aN- (sp. var. a-) adj. this prefix inflects adjectives that are dimension quantifiers. Ambiambilog ya dakkodakkol di tatagu. It is very wide and there are many people. (refers to Manila) Umala da nan tataguh andukken hapang ta ihamad dan igakod nan hagabih di. The men in the forest look for a long, sturdy branch or pole and to that, they tie the hagabi-bench. Nikuyug nadah adi matibon iibbana ot adukkey danallanon da. He travelled with his unseen companions for a long way. (sem. domains: 9.2.9 - Affixes.)
Search results for "aN-"
an-an intrans. 1to remain behind; stay behind to guard house. or when all but one of brothers and sisters have died; the last one or thing left behind; only living person in a family. Dahdiy mun-an-an hi bale? Who will stay behind in the house. He-ay maan-anan hanah bale. You stay in the house. muN‑, ma‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Stay, remain.) 2 refers to the only living person in a family; when all but one of brothers and sisters have died, the last one left behind.
an-anu trans. to do something harmful. Ugge da ot inan-anu yaden kinumga. They did not do anything and yet he cried. ‑on/‑in‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
ban-uk intrans. to feel annoyed by another’s action or speech. Mumbanban-uk hi Bugan nah em nangitud-akan ke hiya. Bugan is showing she is annoyed in your sending her for an errand. Bimman-uk hi Bugan dih nangidatana nah hapid. Bugan was annoyed when she gave the betelnut-leaf. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Sim: mutmut, ngutuwol, ngudu, ngalotongot₂. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Angry.)
ban-ule sta. embarassment related to not sharing what one has. Kababan-uley manganak hi tinapay yaden adida nan inap-apuk. It is embarassing that I am eating bread and my grandchildren are not. (The person should be sharing.) general: Lambrecht, in his dictionary, states that this is a Hudhud word-base, and defines it simply as ‘the notion of embarassment’. Although it may not be restricted to the epic, it may not be used in the common language. ka‑ CV‑. Sim: bain. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124.1 - Ashamed.)
dan-i to wipe. 1.1trans. to wipe off something. Dan-iyam nan mutog tun golang. Wipe off this child’s mucous. Dan-iyam nan taklem te nalugit. Wipe your hand because it is dirty. Pakaddan-iyam. Wipe it off very well. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Sim: punas, dul-i. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Actions of the hand.) 1.2intrans. to use something to wipe. Idan-i yuy takle yu nah tubu. Wipe your hands on the leaf. i‑/iN‑. 1.3ref. to wipe something off of oneself. Mundan-i ka te napipitok ka. Wipe yourself because you are muddy. muN‑/nuN‑.
impaN- nominalizer. this prefix encodes past tense and functions to nominalize the verbal root; co-occurs with Class 4 and 5 verbal roots. <
> Hanadan u-ungan impanaptok ku ya mangohe dan ha-on. (Isaiah 1:2b) The children that I have cared for are rebelling against me. Man-uket makakkahlu kamin mangitaniuttuduh mipanggep ke Kristo ya gapuh impaminhod nan ditaku. (2 Corinth 5:14a) The reason that we are so very industrious to constantly teach about Christ is because of his love for us. Sim: impangi-, pangi-. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Verb affixes.) The use of this prefix is related to syntactic structure that has a topicalized constituent.
maan-anla (infl. of anla) sta. to be happy. Maan-anlah apuna te tinibo nay hinlun di inap-apuna. His grandfather was happy because he saw that his grandson was industrious. Maan-anlah Magappid te immali da an nangidung-o. Magappid was happy because they had come to visit. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Happy.)
maN- 1TACR. the prefix encodes a non-past tense and cross-references a topicalized subject-agent; it co-occurs with Classes 4 and 5 verbal roots. <
> Eda manibo nadan nangipaptok ketuweh udum an makan mu maid. Those in charge tried to look for more food but nothing was left. Himmawwang nadan tatagun e manggop ke dida ot pumpate da dida. The raiding people came out and started to attack them to kill them. Da Juan ke Maira din mange. It’s Juan and Maria who are passing by. Sim: naN-. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Verb affixes.) 2asp. the prefix encodes a present continuative aspect; it co-occurs with roots that have an innate punctiliar aspect. Manatong kami nah ohan bale ya namodwongak an nanibo nah ohan lalaki. As we were arriving near one of the houses, I was surprised to see a man. Hay kalyona ya, kediyen hilong an manganamut, an gawan mon di hilong... He explained to us that the night before while he was on his way home at about midnight... (sem. domains: 8.4.5 - Relative time.) Morphophonology: The N in the form symbolizes a nasal that assimilates to the point of articulation of the first consonant of the root, and then, reduces the consonant. If the first consonant of the root is followed by the ‘o’ vowel, the vowel will also be reduced.
maN- -an v. this circumfix topicalizes and cross-references a time, place or affected object; non-past tense. Ya ahi miweley adol mut mamaptangan nah mapat-al ya matuntuningan nah hilong. (Jeremiah 36:30b) And your body will be thrown away so that it will be exposed to the heat of sunshine and the cold of the night. Sim: naN- -an.
man-u 1adjunct. to be fortunate; for something to be good for someone. Man-un ditaku te mangan takuh mumpitlu hin-algo yaden dakol day agun maid kanon da. Good for us because we can eat three times a day when there are many who have no food at all. Kanak hi nomnom kuy “Makamman-un dida te kay nakalakka. I said to myself, “It’s really good for them because it seems easy.” Evaluative. (sem. domains: 4.4.1 - Prosperity.) 2advpred. something is possible, but is not certain; modifies the main clause; implies that it would be a good thing. Man-u te deket nangabak di tagu nah tugal ya mun-an-anla. It might be that when one wins in gambling he is happy. Modality. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Possible.) comp. man-uke comp. man-upo
man-uke (comp. of man-u, ke₂) adjunct. the reason being; the reason for. Man-uke kanak hidi ya adalon dan mumbaki nah eda pundongdongollan ya abu. The reason I say that is that they learn to recite the rituals and prayers by listening only. Man-uke ya maid di ammod da kinali umat hina da. The reason that they behave in that manner is because they do not have parents. Man-uke ya maddikit ya man-uke ya natalam. It’s partly that she’s good-looking and partly that she’s clever. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Cause, 126.96.36.199.1 - Reason.)
man-upo (comp. of man-u) adjunct. expresses the reason for an expected result. Inilak an ad uwaniy poppog di biyag ku. Man-upo te hidiye tuwaliy maat am-in hi tatagu. (Job 30:23) I know now the end of my life. The reason is because that is certainly what happens to all people. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52.1 - Reason.)
mangipaN- TACR. this prefix cross-references a topicalized agent and encodes a distributive modality of multiple objects; non-past tense. Kon bokon he-a, APU DIOS, di nangamung an mangipangapput hi pinhod mun pangapputon? (Psa. 3:8) Isn’t it you, LORD, who is responsible for causing the victory of those whom you want to win? Sim: nangipaN-.
mumpaN- TACR. this prefix combination functions to encode an action that will affect more than one object; co-occurs with Class 5 transitive verbs; non-past tense. Adida mun-ap-apu tuh luta ya adida mumpangapyah o-ongal an boble. They will not rule this land, and they will not build big cities. muN‑/nuN‑ + paN‑. Sim: numpaN-. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Verb affixes.)
naN- TACR. this prefix cross-references a topicalized agent-subject; co-occurs with Class 4 verbal roots; past tense. <
> Himmagob, nana-ang ya nunhigup hi bintok. He got water, he cooked and carried rice bundles into shade. Hi manang ya dingngol na damdama ot mundihhan namtik nah panto. As for my older brother, he heard it too and ran to the door at the same time. Hiyay nangalah kadukkayan kawayan. He is the one who got the longest bamboo. Takon nadan enungkanta ya nanayo ya uggeda nangan. Even those who participated in the songs and dances did not (eat). Mun-an-anlah inadan nangngol an dakol di inadal da. Their mother was happy to hear that they had learned so much. Sim: maN-. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Verb affixes.) Morphophonology: The final nasal of the prefix assimilates to the first consonant of the root, and then, reduces the consonant; if the vowel o follows the root consonant, the vowel will also be reduced.
nangipaN- trans. this prefix cross-references a topicalized agent and encodes a distributive action on multiple objects; past tense. Kon bokon ha-oy di nangipanaptok handidah aammod yu nah adi maboblayan an makamagga? (Hosea 13:5) Was it not I who cared for your ancestors in the wilderness (lit. the very dry place of no villages)? Ot bokon mo he-a an tagun iEgypt a nangipanguluh tindalun umeh opat di libun an nakigubat gubilnumi... (Acts 21:38) Are you not the Egyptian who led nearly 4,000 soldiers to war against our government... Sim: mangipaN-.