Search results for "Derivational affixes"

ka-₁ 1nominalizer. this prefix nominalizes an adjective or verb. Handih kaittay na ya ammunay Clinic an wadad Kiangan. When he was young/little, there was only a clinic in Kiangan. Nah kadakol di tatagu ya mahapul an halipat-an di pihhu With the large number of people, you have to be careful with your money. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even very dangerous/frightening to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. (sem. domains: - Derivational affixes.) 2dervN. the affix renominalizes a noun, changing the meaning. Manomnom kun handi keh kau-unga mi ya wadaday nihag-on kediyen ob-ob hi o-ongal an batu I remember that when we were children (lit. childhood), there were big rocks beside the same spring Nipalpun dih kagolang na inggana kediyen kimmat-agu ya maphod di pangi-ena. From the time of his childhood until he was a young man, his nature was good.

ka- -an₁ nominalizer. this circumfix derives a noun from a verb. Hituwen makalin hagabi di katbalan di tagu peman This so-called prestige feast ‘hagabi’ entitles a man to due respect by his co-villagers Maid di ena id-um hi kanomnoman ya mumbalin tan kay hiyyahiyya. Nothing is added to your wisdom and we may become proud and boastful. Dakol di tatagun umed Manila Bay ten himbatangan te da tibon nan kalimuhan nan algo. Many people go to Manila Bay in the afternoon because they go to see the setting of the sun. (sem. domains: - Derivational affixes.)

ki- -an 1dervN. this circumfix functions to derive a lexical nominalization. Man-uket mungastu takuh pun-iskul yu ya kiphodan yuh udum hi algo. The reason we spend money for your studies is it is for your own good in the future. Kibalinana ya kaddakaddangyana te dakol di longona. Its very performance shows that he is very rich indeed since he can afford to butcher many. (sem. domains: - Derivational affixes.) 2top. PASS.T-P Daanay kitanoman di bulhe? Where will beans be planted?

kina- 1mod. this prefix expresses the concept of a quality or characteristic being inherent or evident. Hi Apu Dios ya impatibo na kinaDios na. As for God, he has shown his Godness. Bumobboh-ol damdama ke dadiyen tulun gayyum Job te uggeda kinabaelan an hinumang hi Job hi ustu ta kay mo hi Apu Dios di nihalla an bokon hi Job. (Job 32:3) He was also very angry with Job’s three friends because they did not have the ability to adequately answer Job so that it was like God was mistaken, not Job. Deket mundama kayun tulang mu wenu hay udum an tatagu ya adi nalgom di kalyon hi kinagaga-iho da. When you quarrel with your brother/sister or other people, don’t tell about their evil. (sem. domains: 9.2.9 - Affixes.) 2dervN. the prefix derives a noun. Impakiala da nadan limmu da ya am-in di kinadangyan da. They got their property and all of their riches. (sem. domains: - Derivational affixes.)

kipa- -an pass. this circumfix is a lexical nominalizer with a causative component. Napiliyak bon mangipainilan am-in hi taguh innun di kipaannungan nan planun ugge ni-an impainilan Apu Dios an nunlutu hi am-in. (Ephesus 3:9) I was chosen to make known to all people the fulfillment of the plan that God who created everything had not yet made known. Mu takon di athidiy udum ya maan-anlaak te hay importante ke ha-on ya hay kipainnilaan nan tuttudu mipanggep ke Kristo...(Philippi 1:18) But even though it’s like that with some (teachers), I am happy because what is important to me is that the teaching about Christ is being made known... (sem. domains: - Derivational affixes.)

maki-₂ mod. (fig) this prefix encodes the meaning of being fond of the referent of the noun to which it is prefixed. Makibalat nan imbabalek. My child is very fond of bananas. (sem. domains: - Derivational affixes.)

mamiN- adj > advpred. this prefix encodes a non-past tense and multiplies by the number it is attached to making the adjectival cardinal number into a verbal form. <Derivation: The prefix derives an adverbial predicate from an adjective.> Oltom an munpalakpak ne inalam on espadat iwahiwam hi maminduwa weno mamintulu. (Ezekiel 21:14a) Shout as you clap your hands, then get a sword and wave it two or three times. Sim: namiN-. (sem. domains: - Derivational affixes.)

mipa- caus. this affix encodes both passive and causative, non-past tense. Nalgom di pinhod mun gattangon mipalpun nah kaitayan ingganah kaongalan. There is anything that you want to buy, from (beginning with) the smallest item to the largest. Mu gapu te madinol takun ahi taku ang-angon di kipaannungana ya anusan takun munho-ho-od ingganah nipaannung. (Romans 8:25) But the reason is because we trust that we will see its fulfillment, we will patiently continue waiting until it has been fulfilled. Sim: nipa-. (sem. domains: - Derivational affixes.)

mungka- -an trans > proc. this circumfix refers to a process that affects a site-object; incompletive aspect. Mungkadatngan moy kapoppogan di luta. The end of the earth will already be arriving. Sim: nungka- -an. (sem. domains: - Derivational affixes.)

numpi- adj > advpred. this prefix is affixed to cardinal numbers to derive an adverbial predicate that means to do the action or activity expressed in the main verb the number of times encoded in the cardinal number; past tense; multiplier. Numpitluy nundasalak ke Apu takut kaanonah tuwen ligat ku...(2 Corinth 12:8) Three times I prayed to our Lord to remove my hardship... (sem. domains: - Derivational affixes, - Number of times.)

nungka- -an trans > proc. this circumfix refers to a process that affects a site-object; completive aspect. Nungkaladladan di aadol na ya linumbag di huhukina. He had bruises/abrasions all over his body and his feet were swollen. Pinlo day nungkaaladan an boble...(Nehemiah 9:25a) They captured fenced cities... Sim: mungka- -an. (sem. domains: - Derivational affixes.)

paN- -an₁ dervN. this circumfix is a clausal nominalizer; it nominalizes a verb that co-occurs with argument constituents, the resulting nominalized clause becomes a constituent argument of the main verb. Mu nan naminhod an mangipangpanguluh mangulug ya mahapul an pangi-enat maid di pamihulan di tagun hiya. (1 Timothy 3:2a) But as for the one who wants to be a leader of believers, his way must be good so that there is no basis for any person’s scorning of him. Adi kayu mumplanuh panadagan yuh ibbayu. (Sechariah 8:17a) Don’t plan the destruction of your companions. Adi mabalin an eta mabiyag hin maid di ustuh ngunuh pangal-an hi pumbiyagan. It isn’t possible to live if we don’t have adequate work for getting our livelihood. Te inilam met an naligat di pangal-an hi pihhu. Because you very well know that it is hard to get money. (sem. domains: - Derivational affixes.)

pangi- dervN. this prefix is a clausal nominalizing affix. Dida boy mangiat nadah mahapul hi pangipaptok ke datuwe. They are the ones who will do what is necessary in caring for those things. Iphod muy pangiha-ad mu nadah karga. Place the baggage nicely (lit. placement of baggage) Sim: impaN-, impangi-. (sem. domains: - Derivational affixes.)

pumpa- dervN. this prefix is a causative clausal nominalizing affix. Ya hay gapunan ugge pinihod di iKiangan di Ippangyol ya namahig di pumpaligat da tatagu. The reason the Kiangan people did not like the Spanish is they caused the people great hardship. (sem. domains: - Derivational affixes.)

puN-₁ 1dervN. when this prefix is affixed to a verb, the result is a nominalized clause that expresses the manner or reason for an action or activity. Ya hay gapunah adina pangitikodan ya alanganin di biyag na hi punnomnom na. And the reason he does not stop is that his thinking is, his life would be uncertain. Toan. Uggemi inila te hinnatkon di kali na. Kay na pay punggalgal di kalkalyona. We don’t know what she said because her speech was different. It was as though she chewed on the words she was saying. Hay punnomnom ku ya wada nin an dakdakkol di naat mu, mu hituwe. My thinking was that you would have done much more than this. (sem. domains: - Derivational affixes.) 2distr. this prefix encodes the distribution of an action among plural objects. Ya himmawwang nadan tatagun e manggop ke dida ot pumpate da dida. And the raiding people came out and started to attack them to kill them. Hanah dinalan da ya wada on i-itay an babalen lina-uwan dan wadaday i-itay bon tatagun numpumbaleh di. They passed some small huts with small people living in them.
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