Search results for "Forest, grassland, desert"

altap comm. 1 a place in the sky. Restrictions: ritual language. (sem. domains: 1 - Universe, creation, 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2a level grassy area of land. Restrictions: used only in ritual language.. {ritual} (sem. domains: 1.2.1.6 - Forest, grassland, desert.)

Amlag 1prop. a ritual, something is offered to the spirit of a dead relative. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2intrans. to gather clothing and other things such as ampuyo ‘skirt’, attake ‘necklace’ balko ‘belt’, coins and place them in a winnowing basket, ligau. They are then offered to a dead relative for appeasement. Mun-amlag da te mundogoh inada. They are performing the Amlag-ritual because their mother is sick. muN‑/nuN‑.

Ayak 1prop. a ritual to curse someone [This refers to the curse of another group of people, e.g. Bontok. The Hagoho ritual is used to turn back the curse; another Hagoho ritual is used to curse.] Sim: idut, dug-a, duhngil, Hagoho, gamud, hiblot, bong’eg. (sem. domains: 4.9.4.4 - Curse, 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2intrans. to perform the curse ritual. Mun-ayak hi amana. Her father is a performer of the cursing ritual. Umayak da hin laylay-aham dida. They will perform the curse ritual if you don’t keep your word. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3trans. to curse someone with the one being cursed cross-referenced by affix. Ayakon daka hin langlangkakam nan inap-apuna. They will perform the cursing ritual on you if you are fooling around with their granddaughter. ‑on/‑in‑.

bahaba intrans. to eat following the drinking of liquor. Humgop ka ni-an ta munbahaba ta. Come in for a while and let’s eat. (Implied that they came from a ritual.) Imbahaba da on kinlum. They butchered a small pig to eat (after the ritual). muN‑/nuN‑, i‑/iN‑. 1E Physiological functions. (sem. domains: 5.2.2 - Eat, 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

bakag 1comm. the bones of an exhumed person. [The bones are wrapped in a blanket for the exhumation rites bogwa.] Eda inalay bakag amana ta mamogwa da. They went to take his father’s bones so he’ll have the exhumation rite performed. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2sta. the skeleton of a person; no flesh left. Nabakag mo nan gunit te nala-u moy hintoon nipalpu dih natayana. There is no more flesh on the bones because it’s already more than a year after his death. na‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. Sim: gun’it. (sem. domains: 2.1.6 - Bone, joint.)

Ballihung (sp. var. ballihong) 1prop. a ritual of prestige that shows wealth and status, particularly performed by an unmarried person; involves a feast. [This ritual feast was formerly celebrated to share wealth; a bulul god was considered to be the partner of the unmarried person; occasionally it was performed because no other rituals had been effective in removing the sickness of a child.] Sim: uya-uy, got’ad. (sem. domains: 4.9.5 - Practice religion, 4.2.2 - Social event, 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2trans. to perform the ritual feast. Mumballihung hi Jose hi bigat. Jose is going to perform the prestige feast for unmarried people tomorrow. Bumallihung te binugtung. They’ll perform the prestige ritual feast for him because he is an only child. Naligat di bumallihung ad uwani te naginay nuwang ya babuy. It’s difficult to have the ballihung feast nowadays because carabaos and pigs are so expensive. Bimmalihung nan imbabalen da Juan ke Marta ot eyak manayottayo. Juan and Marta held a festival for their child and I danced and danced. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑.

Balog₂ 1prop. a ritual of prestige; people get wood, place it inside their house and then, perform the ritual. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2intrans. to perform the ritual. Adi mabalin an bumalog di nawotwot. A poor person cannot perform the balog-ritual. ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

baltung 1comm. ritual in which the Ifugao shamans stamp their feet after each sentence of the ritual chant. Ingunu da nan baltung nah hogop. They perform the baltung-ritual during the hogop-ritual. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2trans. to perform the baltung-ritual. Baltungan dah tulun babuy nan balen da Jose. They are going to perform the baltung ritual with three pigs in the house of Jose. Mumbaltung hi Jose. Jose will perform the baltung-ritual. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑. 3comm. refers to the sound of the rapid stamping of feet. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 4intrans. to stamp one’s feet in rapid succession. [performed during the hogop ritual.] Mumbaltung da boh hilong. They are going to stamp their feet again tonight. Bumanalbaltung hanadan u-unga. The children are always stamping their feet. Mapmaphod hhi Dulyaggan ten mumbaltung. Dulaggan was very skillful when he was doing the baltung ritual. muN‑, ‑um‑.

Bubun prop. marriage-proper ritual. [This ritual includes a divination rite to determine if the gods and ancestors favor the union.] Ad uwaniy bubun di uyauy ad Bae. Today is the bubun- marriage proper day of the wedding in Bae. Sim: lahun. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom, 2.6.1 - Marriage.)

da-u comm. an ordeal using boiling water to determine guilt in the cases of theft. [In the case of theft, the accuser and the accused met in a designated place. Both were expected to put an arm into the boiling water up to the elbow. A burned arm was evidence for being guilty of theft or of making a false accusation. This ordeal is no longer used.] Maid di inaang-ang kuh da-ud uwani. I have not seen the ordeal today. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) Loudes S. Dulawan: Ifugao Culture and History

Dangli 1prop. a funeral ritual, generally performed by the wealthy, aristocratic Ifugao. pt: hablag. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2comm. animals butchered during a wake with baki funeral rituals. Nuwang di Danglin nan nate. A carabao is the animal butchered during the wake. (sem. domains: 4.9.5.5 - Offering, sacrifice.) 3trans. to provide sacrificial animals during the wake of a relative. Dangliyan dah inada. They will produce the necessary animals for the wake of their mother. Kababain mo ahan hin adika pakadanglin amam. It is particularly shameful if you cannot afford your father’s funeral ritual. (i.e. produce the minimum number of animals to be butchered) ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Lourdes S. Dulawan: Ifugao Culture and History

duy-a₂ trans. to pour wine on the back of a carabao or pig during a ritual. [A ritual of blessing an animal before a sacrifice.] Deket adida duy-ahan ya pinate day nuwang weno babuy ya panio. If they don’t pour wine on the carabao or pig when they kill it, it’s a bad omen. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

e-e comm. 1customs; traditions; ways of doing things. Athituy e-en di ibaliwon. These are the ways of lowlanders. Hituwey e-en di aammod taku handi. This is the way of our forefathers long ago. Sim: pangat, pangi-e. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2characteristics of a person or thing. Athidi tuwali di e-ena. That is really his nature.

gagaom 1comm. things needed for a ritual or the things to be used in the death of a person; animals for sacrifice are not included. [Some of the things needed are: a binuhlan ‘loincloth’, ulo ‘blanket’ for a man; an ampuyo ‘skirt’, balko ‘belt’ for a woman.] (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2intrans. to place special clothing on a corpse. Nganney pungagaom mu ke amam? How will you clothe your father? puN‑.

git’ak 1comm. ritual ceremony related to headhunting. Mumbaki dah gitak te eda mangalana. They are performing the gitak-ritual because they are going to prowl at night (with the intention of revenge). Sim: him-ung, bangibang. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2intrans. to perform the ritual ceremony for headhunting. Munggitak dah bigat. They will perform the headhunting ritual tomorrow. muN‑/nuN‑.

got’ad (sp. var. gott’ad) 1comm. the climaxing day of the uya-uy marriage feast or prestige feast. [The Gotad day follows the final night holyat of two weeks of nightly dancing. On this day, there is much drinking, dancing and singing of liwliwa-love songs for the whole day.] Kakon-anay gotad ad Baguinge? When is the gotad feast of the wedding in Baguinge? Sim: Ballihung, uya-uy. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2intrans. Ginumtad dad Bayninan. They performed the gotad feast in Bayninan. ‑um‑/‑inum‑. 3comm. a line of people going to attend a ceremony. [For a procession, gongs are used for the music and the tune of gongs is for a procession or during the bogwa ritual.] Lourdes S. Dulawan: Ifugao Culture and History

hagabi 1comm. (prim) a bench belonging to rich people; a carved and decorated bench, with carabao head figures at each end. Waday inang-ang yuh hagabi? Have you seen a hagabi-bench? Hay ngadan bon nan kay ubunan an eda alan hi muyung ya hagabi damdama. The bench-like figure that they go to get from the forest (during the feast) is also called hagabi. Mihaad nan hagabi nah dola ta nangamung mo nan kon hagabi an ahi mangip-iphod. The hagabi-bench is placed in the yard and it is up to the owner to have it finished. Sim: Ang-ang. 2comm. the name of a ceremony which signifies wealth and prestige. Hituwen makalin hagabi di katbalan di tagu peman This so-called prestige feast hagabi entitles a man to due respect by his co-villagers Cultural note: There is a great amount of feasting, drinking and dancing during this prestige ritual. The playing of gongs and dancing may take place for five or six nights. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 3intrans. to perform the prestige ceremony. Mu adi nama-ag on himmagabiy tagu. But not just anyone can perform the hagabi-ceremony. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 4.5.6.1 - High status, 4.9.5 - Practice religion.) der. himmagabi

Hagophop prop. a ritual for the weeding of rice fields by women, February-March; the ritual petitions the gods for protection against rats, worms, bugs and other pests. Cal: Lukat, Pudung, Loka, Ugwid, Bolnat, Kulpi, Hagophop, Paad, Pokol, Ingngilin, Tuldag, Ponpon, Takdog, Kahiu, Hikgut, Apui; Sim: kagokoh. (sem. domains: 4.9.5.4 - Religious ceremony, 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) Lourdes S. Dulawan: Ifugao Culture and History. comp. ahihagophop

hapad₁ comm. the joining-hands marriage ritual; one of the rituals involved in the uya-uy marriage ceremony of the aristocratic class of Ifugao. [Two shamans chant the alim during the ritual; those who have performed the uya-uy may participate with the couple.] (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom, 2.6.1 - Marriage.) Lourdes S. Dulawan: Ifugao Culture and History

Hidit 1comm. ritual for peace; peace pact ritual, between enemies or opposing parties. Etaku makiang-ang hi Hidit da Bulahao ke Allaga. Let’s go see/witness the peace pact ritual between Bulahao and Allaga. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2intrans. to perform the peace ritual. Munhidit da ad Tannibung. They will perform the Hidit-ritual in Tannibung. muN‑/nuN‑.

Hikgut prop. an agricultural ritual during the August-September season when the rice stored in attic is first used. Cal: Lukat, Pudung, Loka, Ugwid, Bolnat, Kulpi, Hagophop, Paad, Pokol, Ingngilin, Tuldag, Ponpon, Takdog, Kahiu, Hikgut, Apui. (sem. domains: 4.9.5.5 - Offering, sacrifice, 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

him-ung comm. a ritual for calling the spirit of a murdered person to take revenge on the perpetrator. Sim: git’ak, bangibang. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

himmagabi (der. of hagabi) intrans. refers to having performed the rites of having a rich man’s bench made. Restrictions: prestige rite. Himmagabi day aammod da. Their ancestors performed the rites of having a carved bench for the rich. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

himong₂ comm. a dance that is performed in a march on the dikes of a ricefield. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

hingngot (sp. var. hongot) 1comm. engagement to marry, engagement offerings; the main offering is usually three pigs. [The engagement offerings are brought by the man’s family to the woman’s family; the word also refers to gifts, other than animals, such as bundles of wood, and a basketful of malagkit rice with coins placed on top. The animal engagement offerings are specifically referred to as the imbango.] In-eday hingngot Juan ad Bae. They brought Juan’s engagement offerings to Bae. Ine day hingngot Bugan. They brought the animals needed for the marital engagement of Bugan. Sim: Hongot; Sim: bango, Tokop di mom-on. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom, 2.6.1 - Marriage.) 2trans. to give animals and other paraphernalia used in the marital engagement arrangements. Mumpakan he dakel an babuy ta waday ihngot na hin malahin. He is feeding a lot of pigs so that he will have animals to use if he decides to be married. i‑/iN‑. 3intrans. to bring the betrothal gifts for the engagement ceremony. Munhongot da Juan hi bigat. Juan will bring the animals needed for his engagement tomorrow. Munhongot hi Juan ke Ana. Juan will bring his engagement offerings to Ana. muN‑/nuN‑. 4trans. to bring necessary animals for the marital engagement. i‑ ‑an.

Hongot comm. ritual for engagement to marry; engagement offerings. Sim: hingngot. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

iapuy trans. to perform exhumation rites for a dead person’s bones. [The term apuy 'fire' is used because in the old days, individual small fires were built in the yard for lighting and for cooking.] Iapuy dah Tayyaban ad uwani. They are starting the wake for the bones of Tayyaban tonight. Sim: Bogwa. (sem. domains: 4.9.5 - Practice religion, 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

ibbuy comm. a ritual feast performed by one who has recently bought something of value, e.g. ricefield, gong, wine jar; the relatives of the buyer help to provide the pigs and other items to be used in the feast, as well as gifts for the seller and his relatives. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

ine-en nom. a customary way of doing something; a method. Wada day immen e nunsiim hin nganney ine-en nadan Ippangyol ya nan kuwantel da. There were those who went to spy on the way of the Spanish and their quarters. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

ipad 1comm. a unity ritual. [A ritual wherein the newly married couple and others present hold hands in a circle signifying the feast is over and they are all united.] Etaku ang-angon di ipad. Let us witness the ipad-ritual. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2intrans. to perform the ipad ritual. Mun-ipad ad uwani. They will perform the ipad-ritual today. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to enumerate ancestors in the ritual. ‑on. infl. ipadon

lappu (sp. var. lapu) 1advpred. to start an activity; to begin something. Ilappum nan dasal taku. You start our prayers. Dahdiy nangilappu nah nundadama? Who started the trouble? i‑/iN‑, nangi‑. Time. Sim: lugin. (sem. domains: 8.4.6.1 - Start something.) 2sta. to be source of; come from. Nalpudda Manila nakugab. They came from Manila yesterday. Wada boh Abe an nalpuh tud Nabagtu. There is also this Abe who came from Nabagtu. ma‑/na‑. 3comm. beginning Maid di lappuna. It has no beginning. 4intrans. one who ritually begins the seasonal ricefield work. Hi Aguinaya di munlapu. Aguinaya is the starter. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) infl. mipalpu infl. nalpu infl. palpu n. ph. handih lappuna

longo₂ trans. to butcher animals particularly for the purpose of providing a feast. Kaddakaddangyana te dakol di longonah nuwang ya babuy. He is very rich because he will butcher many carabao and pigs. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

ngilin₁ 1comm. a non-working, day of rest, ceremonial holiday. [People shout tungo to be heard to the next village. There is to be no work in ricefields but people are allowed to work in the forest or swidden farms.] Nungngilin dad ohhandi. They performed a ceremonial holiday the other day. Sim: tungo. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2trans. to prohibit something that is taboo in relation to the observance of a ritual. Ngilinon day dolog te munlanghi. It is taboo for them to eat fish. Mahapul an mungngilin nan mumbaki. The shaman must observe the taboo. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 4.9.5.4 - Religious ceremony.)

palad 1comm. (prim) the inner surface of the hand; palm. (sem. domains: 2.1.3.1 - Arm.) 2palm reading. 2.1intrans. to refers to the activity of palm reading. Mammalad kanu hi tulang na. They say that her sister is a palmist. maN‑. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2.2trans. to foretell future by reading the lines of the palm. [The reading of the palm is not a traditional practice.] Paladonak. Foretell my future. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 4.9.4.6 - Prophecy, 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) id. maphod di palad

pangat (der. of at) 1nom. refers to a custom, a particular way of doing something. Athituy pangat di ibaliwon. This is the way lowlanders do things. Athituy pangat di aammod dih done. This is a custom of our ancestors. Sim: e-e, pangi-e. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2comm. facility or skill; know-how; the means to do things. Maid di pangat da. They do not have the means to do things. (sem. domains: 3.2.3 - Know.)

pangi-e (der. of e) nom. refers to the way of doing things; customs; culture. Hay ke pangi-en di ammod ya bakiyan day mumpundogo. The custom of our ancestors was to perform rituals for the sick. Mahapul an iunud takuh pangi-en Apu Dios. We must follow the ways of God. pangi‑. Sim: e-e, pangat. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

Pong-a prop. a ritual performed to break a cousin relationship in order to marry. [Persons of consanguinity relations are prohibited from marrying because the marriage is considered incestuous. The relationship can be broken by this ritual in which a pig is butchered and eaten in a distant relative’s house. Then, the marriage can take place. This was primarily practiced by the wealthy who wanted to keep family property and possessions within the clan.] Nakikan hi Pong-a. He ate with others in a Pong-a ritual. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

Tokop prop. one ritual of the uya-uy prestige celebration performed three days after the start of feasting. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) n. ph. Tokop di mom-on n. ph. Tokop di uya-uy

Tokop di uya-uy (n. ph. of Tokop, uya-uy) prop. the ritual day of the butchering and feasting of the prestige celebration. Ad uwani di tokop di uya-uy. Today is the ritual day of butchering and feasting of the prestige celebration. (sem. domains: 4.9.5 - Practice religion, 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

Tona-an di munlabi (n. ph. of munlabi) prop. a ritual performed to appease the malabi or munlabi spirit. [A rooster with a spur is sacrificed.] (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)