alana 1comm. the person who seeks revenge by prowling at night. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Revenge.) 2trans. to prowl to take revenge; hunt people for revenge; avenge; revenge seeker. [A relative of the victim of a murder goes out at night to look for someone to kill, especially a relative of the one who killed his family member.] Eda mangalana nadan iiban nan pinate da. The relatives of the slain victim are going to prowl the night to seek revenge (lit. seek the one they will kill). maN‑.
Search results for "alana"
mangalana (der. of ala) nom. an extended meaning of the root meaning to ‘get something’; the person who seeks revenge by prowling at night. Wadaday mangalanan numbotak ad Baguinge. There were prowlers waylaying in Baguinge. Uggan da mangalana didan ammod taku. Our ancestors usually went out hunting for revenge (at night.) Tumakut day tatagu an bumudal nah hilong te hay mangalana. People fear going out at night because of the people who hunt to revenge. maN‑.
ahu 1comm. refers to any type of dog. Kinalatak nah ahu yu. Your dog bit me. Takutan di mangalanay ahu. A dog frightens raiders. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Mammal.) 2trans. to get possession of dog. Iahum tun ahuk. You get my dog as your dog. i‑/ iN‑. 3intrans. to care for/raise a dog(s). Mun-ahu taku. Let’s raise a dog. muN‑/nuN‑. id. kay ahu infl. a-ahhu
alad 1comm. fence; enclosure of ground. Napa-i nan alad taku. Our fence was destroyed. Inyapana nah kad-an di alad. He jumped into a place near the fence. Sim: iya₂, luhud. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Fence, wall.) 2intrans. to build a fence. Mun-alad hi Jose. Jose is building a fence. Umalaka hi lappao ta pun-alad ku. Get some Jerusalem artichoke so that I can use to make a fence. Umalad kah pukungan di gawgawa. Fence a space for a duck pen. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3trans. to focus is on what is used for building a fence or what is being fenced. Ialad mu nan bilau. Use the canegrass for in building a fence. Aladon yu nan dola. Build a fence around your yard. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. 4pass. to be fenced. Naaladan nan ek pangidalanan. The way I will pass by is fenced. ma‑/na‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
appit₃ 1comm. in the direction of something; the side of something; right or left part of something. Hanan appit nah diy pangidalanam. You walk on that side. (sem. domains: 8.5.2 - Direction.) 2trans. to go in a particular direction. Daanay pangiappitam? In what direction will you go? pangi‑ ‑an/nangi‑ ‑an. nangappit
bal’a 1comm. breathing organ of humans, fowls and animals; lungs. Waday dogonah balana. He has sickness in his lungs. Nittok kanu tuwalih alte na ya hi bala na. They said that he had been stabbed right in the liver and lungs. (sem. domains: 2.1.8 - Internal organs.) 2sta. indicating that something is in the lungs. Nibala nan dogona. His sickness is in his lungs. mi‑/ni‑.
bangngad trans. to return something. Ha-adana pitololio ot ibangngad na ot alana nan banting ot tolgana ot ahi hukapon Feberio. He put some kerosene (in the container) and returned it and got a match and lit it before Feberio covered it. i‑/iN‑. 3A Move and position object at site. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Return.) infl. bangngadon infl. ibangngad infl. mabangngad infl. mibangngad infl. mumbangngad infl. nabangngad
banting 1comm. matchstick; matches. [This was the name given to the flintstone, piece of iron and piece of cotton used for lighting fire before matches.] Adiyu pid-on di banting hi u-unga te indani ya gumhob da. Don’t let children play with matches for they might burn something. Ha-adana pitololio ot ibangngad na ot alana nan banting ot tolgana ot ahi hukapon Feberio. He put some kerosene (in the container) and placed it back (in the heater) and got a match and lit it before Feberio covered it. (sem. domains: 5.5.4 - Burn, 5.5 - Fire.) 2trans. to set fire to something by using matches. Bantingam tun holok ta dumalang. Light the grass so it will burn. Alam nan banting nah indoggan mut bantingam nan papel ta dumalang. You get the matches behind you (lit. at your back) and light the paper so it will burn. Dakol di tagu mo ohan obban. (banting) There are many people using one blanket (box of matches). (riddle) ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 5.5.4 - Burn.)
bayag 1sta. a long time. Nabayag di nundalanan mi ot ahi kami dumatong. We walked a long time before we arrived. Adika makabayyag nah pangitud-akak ke he-a te mabayag ka ke man ya tayanan daka. Do not be a a very long time where I will send you because if you stay there long, we will leave you. ma‑/na‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. Sim: ehem, uhup. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - A long time.) 2duration of an activity. 2.1intrans. for someone to take a long time in doing an activity. Adi mumbayag ya ume da. It will not take long and they will go. Adi mumbayag hidiyen at-attona. He will not continue for a long time in that which he is doing. muN‑/nuN‑. 2.2trans. to take a long time in accomplishing a specific task with the task cross-referenced by the affix. Adim baybayaggon nan at-attom. Do not take so much time in what you are doing. Deket waday insapata yu ya mahapul an adiyu baybayaggon. If you have vowed to do something, it is necessary that you do not delay a long time (before doing what you vowed).. ‑on/‑in‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano. infl. nabayag ph. v. adi mumbayag
bod’ang sta. 1to become reddish or yellowish as of vegetables and fruit in ripening. Mabdang nan kamatis. The tomatoes are red. ma‑, ‑um‑/‑inum‑. 6C Process or state of inanimate objects. Sim: ingit; Sim: lod’ang, ingit. (sem. domains: 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.) 2to blush. Binummdang hi Anna dih kanak di inalana nan libbutan ku. Anna blushed when I said that she took my betelnut chewing bag. ‑um‑/‑inum‑.
bola₂ 1proc. to become faded or whitish. Inad-adak nan duyu ya binumla. I scrubbed the plate and it became white. Bumla ka hin adika mimiptang. You will became fair if you do not spend time in the sun. Binumla nan balbalana te in-upol na. The clothes she washed became white because she soaked them. ‑um‑/‑inum‑. 2G Processes. Sim: bayak. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Color.) 2intrans. refers to something that is white or has become white. Mumbobola nan imbulwati na. She wore a white dress. Mumbobola nan imbalbal na. That which she laundered is whitish. muN‑ CV‑. der. mabla
botak trans. to lie-in-wait; to attack unexpectedly from a hidden position. Dehdih Juan an od-odnanay otak an botakonah Pedro. Juan is there with a bolo lying in wait for Pedro. Adika ot maohhan ume te wada man kanu on mangalanan mumbotak nah dalan. Don’t go by yourself because they say that someone who is seeking revenge is going to ambush you. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. Sim: bolaad. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168.1 - Ambush.)
dalan₁ 1comm. a place for walking; path; trail; way. Maid di dalan hitu. There is no path here. Indani ya- ek bo igibok ya pindonak nin ot ieyak nah nuntap-on dalan. Later on, when I became aware, maybe he held me then took me to the upper road. Sim: kalata, kah-on. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Road.) 2to walk. 2.1intrans. to move about on foot; to walk. <
> Mundallan mo nan golang. The child walks now. Ditakun tatagu ya kulugon takun wadaday mundallanan weno muntayyapan an adi matibo. It is a common belief that there are unseen beings who are either walking around or flying in the air. muN‑/nuN‑, muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Walk.) 2.2intrans. to walk, with a starting point in view. Dumallan mo nan unga. The child can already walk. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3to walk by, bypass or through a place. 3.1trans. to walk, passing by a place or through a medium. Indaladalan muh di yaden adim pinhod an makihummangan ke hiya. You are always passing there yet you do not like to talk with her. Idalan taku nah wa-el. We will pass through the creek. Daanay pangidalanam? Where will you pass (lit. path/walk)? i‑/iN‑. nangi‑/pangi‑ + ‑an. 3.2trans. to walk on a path, road with prominence given to the thing walked on. Maid di dalanon yuh tu. There is no place to walk here. ‑on/‑in‑. id. kay bakkukul an dumalan id. kay gawgaway pundalan id. kay kabayun dumalan infl. ipadalan Affixation: The circumfix set muN ‑ ‑ an/nuN ‑ ‑ an expresses both a durative aspect and the site-concept of a widely spread area for the walking, i.e. walking around.
dalunu advpred. to do something secretly; do something stealthily. Indaldalunuk an imme te mumpakadaak ke ya iadiyak. I went secretly because had I asked permission, they would have forbidden me. Indalunu na ot alanay ohan banting nah tendaan. He got a box of matches secretly from the store. Dalunuwom din pihuna. Get her money stealthily (without her knowing it). i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. Manner. Sim: sekreto, ligud₁. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Secret.)
daplug (sp. var. duplug) knock over. 1.1trans. to knock over by bumping or overrunning as a flood. Kumaan kah na te idaplug dakan hiya. Get out of there because he will knock you over. Nidaplug nan ung-ungngan um-umbun te munhihilong an adi matibo. The child sitting there was knocked over because it was night and she couldn’t be seen. Nan olwang ya indaplug nah baleda. That flood, it overran their house. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.) 1.2trans. to knock over, involves the manner or reason for the action. Ikiwangan yu ot din mangali te kay nuwang an umidaplug. Give way to the one coming because he will knock you over like a carabao. Pun-idaplug muy ubunan te adim tibon di dalanom. You knock the seat over because you don’t look where you are going. Mamtikak ya wada da nan nitanom nah pangidalanak ot pun-idaplug ku. I was running and there were plants in my way so I knocked them over. umi‑, puN‑ i‑. 1.3trans. to bump someone or something. Immali ot daplugonak ot bumtik. He came and bumped me and ran away. ‑on/‑in‑.
dongdong trans. to extend the hand or other object toward someone; to point something in a direction; to extend something to someone. Idongdong mun hiya tun puntudok ta alana. Extend the pen to him so that he will get it. Indongdonganak hi palattug. A gun was pointed at me. (lit. extended toward) i‑/iN‑, i‑ ‑an/in‑ ‑an. 3G Move body parts directionally. (sem. domains: 7.1.9 - Move a part of the body, 184.108.40.206 - Extend.)
gagala (fr. var. galgala) 1advpred. may refer to the speed with which something is done, i.e. quickly, or a short duration of time; soon. Gagalay pangapyaan Fely hi cookies. Fely makes cookies quickly. Gagala ya nap-uy makan. Soon the food was gone. Gagala ya dimmatong da nah balen nan inaona. Soon they arrived at Aunt Magappid’s house. Time. Sim: alittu; Sim: galgala. (sem. domains: 8.4.8 - Speed.) 2to hurry. 2.1advpred. to hurriedly do something; do something with haste. <
> Galgal-am ta magibbu. Hurry it (the thing being done) so that it will be finished. Tipet galagalaam an mangan? Why do you eat so fast? (hurriedly) Gal-am an ume. Hurry and go. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 8.4.2 - Take time.) 2.2advpred. the information focus is on the hurried manner rather than the action that is modified. Inggagalanan in-e. He hurriedly brought it. i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. 2.3intrans. the information focus is on the person hurrying. the agent-subject is cross-referenced by the affix.. < The action is cross-referenced by the affix on the adverbial predicate. > Tipet eka gumalagala? Why are you hurrying? Kanan Josey “Tipe eka munggagalan manayyu?” Jose said “Why are you hurriedly going down?” ‑um‑/‑imm‑; muN‑/nuN‑. The agent-subject is cross-referenced by the affix. on the adverbial predicate.
git’ak 1comm. ritual ceremony related to headhunting. Mumbaki dah gitak te eda mangalana. They are performing the gitak-ritual because they are going to prowl at night (with the intention of revenge). Sim: him-ung, bangibang. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Custom.) 2intrans. to perform the ritual ceremony for headhunting. Munggitak dah bigat. They will perform the headhunting ritual tomorrow. muN‑/nuN‑.
ha-ad (sp. var. haad) 1to place something. 1.1trans. to move an object away from agent and place or position it somewhere. Iha-ad mu nan od-odnam ne immali kah tu. Put down the thing you are holding, then come here. i‑/iN‑ . 3A Move and position object. Sim: patuk. (sem. domains: 7.5.9 - Put.) 1.2trans. to move and place an object on/at a site, the site is cross-referenced. Ha-adan takuh kodot nan gattuk ta kanom nan gando. Let’s put some poison on the yam so that the rat will eat it. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 1.3trans. to move and place an object, the spatial placement is important. Ha-adom nan kaiw ne pinatak mu. Set the wood vertically then nail it. ‑on/‑in‑. 2pass. something is placed. Ya kananay “Pun-aniduwan” ot to tukabana ot alana nan niha-ad ad dalom. And he said “It’s a heater”, so he uncovered it and got something placed inside. mi‑/ni‑. 3pass. something or someone stays in a place. Hanadan bibiyo ya miha-ad da kanuh liyang, nah buddalan di ob-ob These bibiyo or pinading accordingly stay or live in caves, near the springs mi‑/ni‑. infl. makiha-ad
how’ong trans. to put hand or finger into a container through a small hole; to reach into a container to get something. Hongwonay kubi ta alanay ohan manuk. He put his hand inside the coop and took out a chicken. Hongwom aga di tokon nan golang ta kaanom nan gunit. Put your finger in the baby’s mouth and remove the bone. Hongwom di bolsam ta ipabudal mu nan pihum. Put your hand in your pocket and bring out your money. Hinwong nay bolsana ya waday hapid. He reached into his pocket for a betel leaf. ‑on/‑in‑. 4D Release, remove or detach object. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Take something out of something.)
hunod intrans. to step backward; to back up; used of a person or car moving backwards. Humunod ka aga ta dumalanak. Please step backward so I can pass. Munhunohunod te timmakut nah nabutong. He was stepping backwards because he was afraid of the drunk. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 1B Movement with a directional component. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Move back.)
huplit (sp. var. hoplat) 1trans. to hit buttocks with hand, or flexible instrument such as a belt or bamboo stick; usually in castigation and discipline of children; to whip, to spank. Hinuplit ama na. His father whipped him. Deket nakabahul nan unga, huplitom. If a child is at fault, whip him. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile actions. Sim: paga, bakdung; Sim: bekbek. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.) 2comm. a whip Inalana nan huplit di kabayu. He got the horse whip.