Search results for "abba"

abba to carry. 1.1trans. to carry someone or something in a blanket or shawl on the back or front (chest area). [This is the typical way to carry babies and small children. A child is usually carried on the back with a shawl or blanket; also something breakable or valuable to be carried a distance is carried like this.] Iabbam hanan golang. Carry the child on your back. Iabbam nan buhi ten i-em hi alang te andani ya mag-a. Carry the wine jar on your back when you bring it to the granary lest it falls. i‑/iN‑. 3F Move object with self. Sim: bakyug. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.) 1.2v. refers to the manner in which something is carried, on the back. Mun-abba kayu ta umagwat taku. Carry that on your back so that we can cross the river. Nun-inabbah golang. She’s carrying a child on her back. muN‑/nuN‑.

abbaka (sp. var. of abaka) hemp

abbat 1comm. a nearby place. 1.1comm. a nearby place of the same elevation as the reference point; neighborhood. Umeyak hidid abbat. I will go there (nearby place). Immeh abbat na. He went to the nearby place. (sem. domains: 8.2.6.2 - Near.) 2trans. to go to a particular or specified nearby place. Iabbat kuh balen da Kunde. I will go to Kundeh’s house. Tipet umanab-abbatan ka? Why are you going back and forth nearby. In-abat da nan bilau. The runos were taken nearby. i‑/iN‑. 3trans. to go from one house to another; making the rounds of houses nearby. Mun-abbatanak hi balen di tutulang ku. I frequently go from one sister’s house to the others. muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. 4intrans. to go to or be at a nearby place. Ume bo kanu nah tap-on di wa-el nah ho- alak ya wadaday ngu bungubun mangabbat da. He went to the place above the creek in the er...irrigation ditch and there were mumbling voices nearby. maN‑.

Ambumabbakal prop. fighter god. [The son of brother-sister gods, Kabbigat and Bugan; Ambumabbakal fathered the Matungulan gods who must be appeased.] <The root of the name is bakal which means to quarrel.> (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.)

babbayong (sp. var. of babayung)

gimbatan comm. belt and bolo in scabbard used by warriors; used as part of the ceremonial costume today. Restrictions: Hudhud epic. Ginimhat Aliguyun di gimbatana ot idop-anah ohladanda. Aliguyun seized his belt and scabbard and jumped into their houseyard. Sim: palpaldang, ginuttu. (sem. domains: 4.8.3.7 - Weapon, shoot.)

hik’ot 1comm. scabbard; sheath for large knives, e.g. bolo, machete, sword; includes the belt holding the sheath. Kaanom di hikot ta ahika hunggop. Remove your sheath (with bolo understood) before you enter. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to put a bolo in its sheath. Ihikot muy otak mu. Put your bolo in its sheath. Am-in nadan mungngunu ya inhikot day ispada da. All those who are working, they will sheath their swords. i‑/iN‑. 3intrans. Aga, mundadaan kayu ya munhikot kayu. Go, prepare yourselves and don your sheathed bolos. muN‑/nuN‑.

kabbaung comm. earthen substance used for making ceramic beads, e.g. attake necklace. (sem. domains: 8.3.6 - Made of, material.)

kolet comm. cabbage. Dakol di kolet nah payo mi. We have a lot of cabbage in our ricefield. Natanman nan pinkol hi kolet. The mound is planted with cabbage. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.)

mamayabbayang comm. 1a dream relating to the act of reproduction; a dream of having sexual relations. [This type of dream is considered to be a prediction of conception in the case of newly married couples.] Maphod di in-inopon di mamayabbayang te mun-imbabale ka. It’s good if you dream a romantic dream because you will have children. Sim: in-in’op, ag-agawat. (sem. domains: 5.7.2 - Dream.) 2gods of reproduction. [A ritual sacrifice is given when couples have fertility problems.] Mangnong taku ta iappit takuh mamayabbayang ad Lagud. We’ll offer a sacrifice to the gods of reproduction of the East. Sim: Mamayang. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.)

petchay (sp. var. of pitchay) comm. Chinese cabbage, green leafy vegetable planted in grass mounds, at the side of ricefields and gardens. Maluwab nan intanom nan petchay. The cabbage he planted is robust. Sim: kangkong; Sim: wombok, buttata, kangkong, gatgatang. Brassica pekinesis (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.)

pitchay (sp. var. petchay) comm. green leafy vegetable, cabbage. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.)

tayyabban comm. a type of apparition that appears at night; believed to indicate the death of the one who sees it. [Traditionally believed to be a winged being that appears at night. A male tayyabban appears as a man, a big male duck or a rooster. A female tayyabban appears as a woman with long hair. A shaman is called to perform a ritual to prevent the death of the one who sees it.] Kanan day waday inumpan tayabban nah atop da handi hilong kinali ton-an da. They say that a tayyabban-being alighted on their roof last night that is why they are performing the ton-an-rite. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.)

wombok comm. a Chinese cabbage variety. Wombok di intanom na ad uwani. What he planted now is wombok-vegetable. Sim: petchay, buttata, kangkong, gatgatang. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.)

abaka (sp. var. abbaka) comm. 1(prim) hemp. [The plant is exactly like the banana plant except for the fruit which is inedible.] Adi makan di bungan di abbaka. The fruit of abaca is not edible. (sem. domains: 1.5 - Plant.) 2(sec) rope or cord made of hemp. (sem. domains: 7.5.4.1 - Rope, string.)

babayung (sp. var. babbayong) comm. bumble bee; short antena in head, body seems to be wooly with yellow spots on it. Nabukal hanadan babbayung. The bumble bees have scattered. Sim: alig, balingog, pahok, pappahluk, iyyukan; Spec: pahpahluk, balingog, kamming-it, inalit. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)

buldid 1comm. a bamboo tube which is used by children as a blow gun with kabbaung ‘pieces of earth’ as its bullets. Nangapyah buldid ot buldidon na nan du-uti. He made a blow gun and used it on a dragonfly. (sem. domains: 4.8.3.7 - Weapon, shoot.) 2trans. to spit out something from mouth with force. Tipet he-a ke ya ibanuldid muy hinamal, deket nabhug ka ya abu mo. You, why do you keep spitting rice out; if you are full, then, that’s enough. i‑/iN‑.

hukyup 1comm. a cover which fits exactly over a thing; a tube, a scabbard for a knife. Kaanom di hukyup nan uwa. Remove the sheath of that knife. (sem. domains: 7.3.7 - Cover.) 2trans. to place in a sheath; to sheathe knife. Ihukyup mu nan uwa. Sheathe the knife. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.6 - Put in.) der. hinnukyup

tablo intrans. to be tasteless, e.g. top part of a sugarcane, the taste of cabbage, or sweet potato leaves without flavoring or seasoning. Muntablo nan ihda. The viand is tasteless. muN‑. 1C General class. Sim: lamhit. (sem. domains: 2.3.3 - Taste.)

uknut (sp. var. huknut) trans. to unsheathe a knife; to remove a knife from scabbard. Uknutom nan otak ne indawat mu. Unsheath the machete then hand it over. Inuknut na nan otak. He unsheathed the machete. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.7 - Take something out of something.)

yagayag trans. to sow seeds for transplanting, e.g. cabbage, eggplant. Iyagayag mu nan kolet nah pingkol. Sow the cabbage seeds in the rice-mulch-mounds. Yagayagam nan nagabyon hi pechay. Sow some pechay-cabbage seeds in the plot that is hoed. Munyagayag takuh kolet ta waday itanom taku nah garden. Let us sow cabbage seeds so that we will have some things to plant in our gardens. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑/nuN‑. 3B Move and release object. (sem. domains: 6.2.3 - Plant a field.)

ag-agawat sta. dreams resulting from memory, not related to omens given by spirit-beings. Katatakut di banig an istoryaon nah hilong te miag-agawat hi hinuyop. It’s frightening to tell stories about ghosts at night because dreaming may result while sleeping. mi‑/ni‑. Sim: in-in’op, mamayabbayang. (sem. domains: 5.7.2 - Dream.)

bakyug trans. to hold or carry something on the back. Bakyugom nan golang ta ume taku. Carry the child on your back and we’ll leave now. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. Sim: abba. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.)

in-in’op trans. 1something seen, heard or imagined while sleeping; to dream. Mun-in-inop ka hi maphod. You will dream about good things. muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: ag-agawat, mamayabbayang. (sem. domains: 5.7.2 - Dream.) 2focuses on what is dreamed. In-inopon yu nan inang-ang yu. You will dream about the thing you saw. Dakol di inininop ku dih hilong. I dreamed so many things last night. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition.

Mamayang prop. a god of reproduction who causes conception. [It has been suggested that long ago the root may have been bayang referring to a fetus.] Mahapul an konngan di Mamayang. It is necessary to offer a sacrifice to the god of conception. Sim: mamayabbayang. (sem. domains: 4.9.8.1 - Idol.)

abak trans. to compete with someone. 3H Conversive action process. 1.1defeat. 1.1.1trans. to compete with the focus on the ‘defeat’ component. Abakon dakan Juan. Juan will/can defeat you. Abakok nan mittulu I can defeat the teacher. Pangabakom nan pihhuk te bayadam ten ipaabak mu. Make my money win because you will have to pay it back if you lose it. Adika piabbak. Don’t let yourself be defeated. Inabakak ke Pedroh tugal. I lost to Pedro in gambling./Pedro defeated me in gambling. ‑on/‑in‑, pi‑, ipa‑. Sim: apput. 1.1.2sta. to be the one to lose; loser. ma‑. 1.2trans. to win 1.2.1trans. to win something; usually used in relation to gambling. Kaatnay inabak mun dih hilong hi tugal. How much did you win last night in gambling. Man-u te deket nangabak di tagu nah tugal ya mun-an-anla. It might be that when one wins in gambling he is happy. ‑on/‑in‑, maN‑/naN‑. 1.2.2nom. winnings. [The word may be used in a communication situation: 1. winning in a debate 2. being more articulate than another.] Kaatnay pangabak yu? How much are your winnings?/How much did you win? Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano. der. pangabak infl. maabak infl. mangabak infl. nangabak

abung 1comm. a hut; small house; humble home; has a low post and no round disk encircling the posts just below the floor. Waday abung nad abbat. He has a small hut at that nearby place. Umeyak nah abung nan in-ina. I will go to the small hut of the old woman. Sim: bale, kihikugan, allung. (sem. domains: 6.5.1 - Building.) 2trans. to build a hut; to stay in a hut. Mun-abung dad Linda. They are building a hut in Linda. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 6.5 - Working with buildings.) der. ab-abbung

aw’al trans. to embrace; to hug; to put arms around someone or something. Awalom hi inam ta adi ume. Embrace your mother so that she will not go. Iawal mu nah tukud. Embrace the post. Inawal Joseh amana ot ahina bo awalon hi inanan mungkokkogga. Jose hugged his father after which he also hugged his mother who was crying. Mangali nan mun-ango an umawal. The crazy person who embraces people is coming. Adi maawal te makatabba. She cannot be embraced because she’s so fat. ‑on/‑in, i‑/iN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑/na‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.1.9 - Move a part of the body.)

baag 1trans. to belittle someone by making disparaging remarks. Ibaag daka hin adika mun-hannot hi bulwatim. They will make disparaging remarks if you don’t change your clothes. i‑/iN‑. Speech Verbs - Purpose is to affect recipient. 2sta. refers to someone who is always making disparaging remarks. Ad-adiy eta makabbaag. It’s not good to be one who is always making disparaging remarks. Makabbaag boppo din baket. That old woman always makes disparaging remarks. maka‑. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.)

babuy 1comm. pig; swine; hog. Matmatabba nan babuy mu. Your pig is very fat. Tobatbalona diday bagol ya aammod ta dumalay-up da ta hay idatong di hagabi ya maphod dan am-in an hin-am-a ya ta dumakol di babuy da ya manuk da. He calls on the gods and his ancestors to witness the arrival of his hagabi-bench so that with its arrival, it will bring along good health for his family and the increase (become many) of their pigs and chickens. (sem. domains: 1.6.1 - Types of animals.) 2trans. to raise pigs. Mumbabuy da. They will raise pigs. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 6.3 - Animal husbandry.) der. mababubabuy

bagtutu trans. to carry someone straddling the neck; carry someone astride shoulders and the neck. [Before coffins were used for burying the dead, the body was carried in this manner to the grave.] Imbagtutun ama nan unga ot ume dad abbat an makimma nadah iibana. The father carried the child astride his shoulders and went to the neighborhood to chew betelnut with his companions. i‑/iN‑. 3F Move object with self. (sem. domains: 7.3.1 - Carry.)

baki 1comm. ritual, Ifugao sacrificial rite. [The traditional religion has many rites and rituals, all are classified under this generic name.] (sem. domains: 4.9.5.5 - Offering, sacrifice, 4.9.5 - Practice religion.) 2nom. the shaman-priest who performs the baki. <Although the prefix muN- derives a verb, the form functions as a nominal reference, referring to the person who performs the ritual. > Mungkama-id da mo nadan nakaginnilan mumbaki ya wada ke bo ya naka-am-amma da mo ya adida mo pakabbakiy tatagud uwani te hay pangulug da mo ke Apu Dios. Priests who perform the baki ritual are becoming few and if there are any they are very old and many people nowadays don’t perform the baki because of their faith in God. Gulat na nin ta maid di mundogo nadah mangulug ke Apu Dios ya maid da nin di mumbaki. Maybe if none of the believers in God become ill, there would be no more baki-priests. muN‑ . 3sta. refers to the deities or ancestors invoked in a ritual and are the recipients of the sacrifice offered. Mabaki nadan ammod na. His ancestors are invoked in the ritual. der. Mabaki der. mumbaki

balbal trans. 1to wash clothes. Balbalan yu nan nunhannotan yu. Wash your soiled clothes. Pakabbalbalam tun bulwatik. Wash my clothes very well. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, pakaC‑ ‑an. 5B Remove object from site. (sem. domains: 5.6.4 - Wash clothes.) 2to do laundry as a durative activity. Mumbalbal nan imbabale na. Her child is doing the laundry. Mumbalbal da nah wangwang. They are washing clothes in the river. muN/nuN .

bingig intrans. 1buzz, sound produced by bees, flies, mosquitoes or other insects; whizzing sound of a flying missile. Mumbingig nan hinumgop hi ingana. The thing that entered his ear is buzzing. Bumingig tun ay-ayyam nan golang. This toy of the child buzzes. Mumbingngigan day babbayung. The bees are buzzing. Pabingigom nan indat inam an ay-ayyam mu. Let the toy that your mother gave you buzz. Mabingig nadan pappahluk. The bees emit buzzing sounds. muN‑, ‑um‑, pa‑‑on, ma‑. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2to make a buzzing sound. Mumbingig an nala-u nan tolak. The vehicle passed by with a whizzing sound. muN‑/nuN‑.

bokya 1comm. spinster; old maid, refers to a woman who has never married. Makabbaddang day bokya. Spinsters are very helpful. (sem. domains: 2.6.5.2 - Woman.) 2sta. to have become a spinster. Nabokya nan tulang na. Her sister became a spinster. ma‑/na‑.

bollang intrans. to remove from the carrying blanket; take off the carrying blanket. Bollangom mo nan in-abbam. Take the one you are carrying off your back. Bollangom nan in-abbam te nable ka. Remove the child you are carrying in the blanket because you are tired. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.7 - Take something out of something.)

bukal trans. to crumble; break into small bits. Pumbukal Jose nan pangitanmanah kolet. Jose was breaking-up the soil where he is going to plant cabbage. Bumukal kah pangitanman tuh buwa. Break-up the soil so we can plant this seed. Kon kah-in di pakabukkalon di luta on ahi intanom nan buttata? Is it necessary to pulverize the soil well before planting petchay? Bukalom nan luta ta ahim tanman. Break the soil into smaller bits before planting. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.8.1 - Break.) der.infl. mabukal

bulang 1comm. a cockfight. Waday bulang hi Sabadu. There will be a cockfight on Saturday. (sem. domains: 4.2.6 - Entertainment, recreation.) 2trans. cocks fighting. Mumbubulang da hi bigat. There is going to be a cockfight (lit. cocks will fight) tomorrow. Em ibulang tun baud ku. Take this cock to fight. E makibulang hi Sabadu nadan iMabbalat. Those from Mabbalat will go to the cockfight on Saturday. Bumobboh-ol hi Vicente te hinnatkon di nangibulang hi poltana nah bulangan. Vicente is very mad because somebody else had his cock fight in the cockpit. muN‑, i‑, maki‑, nangi‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano. der. bulangan

dolong 1comm. the fluid excreted by a decomposing corpse. Makahammuy nan dolong na. The corpse’s fluid is very smelly. (sem. domains: 2.2 - Body functions.) 2intrans. for a decomposing corpse to excrete fluid. Mundodolong nan in-abbanan nate. The corpse that he was carrying was excreting body fluids. muN‑/nuN‑.

galden (sp. var. garden) comm. garden. Tinanmanah kolet nan galdena. He planted his garden with cabbage. (sem. domains: 6.2.1.3 - Growing vegetables.) Language Of Borrowing: English.

guling comm. a small but costly rice wine jar. [The jar is used only for rice wine; it is particularly used in the dawat and palat di bagol rituals.] In-abbana nan guling an napnuh baya. She carried on her back the small jar full of ricewine. Sim: buwod, angang, dale; Gen: buhi. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.)

haping 1intrans. for a plant to germinate; to sprout. Himmahapping nan kolet. The cabbage sprouted many shoots. Manaping nan ka-itanom kun palawer. The flower I just planted is sprouting. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, maN‑. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.) 2comm. shoot of plant; sprout. Dakol di haping nan page. The rice has many shoots.

in-ina (der. of ina) 1comm. old woman. In-ina mo nan nangiabban ha-oy handi. The one who cared for me when I was a child is already an old woman. Kanan nan in-inay ek ihulul tun onom an itlug hi manteka. The old woman said, I’m going to barter these six eggs for lard.” CV(C)‑. (sem. domains: 2.6.5.2 - Woman.) 2sta. to be old. Nain-ina moh ina. Mother is already an old-woman. na‑ CV(C)‑.

inado (der. of ado) comm. mulch mounds of grass and mud at the side of a rice paddy on which vegetables are planted; made a couple of months after harvest during the field fallow season. Intanom kuy kolet nah inado. I planted cabbage on the paddy-mound Tanmam nan inado hi buttata. Plant the paddy-mounds with pechay. Sim: pingkol. (sem. domains: 6.2.9 - Farmland.)

kalga 1comm. a load; baggage; cargo. Maid di kalga na. He has no baggage. (sem. domains: 8.1.3.3 - Group of things.) 2trans. to load or carry baggage. Mungkalga dah kolet hi bigat. They will be loading cabbage tomorrow. Kalgaon da nan bulhem hin pinhod mu. If you want they could carry your beans. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑on/‑in‑ . Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: carga.

kilo 1comm. kilogram. Duway kilo nan boga. The rice is two kilograms. (sem. domains: 8.2.9 - Weigh.) 2trans. to weigh something. Ikilo yu tun bulhe. Weigh the beans. Kilowon yu nan duwan sakun kolet. Weigh the two sacks of cabbages. Mungkilo da hi boga. They are weighing rice. Kinilo da nan duwan manuk. They weighed the two chickens. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. refers to something that has been weighed. Kinilo di ginattang nan boga. He bought rice by the weight. (meaning not a whole sack) ‑in‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.

kuleng sta. to be withered, referring to plants. Makuleng di intanom ku te namahig di potang. What I planted will wither because it’s too sunny. Nakuleng nan buttatan inalan nan ungah payo. The chinese cabbage that the child got from the field is withered. Uggem dinanuman nan flower te inang-ang ku ya mungkakuleng. You did not water the flower because I saw it and it was withering. Nanginkukuleng nan intanom kuh tu kaiw. The tree that I planted here withered easily. ma‑/na‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. Sim: malyo. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.) infl. mungkakleng

linalaki (infl. of lalaki) comm. the plural form of male. Nagibbu keh tuwe ya ahida naamung nadan linalaki iiban nan humagabi After this, the male relatives of those performing the Hagabi gather together Nakabbayuy numbayun nadan linalaki. Those boys pounded (rice) very well. ‑in‑. (sem. domains: 2 - Person.)

ohab intrans. to open the mouth involuntarily in reaction to fatigue or sleepiness; to yawn. Mun-oohab din golang. The baby is yawning. Umohab ke nan golang ya iabbam te umaliy hinuyop na. If the child yawns, carry him because he is becoming sleepy. Eka mahuyop te mun-ooyab ka. Go to bed because you are yawning. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2E Body/Physiological functions. (sem. domains: 5.7 - Sleep.)

pakaC1- -an this circumfix is an intensifier and cross-references the site-object. <This circumfix is an allomorph of the circumfix pakaC2‑ ‑an. It co-occurs with roots with the CVC.CV(C) syllable pattern.> Hi Joshua ya pakabbaddangan APU DIOS, kinali nundingngol di ngadanah kabobboble. (Joshua 6:7) As for Joshua, the LORD greatly helped him, that’s why his name was heard in all the villages. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.)

pingkol (der. of pokol, pokol) 1comm. the hand-formed mulch mounds in a rice paddy; mounds in the water of ricefields during dormant phase of rice growing. Natanman nan pingkol hi kolet. The mulch mounds are planted with cabbages. Sim: inado. (sem. domains: 6.2.2 - Land preparation.) 2trans. to make mulch mounds in the ricefield. Mamingkol da ina hi bigat. Mother and the rest are going to make mulch mounds in the ricefield tomorrow. maN‑. der. mamkol

pite sta. to be softened, fruit or vegetables; mushy food due to overcooking; may also refer to something that is rotten. Napite nan kolet te nabuluk. The cabbage is mushy because it’s rotten. Tibom ta makappite nan hinamal. See to it that the rice you are cooking becomes very soft. ma‑/na‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.)

pitu 1adj. seven. Pitu kamin hintutulang. We are seven brothers and sisters. Pituy toona yaden makangngun-unud ya makabbaddang. He was only seven years old, yet he was obedient and helpful. Number quantifier. 2adj. seventh. Ha-oy di mikapitu. I’m the seventh. mika‑. 3adj. seven times. Naminpitu kan immali. You came seven times. Mamitun pihuy bayad di oha hantudah nungkikbin manuk. Those cooped chickens are worth seven pesos each. maN‑. namin‑. 4adj. seven each. Hinpipituy imbabale mi. We have seven children each. Hinpipituy liblu mi ot ahi kami nuntikod. We each reached seventh grade before we quit. hiN‑ CV‑. 5intrans. to divide into seven parts. Pumpituwom nan tupaya. Divide the papaya into seven pieces. puN‑ ‑on. comp. himpulut pitu der. himpipitu

pulin₁ trans. to clean vegetables or unpounded rice; the vegetables are cleaned by removing the dirt and outer leaves. Pulinam nan petchay. Clean the cabbage. Kon pinlinam tun boga? Did you clean this rice? ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5B Remove object from site. (sem. domains: 5.2.1.2 - Steps in food preparation.)

ta₁ The conjunction links a statement of means with a statement of purpose. conj. 1so that. <Morphophonology: Following words ending in vowels ta can be reduced to a clitic form t attached to the preceding word.> Kah-in di he-ay ume ta he-ay e makihummangan ke hiya. You must go so that you’ll be the one to talk to him. Coordinating conjunctions. (sem. domains: 9.6.2.7 - Purpose.) 2and, with a purpose. Ekat em iabba nan duyat. Go to carry the baby on your back. Manginbubuttik ka aga dih tendaan ta eka gumattang hi suka. Please run to the store to buy vinegar. 3in order to. Immaliyak ta awitok tun golang. I came in order to take this baby. Hay atom ta matikod nan pumbabahhulan yu ya tayanam tun boble. What you need to do in order to stop the bad relationship between you is for you to leave this place. Kah-in di waday himpulun mukkol ta ahi mapnu nan saku. Ten more pieces are needed in order to fill up the sack. comp. deke pe nin ta comp. deket comp. hin anoka ta comp. ta ahi

taba 1comm. fatty animal tissue made up of cells with oily substance; fat. Taban am-in tun dotag. This meat is all fat. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2proc. to become fat. Tumaba nan babuy hin ihlodam. The pig will become fat if you cook food for it. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3sta. for a person to be stout or obese. Makatabba nan inayak. My spouse is obese (very fat). maka‑. (sem. domains: 8.2 - Big.)

tanok trans. to soften by cooking or soaking, particularly related to vegetables. Tanokom nan kolet ta ahim banowon. Cook the cabbage until it is soft and then dish it out. Matanok di punha-ang di iin-ina. Old women cook vegetables to be soft. Nakatannok nan kolet. The cabbage was over-cooked. Tanokom nan buttata te hidiyey pinhod ina. Cook the cabbage until it is soft because that is what mother prefers. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑, naka‑. (sem. domains: 5.2.1.1 - Cooking methods.)

toon comm. refers to a time period of a year. Kaatnay toon mu? How old are you? (lit. how many years) Hintoon di ug-uggek nangang-angan ke he-a. I have not seen you for a year Pituy toona yaden makangngun-unud ya makabbaddang. He was only seven years old, yet he was obedient and helpful. (sem. domains: 8.4.1 - Period of time.) comp. hintoon der. tinoon infl. katootoon n. ph. ad uwanin toon n. ph. handih toon n. ph. hantuh ohan toon ph. v. mumpidwah ohan toon ph. v. mumpip-at hi hintoon

unud 1trans. to follow someone or something. Unudon yu nan gulding ta adi matalak. Follow the goat so that it will not be lost. Inunud kun ya immed Ambabag. I followed him and he went to Ambabag. ‑on/‑in‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 7.2.5.2 - Follow.) 2trans. to follow the advice of someone; to obey. Unudom di kalyon inam. Follow what your mother says. Adika mangun-unud. You do not obey. Pituy toona yaden makangngun-unud ya makabbaddang. He was only seven years old, yet he was very obedient and helpful. ‑on/‑in‑, maN‑/naN‑. (sem. domains: 4.5.4.1 - Obey.) 3intrans. to be in agreement; to cooperate; to unite. Mun-uunnudan da nadan tatagu kediyen boble. The people in that village are united. muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 4.1.5 - Unity.) 4intrans. to imitate; to copy. Iun-unud mu nah inat ku. Imitate what I did. i‑/iN‑ CVC‑. infl. mangun-unud infl. maunud

uwang 1comm. an opening in or through something; a hole. Waday uwang nah banga kinali mundagay danum. There’s a hole in the pot; that’s why the water seeps through. Nabituy hukin nan nuwang nah uwang nah pingngit di wangwang. The water buffalo’s leg got stuck in a hole along the river bank. Sim: lokong, butbut, abut, guk-ang. 2trans. to make holes. Uwangam nadan lata ta tanman tah kolet. Make holes in the cans so that we can plant cabbage in them. Nauwauwangan di dingding mi. Our wall has holes. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 7.8.5 - Make hole, opening.)

waghak trans. to sow seeds by casting. Inwaghak na nan buttata nah dolya. She cast the pechay-cabbage-seeds at the side of the field. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3B Move and release object. Sim: ohok. (sem. domains: 6.2.3 - Plant a field.)

wahwa trans. to shake something in water; to rinse. Iwahwam nan buttata ot ya abu kombo ot impakaplinak. Just shake the chinese-cabbage in water because I cleaned it well. Wahwaham nan napipitok an bulwatim. Rinse your muddy clothes i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3I Direct an action toward an object. Sim: kigwa. (sem. domains: 5.6 - Cleaning.)

yaden (den) (comp. of ya, den) conj. 1connects a clause with information that expresses contraexpectation and is antithetical to that encoded in the preceding clause; and yet. Maid inat kun hiya yaden dumuntuk. I did nothing to him and yet he wants to box me. Pituy toona yaden makangngun-unud ya makabbaddang. He was only seven years old, and yet he was obedient and helpful. Wada da nan munhona ta kanan di bumaddang da yaden mungkulkullawing da ot ya aabu ta mid-um di dam-ot da. There are those naughty ones who say they will help carry the load, and yet instead they hold on to the pole and swing from one side to the other, thereby adding to the load. Ugge nabubungan yaden ahi udan mo. It’s not roofed, and yet it’s almost rainy season. Ammunay katem yaden mabungot ka. You are about to die, and yet you are angry. Compounding conjunctions and adjuncts. (sem. domains: 9.6.2.9 - Concession.) 2connects a clause encoding an event that takes place at the same time as the one in the preceding clause; frequently, there is also a contraexpectation concept expressed in the context of the conjunction use; while. Munha-ang yaden mangan. He is cooking while eating. Man-un dakami te nakangngan kami yaden toattoan da peman di udum. Good for us because we ate while the others did not. Mungngahngahak yaden mungkaliyak hi bale mi. I gasped for breath while I was shouting at our house. (sem. domains: 8.4.5.2.2 - At the same time.)