CV(C)CV intensifier. co-occurs with adjective roots. Andukkedukke nan linubid. The rope is very long.
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CV(C)CV-₁ mod. this modal reduplicant intensifies the meaning of an adjective; extremely; very. Hay kibalinana ya kaddakaddangyana te dakol di longonah nuwang ya babuy. The meaning of this is that he is very, very rich because he will butcher many carabao and pigs. Ambiambilog ya dakkodakkol di tatagu. It is very wide and there are many, many people. Abunay hukik an nangipakkid nah adol di kaiw, mu ongnga-ongngal ot muntattayunak nah hapang. It was only my legs that held on around the trunk of the tree; but it was very big so I had to hang from a branch. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - To a larger degree.)
1this aspectual reduplicant encodes an habitual or constant aspect. Matukatukal ka an e makitugatugal te mapat-al ya hilong di puntutugalan yu. You are always awake to join in gambling because your gambling goes on day and night. Adina itikod nan mumbaki te wadanwaday takut na an kumpulmin tiempu ya mate. He does not stop doing the rituals because his fear would be constant that he might die anytime. Wadan ustu moy bidbibidbid hi novels I think it’s time to put away the constant reading of novels (sem. domains: 8.4.2 - Take time.) 2to do something continuously over a durative period of time. Tobatbalona diday bagol ya aammod ta dumalay-up da ta hay idatong di hagabi ya maphod dan am-in an hin-am-a ya ta dumakol di babuy da ya manuk da. He continuously calls on the gods and his ancestors to witness the arrival of his hagabi-bench so that with its arrival, it will bring along good health for his family and the increase (become many) of their pigs and chickens. Ume bo kanu nah tap-on di wa-el nah ho- alak ya wadaday ngubungubun mangabat da. He went to the place above the creek in the er...irrigation ditch and there were voices continuously mumbling. . asp
ka- CV(C)CV- comm. this affix combination inflects nouns with the meaning of each and every referent of the noun undergoes the action of the verb. Kaalgoalgo on umeh di. Every day he goes there. Kabulabulan an umali da. They come every month. Kabigabigat on imme da nah Templo ya hi kabalebale an e muntuttuduh mipanggep ke Jesus an hiyah Kriston mangipaptok hi tagu. (Acts 5:42) Every day they go to the Temple and from house to house to teach about Jesus who is the Christ who cares for people. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Noun affixes.)
kaCV(C)CV- distr. this prefix expresses the distributive, inclusive quantity concept of ‘every’. Kabulabulan an umali da. They come every month. Kahimbahimbatangan on ume da. They go every afternoon. Ka-algo-algo on umehdi. Everyday he goes there. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Noun affixes, 8.1.5 - All.)
bilid 1comm. mountain. Hitu ked Ifugao ya dakol di bilid an maang-ang. Here in Ifugao, many mountains can be seen. Etaku munhabal nah bilid. Let us go to make a swidden in the mountains. Ot mungkampu dad Awwa an tap-on di bilid. And they had their camp at the top of the mountain called Awwa. Sim: duntug. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Mountain.) 2intrans. to roam from mountain to mountain. Mumbilibilid day ulha. Wild pigs roam from mountain to mountain. muN‑ CV(C)CV‑. 3sta. to be mountainous, for an area to have many mountains. Mabilid nan kad-an di kudal. The ranch is mountainous.
bulan₁ 1comm. moon. Ongal nan bulan. The moon is big/full. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Moon.) 2intrans. for the moon to shine. Indanit bumulan ta ahi taku ume. Wait for the moon to shine before we go. Bimmubbulan handi hilong. The moon shone brightly last night. Pinaddi min immeh bale da handih bimmulan. We purposely went to their house during a moonlit night. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 8.3.3 - Light.) 3comm. full moon; bright moon. Dakol di makihalud hin bulabbulan. There are many serenading/courting on the nights when the moon is full. Manomnom ku ya bulabbulan dih natayana. I remember he died on a full-moon-night. CV(C)CV‑ C‑. Ambulan bulabbulan natalak di bulan der. bumulan n. ph. kahabonan di bulan n. ph. kaha-alan di bulan n. ph. katalakan di bulan n. ph. katanungan di bulan n. ph. katom-angan di bulan n. ph. ongal di bulan
hinnun intrans. to be hesitant or undecided about doing an action. Munhinnuhinnun Maria an makie te dakol di ingngunu na. Maria was undecided about going along because she has much work. Munhinnuhinnunak an mangiat nah pangngununa te uggek inilay atok. I am hesitant to do the work he assigned because I don’t know how to do it. muN‑/nuN‑ CV(C)CV‑. 1C General class. (sem. domains: 3.3.1 - Decide, plan.)
ka-₃ TACR. this prefix encodes a neutral or present tense that co-occurs when the CV(C)CV reduplicant highlights a continuous activity. Kapalapalang nah dulung. He keeps on cutting the floor. Kakalikali ka yaden adik maawatan. You keep on talking yet I cannot understand. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Verb affixes.)
kan 1intrans. to eat, indefinite as to what is eaten. <
> Mangan taku. Let’s eat. Hin-uddum an adika mangan. At times you don’t eat. Da Pedro ke Ben di nangan hanah inha-ang mu. It was Pedro and Ben who ate what you cooked. maN‑/naN‑. (sem. domains: 5.2.2 - Eat.) 2to eat. 2.1trans. the food being eaten is specific and cross-referenced. Kanon yun am-in nan ginatang na. Eat everything he bought. ‑on/‑in‑. 2.2trans. to eat a specific food continuously; the food being eaten is cross-referenced. Kanokanona nan inhaad kun tinapay nah basket. He was always eating the bread I placed in the basket. Kanokanon nadan buding nan page. The birds keep eating the palay. ‑on/‑in‑ + CV(C)CV‑. 2.3intrans. to join in eating. Immali da ke nan imbabalek hi baleyu on nakikan da. Whenever my children go to your house they eat there. maki‑/naki‑. 2.4trans. indicates utensil used for eating. Hituwe nan nangikanan min duyu te teyay marka na. This is the plate we used for eating because here is the mark. mangi‑ ‑an/nangi‑ ‑an. 3nom. edible food, usually used for snack, fruit, bread, etc. Imme nah muyung ot e umalah makmakkan. He went to the forest to get some edible food. nganan der. makan der. panganan der. pinnangan id. kay hamutin mangan id. kay ka babuy an mangan id. kay munhabun mangan id. kay nanganan di ahuy nanganan yu id. kay nanganan di gulding id. kay nanganan di kabayu infl. ikan₁ infl. mangan infl. pakan This root is never used alone.
kangeb trans. to bite into food; to bite off pieces of food. Kinangeban di gando hanan intaluk an gattuk. The rats bit a part of the camote I hid. Tipet athituy ang-ang na an kay nakangekangeban. Why does it look like it has been bitten on all sides? Takon di pustisuy bab-am ya pun-ikangeb ot. Even if your teeth are false, just bite with them. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, na‑ ‑an + CV(C)CV‑, puN‑ i‑. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Bite, chew.)
kapa 1trans. to touch someone or something. Munhamuy nan kinapam an luta. The soil that you touched is smelly. Pakapam ke hiya ta dapaonah pamatiyanan maatung. Let him touch it so that he will touch and believe it is hot. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Touch.) 2intrans. to be touching. Hinae boy pun-alam nah duyu an nungkapakapa kad dola. You are using that to get the plates when you had been touching outside. muN‑/nuN‑ CV(C)CV‑.
katagutagu (der. of tagu₁) comm. refers to all of mankind. Gulat na te hay nahlagan di katagutagu ya hi Noah, adi ot nahalman an nunhihinnatkon di katagun hantudan katagutagu hantuh tap-on di luta. Supposedly because mankind descended from Noah, there should be no great difference in stature among all the people on the surface of the earth. ka‑ + CV(C)CV. (sem. domains: 2 - Person.)
klase 1comm. a classification of items; kinds; types; classes. Dakol di klasen di bulwati. There are many kinds of clothes. (sem. domains: 8.3.5 - Type, kind.) 2sta. to be different classes of an object. Naklaseklase di indat dan agana. They gave him different kinds of medicines. na‑ CV(C)CV‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: clase.
kodo 1to ask. 1.1trans. to ask for something; to beg. Kodowon yu nan adida usalon. Ask for the things they will not use. Hituwey kindok ke Paning. This is what I begged from Paning. ‑on/‑in‑. Sim: bag’a, pakada. (sem. domains: 3.3.2 - Request, 22.214.171.124 - Ask.) 1.2trans. refers to repeated begging, on more than one occasion. Adi kayu e kumodokodoh kanon yu te nal-ot pay di adol yu. Don’t be repeatedly begging for food because your body is still strong. Adi ka kumodokodo. Don’t get into the habit of begging. ‑um‑/‑imm‑ CV(C)CV. 1.3trans. this form highlights the person from whom something is being asked. Nungkodoham tuh intanom mun mangga? From whom did you ask for this mango which you planted. muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. 2sta. to be a beggar; refers to someone who is always asking/begging for something. Nakdo hi Juan te wada key tinibo nan on kumdo. Juan is a beggar because he asks for everything he sees. ma‑/na‑.
lingot 1comm. the fluid excreted by the sweat glands; sweat; perspiration. Natinah lingot na te indallan na. He is soaked with his perspiration because he hiked. Idat kah pundan-ik tuh lingot ku. Give me something to wipe my perspiration. 2to perspire. 2.1intrans. to excrete fluid from the sweat glands through the pores of skin; to perspire; to sweat. Munlilingotak. I am perspiring. Umboy biggatna ya munlilingot ka. Even in the morning, you perspire. Ahi lumingot. He will sweat. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 2E Body/Physiological functions. (sem. domains: 2.2.6 - Sweat.) 2.2intrans. to perspire continuously. Maatung ke on lumingolingotak. When it’s hot, I keep on perspiring. ‑um‑ CV(C)CV‑. id. kay gagahhilang di lingot mu id. lingot di puunnan say. Maid nomnomon hi naatuwam te hin uggem inlingotan. say. maphod di kakan ten nunlingotan
oha 1quan. one, cardinal number. Oha ya abuy Dios. There’s only one God. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Cardinal numbers.) 2trans. one time; once. Naminghan dakan dinamu. I only met you once. namiN‑. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Number of times.) 3trans. to repeat an action on one thing at a time; one-by-one. Ohhaohhaom didan ayagan. Call them one by one. ‑on/‑in‑ CV(C)CV. 4adv. one each. Hin-oh-ay idat kun dakayu. I’ll give you one each. hin‑. Limiting and maximizing. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Distribution.) 5trans. to do something alone. Mu adik bo pinhod an eka mahmahmok an maoh-ohha. But also, I don’t want you to be pitiful, always alone. ma‑ CV(C)‑. comp. himpulut oha comp. oha bo der. hin-oh-a der. maoh-ohha der. maoh-ohha der. naminghan der. naohha der. numpinghan der. ohhaan der. oh-ohha der. pinghan der. pinghana infl. o-oha