu nalpud Belgium kinali mablay bolat na. She is a nun in the convent. But she is from Belgium, that is why her skin is white. Hiya ke ya pakappinhod da aman inana ya hi apunan hi Dulnuan. He loved his father, mother and grandfather Dulnuan. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) n. ph. ke hiya
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