Search results for "ala"

‑in‑₂ num. this infix encodes plural for the noun roots meaning woman, babai, and man, lalaki, and some cardinal numbers. Ya pinhod ot Mayor an dakol day binabain mun-ampuyo What the Mayor wanted was many women dressed in the Ifugao skirt. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.2 - Noun affixes.)

abala comm. the breast part of fowl. Ihaang mu hanan abalan nan manuk. Cook the breast part of the chicken. (sem. domains: 1.6.2.1 - Parts of a bird.)

al-ala trans. to make fun of or joke about someone’s characteristics or behavior. Adim al-alaon hi Maria te kumga. Don’t tease Maria because she’ll cry. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.8.2 - Insult.)

ala obtain. 1.1trans. to become the receiver or owner of something; get. An inalam nan agam nah butilya? Did you get your medicine from the bottle? E inalan Gaby nan lata mu dakol moy imme nadah allama. Gaby got the can but many of the crabs got away. ‑on/‑in‑. 4C Move object toward agent. (sem. domains: 7.3.3.1 - Take something from somewhere.) 1.2intrans. to get a restricted quantity of something. Umala ka hi lappaw ta pun-alad ku. Get some Jerusalem artichoke so I can make a fence. Umala da nan tataguh andukken hapang ta ihamad dan igakod nan hagabih di. The men in the forest look for a sturdy branch or pole and to this, they tie the hagabi-bench. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1.3pass. for something to be gotten. Dakol di maalan mangga hidi. There’s a lot of mangoes which could be taken from there. ma‑/na‑. der. mangalana infl. maala

alabat intrans. to interrupt a conversation. <The prefix maN- is the only affix allowed.> Mangalabat ka. You are interrupting. maN‑. Sim: bibyang. (sem. domains: 7.2.7.1 - Stop moving.)

alad 1comm. fence; enclosure of ground. Napa-i nan alad taku. Our fence was destroyed. Inyapana nah kad-an di alad. He jumped into a place near the fence. Sim: iya, luhud. (sem. domains: 6.5.1.5 - Fence, wall.) 2intrans. to build a fence. Mun-alad hi Jose. Jose is building a fence. Umalaka hi lappao ta pun-alad ku. Get some Jerusalem artichoke so that I can use to make a fence. Umalad kah pukungan di gawgawa. Fence a space for a duck pen. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3trans. to focus is on what is used for building a fence or what is being fenced. Ialad mu nan bilau. Use the canegrass for in building a fence. Aladon yu nan dola. Build a fence around your yard. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. 4pass. to be fenced. Naaladan nan ek pangidalanan. The way I will pass by is fenced. ma‑/na‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

aladdu 1comm. key. Nangihdiyam nah aladdun di bale? Where did you put the key to the house? Pudugom hi Jose ta em idat tun aladdu. Run after Jose and give this key to him. (sem. domains: 6.7.5 - Fastening tool, 7.5.4.1 - Rope, string.) 2trans. to lock up. Ialaddum nan bale hin lumah-un ka. Lock the house when you go out. Aladduwom nan kaban. Lock the wooden crate. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.6.1 - Shut, close.)

aladu 1comm. a farm implement used to break up and prepare soil for planting; a plow. [The plow has one blade and one handle attached.] Natupu nan aladu te mabatu nan payoda. The plow became dull because their field is rocky. (sem. domains: 6.2.8 - Agricultural tool.) 2plowing. 2.1trans. to prepare soil for planting by using a plow; the activity itself is in view. An mun-aladu kayu nah payo yud uwani? Are you going to plow your field today? muN‑/nuN‑. 2.2trans. to prepare some specified amount of ground for planting; activity is in view. Umaladu kah puntanman hi gahhilang. Plow an area to be planted with corn. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 6.2 - Agriculture.) 3plow soil. 3.1trans. the soil being prepared for planting is in view. Kon aladuwon yu nan payo da? Are you are going to plow their field? ‑on/‑in‑. 3.2pass. the passive form which describes the soil being prepared for planting. Adi maaladu te mabatu. It cannot be plowed because it’s rocky. ma‑. 3.3trans. the plow implement is in view in the preparation of soil for planting. Ialadu yu nan ka-apya. Use the new plow. i‑/iN‑.

alagaag intrans. squealing of pigs. [The usual way of killing pigs is by piercing the heart with a sharpened stake.] Mun-alagaag nan babuy te binalud da. The pig was squealing because they had bound it. Umalagaag nan babuy hin wewekon da. The pig will squeal when they pierce it. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1D Sounds. Sim: agaag. (sem. domains: 1.6.4.3 - Animal sounds.)

alak 1comm. irrigation canal. Maid di liting nah alak. There’s no water in the irrigation canal. Mibakilang kanuh Abe nah alak ot kanana kanuy “Aday, aday, aday, aday. According to him, he lay down in the ditch and he said “Ow, ow, ow, ow.” Sim: paluk, boy’a, kanal. (sem. domains: 6.6.7 - Working with water.) 2trans. to build an irrigation ditch. <With this affixation the agent-subject is fronted and cross-referenced.> Hi Jose di mangalak hitu. Jose wil build the canal here. maN‑/naN‑. der. mangalak

alal 1sta. to be dizzy from chewing betelnut or smoking strong tobacco. Naalalak nah mimmak. I felt dizzy after chewing betelnut. ma‑/na‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. (sem. domains: 2.4 - Body condition.) 2intrans. to cause someone to become dizzy. Umalal nan indat mun moma. The betelnut you gave causes dizziness. ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

alalahi comm. a tree, cloth fiber variety, has white flowers. [The bark fibers of this tree are used for weaving cloth; the fibers must be soaked to prepare them.] (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.)

alamanu intrans. to shake hands in agreement. Nakialamanu dan dakamih pangipatib-an dan abuluton dakami. They shook hands with us to show that they accepted us. maki‑/naki‑. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.4 - Agree with someone.)

alambri 1comm. barbed wire. Aladam hi alambri nan kudal. Fence the ranch/pasture land with barbed wire. (sem. domains: 6.7.5 - Fastening tool, 7.5.4.1 - Rope, string.) 2trans. to fence with wire. Alambrian yu nan kudal. Build a barbed wire fence around the pasture land. Naalambrian nan dolada. Their yard is fenced with barbed wire. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. 3intrans. for someone to fence an area. <With this affixatrion, the subject -agent is fronted and cross-referenced.> Hiyay mangalambri nah kudal. He will be the one to fence the pasture land with barbed wire. maN‑/naN‑. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.

alana 1comm. the person who seeks revenge by prowling at night. (sem. domains: 4.8.2.5 - Revenge.) 2trans. to prowl to take revenge; hunt people for revenge; avenge; revenge seeker. [A relative of the victim of a murder goes out at night to look for someone to kill, especially a relative of the one who killed his family member.] Eda mangalana nadan iiban nan pinate da. The relatives of the slain victim are going to prowl the night to seek revenge (lit. seek the one they will kill). maN‑.

alang comm. granary; it is built just like the native house except some have bamboo walls, and there’s no attic support. Inhakyat day pagen nah alang ad nakugab. They brought up the unhusked-rice from the fields to the granary yesterday. (sem. domains: 6.5.1 - Building.) der. mahin-alangan

alanganin advpred. predicates the uncertainty of something. Ya hay gapunah adina pangitikodan ya alanganin di biyag na hi punnomnom na And the reason he does not stop is he thinks his life would be uncertain. Evaluative.

alangngaang comm. throat; esophagus. Makakakiyakiy alangnga-ang ku. My throat is very itchy. Mahakit tun alangnga-ang ku. My throat is painful. (sem. domains: 2.1.1.4 - Mouth.)

alas comm. hour. Indani ya ena imama-uwan ya maid mo nadan e nangikuyug ke hiya, an wada nin an alas kuwatro mon diye. Then, at about 4:00 a.m. he suddenly noticed that he was left alone by his abductors. (sem. domains: 8.4.1 - Period of time.)

alate (sp. var. alatte) intrans. to move across something narrow suspended in the air, e.g. a tree branch, foot bridge. Tumakutak an umalate nah langtay an kaiw te nadunut. I am afraid to cross that wooden bridge because it’s rotten. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2A Movement from one place to another. (sem. domains: 7.2 - Move.)

alatte (sp. var. of alate)

alawa trans. 1to meet an omen bird on the way; the bird crosses over the path. Inalawan nan pitpit ot ibangngad na. He met an omen-bird so he returned. Uggeyak imme ad Bilong te inalawaak hi ido. I did not go to Bilong because the omen-bird crossed my path. ‑on/‑in‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 4.9.4.7 - Omen, divination.) 2to cross someone’s path; to meet someone on the road who stops you from going your intended way. Inalawaak ke Felisa ot maki-eyak ke hiya. Felisa crossed my path and so I went with her. Alawaom hi Idad ta kumdo kah moma. Block (with arms) the path of Idad so you can ask for betelnut. ‑on/‑in‑.

Alawag 1comm. name of thanksgiving ritual, follows rice harvest. Sim: bakle. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.7.1 - Thank, 4.9.5.4 - Religious ceremony.) 2trans. to perform the thanksgiving ritual by blessing rice cakes. Inalawag da nan binakle. They performed the alawag rite with the rice cakes. ‑on/‑in‑.

alawit sta. to be influenced by someone or something. Naalawit kah malumiin kalina. You were influenced by his sweet talk. na‑. 6B Characteristics of human nature or life situation. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.6 - Attitude.)

alaya intrans. to roam around. Restrictions: Hudhud epic. Antipet ammunay mun-alayan aton yu? Why is it that all you do is roam around? {literary} muN‑. Syn: duka. (sem. domains: 7.2.4 - Travel.)

alayag comm. rope halter for carabao. Nakhat nan alayag dih mun-aladu da. The halter of the carabao snapped when they were plowing. (sem. domains: 6.7.5 - Fastening tool, 7.5.4.1 - Rope, string.)

alayyon (sp. var. alayyun) 1comm. spinach variety; glabrous herb of goosefeet family, utricular (pouch) fruit. Dakol di alayyon nah pingngit di payo. There is plenty of spinach at the sides of the ricefields. Chenopodium Sim: amti. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.) 2trans. to gather spinach. Eda mangalayyon nadan u-unga. The children are going to gather spinach. maN‑.

alayyun (sp. var. of alayyon)

ambabala comm. gemmed puffball mushroom, edible, medium size, violet in color; grows in clumps in ricefield or in and around piled ricestalks; delicious flavor, similar to yellow Jack O’lantern. Inalak nan ambabala nah pingkol ot ihdak ya makahhong-o. I got the mushrooms from the mound and ate them and they were delicious. Gen: uung. (sem. domains: 1.5.4 - Moss, fungus, algae.)

Amtalao prop. a Hudhud epic character, an old man. Restrictions: Hudhud epic. An inamta muh Amtalao? Do you know about Amtalao? {literary} (sem. domains: 3.5.4.6 - Verbal tradition.)

apaladol (sp. var. of aparador)

bala₁ 1comm. embers; live charcoal. Hobhobam din bala te andani ya gumanab. Pour water over the live embers because it might create a fire. Tutungam nan ilukuk mu nah bala nah dalikan. Light your cigarette from the glowing charcoal in the hearth. (sem. domains: 5.5.4 - Burn, 5.5 - Fire.) 2intrans. glowing embers; for embers to produce glowing light, indicating they are still alive. Mumbabala din uling dih dalikan. The charcoal on the hearth is glowing. Bumala ke nan uling ya ihongbam nan dotag. When the charcoal glows, roast the pork. Mabala nan itungu da. Their firewood glows vigorously. Mabala nan tuwol hin mauling. The tuwol-tree glows well (produces great heat) when made into charcoal. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑.

bala₂ comm. bullet; projectile. Waday bala na. He has bullets. Syn: papan. (sem. domains: 4.8.3.7 - Weapon, shoot.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano. der. binalaan

balabag (sp. var. of ballabag)

balabal₁ comm. a tree variety with edible fruit. Kayatom nan balabal ta kanon ta. Climb the balabal-tree so we can eat (its fruit). Sim: pal-e. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.)

balabal₂ trans. to strike and knock down hanging fruit by throwing a long stick to make it fall. Balabalom nan tabuyug ta mag-a. Strike the pomelo so that it will fall. ‑on/‑in‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. Sim: tongba, gayang, baladung, balnu, bon’al, boka, alo. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

balabog comm. a wooden rod with a metal point used in hunting; used like a spear. Inigyang na nan balabog. He threw the spear. Sim: baghe, pahul, gayang, hinolgat, ludit. (sem. domains: 4.8.3.7 - Weapon, shoot.)

baladd’ong trans. to stretch across; stretchable things. Nibaladong nan ulog nah dalan. The snake was stretched across the road. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑. 3E Move an object directionally. (sem. domains: 7.3.4.7 - Extend.)

baladong (sp. var. of baladung)

baladung (sp. var. baladong) 1comm. wood piece to throw, short but heavy. Iyam hitu nan baladung. Hand me that baladung-wood. Sim: tongba, gayang, balnu, bon’al, boka, alo, balabal. (sem. domains: 6.2.5.4 - Plant product.) 2trans. to throw something long, about an arm’s length. Ibaladung mu nan itungu. Throw the firewood in a sideways motion. Baladungom din tabuyug ta wadan mag-ay oha. Throw it up at the pomelo tree so a piece or two of fruit might fall down. Bumaladung kah mangga. Throw a piece of wood at the mangoes. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.1.1 - Throw.)

balag comm. a bird species like a kingfisher; medium size, long neck, long beak, brown; eats fish. Kinan nan balag on yuyu nah payo. The kingfisher ate a Japanese fish in the field. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)

balagbagan comm. a hanging place for things to dry; a rope or wire strung up or a long, thin piece of wood placed across an area. Maphod di waday balagbagan te nadawo di pangibalagbagan hi pinhod nan mun-ul-ulen mamag-anan. It is good to have a line because it’s ready for hanging whatever you want to dry slowly. Syn: hablayan. (sem. domains: 7.5.4.1 - Rope, string.)

balah-ak sta. to be spotted, e.g. black and white spots on animals. Nabalah-akan nan ahuk. My dog is spotted. na‑ ‑an. Sim: guli-i, balangat. (sem. domains: 8.3.3.3.5 - Animal color, marking.)

balai 1comm. trap with dart weapon or gun set-up with a spring-rod for the trigger for wild game. Nakna on ulha nah balai. A wild pig was caught in the trap. Sim: appad, hulu, lingon, bawol. (sem. domains: 6.4.2 - Trap.) 2intrans. to snare using the balai Mumbalai ka ta wada key makna ya idatan dakami. When you set the snare and something is caught, give us some. muN‑/nuN‑.

balaingan comm. cockroach. Makahammuy di balaingan. Cockroaches are very odorous. Kalulugnin di balaingan. Cockroaches are disgusting. Deket hilong ya mamuddu day balaingan. At night cockroaches come out. Dakol di maang-ang an balaingan tuh kalton. There are many cockroaches in the carton. Spec: hipot, tugbaybay. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)

balakibak comm. 1sapwood; the part of a tree between the bark and heartwood; may be used for firewood. Unnaon an itunguy balakibak di kaiw ta ahi nan hogatna. First, use the sapwood section for fuel before the heartwood sections. Sim: hogat. (sem. domains: 6.2.5.4 - Plant product.) 2bark of a tree or piece of wood. Kaanon da nan balakibak nan kaiw te nadunut. They’ll remove the bark of the wood because it’s rotten. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.)

balal trans. 1to mortgage a property, houses or ricefields. [The person who mortgages his property is called the mortgagor.] Ibalal ku nan balemi. I am mortgaging our house. Nibalal din payon da Bugan. Bugan’s ricefields are mortgaged. Bangadok nan imbalal ina. I’ll pay back what mother has mortgaged. i‑/iN‑. 3H Conversive action process. (sem. domains: 6.8.5.3 - Owe, 6.8.4 - Financial transaction.) 2refers to the act of underwriting a mortgage. [The person who underwrites a mortgage is called the mortgagee.] Wada ke ot di pihhuyu ya balalan yu nan payo da. If only you had money then you could take the mortgage of their field. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. infl. balalan infl. mangibalal

balalan (infl. of balal) trans. to take the mortgage on someone’s property. Wada ke pihhu yu ya balalan yu payo da. If only you had the money, you could take the mortgage on their rice field. (sem. domains: 6.8.4 - Financial transaction.)

balangat 1comm. stripes of colors on animals. Mabayak nan balangat nan ahu. The dog’s stripe is white. Sim: dago, batok; Sim: guli-i, balah-ak. (sem. domains: 8.3.3.3.5 - Animal color, marking.) 2sta. to be striped. Natalak nan nabalangatan an ahuk. My striped dog is lost. na‑ ‑an.

Balangaw prop. people from a part of Bontok area. [A place mentioned in the Hudhud.] Nikali damdama nan New Testament hi kalin nadan iBalangaw. The New Testament was also translated into the Balangaw dialect. (sem. domains: 4.1.9.8 - Family, clan.)

balangbang₁ comm. fruit of nangol-cane that is violet in color with a sour taste. [The fruit is used for the makmak skin problem that is caused by immersion in the water of rice fields.] (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.2 - Food from fruit.)

balangbang₂ comm. a copper gong. Paganghon yuy balangbang ta muntaggam taku. Sound the gongs and we will dance. {literary} Sim: gangha. (sem. domains: 4.2.3.5 - Musical instrument.)

balangngon comm. three-sided cooking banana variety. Umihibak ka nah balangngon. You boil some cooking bananas. Sim: dattok, dippig; gen: balat. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.)

balango₁ 1comm. fruit flies. Wadaday balango nah nak-ihan an balat. There are fruit flies on the peeled banana fruit. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.) 2sta. to have fruit flies on something. Nabalangawan nan mangga. The mango fruit has fruit flies on it. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an.

balango₂ 1comm. oxidation in metal; rust. Haitom nan otak ta makaan di balango na. Sharpen the bolo so that the rust will be removed. Sim: lati. (sem. domains: 1.2.2.3 - Metal.) 2sta. rusty. Nabalango nan gulipu. The pipe is rusty. ma‑/na‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 7.9.1 - Damage.)

balangon comm. monkey. (sem. domains: 1.6.1 - Types of animals.)

balangy’a₁ 1adj. a curved shape. Punggabut di ballangyan otak. The curved bolo is for cutting grass. Qualifier. (sem. domains: 8.3.1 - Shape.) 2comm. an iron scraper fixed diagonally in a wooden handle.

balangy’a₂ comm. lima bean. Naligat an muntanom hi balangya te bumutong. It is difficult to plant lima beans because it causes drunkeness. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.)

balantina 1comm. eggplant. Muntanom kayuh balantina nah aldattan yu ta waday pangal-an yuh ihda hin-uddum. You plant eggplants in your backyard so you can have something to gather at times. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.) 2sta. to have an area planted with eggplants. Mabalantina nan dola da. Their yard is planted with eggplants. ma‑. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.)

balasang 1comm. young unmarried girl over thirteen; girl; a young lady. Waday imbabalem hi balasang? Do you have an unmarried daugther? Sim: buggan, maddikit, pintas. (sem. domains: 2.6.5.2 - Woman.) 2intrans. for a girl to develop and become a young woman. Bimmalasang kah hingkatang. I didn’t realize you’re a big girl now. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

balat 1comm. bananas, generic. Nat-ongan ke nan balat nah habal ne tinabal mu. When the banana in the garden is matured, cut it down. Ad-adiy mipal-um an balat hin ahikotolan te mabatag. It is not good for bananas to be ripened during the cold season because they don’t ripen well, they harden. spec: balangngon, dattok, udding, morado, dippig, lakatan. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.2 - Food from fruit.) 2sta. banana plantation. Mabalat nan muyung da. Their forest has lots of banana plants. ma‑. 3sta. The literal meaning of the riddle is that you must cut down the banana stalk to get the bananas. Patayom nih-an di inana ahim ta alan nan imbabalena. (balat) You kill the mother before you can get the child. (banana) (riddle) der. mabalat

balatung comm. mung bean, two varieties, one is green and one is black. Mun-ingngoy idat nan dotag ya balatung hi adol. Mung beans and meat give almost the same nutrients to the body. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.) der. mabalatung

balaw trans. to feel or show displeasure at some speech or action; to resent; to dislike. Balawonay nuntugun kun hiya. She resented the manner in which I advised her. Adim balawon tun kalyok. Do not resent what I’ll tell you. Binalok nan kinali nan ha-oy. I resented what he told me. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.3 - Angry.)

balawang (sp. var. bawwang) comm. a blanket with off-white color; red and white middle. Hay balawang di ulon di nawotwot. The balawang is the blanket of the poor. Sim: kint’og. (sem. domains: 5.1.1 - Furniture.)

balayyan (bale) comm. the placenta of female human or animal. [This can probably be interpreted as the ‘house of the fetus’.] Bimmuddu nan balayyan di gulding. The goat’s placenta came out. ‑an. (sem. domains: 2.1.8.4 - Female organs.)

balbalatok (sp. var. of balbalatuk)

balbalatuk (sp. var. balbalatok) comm. a bird species, white and brown; like a woodpecker. Linattik na nan balbalatuk nah palayon. He shot the woodpecker in the palayon-tree with a slingshot. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)

balintuwag sta. to lose balance and fall. Migawwa kan umbun te mabalintuwag ka man. Sit at the middle for you might lose your balance and fall down. ma‑/na‑. Sim: lotwad, tu-un; Sim: og’a, lotwad, tu-un, uhbung. (sem. domains: 7.2.2.5.1 - Fall.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

batalan comm. porch. Matuntuning nah batalan an kahuyopan. It is cooler to sleep on the porch. Sim: balkon. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

bimmalay apuy da (id. of ap’uy) they have savings (lit. their fire has embers). (sem. domains: 6.8.6 - Money.)

binalaan (der. of bala) trans. to load a weapon with ammunition. Binalaana nan lattik hi lubay. He used lead in his slingshot as its bullet. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 4.8.3.7 - Weapon, shoot.)

binalatuk (der. of balit’uk) v. to have a covering of gold; gold-plated. Binalituk nan takkalang na. Her bracelet is gold-plated. (sem. domains: 1.2.2.3 - Metal.)

bulalakki comm. refers to handsome young men in the Ifugao Hudhud epics. {literary} (sem. domains: 2.3.1.8 - Appearance.)

bumalal comm. one who buys a mortgage. E bumalal hi payo ad baliwon. He is going to buy mortgaged-ricefields in the lowlands. Bumalalak te waday pihhuk. I will buy the mortgage because I have money. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 6.8.4.1 - Buy.)

bungan di palayon (n. ph. of palayon, bunga) comm. acorn. Ganganason di u-unga an mangapyah paddiing hi bungan di palayon. Children enjoy making spinning tops from acorns.

daku comm. to have malaria. Nakalligat di mundaku te maktol ka, indani bo ya lingolingot bo, maid ena nipaatan. Malaria is really difficult because you will feel cold, and then, you will be perspiring; there is nothing to be compared to it. muN‑/nuN‑. Syn: malarya. (sem. domains: 2.5.2 - Disease.)

dala 1comm. blood. Dakol di dalan nan manuk. The chicken has a lot of blood. (sem. domains: 2.2.5 - Bleed, blood.) 2intrans. to bleed. Dimmalay olong na. His nose bled. Mundadala nan napalang. The cut caused by the machete was bleeding. Madala nan ginogod dan manuk. The chicken they butchered had a lot of blood. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑. 3trans. to bleed an animal in the butchering process. ‑on/‑in‑. 4comm. animal blood mixed with innards and meat cooked to make a dish. der. dalaan der. dinaldalaan id. mumbabayakbak di dalana

dalaan (der. of dala) trans. to bleed an animal before butchering. Dalaan ta tun manuk aga! Let’s bleed this chicken, please. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5B Changing state of site by removal of something. (sem. domains: 5.2.1.2 - Steps in food preparation.)

dalakan comm. a tree variety of second class wood, medium-soft. may be used for walling; as firewood it sparks too much to be considered good. [The wood may be used for walling but as firewood, it sparks too much to be considered good.] Adi maphod di dalakan an itungu te mumbubuti. Dalakan is not good firewood because it sparks. Dalakan di inhaad dan dinangal. They used the dalakan-wood for floor joists. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.)

dalalu 1comm. refers to any form of frozen water; hail, ice cubes; sleet. (sem. domains: 1.1.3.4 - Snow, ice.) 2intrans. to hail. [There have been rare instances of hail in the Ifugao area, but no reports of ice on bodies of water or sleet.] Mundalalu handi mangali kami. It was hailing when we were coming. Dimmalalu handi June, 1983. It hailed in June, 1983. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 1.1.3 - Weather.)

dalan₁ 1comm. a place for walking; path; trail; way. Maid di dalan hitu. There is no path here. Indani ya- ek bo igibok ya pindonak nin ot ieyak nah nuntap-on dalan. Later on, when I became aware, maybe he held me then took me to the upper road. Sim: kalata, kah-on. (sem. domains: 6.5.4.1 - Road.) 2to walk. 2.1intrans. to move about on foot; to walk. <Affixation: The circumfix set muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an expresses both a durative aspect and the site-concept of a widely spread area for the walking, i.e. walking around. > Mundallan mo nan golang. The child walks now. Ditakun tatagu ya kulugon takun wadaday mundallanan weno muntayyapan an adi matibo. It is a common belief that there are unseen beings who are either walking around or flying in the air. muN‑/nuN‑, muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1 - Walk.) 2.2intrans. to walk, with a starting point in view. Dumallan mo nan unga. The child can already walk. um/imm. 3to walk by, bypass or through a place. 3.1trans. to walk, passing by a place or through a medium. Indaladalan muh di yaden adim pinhod an makihummangan ke hiya. You are always passing there yet you do not like to talk with her. Idalan taku nah wa-el. We will pass through the creek. Daanay pangidalanam? Where will you pass (lit. path/walk)? i‑/iN‑. nangi‑/pangi‑ + ‑an. 3.2trans. to walk on a path, road with prominence given to the thing walked on. Maid di dalanon yuh tu. There is no place to walk here. on/in. id. kay bakkukul an dumalan id. kay gawgaway pundalan id. kay kabayun dumalan infl. ipadalan

dalan₂ comm. measuring unit for ten bundles of rice. Gumawatak hi hindalan an page. I will borow ten bundles of rice. general: can be combined with other numbers e.g. duwan dalan; tulun dalan; etc. hiN‑. Sim: bainti, duwampulu; Meas: bongle, dalan, upu. (sem. domains: 6.2 - Agriculture, 8.1.1.1 - Cardinal numbers.) comp. hindalan

dalang intrans. for wood or other inflammable material to ignite and flame. Ka-dikhal nan kaiw kinali adi dumalang. That wood is newly split, that's why it won't ignite. -um-/-imm-.

dalapong 1comm. a block of wood that serves as a stool. Umbun ka nah dalapong. Sit on the stool. Sim: tilya, bangko. (sem. domains: 5.1.1 - Furniture.) 2trans. to sit down on this particular type of stool. Mundalapong ka. Sit down on the stool. Mundalapongak ten umbunak. I got the stool because I’ll sit down. muN‑/nuN‑.

dalat₁ 1trans. to mention something or someone. Adim oggan dalaton hiya. Don’t ever mention it again. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑. Speech Verbs - General. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.) 2comm. a well-known person who is frequently talked about. Hiyay madmaddalat ta nangamung. He is the one mentioned all the time. (sem. domains: 2 - Person.)

dalat₂ 1comm. sand. Hina-adan dah dalat nan kalata. They placed sand on the road. Sim: lon’a, pantal. (sem. domains: 1.2.2.1 - Soil, dirt.) 2intrans. to spread sand. Dalatan yu nan dola. Place sand in the yard. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Language of Borrowing: Ilocano: darat.

dalayap 1comm. lime fruit. Maka-antam di dalayap. A lime is very sour. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.2 - Food from fruit.) 2trans. to squeeze lime into something. Dalayapam nan ihda. Squeeze lime into the viand. Maphod an madalayapan di battikul. It is good to add lime juice to the battikul-shellfish. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

dimmalay puhu (id. of puhu) to be distressed, (lit. bleeding heart). (sem. domains: 3.4.2.1.6 - Upset.)

dinaldalaan (der. of dala) 1comm. a food dish of blood and internal organs, with a little flesh and fat included. Adina kanon di dinaldalaan. He does not eat blood pudding. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2trans. to cook blood pudding. Mundinaldalaan taku hin paltiyon taku nan babuy. We will cook dinaldalaan if we butcher the pig. muN‑/nuN‑. Language of Borrowing: Ilocano: dinardaraan.

dopdoponay kalata (id. of dopdop) he wanders around, just loitering (lit. he is tamping-down the road). (sem. domains: 7.2.1.3 - Wander.)

dumalay-up intrans. come near or approach. Restrictions: Ritual word. Syn: mih-up. Lourdes S. Dulawan: Ifugao Baki

gagala (fr. var. galgala) 1advpred. may refer to the speed with which something is done, i.e. quickly, or a short duration of time; soon. Gagalay pangapyaan Fely hi cookies. Fely makes cookies quickly. Gagala ya nap-uy makan. Soon the food was gone. Gagala ya dimmatong da nah balen nan inaona. Soon they arrived at Aunt Magappid’s house. Time. Sim: alittu; Sim: galgala. (sem. domains: 8.4.8 - Speed.) 2to hurry. 2.1advpred. to hurriedly do something; do something with haste. <The action is cross-referenced by the affix on the adverbial predicate.> Galgal-am ta magibbu. Hurry it (the thing being done) so that it will be finished. Tipet galagalaam an mangan? Why do you eat so fast? (hurriedly) Gal-am an ume. Hurry and go. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 8.4.2 - Take time.) 2.2advpred. the information focus is on the hurried manner rather than the action that is modified. Inggagalanan in-e. He hurriedly brought it. i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. 2.3intrans. the information focus is on the person hurrying. the agent-subject is cross-referenced by the affix.. <The agent-subject is cross-referenced by the affix. on the adverbial predicate.> Tipet eka gumalagala? Why are you hurrying? Kanan Josey “Tipe eka munggagalan manayyu?” Jose said “Why are you hurriedly going down?” ‑um‑/‑imm‑; muN‑/nuN‑.

gagala on immey algo (id. of algo) Time flies. an idiom meaning that ‘time flies’. Gagala on immey algo. A day goes fast. (sem. domains: 8.4.2.1 - A short time.)

gala 1comm. donations or gifts of money given to a couple during their marriage celebration. [Dances are announced for each sitio. After the dancers finish they are served rice wine. They line up in a single file and put money in a container to start the couple in their married life.] Nan napanaun gala di kay da numpuunan. The money collected served as their capital. (sem. domains: 6.8.6 - Money.) 2intrans. to give a donation. Gumala taku ta kay taku baddang ke dida. Let’s give money as our help to them. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 6.8.3.1 - Give, donate.)

galadngad adj. rough texture. Qualifier. Sim: gatgat. (sem. domains: 8.3.2.2 - Rough.)

galak comm. the dregs of coffee or tea; the sediment of coffee or tea. Iwelem nan galak nah aldattan. Throw away the dregs of coffee through the back door. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.6 - Beverage.)

galamat comm. copper. [The handles of pinuhha, doyom, and hawag purses are made of galamat; also a gangha 'gong' is sometimes made of galamat.] Nan doyom di ya galamat. The doyom-coil is made of copper. (sem. domains: 1.2.2.3 - Metal.)

galambat 1sta. to make pointless statements; to say anything; no thought about what one is saying. Adik pinhod an makihummangan hi nagalambat di kalyona. I do not want to talk with someone who talks nonsense. Nagalambat di kanalyom. You are saying many things without a point. ma‑/na‑. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: 3.5.5 - Foolish talk.) 2intrans. to interrupt a conversation with pointless talk. Adika po gumalambat hi hummangan mi. Do not interrupt our conversation. ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

galapon comm. a container for liquids. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.)

galatib (sp. var. of gartib) scissors.

galatok 1comm. pockmarks; scars from diseases, due to pimples, smallpox and other skin diseases. Dakol di galatok nah angana. She has many pockmarks on her face. Sim: gatugat. (sem. domains: 2.5.2 - Disease.) 2sta. to have pockmarks or scars. Adim kaakaanon di daliwaat mu te magalatok di angam. Don’t be removing your pimples because your face will have pockmarks. ma‑.

galaw comm. large wooden spoon used for turning and dishing viand. Idawat mu ya- nan galaw. Hand the wooden-turner please. (sem. domains: 5.1 - Household equipment.)

galgala (fr. var. of gagala) advpred. for something to be done quickly. Maphod di makaddikhal nan itungu te galgala ya mahap-ayan. It is good if the firewood is well-split because it dries quickly. Sim: gagala. (sem. domains: 8.4.6 - Aspectual time.)

ganal (sp. var. ganar) 1comm. salary rate. Kaatnay ganal muh ohan algo? How much is your salary rate for one day? Nabongley ganal na hi ohan algo. His salary for one day is fifty pesos. Sim: tangdan, bokla, ngunu, suweldu. (sem. domains: 6.8.4.5 - Pay.) 2intrans. to receive a specified salary. Mungganal hi hinggatut hi ohan algo. He is paid a hundred per day. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to give someone a specified salary rate. Ganalan dakayuh liman pihu hi hin-olat. He will give you a salary rate of five pesos an hour. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

gitala (sp. var. gitar) 1comm. a guitar. Maphod di gangon nan gitala. The tone of the guitar is good. (sem. domains: 4.2.3.5 - Musical instrument.) 2trans. to play the guitar. Gitalaom ta mungkantaak. Play the guitar and I will sing. Munggitara ka. Play the guitar. Igitaram nan kantan Anak. Play the song Anak on the guitar. Gitalaan daka. I will accompany you on the guitar. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.

halab 1trans. to roast over flames; to position food, usually meat, over flames to cook it. Ihalab mu ke. You roast it. i‑/iN‑. 3D Move an object with a resulting change of state. Sim: pul’uk, hongba, dangpa. (sem. domains: 5.2.1.1 - Cooking methods.) 2pass. roasted food, usually meat. Pinhod kuy nihalab an dotag. I like roasted meat. mi-/ni-.

halagma comm. hawk species, brown spotted with white on the breast. Intayap nan halagma nan impan di manuk. The hawk flew away with the chick. Sim: ban’ug, mangayyuding, butbut, gawwang. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)

halaman 1advpred. to be early in the morning. Humalaman kan umalih bigat. Come early tomorrow. Ohan biggatna ya himmalaman dan nangan. One morning they ate very early. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.3 - Time of the day.) 2trans. to do something specific early. Halamanom an umali. You come early. Kanan Juliey “Nganat edakami hinalaman an binangun?” Julie asked, “Why did you wake us up so early?” ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. der. himmalaman

halangob sta. to faint. Nahalangob hi inagang na. He fainted from hunger. ma‑/na‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. Sim: polat. (sem. domains: 2.5.6.4 - Lose consciousness.)

halapdung comm. refers to an obstacle on a pathway that causes one to stumble.

halapi 1comm. fifty centavos. Halapi di nidat hi bayad nan kindi. Fifty centavos was given in payment for the candy. (sem. domains: 6.8.6 - Money.) 2sta. to be worth fifty centavos. Gimmattangak hi mahalapin ahin. I bought salt worth fifty centavoes. ma‑.

himmalaman (der. of halaman) advpred. time modification of an action or event. Himmalaman ad nakugab an immed Kiangan. Yesterday in the early morning, he went to Kiangan. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.3 - Time of the day.)

hindalan (comp. of dalan, hiN-) adj. ten bundles of rice, one unit of ten bundles. Imbatawil nay hindalan an page. He carried on a carrying-pole ten bundles of rice. Number quantifier. (sem. domains: 8.1.1 - Number.)

huw’it (fr. var. huw’at) trans. to unbalance something; to tip over. Bokon he-ay umbun hina te huwitom din golang. Don’t be the one to sit there because you will unbalance the child. (due to weight) Hinwit na nan ongal an batu nah pangngel di kaiw. He unbalanced the large stone on the other side of the wood. (heavier than stone) Nahwit nan bangko te matabah Bollon an inumbun nah bongwana. The bench we sat on tipped over because Bollon who sat on one side is very fat. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.) infl. munhuwwitan

inal-ala adjunct. a contrastive expression; to be more so; but as for. Immeh Mary ot gumatang hi ittay an asukal, inal-alak ot an maid di ginatang ku. Mary went to buy a little sugar, but as for me, I did not buy any. Inal-ala nan ha-oy. Even more so if I’m the one. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 9.6.3.2 - Markers of emphasis.)

inalan nan wangwang (id. of wangwang) drowned (lit. the river got him/her). (sem. domains: 2.6.6 - Die.)

inda-i ta bumalay apuy da (id. of ap’uy) let them save money first (lit. wait-till their fire burns-more). (sem. domains: 6.8.2 - Accumulate wealth.)

ipadalan (infl. of dalan) trans. to cause to pass through or by. [This has a specific meaning in the New Testament translation; meaning to pray in the name of Jesus Christ or through him.] Hituwen pumpasalamt kun Apu Dios ya ipadalan kun Jesu Kristo. (Rom.1:9b) For this I thank God through Jesus Christ. {ritual} ipa‑/impa‑. (sem. domains: 7.2.3.5 - Move past, over, through.)

iskuwala 1comm. a carpenter’s instrument used for measuring angles usually right angles; a square. Nan iskuwala di idawat mu. Hand me the square. (sem. domains: 8.2.8 - Measure.) 2trans. to use a square. Iskuwalaom nan ipataddog mun bale ta adi kay natilon. Use the square in building the house so that it will not look s if it was twisted. ‑on/‑in‑.

kaha-alan di bulan (n. ph. of bulan) comm. the last quarter of the moon. (sem. domains: 1.1.1.1 - Moon.)

kala comm. thrush infection, in mouth; fungus disease especially found in infants. Ad-adiy pinnangan hin waday kala. There is no appetite when one has thrush. (sem. domains: 2.5.2 - Disease.)

kalabig 1comm. backstrap of the loom; the backstrap is placed around the weaver to hold the loom and thread taut. Maphod di kalabig mu. Your backstrap is very nice. Whole: ablan. (sem. domains: 6.6.1 - Working with cloth.) 2trans. to use a particular material as a loom backstrap. Pinhod kuy bolat di makawan ikalabig te maphod di inot na. I like the hide of the deer for a backstrap because it’s durable. i‑/iN‑.

kalabut 1comm. a building used to house those who have committed a crime; prison; jail. Wada nah kalabut hi tulang mu. Your brother is in jail. (sem. domains: 6.5.1 - Building.) 2trans. to imprison. Ikalabut daka hin mangako ka. They will imprison you if you steal. Nikalabut nan nunggulu. The one who caused trouble is imprisoned. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑. (sem. domains: 4.7.7.3 - Imprison.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: calabuso.

kalah-iwang (sp. var. kallah-iwang) v. to be bypassed by danger, i.e. kept safe; there is a simultaneity component which gives the meaning that two people or things were in the same place, at the same time. [This prayer is related to a traditional belief that snake and centipede bites are done by the spirits of deceased relatives.] Mikalah-iwang kamih buhul, umik di gayyaman ya ulog. We will be safe (bypasssed) from our enemies and bites of centipedes and snakes. (a traditional prayer) mi‑/ni‑. Sim: ballahiwe. (sem. domains: 7.2.1 - Manner of movement.)

kalamansi 1comm. a small citrus fruit; the flavor is like the lemon. Maphod di kalamansi an punpogo. Calamansi is good as a sour sauce. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.2 - Food from fruit.) 2trans. to place calamansi juice on other food. Kalamansian yu nan nihongban dotag. Place calamansi juice on the roasted meat. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5A Changing state of site by adding something. (sem. domains: 5.2.1 - Food preparation.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: calamansi.

kalampaag intrans. clanging sound produced by ill-adjusted joints of mechanical contrivances. Mungkalampaag nan talak te mungkalatiyan mo. The vehicle produces a clanging sound because it is already rusty. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

kalang comm. silver coin. Waday himpipihun kalang ku. I have a one peso coin. (sem. domains: 6.8.6 - Money.)

kalao (sp. var. of kalaw) comm. bird species. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)

kalapkap intrans. to strike hands together in clapping. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.)

kalat trans. to use teeth to cut; to bite. Adika mih-up te kalaton daka man. Don’t go near becuase it will certainly bite you. Kumalat din ahu kinali adi kayu mih-up. The dog will bite that’s why you shouldn’t go near it. Ingkalat nan ahu nah ulpu na. The dog bit him on the thigh. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, i‑/iN‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. Sim: bang’ot, ngudngud. (sem. domains: 5.2.2.1 - Bite, chew.) infl. kimmalat infl. mungkallatan

kalata 1comm. road; street. Mangapya da hi kalata an umed Tinoc. They are making a road to Tinok. Ingonay kay da gugutul di tatagu ten mundaldallanan ka nah kalata. You are compared to an ant when you are walking along the road. Sim: dalan, kah-on. (sem. domains: 6.5.4.1 - Road.) 2trans. to build a road. Kalataon da nan lutan da Juan. They will build a road along Juans’ land. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of object.

kalatula comm. a sign by the side of a road or restaurant. (sem. domains: 3.5.6 - Sign, symbol.) Language of Borrowing: Ilocano.

kalatyaw comm. a lowland machete with a carabao horn handle. Kalatyaw di inalanan e nanabal. He used the lowland machete to cut down banana trees. Sim: pinahhig, tabas. (sem. domains: 6.2.8 - Agricultural tool.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

kalaw (sp. var. kalao) comm. bird species, heron-like. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)

kalawag comm. a big ginger-like plant with sweet yellow oblong fruit that sprouts near the base. Kinaan da nan kallawag nah tap-on nan gungat ta adi matitina nan lubuk. They removed the kallawag-plant above the grave so that the tomb will not always be wet. (sem. domains: 1.5 - Plant.)

kaongngalan (infl. of ongngal) nom. a comparative measure of the size of something; largest. Nalgom di pinhod mun gatangon mipalpun nah kaitayan ingganah nah kaongngalan ya wadanwada. Anything that you want to buy from the smallest item to the largest is available. ka‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 8.2 - Big.)

katalakan di bulan (n. ph. of bulan) comm. new moon. Umala da allama na katalakan di bulan. They catch crabs during the new moon. (sem. domains: 1.1.1.1 - Moon.)

katbalan (der. of tobal) nom. refers to one who is respected, approved or honored. Hituwen makalin hagabi di katbalan di tagu peman te kibalinana ya kaddakaddangyana te dakol di longonah nuwang ya babuy. This so-called prestige feast hagabi entitles a man to due respect (by his co-villagers) because its very performance shows that he is very rich indeed since he can afford to butcher many carabao and pigs. (sem. domains: 4.5.5 - Honor.)

kay bakkukul an dumalan (id. of dalan) idiom. to walk slowly (lit. like a turtle walking).

kay da lalaya tun gamat di dapan ku (id. of laya) idiom. my toes are big and fat (lit. my toes are like ginger)

kay gawgaway pundalan (id. of dalan) idiom. she sways her hips when she walks (lit. like a duck walking/waddling).

kay kabayun dumalan (id. of dalan) you are a fast walker idiom. refers to someone walking fast (lit. like a horse walking).

kimmalat (infl. of kalat) trans. to have bitten something. -um-/-imm-. Syn: ginumta. (sem. domains: 5.2.2.1 - Bite, chew.)

kontalata (sp. var. kontrata) 1comm. contract. Waday kontalata na an mangapyah kalata. He had a contract to build a road. (sem. domains: 4.7.8 - Legal contract.) 2intrans. to bid for a contract and be the contractor to work on it. Hi Jose di mungkontalata nah kalata. Jose will be the contractor for the road. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: kontrata.

labalab intrans. to attract insects and birds by light. Haniyam nan dilag teden lumabalab hi muntayyapan. Cover the light because it attracts insects. Nalabalab nadan hamuti ot umali dan nah kad-an nan dilag. The birds were attracted to the light and came near it. ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑/na‑. 2G Processes. (sem. domains: 8.3.3 - Light.)

lalag₁ comm. the hard residue of coconut oil when cooked. Dakol di lalag nan kinapyak an lana. The coconut oil I cooked had plenty of residue crusts. Sim: gallak. (sem. domains: 8.3.6 - Made of, material.)

lalag₂ comm. the common fly. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)

lalaki comm. a human male; may refer to an adult male or child. Hana ken ong-ongal ya hidiyey appit di lalaki. The side with the bigger head is supposed to represent the man. Nan lalaki ya hi Luis ya hi Julie nan babai. Luis was the boy and Julie was the girl. Deket hanadan lalakiy kumayat on kay nakalakka. When the older boys were the ones who climbed, it seemed so easy. Syn: ginnid. (sem. domains: 2.6.5 - Male, female.) der. makilalaki infl. linalaki

lalao sta. to be immoral; refers to vulgar or shameful speech. Malalaon kanta da. Their song is vulgar. ma‑. 6D Descriptives. (sem. domains: 3.5.5.1 - Obscenity, 4.3.1.1 - Bad, immoral.) infl. malalao

lalat 1comm. leather. Kapyaon day lalat hi apatut. They make leather into shoes. spec: da-lap. (sem. domains: 1.6.2 - Parts of an animal.) 2trans. to remove the skin of an animal. ‑on/‑in‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

limmu comm. 1acquired wealth; any goods that are possessed; wealth; possessions. (sem. domains: 6.8.1 - Have wealth.) 2the payment for service or goods delivered. Alam nan limmum ta em iggattang hi aga. Get your salary and go to buy medicines. (sem. domains: 6.8.4.5 - Pay.)

linalaki (infl. of lalaki) comm. the plural form of male. Nagibbu keh tuwe ya ahida naamung nadan linalaki iiban nan humagabi After this, the male relatives of those performing the Hagabi gather together Nakabbayuy numbayun nadan linalaki. Those boys pounded (rice) very well. ‑in‑. (sem. domains: 2 - Person.)

maala (infl. of ala) trans. this form highlights the capability of an agent to obtain something; able to get something. Imbabainak ke dakayuh hinangngab di tataguk gapu anhan te gamgaman yuy maala yun dida takon di ittay an boga weno tinapay. (Ezekiel 13:19a) I am ashamed of you before my people, the reason being because you pursue whatever you are able to get from them, even a little rice or bread. ma‑.

mabalat (der. of balat) comm. a place that is full of banana plants; banana plantation. Mabalat nan muyung da. Their forest has a lot of bananas. ma‑.

mabalatung (der. of balatung) sta. an area that is planted with mung beans. Mabalatung nan habal da. Their swidden-plot is planted with a lot of mung beans. ma‑.

mahin-alangan (der. of alang) sta. a size measure of a ricefield; its produce can fill a normal size granary. Mahin-alangan nan payon Bugan. Bugan’s ricefield produces enough to fill a granary. mahin‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 8.2.8 - Measure.)

mahoktang di alanga-ang (id. of hoktang) an idiom used to describe the pain and soreness of the throat when someone has been shouting or crying for a long time (lit. throat is detached). Mahoktang di alanga-ang na. His throat is sore.

makaiw comm. 1refers to the western part of Kiangan; refers to the Tinoc area, also referred to as the Kalanguya area. Imme dad makaiw. They went to the western part of Kiangan. 2from the Tinoc area. [Some people consider this term as derogatory.] Kon imakaiw hi amam? Is your father from the Tinoc area? i‑.

makilalaki (der. of lalaki) comm. to be fond of men; refers to a woman who pursues men; man chaser. maki‑.

mala-u (infl. of la-u) sta. 1to pass by someone or a place. [May be used as a greeting when passing by.] Mala-u kami pe. Hello. (lit. We are passing by.) ma‑. (sem. domains: 7.2.3.5 - Move past, over, through.) 2for time to pass. [The form is commonly used to refer to the passing of time.] Nala-uy tulun lingguwan ot ahida umali. Three weeks passed before they came. ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 8.4.2 - Take time.)

malabaha (sp. var. malubaha) comm. a trailing plant of the melon family; produces a green or yellow vegetable; squash. Dakol di malabahad uwani. There are a lot of squash this season. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.3 - Food from vegetables.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano: karabasa.

Malacanang prop. the name of the presidential palace in Manila. Immali ida ya nada bon dakol an ibbada an nalpu da kanuh Malacanang. They came with their many companions, who it is said, came from Malacanang.

maladaw (infl. of ladaw) sta. for someone to be late for an event based on a time schedule. “Adik pinhod an ekayu maladaw,” kanan ina da. Their mother said, “I don’t want you to be late.” ma‑. (sem. domains: 8.4.5.3.3 - Late.)

malaganga comm. snake, white and green poisonous species. Linumbag di kinalat nan malaganga. The part bitten by the malaganga-snake is swollen. Gen: ulog.

malagkit comm. a rice variety. [In a traditional betrothal ceremony, a basket of cooked malagkit-rice was brought by the groom’s family as a part of the brideprice.] (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.)

malakapat comm. a tree variety that has cotton-like fiber covering the seeds; the fiber is used to stuff pillows; kapok tree. [The seeds of the kapok tree are removed and the cotton-like fibers covering them is used for stuffing pillows.] Immala dah malakapat ot kapyaon dah pungan. They got the fiber of the malakapat-tree and made it into a pillow. Sim: kapok, bulak; Syn: bulak. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

malalao (infl. of lalao) sta. to be immoral. Adita makihayyup nadah tatagun mangat hi malalao. Let’s not join in friendship with those people who do immoral things. Hay pangi-eda ya gaga-iho te aton day malalao. As for their way, it’s bad because they do immoral things. ma‑. 6B Characteristics of human nature or life situation. (sem. domains: 4.3.1.1 - Bad, immoral.)

malamala comm. a story about imaginary beings such as fairies, giants, etc.; malamala, i.e. ‘once upon a time’ or ‘there was once’ generally begins the story. Malamala da Amman Unga. There was once Amma and Ungnga. Sim: istolya, a-apo, bida. (sem. domains: 3.5.4 - Story.)

malamhit di imi (id. of lamhit) insincere smile (lit. flavorless smile). Malamhit di imim. Your smile is insincere.

malarya 1comm. an illness characterized by intermittent fever, body chills and shakes; malaria. Dakol di mundogo hi malarya. Many are sick with malaria. Syn: daku. (sem. domains: 2.5.2 - Disease.) 2intrans. for the body to shake due to malaria; to have malaria. Munmalarya te ugge na bo ininum nan aga na. He is sick with malaria again because he did not take his medicine. Namalarya handi imme dad baliwon. He had malaria when they went to the lowlands. muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑/na‑. (sem. domains: 2.5.1 - Sick.) Language Of Borrowing: English: malaria.

malas comm. something bad that happens by chance; bad luck. Hay malas ya swerte ya umalin am-in hi tagu. Bad luck and good luck comes to all people. (sem. domains: 8.3.7.1 - Bad.)

manalatal comm. strongbilled shrike bird, yellow breast, and grey back and wings. [This bird is similar to an oriole; lays small white eggs; imitates sounds of other birds.] Linattik na on manalatal. He hit a manalatal-bird with his sling. Sim: talal. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)

mangalak (der. of alak) trans. to build an irrigation canal. Sim: mamatung.

mangalana (der. of ala) nom. an extended meaning of the root meaning to ‘get something’; the person who seeks revenge by prowling at night. Wadaday mangalanan numbotak ad Baguinge. There were prowlers waylaying in Baguinge. Uggan da mangalana didan ammod taku. Our ancestors usually went out hunting for revenge (at night.) Tumakut day tatagu an bumudal nah hilong te hay mangalana. People fear going out at night because of the people who hunt to revenge. maN‑.

mangibalal (infl. of balal) 1comm. refers to the one who sells a mortgage. (sem. domains: 6.8.4.2 - Sell.) 2trans. to mortgage a ricefield. Hi Jose di nangibalal nah payo da. Jose was the one who mortgaged their ricefield. Dakol day ibaliwon an mangibalal hi payo da. There are many lowlanders who are mortgaging their ricefields. mangi‑/nangi‑.

maphod di palad (id. of palad) fortunate or successful (lit. good palm); this idiom is associated with palm reading. Maphod di palad mu. You will be successful.

matalak (infl. of talak) pass. to be lost. Unudon yu nan gulding ta adi matalak. Follow the goat so that it will not be lost. ma‑/na‑.

mittala (sp. var. mittulu) 1comm. teacher, female; mentor, female. Mittala mi hi inam. Your mother is our teacher. 2intrans. to become a teacher. Mummittala nan imbabaleda hin maongal. Their child will be a teacher when she grows up. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: maestra.

mumbabayakbak di dalana (id. of dala) an idiom meaning that someone is very angry (lit. his blood is boiling).

mumpalakpak di inga (id. of inga) an idiom meaning that a person is very happy (lit. ears are clapping).

mumpasalamat (der. of salamat) caus. to thank someone. Kanayun kan mundasal an mumpasalamat kan hiya. You should always pray and thank him. mumpa‑/numpa‑. (sem. domains: 4.3.7 - Polite.)

muntatalan-u (id. of talan-u) an idiom for stating that it is dawn (lit. the cock is crowing).

muntobbalan (infl. of tobal) rec. to love each other, between a boy and girl; an extended meaning of the basic meaning to honor or approve. Nuntobbalan da kinali nun-ineda. They love each other that is why they got married. muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an.

na-ala (sp. var. naala) advpred. 1without any reason; no other requirement; simply. Na-ala ya dinuntukak. Without any reason he hit me. Na-ala ot ikamom nan asukar nah arina ot iha-ang mu. Just mix the sugar with the flour and then cook it. Manner. Sim: bigla, maid maptok, hingkatang, maag. 2refers to an action or happening that is unexpected; suddenly. Na-ala ya inhawwang nah tu. Suddenly he showed himself here.

naadalan (infl. of adal) sta. to be learned; knowledgeable; to have learned a given thing or an area of knowledge. Naadalan mo kinali adi na ipidpidwan aton. He is now knowledgable so he won’t repeat it. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 3.2.3 - Know.)

naala (sp. var. of na-ala) advpred. expresses the idea that someone has done something without reason, cause, or justification; something has been done without thinking; describes a presumptuous act. Naala ya adim pinhod di maphod ta hay gaga-ihoy pakappohdom. You just don’t love what is good and it’s what is bad that you really love. (sem. domains: 9.6.2.5 - Cause, 9.6.2.5.1 - Reason.)

nalatiyan di nomnom (id. of nomnom) an idiom meaning that the mind is slow in processing what is seen or heard (lit. the mind is rusted).

napat-alan di nomom (id. of nomnom) to understand something (lit. the mind is lighted).

natalak di bulan (bulan) comm. new moon (lit. the moon is lost). (sem. domains: 1.1.1.1 - Moon.)

natalak di nomnom (id. of nomnom) an idiom referring to the feeling of panic (lit. mind is lost).

ngala 1intrans. to make noise, by humans as they talk continuously or loudly. Mungngala da nadan u-unga te maid di mittulu da. The children are noisy because their teacher is absent. Nakangalla kayu dih hilong. You talked too much last night. muN‑/nuN‑, naka‑. 1D Sounds. Sim: ngakngak, ngel’ek. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2trans. to scold or shout at someone. Kah-in di ngalaan dida on ahida nungngunu. You have to scold them by shouting before they work. an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 4.8.4.1 - Rebuke.)

ngalat 1intrans. to have a sharp, pungent taste, e.g. eggplant not fully cooked, taro leaves cooked, green pineapple. Mungngalat nan tabuyug. The pomelo has a pungent taste. muN‑. 1C General class. Sim: lumii, pait, hangliw. (sem. domains: 2.3.3 - Taste.) 2proc. to become pungent. ‑um‑/‑imm‑.

paggalat 1comm. edible fern variety. Mahong-o di paggalat an ihda. Fern-grass is delicious as a viand. Sim: ap-apat, appaku. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.) 2intrans. to gather edible ferns. Mamaggalat hi Talakka hi ena igattang hi bigat. Talakka is gathering edible ferns which she will sell. maN‑/naN‑.

pala 1comm. a shovel with a short handle. Nan pala di pungkaum nah lugit. Use the shovel in scooping the dirt. Alam nan pala ta gaudom nan pitok. Get the shovel and scoop the mud with it. Sim: baung, bangbang, gaud, huklay. (sem. domains: 6.2.8 - Agricultural tool.) 2trans. to shovel something with a short-handled shovel. Palaom nan lutan nitabab nah kanal. Shovel the earth that is blocking the canal. Pinala na nan lona nah kalata. He shovelled the sand on the road. Ipalam nan ka-gattang. Use the newly-bought shovel. Mumpala da handi mala-u kami. They were shovelling when we passed by. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.)

palabaton di kali (id. of lab’at) idiom. an idiom that implies that a person retracts a promise, recants or disavows what has been said (lit. speech will cause interest to be charged). Adim palabaton di kalim. Do not fall back on your word.

palabbok comm. bell pepper. Dakol di igattang dah palabbok hi malket. They got a lot of peppers to sell in the market. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.3 - Cooking ingredients.)

palad 1comm. (prim) the inner surface of the hand; palm. (sem. domains: 2.1.3.1 - Arm.) 2palm reading. 2.1intrans. to refers to the activity of palm reading. Mammalad kanu hi tulang na. They say that her sister is a palmist. maN‑. (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) 2.2trans. to foretell future by reading the lines of the palm. [The reading of the palm is not a traditional practice.] Paladonak. Foretell my future. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 4.9.4.6 - Prophecy, 4.3.9.1 - Custom.) id. maphod di palad

palaghik trans. to splash a liquid on something. (sem. domains: 1.3.3 - Wet.)

palagpag comm. refers to the ribs, chest and upper body area. (sem. domains: 2.1.2 - Torso.)

palahyang comm. thorn variety, the thorns of a citrus tree, long and straight. Adim ognan te waday palahyang na. Don’t hold it because it has thorns. Sim: pagit, hub’it. (sem. domains: 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.)

palak intrans. 1to moan or groan; to cry out in pain and say anay; to make noise from grief or pain, with or without tears. Pumalak hin ihakit nah indani. He will moan later because of the pain. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 3.5.6.5 - Cry, tear.) 2to groan; aspect is durative. Mumpalak nan golang te kinalat di ahu. The child is crying out with pain because a dog bit him. Waday dingngol nan mumpalak. He heard groaning. muN‑/nuN‑.

palakad comm. the rungs of a ladder. Onom di palakad nan tete da. Their ladder has six rungs. Sim: talukad.

palakpak₁ (sp. var. of palekpek) trans. to throw something that sticks on the body or clothes; this is done to tease or for fun. (sem. domains: 7.3.1.1 - Throw.)

palakpak₂ 1comm. the sound made by clapping of the hands. Takon di nidawwi taku ya madngol di palakpak nadan mun-ang-ang-ang. Even though we are far we can hear the clapping of those who are watching. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2trans. to strike hands together; to clap. Mumpalalpak da nadan mundongol hi kanta da. Those who heard their song are clapping their hands. Palakpakan taku te maphod di impatibo da. Let us clap our hands because thier show is good. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

palang 1comm. a wound from a bolo. Ongal nan palang nah odog na. The wound on his back is big. (sem. domains: 2.5.3 - Injure.) 2trans. to cut by striking with a bolo. Palangom nan hapang di akasya te umalih tuh atop di tubuna. Cut the branch of the acacia-tree because the leaves come to the roof. Mumpalang dah kawayan handi mala-u kami. They were cutting bamboo when we passed by. Pinalang Ramon nan kaiw. Ramon struck the tree with his bolo. Mapalang di taklem hin athina di pangdon mu nah otak. Your hand will be cut if you hold the bolo that way. ‑on/‑in‑, i‑/iN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑ muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑/na‑. Tactile - Touch contact. 3rec. to wound or kill each other with bolos. Mumpinnallang da lummu nah koltog di luta. They will kill each other with bolos because of a land dispute. muN‑ ‑in‑/nuN‑ ‑in‑. 4v. to attack with a bolo, usually with intent to kill. Etaku tedeyan tuwe nan mun-angon pumalang. Let us go because the crazy man will cut us with his bolo. ‑um‑/imm‑.

palanggan 1comm. a large basin, metal or plastic, for washing things or doing laundry. Nah palanggan di pangibalbalam nah pantalon. Launder the pants in the basin. Tinibo mi an hay nidadaan ya abu ya duwan palangganan hinamal. We saw that what was prepared for us was two basins of rice. Sim: batya, beysin. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. to place in a basin. Ipalanggan mu nadan bulwati. Place the clothes in the basin. i‑iN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog.

palasyo comm. palace. Kay palasyo nan baleda. Their house is like a palace. Sim: pinader. (sem. domains: 6.5.1 - Building.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.

palasyut 1comm. parachute. Nun-atop da nan palasyut. He used the parachute for a roof. 2intrans. to use a parachute. Numpalasyut da nadan tindalu ot umpa da nah maholok. The soldiers parachuted and landed on the grassy spot. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: English.

palat 1comm. the handle of a tool e.g. knife, machete, ax, spade. Id-on mu nah palat na. Hold it by the handle. (sem. domains: 6.7.8 - Parts of tools, 8.6 - Parts of things.) 2trans. to place a handle on something. Ipalat mu nan uwa. Place a handle on the knife. Palatam nan otak ta punggaat takuh bigat. Place a handle on the bolo so that we will use it tomorrow. Mumpalat dah gaud te nungkagin-u da. They are placing handles on their spades because they are broken. i‑/iN‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.)

palat di oban (comp. of oban) comm. a pregnancy ritual performed to prevent abortion or miscarriage; literally means the handle of the baby-carrying-blanket. [This is done for the first child; the father’s kin give the oban 'baby-carrying-blanket' that they themselves have made, if possible.] Pun-ingunuday palat di oban te nuntungo moh Talakka. They are performing the ritual for pregnanacy because Talakka already gave birth. (sem. domains: 4.9.5.4 - Religious ceremony.)

palattug 1comm. gun. Waday palattug na te pulit. He has a gun because he is a policeman. (sem. domains: 4.8.3.7 - Weapon, shoot.) 2trans. to shoot with a gun. Pinatlattug da on hamuti. They shot a bird. Palattugon da nan ahun natagal. They will shoot the dog that is rabid. Pumalattug ka hi hamuti. Shoot some birds. Eda mamalattug hi hamuti nah muyung. They are going to shoot birds in the forest. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, maN‑/naN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano: paltug.

palawer (sp. var. plawer) 1comm. flower. Muntanom ka hi palawer nah hinangab di baleyu. Plant flowers in front of your house. (sem. domains: 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.) 2intrans. for flowers to bloom. Mumpalawer tun intanom mu hin abonowam. Your plant will bloom if you place fertilizer on it. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: English.

palayd (sp. var. parayd) 1comm. a public procession for the purpose of celebrating an event; parade. Waday palayd hi bigat. There will be a parade tomorrow. (sem. domains: 4.2.2.2 - Festival, show.) 2intrans. to march in a parade. Mumpalayd da nadan tindalu nah kalata. The soldiers are parading in the street. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1 - Walk.) Language Of Borrowing: English.

palayon comm. tree, oak variety; highly flammable; firm wood that is good for house flooring and siding; the leaves resemble the bur oak. [In a traditional betrothal ceremony, the groom or his representative carry a small bundle of palayon-wood; it is intended to symbolize an enduring union.] Dakol di palayon ad Nayun, Lamut. There are a lot of palayon-trees in Nayun, Lamut. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree, 6.2.5.4 - Plant product.) n. ph. bungan di palayon

paralais sta. paralyzed. Naparalais di godwan di adol na. Half of his body is paralyzed. ma‑/na‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. (sem. domains: 2.5.4 - Disabled.)
Language Of Borrowing: English: paralyze
.

peyampo adjunct. sympathetic expression. Adi peyampo pakaali te maid ibbana. Alas, she cannot come because she has no companion. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 9.2.6 - Particles.)

sala₁ comm. living room; salon. Waday bisitam nah sala. You have visitors in the living room. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.

sala₂ 1comm. dance, generally refers to ballroom dancing. [The word refers to dances that are not native to Ifugao.] Waday sala ad da-ul te waday mungkasal hi bigat. There is a dance down there because there is a wedding tomorrow. 2intrans. to dance. Munsala da Pedlo ke Talakka. Pedro and Talakka are dancing. Sumala ka ni-an ta ahi magawid. Dance for a while before you go home. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3trans. to dance with someone; to dance for someone. Isala dakan Pedlo te pihod dakan hiya. Pedlo will dance with you because he likes you. Salaan dakayu. I will dance for you. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

salamat 1adjunct. thank you. Salamat ta immali kayu. Thank you for coming. Interpersonal. Sim: agyaman. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.7.1 - Thank.) 2trans. to thank someone with emphasis on that person in contrast with others Hiyay salamatan yu te hiyay nangingunuh dakdakol. Thank him for he was the one who worked on it. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3intrans. to thank someone. Munsalamat ke he-a te in-anamut mu tun imbabalek. I thank you for bringing my child home. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog: salamat. der. mumpasalamat

suweldu 1comm. a wage or salary. Idat mu nan suweldu da hi bigat. Give their salaries tomorrow. Sim: ganal, tangdan, bokla, ngunu. (sem. domains: 6.8.4.5 - Pay.) 2intrans. to receive salary. Maid di pihhu taku te uggeyak nunsuweldu. We have no money because I did not receive my pay. muN‑/nuN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: sueldo.

Ta malinggop di kitaguwam mahapul an maduplalan di pangalam (say. of linggop) In order to have a peaceful life you must acquire your possessions honestly.

takalang (sp. var. of takkalang) a bracelet.

takkalang (sp. var. takalang) 1comm. a bracelet of bronze. Maphod nan kinapya dan takkalang. The bracelet they made is beautiful. Sim: giniling. (sem. domains: 5.4.1 - Jewelry.) 2intrans. to wear a bracelet. Muntakkalang ka hin manayo kayuh bigat. Wear a bracelet when you dance tomorrow. muN‑/nuN‑.

talaga advpred. certainly; undeniably. Talagan makalangkak ka. There’s no doubt that you are a liar. Talagan maid di nomnom mu. It is certain that you are really dimwitted. Modality. Sim: tuwali, sigud. (sem. domains: 9.4.4.1 - Certainly, definitely.) Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog.

talagaddo comm. tiger grass. [This grass variety is used to make soft brooms.] Muntanom ka hi talagaddu tuh dola yu. Plant tiger grass at the front of your house. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.)

talak₁ 1trans. to lose something. Adim talakon nan pihhum. Don’t lose your money. Kanan di e udman nan pihu yaden e talakon ot ya abu. One would wish to increase his money (by gambling) but instead he only loses it. Handi pinghanan umeyak hidi ya kalyok on matalakak. When I went there for the first time, I thought I would get lost. ‑on/‑in‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. Sim: buna. (sem. domains: 7.6.3 - Lose, misplace.) 2pass. to be lost. Handi pinghanan umeyak hidi ya kalyok on matalakak. When I went there for the first time, I thought I would get lost. Unudon yu nan gulding ta adi matalak. Follow the goat so that it will not be lost. ma‑/na‑. infl. matalak

talak₂ (sp. var. tolak) comm. any motorized vehicle; car; truck; bus; jeep. Katatakut pay an e bumah-el te dakol di talak an muntutun-ud. It is even dangerous to cross the street since there are many buses lined up one after the other. Dandani olas singku ya inla-u da boh diyen intakke da nah talak padin pun-itikid da te nate. It was almost 5:00 o’clock when they passed again, riding in the priest’s jeep going up because he is dead. (sem. domains: 7.2.4.1.1 - Vehicle.) infl. taltallak

talakdang intrans. 1to ascend toward the sky. Restrictions: traditional religion. Timmalakdang. He ascended. {ritual} ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2A Movement from one place to another. 2to ascend toward heaven. [This word is used in the Bible to refer to the ascension of Jesus Christ to heaven.] Indasalana dida hi kipaphodan da ot ipayunan tumalakdang hi langit. (Luke 24:51) He prayed for them for their blessing and then, he left them and ascended to heaven. (sem. domains: 4.9 - Religion.)

talakid 1comm. a woven cane grass mat placed under the granary or used when the floor of the house is the earth. Waday talakid nah alang an damanan ubunan. There is a woven cane grass mat at the granary that can be sat on. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) 2trans. to weave with strips of liana vine; to make a reed mat called talgan. Talakidom nadan paul ta kapyaon takun kultina. Weave the cane grass sticks so that we will use it for a curtain. Tinalakid an paul di kahuyopan mi. We slept on a reed mat. ‑on/‑in‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 6.6.4.2 - Weaving baskets and mats.)

talal comm. a bird species. [The bird is light brown and gray; it has a sharp beak and long sharp claws; found in fields or grasses; preys on insects and small birds; they eat the brain of the rice bird.] Sim: manalatal. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)

talala 1intrans. to say something in order to make trouble; to say things that are intended to interrupt or otherwise make trouble. Importanten abu tun ihummangan mi yaden dehna ka damdamdaman tumalala. We are talking about an important matter and yet there you are disturbing us. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Speech Verbs - Purpose is to evoke a response. (sem. domains: 4.4.2 - Trouble.) 2sta. to believe everything someone says. Natalala nah kinali dan hiya. She believed everything they said to her. ma‑/na‑.

talalang comm. a tree variety; berry-bearing. [The fruit is boiled and eaten.] (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.)

talam 1sta. to be cunning or deceitful; to be tricky. Natalam ka. You are deceitful. Nuntalam ot bumtik hi kalabutan. He was cunning and escaped from prison. na‑, muN‑. 6B Characteristics of human nature or life situation. (sem. domains: 4.3.5.5 - Deceive.) 2trans. to trick or deceive someone. Adiyu talamon te gaga-iho hidiye. Don’t deceive him because that is bad. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact.

talan-u intrans. to crow; the cry of a rooster. [Old folks say that the ido-snake also crows.] Muntatalan-u day poltan. The roosters are crowing. Adi tumalan-u nan poltan ku. My rooster can’t crow. Makatallan-u udot tun poltan ku yaden iittay. My rooster crows well although it is still small. Muntatalan-u ke on imme kamih payo. At dawn (lit. when the rooster crows) we go to the fields. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑, maka‑. 1D Sounds. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.2 - Sound.) id. muntatalan-u

talangga trans. 1to mock someone; to ridicule someone. Bokon ha-oy di taltalanggaan yu. I should not be the one that you mock. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal oriented sites. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.8.2 - Insult.) 2someone who mocks or ridicules. An he-ay manaltalanggan dakami? Are you the one mocking us? maN‑/naN‑.

talangod (sp. var. taltalangod) sta. to have a stiff neck. [A traditional remedy for the removal of stiff neck pain was to place a ladder on the shoulders of the patient and have him strike the post of a house with the ladder in order to transfer the pain to the post.] Uggek pinatnaan an matalangod. I’ve never had a stiff neck. na‑. 6A Physiological Process - State. (sem. domains: 2.5.6.1 - Pain.)

talapu (sp. var. trapu) comm. a rag cloth. Kinapyanan talapu nan kamahhita na. He made his T-shirt into a rag cloth. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.) Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: trapo.

talon binang-alan (n. ph. of talo, bang-al) comm. a star (planet) seen in the eastern sky before or at sunrise. gen: talo. (sem. domains: 1.1.1.3 - Planet.)

taltalangod (sp. var. of talangod) a stiff neck.

tangdan 1comm. earnings; wages. Kaatnay tangdan mu. How much did you earn? Sim: ganal, bokla, ngunu, suweldu. (sem. domains: 6.8.2.7 - Earn.) 2trans. to give wages to someone. <The person receiving the wages is cross-referenced by the affix.> Tangdanan daka ta iem tun kalton hi malket. I’ll give you wages and you’ll take this box to the market. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

ullalangi (sp. var. ullangi) comm. a parrot species. Pinukot da nan ullalangi ot ikapyaan dah balena. They caught an ullalangi-parrot with the gum trap and made a cage for it. gen: hamuti. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)

walak trans. 1to release hold on something. Iwalakanak mot umeyak. Release me and I will go. Adim iwalakan nan inodnam. Don’t release what you are holding. i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. 3I Direct an action toward an object. (sem. domains: 7.2.6.4 - Set free.) 2to abandon; to neglect, e.g a rice field, Antipet em inwalak di payom? Why did you abandon your ricefield? i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 4.3.3.3 - Abandon.)

walakgi (fr. var. of pulakgi) to shake something off hand.

aparador (sp. var. apaladol) 1comm. upright, movable wardrobe. Wada nan bulwatim nah aparador. Your dress is in the wardrobe. Nakagganas tun aparador yu. Your wardrobe is very beautiful. (sem. domains: 5.1.1.4 - Cabinet.) 2trans. to place something in a wardrobe or use a wardrobe. Iaparador mu nan bulwatim. Place your clothes in the wardrobe. i‑/iN‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.

ballabag (sp. var. balabag) 1trans. to place something in a horizontal position, usually a long object. Iballabag mu nan kaiw. Put the wood across it horizontally. Ballabagan yuh kaiw nan kanal. Put a piece of wood across the canal. Waday niballabag dih kalata. There is something placed horizontally across the road. Katibanglan did inballabag da nah uwang. They spanned the hole with a fern tree. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, mi‑/ni‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.) 2comm. the crossbars or beams of a building. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.)

gartib (sp. var. galatib) 1comm. a pair of scissors. Alam nan gartib ta pu-litan daka. Get the scissors and we will cut your hair. (sem. domains: 6.7.1 - Cutting tool.) 2trans. to cut with scissors. Gartibom ya- tun papel. Please cut this paper. Gartibam tun buuk ku nah indoggan. Cut some of my hair at the back. Punggartib na papel. He is cutting the paper. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, puN‑. (sem. domains: 7.8.3 - Cut.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano: kartib.

palekpek (sp. var. palakpak) trans. to throw something that sticks on the body or clothes; this is done to tease or for fun. [This is often done by adults during times of field work. Mud is used, but also pulut-grass is sometimes used.] Bimmoh-ol hi Pedro to impalekpek dan hiya nan puyok. Pedro is angry because they threw mud on him. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.1.1 - Throw.)

pulakgi (fr. var. walakgi) trans. 1to shake off something on hand or other extremity. Impulakgi na nan balaingan an kimmadap hi taklena. He shook off the cockroach that crept on his hand. i‑/iN‑. 3B Move and release object. (sem. domains: 7.3.1.3 - Shake.) 2to struggle to get free from someone holding one. Mumpulakgi nan babuy handi binobodan da. The pig was struggling to free itself when they tied it up. Pumulakgi nan nabutong hin odnan yu. The drunk will struggle if you hold him. Impulakgi na nadan nandon ke hiya. He shook off those who were holding him. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, i‑/iN‑. Sim: pulki.

‑ana mod. used in the Hudhud epic to add rhythmic meter to times, places or character names, like Ambalaw[ana]. Restrictions: Hudhud epic. {literary}

allate intrans. to move, by walking carefully to maintain balance on a strip or narrow path. muN‑/nuN‑. 1A Movement with a manner component. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1 - Walk.)

batweng₁ 1comm. scale for weighing, implies a balancing of weight. [When men carry rice bundles on a batawil-pole, they balance the weight of the bundles at both ends.] (sem. domains: 8.2.8 - Measure.) 2trans. to weigh on a scale Batwengonak ta tibok di dam-ot ku. Weigh me so I’ll know how heavy I am. ‑on/‑in‑.

bawol (sp. var. bowol) 1comm. a spring-rod in a trap made of a pliant branch; three types of traps have the spring rod, lingon, appad and balai. Maphod di kapen kapyaon hi bawol te maandong. The coffee tree is good for making spring rods because (the branches) are straight. Sim: appad, hulu, lingon, balai. (sem. domains: 6.4.2 - Trap.) 2trans. to use as a spring-rod. Ibawwol mu nan kape. Use the coffee tree branch as your spring-rod. Bawwolan yu nan lingon. Put a spring-rod on your bird trap. i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

ganar (sp. var. of ganal) wage; salary

hitak (sp. var. of hikat) 1) comm. wedge; an object inserted to maintain the balance of another object. Ha-adam hi hitak nan dulung. Insert a wedge under the floor boards. 2) trans. to insert something between two surfaces; to insert under; to put something under or between; to wedge something. Hitakam nan hukin nan table ta adi mundiwol. Insert something under the table leg so that it won’t shake. Hitakam nan tukud ta tumagtag-e. Put something under the post to raise it. (sem. domains: 7.3.2.6 - Put in.)

hoktang sta. for something to be detached; to be broken apart. {This may be said at the end of a story, particularly malamala stories.} Tibom ta adi mahoktang nan balituk mu. See that your gold necklace will not be broken apart. Mahoktang di alanga-ang mu te hay tatawam. You will have a sore throat because of your laughter (lit. your throat will be detached). ma‑/na‑. 6D Descriptives. Sim: hipdut, kohat, pogtang, puttut. (sem. domains: 7.8.1 - Break.) id. hoktang kolang id. hoktang putut id. mahoktang di alanga-ang

homtak 1intrans. to make a smacking sound when eating. Munhomtak hi Eddy te mahong-oy ihdana. Eddy was smacking his lips because his food was delicious. Adika humomtak. Don’t smack your lips. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.) 2trans. to make a smacking sound about something one likes. Homtakanay dotag. He smacks his lips when he eats meat. Mahomtakan di kadikit na. Her beauty makes one smack his lips. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ma‑ ‑an. 3comm. the sound of smacking of lips or tongue against palate when eating, usually to show that the food is delicious or may be made to show that one appreciates something beautiful. Madngol di homtak na. His smacking could be heard.

hong-ab 1intrans. to exhale through mouth; breathe out. Humong-ab ka. Exhale. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 2E Body/Physiological functions. (sem. domains: 2.2.1 - Breathe, breath.) 2trans. to exhale; the affix cross-references an object related to manner. Nidawwi ya nahamuy di ihong-ab nan baya. He was at a distance yet I could smell the wine he is exhaling. Ihong-ab mun kanan nan doctor. Exhale, the doctor said. i‑/iN‑. 3nom. the air that is exhaled; exhalation; breath. Adim ihangngab di hong-ab mun ha-on. Don’t face me with your breath. 4trans. to blow or breathe on something; the affix cross-references the object, what is being blown on. Hong-abam nan kandelat ta mate. Blow on the candle so that it will be put out. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.

huw’at (fr. var. of huw’it) trans. to turn over; overturn or topple due to imbalance. Huwatom nan aluwog mu ta uminumak. Turn your bamboo tube so I may drink. Hinwat na nan ubunan. He overturned the table. Kay mahuwat din jeep te dakol day nunlugan hi tap-ona. The jeep looks as if it is going to turn over because there are many passengers on the top. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.)

kango comm. 1hornbill bird, makes the sound kalao, kalao at 5:00 pm, known as the forest clock. Maid da moy kango ad Kiangan. There are no more kango-birds in Kiangan. Sim: dungdung. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.) 2male headdress like a hornbill. [The headdress is a simulated skull and beak of the hornbill bird and decorated with feathers, beads and cotton; worn during the tobab dance at the end of the uya-uy feast.] Gen: gamgam. (sem. domains: 5.3 - Clothing.)

kaynit 1intrans. to be startled by someone or something with a component of fear or alarm. Adika kumaynit hi pangngolam hi palattug. Don’t be startled upon hearing a shot. Kimmaynit handi nag-a nan banga. He was startled when the pot fell. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 2C, Emotion and sensation . Sim: bugtak, togna. (sem. domains: 3.4.1.3 - Surprise.) 2caus. to cause someone or something to be startled. Pakaynitom nan ahu ta bumtik. Startle the dog so that it will run away. Impakaynit dakami. He caused us to be startled. paka‑ ‑on, impa‑.

kint’og comm. a blanket with off-white color smaller than the balawang; mostly used as a baby blanket. Nan kintog di iulo yu nah golang an nahuyop. Use the small-blanket on the sleeping child. Sim: balawang. (sem. domains: 5.1 - Household equipment.)

konnat (sp. var. konna ket) adjunct. if such a thing were to happen; supposing that; to conjecture. Konnat ipatna yun idat yu athidin aggayam nah gobernador, kon umamlong ke dakayu weno kon edakayu baddangan? (Malachi 1:8b) Supposing you try to give an animal like that to the governor, would he be happy with you or would he help you? general: The sentence quotation from the book of the Bible, Malachi, is in the context of God speaking to the Israelites about their sacrificing of defective animals to him. Attitudinal. Sim: hin, deket, nu. (sem. domains: 9.6.2.8 - Condition.)

munhuwwitan (infl. of huw’it) intrans. to sway, trying to maintain or regain balance. Timmaddog nan goalng nah tap-on di batu ya munhuwwitan. The child stood on top of the stone and swayed. muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an.

og’a₁ 1trans. to drop something. Inggana nan banga ot maphik. He dropped the pot and it broke. (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.) 2to fall. 2.1intrans. to lose balance and fall off or fall down. Mun-oga kah na hin mipinggit ka. You will fall off there if you stay on the side. An pinatnaam di mag-ah nitag-e? Have you ever fallen from a high place? Impakakkag-an nan dibdib nah nihap-e. The wind caused all the clothes in the clothesline to fall. muN‑/nuN‑, ma‑/na‑. Sim: balintuwag, lotwad, tu-un, uhbung. (sem. domains: 7.2.2.5.1 - Fall.) 2.2pass. for an inanimate thing or animal to fall off or down. Nag-a day bungan di mangga te maid udan. The mango blossoms fell off because there has been no rain. Nag-a nan nuwang ot mate. The carabao fell off and it died. ma‑/na‑. 2.3trans. refers to something falling; the place where it falls is in view. Daanay nag-ahan nan talak? Where did the truck fall off? Adida mag-ahan nadah batun mungkakag-a. They can be safe from the falling pieces of rocks. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an.

tamak 1comm. refers to an object placed underneath an uneven board, rock or anything that needs to be stabilized in place, e.g. an unbalanced table. (sem. domains: 6.7 - Tool.) 2trans. to place a wedge under something to stabilize it. Nan mungkidung an ubunan ya mahapul an tamakan. A chair that is not sturdy needs a stabilizing wedge placed. Tamakam tun lamesa teden mungkidug. Put a wedge under the table leg to make it stable. Nan ongal an batu di panamak mu. Wedge the big stone underneath. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, paN‑. 5A Changing state of site by adding somthing. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.)

tangguyub (sp. var. tangguyup) 1comm. an animal horn used as a single note trumpet; used for calling assemblies or sounding alarms. Ipagangom nan tangguyub ta mamanug da nadan tataguh tu. Sound the animal horn so that the people will assemble here. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.4.1 - Call, 3.5.1.4.2 - Contact.) 2intrans. to blow the horn. Muntangguyup day ammod dih done. Our ancestors used to blow the animal horn. muN‑. 3intrans. a trumpet instrument. [This is the word used to translate the instrument used to call together people in the Tuwali Ifugao Bible.] Hantuh aliyanan malpuh langit ya wada donglon takuh nal-ot an kalin mun-ayag ke ditaku ya muntukuk bo nan ap-apun di anghel ya midihhan an gumango nan tangguyub Apu Dios. Then he (Jesus) will come from heaven and we will hear a loud voice calling us and a shout from the leader of angels and at the same time the sounding of the trumpet of God.

Tona-an di munlabi (n. ph. of munlabi) prop. a ritual performed to appease the malabi or munlabi spirit. [A rooster with a spur is sacrificed.] (sem. domains: 4.3.9.1 - Custom.)

a-apo 1comm. a short story, usually sung; may be myths, legends, or folktales. Pinpinhod ku hanan a-apon mipanggep ke Kabbigat. I like the story-song about Kabbigat. Sim: istolya, bida, malamala. (sem. domains: 3.5.4 - Story.) 2intrans. to tell a story in song. Umbun kat mun-a-apoh apum. You sit down and your grandfather will sing a story-song. Mun-ap-apo wak kanu ya- uggek inila nan ia-apok. According to them, I’ll tell a story; oh, I don’t know what to relate. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.) 3trans. to tell a story with the story-object cross-referenced. Aga mot nan bumdang di ia-apok. Okay, I’ll tell a story about roaming-spirits. i‑/iN‑. Speech Verb: Purpose is to entertain.

ablan comm. the loom for weaving; refers to all of the separate pieces. [Formerly, women did a lot of weaving as the grain was ripening so that everyone would have new skirts and loin clothes when people joined together for harvesting and celebrating.] Maid day mun-abol ad uwanin dakol te natalak day ablan. Not many weave today because the looms have been lost. Part: uluwan, lolottan, gul-unnan, baliga, hikittan, kalabig. (sem. domains: 6.6.1 - Working with cloth.)

agaag intrans. to squeal, high piercing sound made by humans or pigs. Mun-agaag nan babuy an pinah-on da. The pig they carried was squealing. muN‑/nuN‑. 1D Sounds. Sim: alagaag. (sem. domains: 2.3.2.3 - Types of sounds.)

agyaman sta. to be thankful. Agyaman ka te uggeka nate. Be thankful because you did not die. Sim: salamat. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.7.1 - Thank.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

alittu (sp. var. alistu) 1adv. quickly. Alittun mungngunu. He works quickly. (implies he is industrious) Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.8.1 - Quick.) 2advpred. to do something quickly. <The adverbial predicate governs the action with the affix cross-referencing the verbal action object.> Alittuwan yun mungngunu. Work fast. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Time. Sim: gagala. 3intrans. to move quickly. Immalittu da te mangali nan ap-apu da. They moved quickly because their leader was approaching. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: alistu.

alo (sp. var. allo) trans. to throw something at another. Takon maka-atung on kinawot da ta ialo dah ibba da. Even if it’s very hot (rice), they grab it and throw it at their companions. Takon di hilot ya pun-ialo da ten nap-uy dayakkot. When the rice is gone, some naughty ones throw dung at each other. i‑/iN‑, puN‑ i‑. 3B Move and release object. Sim: wele, boka, tongba, gayang, balnu, bon’al, top-’al, wengngak; Sim: tongba, gayang, baladung, balnu, bon’al, boka, balabal. (sem. domains: 7.3.1.1 - Throw.)

amti 1comm. a bush variety with berry-like tiny fruit; the leaves are edible. Adik pinhod an munhidah amti. I don’t like to eat amti. Sim: alayyon. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2intrans. to gather amti-leaves for eating. Etaku mangamti hi ihda taku. Let us go and gather amti-spinach for our viand. maN‑.

ap-apat comm. fern, generic term; there are both edible and inedible varieties. [The fern fronds may be tied on the stomach of a new mother to help her expel any clotted blood which is causing after-birth painful contractions of her uterus.] Eyak immalah ap-apat ot pangaga dah aliwan Rose. I went and got the fern and they treated Rose’s after-birth pain with it. Humani nan ap-apat. Those big ferns block our view. Filicinae Sim: appaku, paggalat. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.)

appad 1comm. trap for birds and small animals on the ground. Ihaad mu nan appad nah dolya. Place the bird trap on the untilled part of the ricefield. Sim: hulu, lingon, bawol, balai. (sem. domains: 6.4.2 - Trap.) 2trans. to trap birds Eka mangappad ta hanake ot ya waday makna. Go make a trap, by chance you might trap a bird or two. Appadon yu nan manuk. Trap the chicken. Anupon weno appadon dat ahi da alan. They hunt or trap the animal to catch it. maN‑/naN‑, ‑on/‑in‑.

appaku 1comm. fern variety; young shoots are edible, they grow in uncultivated land, especially damp areas. Munhida takuh appaku. We will have appaku-ferns for viand. Sim: ap-apat, paggalat. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food, 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine.) 2trans. to gather fern shoots. Eka mangappaku ta ihda taku. Go gather fern shoots for our viand. maN‑/naN‑.

baghe comm. a type of spear; a single-barbed spear. [A weapon with wooden handle and a metal point with barbs sharpened on both sides. This type of spear is no longer used and therefore, it is considered to be an heirloom.] Adida mun-odon hi baghe di u-unga. Children do not play with single-barbed spears. Sim: balabog, pahul, gayang, hinolgat, ludit. (sem. domains: 4.8.3.7 - Weapon, shoot.)

bainti (sp. var. bahinti) 1adj. the count twenty of something. Bainti an tatagu di mahapul. Twenty people are needed. Number quantifier. Sim: dalan, duwampulu. (sem. domains: 8.1.1.1 - Cardinal numbers.) 2sta. to be worth twenty. Idatanak hi mabainti kindi. Give her candies worth twenty pesos. ma‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish: veinte.

bakle 1comm. rice cake or candy made of glutinous rice; usually made at the end of harvest during Thanksgiving celebration; wrapped and cooked in banana or rattan leaves. Pinay-an dah niyug nan binakle. They put coconut in the rice cake. Waday iggattang da nah Sabadu hi binakle. They sell rice cakes during Saturdays. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.) 2intrans. to make rice cakes. Mumbakle da hi bigat. They are going to make rice cakes tomorrow. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to use a specific kind of rice for making rice cakes. Ibakle da nan dayakkot. They are going to make rice cakes out of the glutinous rice. i‑/iN‑. 4participatory. to attend a harvest thanksgiving celebration. Etaku makibakle ad Nagakadan. We’ll go to Nagakadan to join the harvest thanksgiving. maki‑/naki‑. 5comm. a ritual celebrated at the end of rice harvest. Na keh ahibakle ya dakol di umalin bumaddang an mangapyah binakle ta nalutu ke ne waday punhahanggaan nadan nakibakle hi pun-am-amlongan da. When it is thanksgiving time, many come to help make rice cakes so that they will be cooked and presented for the happiness of those coming to join in the thanksgiving celebration. Sim: Alawag. comp. ahibakle der. mumbakle infl. binakle

balkon comm. refers to a porch on a building. Sim: batalan. (sem. domains: 6.5.2 - Parts of a building.) Language of Borrowing: Spanish.

ballahiwe intrans. to bypass inadvertently; there is a simultaneity component which gives the meaning that two people were in the same place at the same time. Ek damuwon hi Maria ad Lagawe yaden numballah-iwe kami ot ya abu. I was going to meet Maria at Lagawe but we bypassed each other inadverdently. (As I was going, she was coming and we met on the way without knowing.) muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: kalah-iwang.

balnu trans. to throw a rock or clod of soil at something and hit it. Bimmungot nan mittuluk ot ibalnu na nan liblu. My teacher got angry and he threw the book at me. Balnuwon dakah batu. I’ll hit you with a thrown stone. Bumalnu nan mun-ango hin mala-u tah di. The crazy person throws stones if we pass by there. Adi mabalnu te nitalu. It cannot be stoned because its’s hidden. Mahakit di pukol ku te binalnun Juan. My shoulder hurts because Juan threw a rock and hit it. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑, ma‑. 3B Move and release object. Sim: wele, boka, tongba, gayang, bon’al, alo, top-’al, wengngak; Sim: tongba, gayang, baladung, bon’al, boka, alo, balabal. (sem. domains: 7.3.1.1 - Throw.)

ban’ug (sp. var. bannug) comm. hawk. [If it flies up higher by circling and talking, it is a dopal omen, meaning it will not rain for a long time.] Intayap nan banug nan impa. The hawk flew away with the chick. Falconiformes; Bureo Jamaicensis Sim: halagma, mangayyuding, butbut, gawwang. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)

bang’ot trans. for an animal to bite; a portion of flesh may be bitten from the body. Adika mih-up nah ahu te ibangot na man. Don’t go near the dog as it might bite you. i‑/iN‑. Sim: kalat, ngudngud. (sem. domains: 5.2.2.1 - Bite, chew.)

bangbang trans. to spade soil; to dig soil to plant; loosen soil for planting. Bangbangom nan habal ta ahi taku tanman hi bulhe. You till the soil in the swidden and we will plant it with beans. Nalakan mabangbang nan luta te mayam-o. The soil can be easily spaded because it is soft. Mumbangbang da hi tanman dah danggu. They are tilling a spot to plant spring onions. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4A Change the structure of object. Sim: baung, gaud, pala, huklay. (sem. domains: 6.2.2.2 - Plow a field.)

bangko₁ comm. wooden bench. Alam nan bangko ta waday ubunan tun tatagu. Get the bench so these people can sit. Nahuyop nan nabutong nah bangko. The drunk man slept on the bench. Natukad nan imbunak an bangko. The wooden bench I was sitting on collapsed. Sim: tilya, dalapong. (sem. domains: 5.1.1 - Furniture.) Llanguage Of Borrowing: Spanish.

batok 1comm. stripes; streaks; printed design. Sim: dago, balangat; Sim: lihha. (sem. domains: 8.3.5.4 - Pattern, model.) 2sta. to be striped; to be tattooed. Nabatokan di taklena. Her arms are tattooed. ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an.

batya 1comm. large tub or basin, usually used for doing laundry; may be made of galvanized iron, aluminum or plastic. Maphod di batya an punbalballan. A big laundry tub is good for doing laundry. Sim: palanggan, beysin. (sem. domains: 5.1 - Household equipment.) 2trans. to place something in a big tub. Ibatya yu nadan mabalbalan. Place the clothes to be washed in the big basin. Adi mibatya. It cannot be placed in the basin. i‑/iN‑, mi‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

baung 1comm. a plot for planting sweet potatoes. Sim: habal, uma. (sem. domains: 6.2 - Agriculture.) 2intrans. to prepare a sweet potato plot for planting. Ekayu mumbaung ad Atade. Go prepare a plot for planting sweet potatoes at Atade. muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: bangbang, gaud, pala, huklay.

beysin (sp. var. betin) comm. basin, metal or plastic. Iupol mu nan ulo nah beysin. Soak the blanket in the basin. Sim: palanggan, batya. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.) Language Of Borrowing: English: basin.

bida 1comm. a story; may refer to a folktale or a more current narrative. Hay bida na ya hiyat nangamung. His story is always the same. Sim: istolya, a-apo, malamala. (sem. domains: 3.5.4 - Story, 3.5.7.2 - Written material.) 2trans. to tell a story. Mumbida ka ta mahuyop da nan u-unga. Tell a story so that the children will go to sleep. Ibidam nan bida an maid poppog na. Tell the never ending story. Wada wadah allama di mibidabidah kau-unga dih done. ‘Once there was a crab’ was a story often told to children long ago. i‑/iN‑, mi‑, muN‑.

bigla 1advpred. suddenly; for something to come as a surprise, unexpected. Biglay natayana. His death was very sudden. Time. Sim: maid maptok, na-ala, hingkatang, maag. (sem. domains: 8.4.8.3 - Sudden.) 2trans. to do something suddenly, abruptly. Biglaom ken dapaon ta kumaynit. You touch him abruptly so he’ll be surprised/frightened. Binigla nan indakig nan panto. He closed the door abruptly. ‑on/‑in‑. 3sta. to be surprised. Mabigla ka hin kalyok nan tinibok. You will be surprised if I tell you what I saw. ma‑. (sem. domains: 3.1.2.3 - Attention.) Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog.

boka trans. to throw something. Ibkam nan bola ta tipaok. You throw the ball and I will catch it. Bokaon yu nan naamung an galut nah wangwang. Throw the gathered trash into the river. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. 3B Move and release object. Sim: wele, tongba, gayang, balnu, bon’al, alo, top-’al, wengngak; Sim: tongba, gayang, baladung, balnu, bon’al, alo, balabal. (sem. domains: 7.3.1.1 - Throw.)

bon’al trans. to throw something, usually stones, with the intention of hitting someone or something. Numbonal ku hanadan gulding an nangan hi page. I threw (stones) at the goats that ate the palay. Ugge mi inilay binumnal ke he-a te dingkug mi nan panto. We do not know who threw (stones) at you because our backs were against the door. Ibnal mu nan od-odnam. Throw the thing which you are holding. Inibnal na nan pakko. He threw the spoon at someone. Bonalom nan manuk ta adi na kanon nan page. Throw something at the chicken so it will not eat the palay. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑inum‑, i‑/ini‑. 3B Move and release object. Sim: wele, boka, tongba, gayang, balnu, alo, top-’al, wengngak; Sim: tongba, gayang, baladung, balnu, boka, alo, balabal. (sem. domains: 7.3.1.1 - Throw.)

bongle 1sta. fifty, a unit of measurement by the count of fives; the measure is related to bundles of rice. Inuyap ku hin kaatnay bintok da ya nabongle. I counted the number of bundles, it was fifty. na‑. Sim: nalima; Meas: bongle, dalan, upu. (sem. domains: 8.1.1.1 - Cardinal numbers.) 2comm. monetary unit of fifty pesos. [This is probably an extended meaning from the traditional. meaning related to number of rice bundles.] Nabongle nan indat nan balun ku. He gave me fifty pesos as my pocket money. na‑.

boy’a comm. small water conduit; small canal, in a swidden or garden. An waday liting nah boya? Is there water in the water conduit? Sim: paluk, alak, kanal. (sem. domains: 6.7.7 - Container.)

buggan₂ adj. beauty of a female. [This may be a coinage from the name of the Ifugao heroine, Bugan.] Man-u te buggan ka mu uggem inilan mungngunu. It’s true that you are beautiful but you do not know how to work. Qualifier. Sim: maddikit, balasang, pintas. (sem. domains: 2.3.1.8.1 - Beautiful.)

bulak comm. tree, cottonwood variety. Bokon tiempon di bulak ad uwani. It’s not yet the time of cottonwood-trees to bear. Maphod di muntanom hi bulak na aldattan ta waday ahi pangalaan hi kapyaon hi pungan. It’s good to plant cottonwood-trees at ones backyard so there would be something to get for the making of pillows. Sim: kapok, malakapat; Syn: malakapat. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.)

buna trans. to get lost; to lose one’s way. Gaput uggek ininghaan ad Manila ya eyak bunbunnaon hanadah iibbak. Because I am not familiar with Manila, my companions tried to make me lose my way. Adina tuwali halipat-an nadan iibba na kinali nabuna. He did not watch his companions that’s why he lost his way. Tibom ta adi ka mabuna. See to it that you won’t get lost. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑/na‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. Sim: talak. (sem. domains: 3.2.3.1 - Known, unknown.)

butbut₂ comm. reddish hawk with gray and white neck; eats mice, snakes, and young birds. Inibtiibtik di butbut nan impan di manuk ku. The hawk has been snatching and flying away with my chicks. Sim: ban’ug, halagma, mangayyuding, gawwang. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)

da-lap comm. a mat of leather, made from the hide of deer, cows, or horses. [Formerly, only deer hides were available for mats; people did not eat the hide; these mats are rare now.] Mahuyop kamih da-lap. We sleep on a leather mat. Maatung nan da-lap. The leather-mat is warm. gen: lalat.

dago comm. a pig with brownish stripes; any animal with stripes. [A dago-pig is easy to find when it’s lost because of its color.] Maphod di ang-ang di dago immam-ana hin mataba. A brownish-pig has a very nice appearance especially if it is fat. Sim: balangat, batok. (sem. domains: 1.6.1 - Types of animals.)

dangpa₂ 1trans. to charcoal-broil something by placing directly on charcoal. Idangpam tun dolog. Charcoal-broil this fish. i‑/iN‑. Class 3D Move object with resulting change of state.. Sim: pul’uk, hongba, halab. (sem. domains: 5.2.1.1 - Cooking methods.) 2pass. to be charcoal broiled. Pinhod kun ihda di midangpan dolog. I like to eat fish that is charcoal-broiled. mi‑/ni‑.

dattok₁ comm. a type of banana. Makalummii boppo nan dattok ta hidiye nan adi on nahinglaak. The dattok-banana is so sweet that I easily become tired of it. Sim: balangngon, dippig; Gen: dippig; gen: balat. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.2 - Food from fruit.)

dippig (sp. var. dipping) comm. banana, cooking variety, may be boiled, broiled or fried. Damanan mihday puhun di dippig. The banana blossom of the cooking banana can be made into viand. Sim: balangngon, dattok; Spec: dattok; gen: balat. (sem. domains: 5.2.3.1.2 - Food from fruit.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

duka intrans. to walk about without purpose; to roam; to wander about. Adim tuttuduwan tun imbabalek an e munduka. Don’t influence my child to go roaming around. Nganney boklaom an dumukaduka. What will you gain by roaming around? muN‑/nuN‑. 1B Movement with a directional component. Sim: bakwad; Sim: bulakbul; Syn: alaya. (sem. domains: 7.2.1.1 - Walk.)

duwampulu (comp. of pulu) quan. two tens; twenty. Duwanpulu kilon nan bulhe. The weight of the beans is twenty kilos. Sim: bainti, dalan. (sem. domains: 8.1.1.1 - Cardinal numbers.)

gallak comm. residue of coconut oil. Nakaan am-in nan gallak nan lana. All of the coconut oil’s residue was removed. Sim: lalag. (sem. domains: 5.2 - Food.)

gangha 1comm. a gong, large bronze disk shaped like a round cake pan. [Gongs are used in rituals and for dancing.] Madngol di gangha dah tu. The sound of their gongs can be heard here. Pol-agon yu nan gangha ta manayu da. Sound the gongs so they will dance. Sim: balangbang. (sem. domains: 4.2.3.5 - Musical instrument.) 2intrans. to sound the gongs; to beat gongs. Munggangha kayu ta manayo kami. You beat the gongs so we will dance. muN‑.

gatgat adj. rough texture. Qualifier. Sim: galadngad. (sem. domains: 8.3.2.2 - Rough.)

gaud 1comm. spade with a long handle; used for soil and fieldwork. Nan gaud di pangaan mun nadah holok. Use the spade in removing the grasses. Doltakom hi gaud nan makakkulhin lamut. Thrust your spade into the hard root. (for the purpose of cutting it) Sim: baung, bangbang, pala, huklay. (sem. domains: 6.2.8 - Agricultural tool.) 2trans. to use long-handled spade to remove something such as stones from a site or to prepare a site for planting; to spade. Gaudom di batu ta iwelem. Spade away the stones and throw them away. Em gaudan di payo taku. Go to spade our field. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 4A Change structure of object. (sem. domains: 6.2.2.2 - Plow a field.) 3intrans. to till the soil in the ricefield by use of the spade; durative activity. Munggaud dad uwani hi payon Pedlo. They are spading the field of Pedro today. Inilam an munggaud hi payo? Do you know how to spade a ricefield? Munggaud day liman linalaki nah payo. Five men are tilling the soil in the ricefield. muN‑/nuN‑. comp. ahigaud

gawwang comm. a bird that preys on chicks and small birds; a crow or a hawk. [The bird makes a wak, wak sound.] Kinan di gawwang nan impan di manok. The crow ate the baby chicken. Sim: ban’ug, halagma, mangayyuding, butbut; spec: mangayyuding, bannug. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.) id. kay gawwang

gayang (sp. var. ginyang) 1trans. to throw or cast something; often refers to throwing a stone at a dog or chicken to drive it away. Igyang mu nan batu. Throw the stone. Gayangana didan hamuti. He will throw something at those birds. Adika gumyang. Don’t be throwing (things). i‑/iN‑, ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3B Move and release object . Sim: wele, boka, tongba, balnu, bon’al, alo, top-’al, wengngak; Sim: tongba, baladung, balnu, bon’al, boka, alo, balabal; Sim: balabog, baghe, pahul, hinolgat, ludit. (sem. domains: 7.3.1.1 - Throw.) 2comm. spear [In the Hudhud epic, gayang or ginyang is used to refer to a spear, which in the common language is a pahul.] Restrictions: Hudhud epic. {ritual} (sem. domains: 4.8.3.7 - Weapon, shoot.) der. ginayang

giniling comm. 1brass, an alloy of copper and zinc.
Sim: gombang. (sem. domains: 1.2.2.3 - Metal.)
2bracelet of coiled brass. Sim: takkalang; Gen: gamgam. (sem. domains: 5.4.1 - Jewelry.)

ginnid comm. a male person. Restrictions: Hudhud epics and songs.. Ginnid di imbabalena. Her child is a boy. Syn: lalaki. (sem. domains: 2.6.5 - Male, female.)

ginumta trans. 1for a spirit to have bitten someone to indicate a need [This word is related to rituals, usually involving a sacrifice, that are intended to counteract events caused by the bite of a spirit.] {ritual} Syn: kimmalat. 2to have caused something. {ritual} Lourdes S. Dulawan: Ifugao Baki

guli-i 1comm. a stripe or spot. Sim: balangat, balah-ak. (sem. domains: 8.3.1.8 - Pattern, design.) 2sta. to be patterned; to have a pattern, e.g. spotted or striped. Naguli-iyan hi mangitit nan bulwatina. His shirt is spotted with black. Maingit naguli-in nan bulwatik. My shirt was striped with red. na‑ ‑an, na‑.

hablayan₂ (sp. var. hablayyan) (der. of hable) comm. a place to hang something; clothesline. Nakhat nan hablayan mi. Our clothesline is cut. Syn: balagbagan. (sem. domains: 7.5.2 - Join, attach, 7.3.2.4.1 - Hang.)

hamuti comm. generic name for birds. Nganne pe nan hamuti an ib-ibbaag nay ngadana? What is the bird that keeps calling its name? Dakol di hamuti nah muyung. There are many birds in the forest. spec: bud’ing, kulkultit, kikkiku, kulasisi, ullalangi. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.2 - Bird.)

hangliw comm. tasty flavor; for something to have flavor. Maid hangliw na te bokon hi Yolanda di nangihaang. It has no flavor because Yolanda isn’t the one who cooked it. Sim: lumii, ngalat, pait; Sim: tamtam. (sem. domains: 2.3.3 - Taste.)

hingkatang (infl. of katang) adv. 1refers to a short period of time; sometimes thought of as unexpected; a moment; short time. Hingkatang di nanib-ak ot ume. I saw it for a moment then it was gone. Hingkatang an immaliy udan. The rain came for a short time. Nuntikod nan radyo hi hingkatang. The radio stopped for a moment. Hingkatang ya ammunay nala-u ya timmaddog nan inhinyero ot eda mo mihanin duwat The engineer was able to stand seconds after the worker finished praying so they both went to seek cover. Time. Sim: bigla, maid maptok, na-ala, maag. (sem. domains: 8.4.2.1 - A short time.) 2indicating there is no time lapse, something happens instantly and unexpectedly; suddenly. Tibom te hingkatang ya mag-a ka. Look out, because you might fall suddenly. (sem. domains: 8.4.8.1 - Quick.) infl. hingkakatang

hinolgat (der. of holgat) comm. spear with the barb curved downward. Gimmatang nan Malikano hi hinolgat. The American bought a barbed spear. Sim: balabog, baghe, pahul, gayang, ludit. (sem. domains: 4.8.3.7 - Weapon, shoot.)

hipot comm. cockroach, a small, shiny brown winged species that bites. [This specie particularly likes to eat silk cloth.] Dakol di hipot nah hulok. There are many cockroaches in the corner. Gen: balaingan. (sem. domains: 1.6.1.7 - Insect.)

hogat 1comm. the heartwood of a tree; the core wood of a tree. Magangah tuwen kaiw te waday hogat na. This tree is hard because it has heartwood. Sim: balakibak. (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree.) 2comm. may refer to the annual rings of a tree. 3sta. a matured tree; it has heartwood, meaning it can be made into lumber. Nahgatan nan udyo kinali lingngo da. The mahogany tree is matured, that is why they cut it down for lumber. ma‑‑an/na‑‑an. id. nahgatan

hongba trans. 1to broil over live coals or hot ashes; roast meat; also root vegetables and corn. Ihongbam nan gattuk. Broil the sweet potato. Eka munhongbah aba. Go, broil some tubers. i‑/iN‑. 3D Move object with resulting change of state. Sim: pul’uk, dangpa, halab. (sem. domains: 5.2.1.1 - Cooking methods.) 2(fig) to get involved in an argument or contention; get into trouble; to get embroiled. He-a pe inhongbam di adol mu. You are the one who got yourself into trouble. (sem. domains: 4.4.2 - Trouble.) id. ena ihongbay adol na

hub’it 1comm. thorn, short and straight; splinter. Kaanom aga tun hubit tu hukik. Please remove the splinter from my foot. Pingngotan nadan Judyu hi Jesus hi hubit. The Jews crowned Jesus with thorns. Sim: pagit, palahyang; Syn: pagit. (sem. domains: 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.) 2intrans. to be pricked by something sharp, e.g. thorns, shards of glass, wood splinters. Adika umeh na te takol di humbit. Do not go there because there are lots of thorns to prick you.