Search results for "ak"

‑in‑₂ num. this infix encodes plural for the noun roots meaning woman, babai, and man, lalaki, and some cardinal numbers. Ya pinhod ot Mayor an dakol day binabain mun-ampuyo What the Mayor wanted was many women dressed in the Ifugao skirt. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.2 - Noun affixes.)

abak trans. to compete with someone. 3H Conversive action process. 1.1defeat. 1.1.1trans. to compete with the focus on the ‘defeat’ component. Abakon dakan Juan. Juan will/can defeat you. Abakok nan mittulu I can defeat the teacher. Pangabakom nan pihhuk te bayadam ten ipaabak mu. Make my money win because you will have to pay it back if you lose it. Adika piabbak. Don’t let yourself be defeated. Inabakak ke Pedroh tugal. I lost to Pedro in gambling./Pedro defeated me in gambling. ‑on/‑in‑, pi‑, ipa‑. Sim: apput. 1.1.2sta. to be the one to lose; loser. ma‑. 1.2trans. to win 1.2.1trans. to win something; usually used in relation to gambling. Kaatnay inabak mun dih hilong hi tugal. How much did you win last night in gambling. Man-u te deket nangabak di tagu nah tugal ya mun-an-anla. It might be that when one wins in gambling he is happy. ‑on/‑in‑, maN‑/naN‑. 1.2.2nom. winnings. [The word may be used in a communication situation: 1. winning in a debate 2. being more articulate than another.] Kaatnay pangabak yu? How much are your winnings?/How much did you win? Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano. der. pangabak infl. maabak infl. mangabak infl. nangabak

abaka (sp. var. abbaka) comm. 1(prim) hemp. [The plant is exactly like the banana plant except for the fruit which is inedible.] Adi makan di bungan di abbaka. The fruit of abaca is not edible. (sem. domains: 1.5 - Plant.) 2(sec) rope or cord made of hemp. (sem. domains: 7.5.4.1 - Rope, string.)

abako adj. a group of winged creatures, e.g. locusts, birds; a horde. [This word is commonly used about a horde of rice birds that descend upon a rice field to sip the liquid of developing rice kernels.] Imaali key hin-abakon buding ya naligat an abulon dida. If a horde of rice birds comes, it is difficult to drive them away. Inabul ku nan hin-abakon buding. I drove the horde of rice birds away. hin‑. Number quantifier. (sem. domains: 4.2.1.7 - Crowd, group.)

abbaka (sp. var. of abaka) hemp

ad nakugab (n. ph. of nakugab) adv. yesterday. <Inflected form kugaban for topicalization of the time with delimiter abu.> Ad nakugab di immaliyak. I arrived yesterday. Ad kugaban ya abuy nangang-angak ke hiya. It was only yesterday that I saw him. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.2 - Yesterday, today, tomorrow.)

ag-agak interj. interjection that emphasizes and draws attention to what is being said. Ag-agak di ngina nan am-in ad uwani. There, everything is expensive now. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.)

agamid trans. 1to bring something to oneself; draw towards one’s self. Agamidom din ulo. Draw that blanket towards you. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Convey/bring objects toward agent. Sim: akuy. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.8 - Pull.) 2to adopt a child Inagamid na nan imbabalen nan inayana ya nan tindalu. He adopted the child of his wife and the soldier. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 4.1.9.6 - Adopt.) 3to take personally something that is said. Adim agamidon di kinalik te bokon he-a. Don’t take personally what I have said because it doesn’t pertain to you. Antipet agamidom am-in di kalida? Why do you listen to everything they say? ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.1.6 - Upset.)

ahhing intrans. to assault or abuse someone alternately, may be verbal or physical; to take turns assaulting. Nun-aahhingan dan dinuntuk nan mangako. They took turns in hitting the thief. muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.)

ahibakle (comp. of bakle, ahi) nom. season for thanksgiving celebration. Naken ahibakle ya dakol day umalin bumaddang an mumbayu nan dayyakot. During Thanksgiving many come to help in pounding the sticky rice. (sem. domains: 4.2.2.2 - Festival, show.)

ahihopnak (comp. of hopnak, ahi) nom. season for sowing rice seeds; making seed beds. Ahihopnak yaden ugge naaladu nan payo. It is the season to sow rice yet the field is not yet plowed. (sem. domains: 8.4.1 - Period of time, 6.2 - Agriculture.)

ak pers. 1I; first person, singular pronoun; a member of Set 2 subject pronouns, cross-referenced by verbal affixes. <Morphophonology: When a verb ends in a vowel, this pronoun attaches to the verb as an enclitic, and a consonant will be inserted between the verb and the pronoun.> Handi pinghanan umeyak hidi ya kalyok on matalakak. When I went there for the first time, I thought I would get lost. Immi-ingleyak an pinhod kun umanamut mo indani bo kaya ya uminghaak. I felt so lonely that I wanted to return home, but after a while I became adjusted. Mungngahngahak yaden mungkaliyak hi bale mi. I gasped for breath and yet I shouted at our house. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2me; first person, singular pronoun; a member of Set 3 object pronouns; cross-referenced by verbal affixes. Adiyak danugon te mahakitanak Don’t hit me because I easily feel pain. Tinuttuduwak an kumali kali da. They taught me how to speak their language.

ak-ak 1trans. to separate thread; pull apart without breaking as in separating thread; untangle. Ak-akom nan tinayum. Separate the threads of your weaving. ‑on/‑in‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 7.5.1.1 - Separate, scatter.) 2intrans. to separate the strands of thread, rope. Mun-ak-ak hi tulang na. Her sibling is separating thread. Umak-ak ka nah linubid. Unwind some strands from the rope. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

ak’i comm. little girl; child, used as vocative. [It is used when addressing a little girl who is closely related or one who is very dear to the speaker.] Makakeh tu aki. Come here, dear little girl. Aki, adika kumga. Child, do not cry. Sim: i-inggi. (sem. domains: 2.6.4.2 - Child.)

ak’ud trans. to get cooked rice from the pot; to dish out rice. Akudom nan niha-ang. Dish out the cooked rice. Opwatom nuppe nan hinamal, akudom hi ligau ta madibdiban ta mababao. Remove the cooked rice from the fire, ladle it into a winnower so the air will help to cool it. ‑on/‑in‑. 4D Release, remove, detach object. Sim: bano, haklung, hoklad, ado. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.7 - Take something out of something.)

aka adjunct. expression that questions the reason for something; implies surprise, denial and doubt; a why expression. Aka? Kon ha-oy di nangala? Why? Was it me who got it? Aka- maid ot di inalak. Why, I did not get anything. Interjection. (sem. domains: 9.6.3.2 - Markers of emphasis, 9.2.7 - Interjections.)

akad 1intrans. to step forward; to pace. Umakad kah himpulu. Make ten paces. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2A Movement from one place to another. Sim: akdang. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1 - Walk.) 2trans. this form focuses on the manner of moving, a step. Iakad mu. Take a step.

akasya 1comm. acacia tree or wood. Pinaot na nan akasya. He carved the acacia wood. Nakahhappangan tun akasya. This acacia tree has many branches. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.) 2sta. to be full of acacia trees. Maakasya nan muyung. The forest is full of acacia trees. ma‑.

akaw adjunct. expression of dismay or disappointment; good grief; oh no. Eka ke ibagan Sakai hin mabalin an makilugan takuh kotsa da. Akaw, adiyak te bumainak. Would you go and ask Sakai if we can ride with him in his car? Oh no, I will not because I would be embarassed. Interjection. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.)

akbab comm. a plant variety with fruit hooked on roots which are above ground. (sem. domains: 1.5 - Plant.)

akbo trans. to jump onto something, e.g. pig, and using the whole body to catch or hold. Iakbom ta dopapom din babuy Jump down and catch the pig. Akbowam nan babuy. Jump onto the pig to catch it. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3I Direct action toward object. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1.3 - Jump.)

akbut 1comm. a backpack; a knapsack. [Formerly, the backpack was always made of animal hide] Pinhod kuy akbut an umat nah ginattang mu. I want a knapsack just like the one you bought. Adida ke ihda nan bolat na ya kapyaon dah akbut. When they do not eat the skin, they make it into a backpack. Sim: bango, pahhiking, hakbat. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2intrans. to use a backpack. Mun-akbut la hin umanamut ka. Use a backpack when you go home. In-akbut na nan bulwatina. He placed his clothes in a backpack. muN‑/nuN‑, i‑/iN‑.

akdang (sp. var. akkang) 1comm. a stride; a pace or step. Andukkey akdang di Amerikano. Americans have long strides. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1 - Walk.) 2intrans. to be walking rapidly. Kaakdaakdang nadan binabai. The women were striding rapidly. ka‑ CVCV‑. Sim: akad. der. hin-akdang

ake (sp. var. amke) adjunct. an expression emphasizing the demand for someone to look at something. Akeh tu! Look at this! Interjection. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.)

akhop 1sta. having little relative height; situated below normal height; low. Naakhop nan kaiw di be-et. The guava tree is very low. Umakhop nan duplanu. The airplane will lower itself. Naak-akhop di kad-an nan baleyu. Your house is on a lower place. ma‑/na‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 6D Descriptives. ant: tag-e. (sem. domains: 8.2.6.4 - Low.) 2intrans. to be aware of one’s shortcomings; to show respect for others; to be humble. Maphod di mun-akhop namam-a hin waday bahul. One should be humble especially if he is at fault. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 4.3.2.2 - Humble, 4.5.6.2 - Low status.)