Search results for "Manila"

abaka (sp. var. abbaka) comm. 1(prim) hemp. [The plant is exactly like the banana plant except for the fruit which is inedible.] Adi makan di bungan di abbaka. The fruit of abaca is not edible. (sem. domains: 1.5 - Plant.) 2(sec) rope or cord made of hemp. (sem. domains: 7.5.4.1 - Rope, string.)

Manila prop. name of the largest city in the Philippines. Pinhod mun inilaon di Manila. Do you want to know about Manila? Em hanhanan ten kakon-anay pangayan da ad Manila. Go ask him when they will go to Manila.

Pasay prop. name of place in the Manila area. Ad Pasay ke ya hituy kad-an nan punda-ulan di duplanu. In Pasay is where the airport is. (sem. domains: 9.7.2 - Name of a place.)

Cubao prop. the name of a city in the Manila area.

Makati prop. an affluent area of Manila.

Malacanang prop. the name of the presidential palace in Manila. Immali ida ya nada bon dakol an ibbada an nalpu da kanuh Malacanang. They came with their many companions, who it is said, came from Malacanang.

‑on TACR. 1this suffix is a default affix for Class 5 verbal roots; encodes non-past tense and punctiliar aspect; cross-references the patient-object. Pinhod mun inilaon di Manila. Do you want to know about Manila? Handi pinghanan umeyak hidi ya kalyok on matalakak. When I went there for the first time, I thought I would get lost. Nu mabalin ya hay mo informative books di bidbidom. You should already prefer to read informative books. Sim: ‑in‑. (sem. domains: 9 - Grammar.) 2this suffix encodes non-past tense, punctiliar aspect, and cross-references an object that is either a path or destination. Namahig di hona da ta ihalhalla day dalan, ihinghingngi day dalan, namam-a ten waday iiban nadan himmagabi nah dalnon da. They go the wrong way, they go out of the way, especially if they know of a relative of the one performing the hagabi-ceremony who lives along the way. Nundodollop dat eda hogpon hidiyen kuwantel di Ippangyol. They became allies to enter the camp of the Spanish. 3this suffix encodes non-past tense, punctiliar aspect and cross-references an object that is an experiencer. 4this suffix derives a verb from a noun. Hukapona ya- hiya peman an dumangdang nan no; toan an kay tubung. He covered it and yes, it really can give heat; what I don’t know, it’s like a tube. Mangin-innum da moy tagu ya hamulon da nan ongngal an nuwang an makalin hidug. After the free-for-all rice-throwing, the people go on with the merrymaking, drinking and feasting on a big carabao called a hidug. general: Both of the above sentences are from texts. The first is from a text about a kerosene heater, and the second is from a text about the hagabi-bench and the celebration associated with it. pa- -on

abu 1adv. (prim) an adverb that limits and minimizes whatever concept that it modifies, e.g. an action, process, number, emotion. <Morphology: Derivation and compounding are common word formation processes with this morpheme.> Ha-on ya abu di ume. I only will go. Hanada ya abu makahhapul muy gatangom. Spend only for things that you really need. Tinibo mi an hay nidadaan ya abu ya duwan palangganan hinamal. We saw that what was prepared for us was only two basins of rice. Limiting and maximizing. Sim: ampod. (sem. domains: 9.2.2 - Adverbs.) 2adv. (sec) an expression of restriction or limitation. Abu moh nae! Stop that! Abu moy kumodokodoh pihhu. Enough of your begging for money! 3trans. can become a derived verb that cross-references an object. Bokon ya abuwan datuwey matibod Manila. These are not the only things seen in Manila. comp. abuna comp. adin-abu comp. ot ya abu der. ab-abbu der. abuwan der. abuy

abuwan (der. of abu) advpred. this predicate expresses the idea that there is only one reason for what someone is doing or the only thing that is involved; the affix cross-references the action or thing. {This is a modality adverbial predicate that modifies an action.} Hay abuwan tun at-atton dan dakamid uwani ya dog-alon dakami tuh boble. The only thing that they want to do to us now is to drive us away from this barrio. Bokon ya abuwan datuwey matibod Manila. These are not the only things that can be seen in Manila. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Limiting or minimalizing. (sem. domains: 8.3.5.3.3 - Unique.)

ad 1determiner 1.1det. this determiner marks spatial-place common nouns. Ipaem ad da-ul. Send her down (to lower place). (sem. domains: 9.2.3.5 - Demonstrative pronouns.) 1.2det. marks place proper nouns. <morphophonemics: When a preceding word ends in a vowel, the vowel ‘a’ drops and the ‘d’ consonant is attached to the verb.> Umed (ume ad) Manila. He will go to Manila. 2det. marks time words: today, yesterday, and day before yesterday. Nuntudokak ke hiya ad ohhandi. I wrote to him the day before yesterday.

ag’a adjunct. 1a polite expression; please; excuse me. {This is a polite expression that can be used to soften a request or demand; also, it can be used to excuse oneself from an event or communication situation.} Idat yu agah tuwe ke Maria? Will you please give this to Maria? Agak, apapon daka? Agam, ten pinhod mu. Shall I go ahead and slap you? Go ahead, if it pleases you. Aga ta mangmangngeyak pe. Excuse me, I’m going ahead. Agat ek aton hanan ngunuk ta magibbu. Excuse me, I will go to finish my work so that it will be done. Aga, nangamung boh pidwana. There now, till next time. Aga, di inalam ad Manila. Please (let me see) what you got in Manila. Aga ke ta ha-oy di muntudok. Move away so I’ll (be the one) to write. Interpersonal. (sem. domains: 9.2.6 - Particles.) 2expression that means to go ahead and do something or continue action. Mun-ap-apo wak kanu ya- uggek inila nan ia-apok. Aga mot nan bumdang di ia-apok. According to them, I’ll tell a story; oh, I don’t know what to relate. Okay, I’ll tell a story about roaming spirits. Agam, deket pinhod mun makie ya mundadaan kah pihhum ta deke ya imme ta. Go ahead. If you want to join in going, save your money so that we can go. (sem. domains: 3.5 - Communication.) der. agannat

aN- (sp. var. a-) adj. this prefix inflects adjectives that are dimension quantifiers. Ambiambilog ya dakkodakkol di tatagu. It is very wide and there are many people. (refers to Manila) Umala da nan tataguh andukken hapang ta ihamad dan igakod nan hagabih di. The men in the forest look for a long, sturdy branch or pole and to that, they tie the hagabi-bench. Nikuyug nadah adi matibon iibbana ot adukkey danallanon da. He travelled with his unseen companions for a long way. (sem. domains: 9.2.9 - Affixes.)

atung 1hot. 1.1sta. to be hot; be warm; feel feverish. Maatung tun unga. This child has a fever. Maka-atung ad Manila. It is very hot in Manila. ma‑, makaC‑. (sem. domains: 8.3.4 - Hot.) 1.2intrans. to be feverish Mun-aatung tun unga. This child is feverish. muN‑. (sem. domains: 8.3.4 - Hot.) 1.3proc. to become heated or warmed. Umatung di apuy. A fire becomes hot. Deket immatung, immat-atung ta, imme ta. When it became hotter, the warmer I became so I went farther from it. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2nom. the superlative of hot; hottest time. Hay ka-at-atungan nah mapat-al ya nah maal-algo The hottest time of the sun shining is at high noon. ka‑ CV(C)‑ ‑an. infl. naatungan

bay comm. an inlet of the sea containing a body of water contiguous with the sea. Ingkuyukuyugak ot e kami nunhawhawang ad Cubao, Makati, Pasay ya Manila Bay. They accompanied me and we went to Cubao, Makati, Pasay and Manila Bay. Dakol di tatagun umed Manila Bay ten himbatangan te da tibon nan kalimuhan nan algo. Many people go to Manila Bay in the afternoon because they go to see the setting of the sun. (sem. domains: 1.3.1 - Bodies of water.) Language of Borrowing: English.

bokon 1neg. (prim) is not; are not; the negation form for the predicate constituent of an equational clause. Bokon he-a nan emi kalkalyon. It is not you whom we are talking about. Bokon ya abuwan datuwey matibod Manila. These are not the only things seen in Manila. Kananay “Man bokon mu hi Lammooy man impangang-ang ku.” He said, “It could not be, but I saw him as Lammooy?” Sim: ugge. (sem. domains: 9.4.6.1 - No, not.) 2(sec) a negative feeling or reaction. 2.1trans. (sec) to be annoyed; to feel resentment; to react negatively to something that is said or done. Adim boknon tun kalyok ke he-a. Do not be annoyed about what I tell you. ‑on. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.3 - Angry.) 2.2proc. (sec) to feel slighted; to feel hurt. <Inflected form: bumkon> ‑um‑. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.1.6 - Upset.) 2.3sta. (sec) refers to someone who is exceptionally sensitive to being slighted; inclined to pout or sulk. ma‑. bumkon comp. hin bokon der. mabkon

buna trans. to get lost; to lose one’s way. Gaput uggek ininghaan ad Manila ya eyak bunbunnaon hanadah iibbak. Because I am not familiar with Manila, my companions tried to make me lose my way. Adina tuwali halipat-an nadan iibba na kinali nabuna. He did not watch his companions that’s why he lost his way. Tibom ta adi ka mabuna. See to it that you won’t get lost. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. Sim: talak. (sem. domains: 3.2.3.1 - Known, unknown.)

dakog 1adj. much; many; a lot. Dakog day tatagud Manila. There are many people in Manila. Number quantifier. Sim: dakol. 2intrans. to become many; to increase. Dumakog nadan manuk mu. Your chickens will became many/increase. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3trans. an active, transitive verb meaning to get many or much of something. Dakogom di alam hi boga. Get plenty of rice. ‑on/‑in‑.

datuwey (der. of datuwe) demonstrative predicate. these are; a demonstrative predicate that refers to something that has been stated previously. Bokon abuwan datuwey matibod Manila. These are not the only things that can be seen in Manila. (sem. domains: 9.2.3.5 - Demonstrative pronouns.)

hanhan 1trans. to question or ask about something; to ask; to verify. Em hanhanan ten kakon-anay pangayanda ad Manila. Go ask him when they will go to Manila. Ugge na kinaliy ngadanan dakayu? hinanhanan ina. “Didn’t she tell you her name?” mother asked. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Speech verbs - Purpose is to evoke a response. Sim: mahma. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.5 - Ask.) 2intrans. to ask a question. An he-a di munhanhan? Are you the one to ask questions? Mai-iimih inan mangmangngol. Nganney kinalina? punhanhanan ina. Mother smiled as she listened. “What did she say?” mother asked. Punhanhanak ya abuy oras. I am only asking the time. muN‑/nuN‑, puN‑ ‑an.

hawang (sp. var. hawwang) 1intrans. to come out; to emerge from a building or enclosure of some kind. Nganney himmawang? What came out? Ihawwang muh tu. Come out here. Himmawwang nadan tatagun e manggop ke dida ot pumpate da dida. The raiding people came out and started to attack them to kill them. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, i‑. 2A Movement from one place to another. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.) 2intrans. to emerge or show up in various places. Ingkuyukuyugak ot e kami nunhawhawang ad Cubao, Makati, Pasay ya Manila Bay. They accompanied me and we went to Cubao, Makati, Pasay and Manila Bay. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. place where someone or something emerges. Daanay hawwangon hin idalan ad Banaue? Where will we emerge when we pass through Banaue? ‑on. der. hawwangan id. humawang di langkak na. infl. munhawwangan

himbatangan comm. afternoon; between 3:00 - 5:00 p.m. is the time referred to. Namahig di atung hanah himbatangan. It is very hot in the afternoon. Himbatangan ke on mungngala day dulduli. During afternoons cicadas become noisy. Dakol di tatagun umed Manila Bay ten himbatangan te da tibon nan kalimuhan nan algo. Many people go to Manila Bay in the afternoon because they go to see the setting of the sun. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.3 - Time of the day.)

hipngat₂ intrans. to meet unexpectedly; to have a chance meeting. Nunhipngat da Juan ke Tomas nah dalan. Juan and Tomas met each other unexpectedly on the way. Ume ka ad Manila ta kal-ina ot anhan ya munhipngat kayun tulang mu. Go to Manila where we hope you will have a chance meeting with your sister. muN‑/nuN‑. 1B Movement with a directional component. (sem. domains: 7.2.3 - Move toward something.)

hokkad (fr. var. of hikkad) trans. to insist on something. Ihokkad na an hiya kanuy umed Manila. He insists that he will be the one to go to Manila. Makihinhokkadan. He is insisting on his own way (debating with others who are insisting on their way). (sem. domains: 3.2.5.6 - Attitude, 4.8 - Conflict.)

inila 1trans. to know; to perceive, understand or recognize the properties or characteristics of entities and abstract facts. An inilam di ngadana? Do you know his name? Inilaom di humang kuh bigat. You will know my answer tomorrow. Pinhod mun inilaon di Manila. Do you want to know about Manila? Takombo ot inilam met nadan maphod an authors. Anyway, I know that you know good authors. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. Opp: dunu; Sim: amta. (sem. domains: 3.2.3 - Know.) 2pass. something is known. Nainilan hiyay nangala. It has been known that he was the one who got it. Nakanginnila ka. You are very knowledgeable. (sem. domains: 3.2.1.3 - Intelligent.) infl. mangipainila infl. nakanginnila ph. v. makainnila mo ahan say. Hay kaphod ya mainnilah pangi-e.

ka- -an₁ nominalizer. this circumfix derives a noun from a verb. Hituwen makalin hagabi di katbalan di tagu peman This so-called prestige feast ‘hagabi’ entitles a man to due respect by his co-villagers Maid di ena id-um hi kanomnoman ya mumbalin tan kay hiyyahiyya. Nothing is added to your wisdom and we may become proud and boastful. Dakol di tatagun umed Manila Bay ten himbatangan te da tibon nan kalimuhan nan algo. Many people go to Manila Bay in the afternoon because they go to see the setting of the sun. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.3 - Derivational affixes.)

kakon-ana (sp. var. kon-ana) int. when; an interrogative pronoun used to ask about the time of an event or action. Kakon-anay pangialian dah bulwatik. When will they bring my clothes? Kakon-anat ahiyu nomnomon di ustu? When will you adequately think about it? Em hanhanan ten kakon-anay pangayan da ad Manila. Go ask him when they will go to Manila. (sem. domains: 8.4.3 - Indefinite time.)

kalimana (der. of kalima) 1n. fifth day of the week. Handih himbatangan dih kalimana ya immeyak di Manila. Last Friday afternoon I went to Manila. Syn: Biyarnit, biernes. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.3.1 - Days of the week.) 2nom. the fifth day of an event. Ad uwaniniy kalimana nan nate. Today is the fifth day of the dead. ka‑ + na.

kay’a adjunct. adds emphasis to a statement; in fact, certainly, definitely. Kanan Rosa di umed Manila mu adi kaya. Rosa said she is going to Manila but in fact, she is not. Adika kaya mahaul. Don’t ever be tempted (even if they insist)! Immi-ingleyak an pinhod kun umanamut mo indani bo kaya ya uminghaak. I felt so lonely that I wanted to return home, but after a while I definitely became adjusted. Hinae toan bumdang hidiyen bokon kaya hi Lammooy. That is what I don’t know, roaming spirits there, but definitely not Lammooy. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 9.6.3.2 - Markers of emphasis.)

kudang (sp. var. kulang) 1sta. to be insufficient; inadequate; not enough; lacking. ma‑. Measure quantifier. (sem. domains: 8.1.7.2 - Lack.) 2to be insufficient. 2.1trans. to cause something to be insufficient or inadequate in amount or number. Kudangona nan indat mun igattang nah boga. He thinks the amount you gave him to buy rice is insufficient. Ustu nan ihaad ku mo kinudangan Maria. What I placed is enough but Maria removed some of it (made it insufficient). ‑on/‑in‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 8.1.7.2 - Lack.) 2.2intrans. for something to be insufficient with the implication that the insufficiency is due to agentive mishandling. Kumudang tun indat mu. What you gave is not enough. Deke on kumudang di kilon nan gatas an in-alim. Sometimes the milk that you bring is lacking in weight. Mungkudang nan in-aliyun kaiw. Something is missing in the lumber you brought.(count not right) ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 2.3sta. to be insufficient, in amount or number. Makudang di pihuk an immed Manila kinali uggeyak gimmatang hi pinhod ku. I did not have enough money when I went to Manila and that’s why I didn’t buy what I wanted. 3adj. to be immature in reference to legumes. Kudang nan bulhe na yaden pinuga na. His beans are immature yet he harvested them. infl. makudang

kuyug₁ 1trans. to take someone along with; to go along with someone. Waday ikuyug nah di. He took someone with him there. Mikuyug kan tulang mu hin umed Lagawe. Go along with your sister when she goes to Lagawe. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑. 3F Move something along with oneself. Sim: kadwa, ibba. (sem. domains: 7.2.5 - Accompany.) 2trans. to accompany someone. Ingkuyukuyugak ot e kami nunhawhawang ad Cubao, Makati, Pasay ya Manila Bay. They accompanied me and we went to Cubao, Makati, Pasay and Manila Bay. i‑/iN‑. 3nom. friendship. Maphod di kuyyugan dan tulu. The friendship of the three is good. ‑an. (sem. domains: 4.1 - Relationships.) der. kuyyugan

lad’un sta. to stay for a long time in a place. Adika bo miladun ad Manila. Don’t stay long in Manila. mi‑/ni‑. (sem. domains: 7.2.7.2 - Stay, remain.)

lappu (sp. var. lapu) 1advpred. to start an activity; to begin something. Ilappum nan dasal taku. You start our prayers. Dahdiy nangilappu nah nundadama? Who started the trouble? i‑/iN‑, nangi‑. Time. Sim: lugin. (sem. domains: 8.4.6.1 - Start something.) 2sta. to be source of; come from. Nalpudda Manila nakugab. They came from Manila yesterday. Wada boh Abe an nalpuh tud Nabagtu. There is also this Abe who came from Nabagtu. ma‑/na‑. 3comm. beginning Maid di lappuna. It has no beginning. 4intrans. one who ritually begins the seasonal ricefield work. Hi Aguinaya di munlapu. Aguinaya is the starter. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) infl. mipalpu infl. nalpu infl. palpu n. ph. handih lappuna

limu 1go down. 1.1sta. to be submerged; to have sunk below the surface; to vanish out of sight from a horizontal plane. Nalimu nah adalom. He was submerged in the deep spot. ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 7.2.2.5 - Move down.) 1.2nom. refers to the sunset. Dakol di tatagun umed Manila Bay ten himbatangan te da tibon nan kalimuhan nan algo. Many people go to Manila Bay in the afternoon because they go to see the setting of the sun. Imme da nah nalimuhan di algo. They went after the sun had set. ka‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.3 - Time of the day.) 2proc. disappearing from view. Mungkalimuy bulan ot ahi kami umanamut. The moon was already disappearing when we went home. Mungkalimuy algo. The sun is disappearing. mungka‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.1 - See.) n. ph. kalimuwan di algo ph. v. nalimuwan di algo

Mahaghaggiling an mange. (id. of haggiling) he is walking very fast. (lit. he is rolling like a wheel in going) Mahaghaggiling an mange te immalih ina na an nalpud Manila. He is walking very fast to meet his mother who arrived from Manila. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.2 - Move quickly.)

makaC1- mod. 1this prefix encodes an intensifying modal of a state. <The first consonant of the root is geminated.> Makangnganta din unga. That child loves to sing. Maka-aliy kogak. I was just at the point of crying. (lit. really coming my crying) Hituwen amayyu ya makahammuy This animal is very odorous. Maka-atung ad Manila. It is very hot in Manila. 2this prefix intensifies the state of the subject referent; co-occurs with stative verbs. Makayyam-oy tinapay ni kinapya na. The bread that she makes is very soft. Sim: nakaC1-. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.) 3this prefix intensifies the passive state of Class 4 verbal roots; non-past tense. Maphod di makaddikhal nan itungu te gagala ya mahap-ayan It is good if the firewood is well-split because it will dry quickly.

ot ahi conj. connects a sequence of events with the second contingent on the first. Hituwey kinalin Juan ke dida ot ahi da umed Manila. This is what John told them before they went to Manila. Coordinating conjunctions. (sem. domains: 8.4.5 - Relative time.)

paN- -an₂ TACR. this circumfix encodes non-past tense and cross-references a topicalized time or place; it co-occurs with Class 4 transitive verbs and some members of Class 1 and Class 2 intransitive movement verbs. An daana udot di pangal-am hi em itugatugal? Where do you get the money to be continuously gambling? Pinhod mu ke bon mun-ang-ang hi sini ya dakol di damanah pangayam. If you want to see a movie, there are many places you can go. Takon di hay dangli na ya maid ta daana mo peman di e pangal-an nan inayana? Because they had nothing, he was not even given the customary death ritual for how could his poor wife afford it? Kinali kediyen eda panggopan ke dida ya inila da moy aton da ya hay eda kipustuwan. That’s why on the day of the raid, they knew what to do and where to post themselves. Em hanhanan ten kakon-anay pangayan da ad Manila. Go ask him when they will go to Manila. Sim: naN- -an. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

planu 1comm. plan; scheme; plot. Waday planu na an umanamut. He has plans of coming home. (sem. domains: 3.3.1 - Decide, plan.) 2trans. to plan, scheme or plot something. Planuwon da di aton da hin dumatong dad Manila. They will plan on what to do when they reach Manila. ‑on/‑in‑ . 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 3.2.1.1 - Think about.) 3comm. draft of a proposed structure. Numpakapya hi planun di bale. He had someone make a house plan. (sem. domains: 6.5 - Working with buildings.) 4intrans. to do an architectural drawing of a building. Mumplanu hi bale an duway gladu na. He is making a house plan two storys in height. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.

puwok 1comm. a tropical hurricane with winds and heavy rain; typhoon. Waday puwok an umali. There’s a typhoon coming. Sim: dibdib, huy’uhuy, hub-’ud, budabud, yupuyup, budibud. (sem. domains: 1.1.3.1 - Wind, 1.1.3 - Weather, 1.1.3.3 - Rain.) 2intrans. to rain heavily with strong winds; to storm. Mumpuwok ad Manila. It is storming in Manila. Pimmuwok dih hilong. It stormed last night. Pumuwok hi indani. It will storm by and by. Napuwok di intanom na. The typhoon damaged his plant. (lit. his plant was stormed) muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑/na‑. ahipuwok

tilapia 1comm. a fish species. Tilapiay igattang da. They sell tilapia-fish. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.5 - Fish.) 2trans. to fish for tilapia. Eda manilapia nah adalom an payo. They are going to fish for tilapia in the deep field. maN‑.

tongngok trans. to look with open mouth; to gape; open mouth with amazement; to gawk. Adim totongngokon te humgop man di lalog hi tokom. Don’t be gaping because a fly will enter your mouth. Tipet nganne ahan hinaen ittolyan totongngokon yun mundongdongol. What is that story about that you are listening with open-mouthed amazement. Adika muntongngok hin ume tad Manila. Do not gawk when we go to Manila. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 3.4.1.3 - Surprise.)
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