‑an₁ dervN. this suffix derives a noun from a transitive verb. Ekami makidamun datuwe ad Lagawe te hidiy naduttuk hi datongan da. We will go and meet them in Lagawe because their arrival place is definitely there. Pun-ihap-en Maria nan ulo na ya nabhat nan hablayan. Maria was putting her blanket on the clothes line (lit. hanging-place) when it was severed. Nagibbu ke, ikuyag mu tun nabinokbokan hi lopohhan ya ihukbung mu. After this, pour the rice into the fermentation container (lit. place of fermentation) and cover. Hay ngadan bon nan kay ubunan an eda alan hi muyung ya hagabi damdama. The bench-like figure that they go to get from the forest (during the feast) is also called hagabi. Mumpaha-ad kah basket nah ubunan. Have the basket placed on the seat.
Search results for "an₁"
an₁ lk. 1this form links a main clause and a complement clause. Naka-ang-ang ku an pungkiting daka. I actually saw that you were being pinched. Tinuttuduwanak an kumalih kali da. They taught me how to speak their language. Katatakut pay an e buma-el na kalata. It is very dangerous to cross the street. 2this form links a relative clause to noun and verb heads. Handih 25th di Aplil kinalin Mayor an umali kanu da Apu Paredes ke Apu Datumanong hitu ad Ifugao. On the 25th of April, the Mayor said, it is reported, that Mr. Paredes and Mr. Datumanong would come here to Ifugao. 3this form links quantifiers and adjectives to noun heads. <
> Nun-ampuyo kamin am-in an binabai. We, all of us women, wore the Ifugao-skirt. comp. deya ot an Morphophonology: When the preceding word ends in a vowel, the vowel of the linker is reduced and the n attaches to the word.
bulan₁ 1comm. moon. Ongal nan bulan. The moon is big/full. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Moon.) 2intrans. for the moon to shine. Indanit bumulan ta ahi taku ume. Wait for the moon to shine before we go. Bimmubbulan handi hilong. The moon shone brightly last night. Pinaddi min immeh bale da handih bimmulan. We purposely went to their house during a moonlit night. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 8.3.3 - Light.) 3comm. full moon; bright moon. Dakol di makihalud hin bulabbulan. There are many serenading/courting on the nights when the moon is full. Manomnom ku ya bulabbulan dih natayana. I remember he died on a full-moon-night. CV(C)CV‑ C‑. Ambulan bulabbulan natalak di bulan der. bumulan n. ph. kahabonan di bulan n. ph. kaha-alan di bulan n. ph. katalakan di bulan n. ph. katanungan di bulan n. ph. katom-angan di bulan n. ph. ongal di bulan
dalan₁ 1comm. a place for walking; path; trail; way. Maid di dalan hitu. There is no path here. Indani ya- ek bo igibok ya pindonak nin ot ieyak nah nuntap-on dalan. Later on, when I became aware, maybe he held me then took me to the upper road. Sim: kalata, kah-on. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Road.) 2to walk. 2.1intrans. to move about on foot; to walk. <
> Mundallan mo nan golang. The child walks now. Ditakun tatagu ya kulugon takun wadaday mundallanan weno muntayyapan an adi matibo. It is a common belief that there are unseen beings who are either walking around or flying in the air. muN‑/nuN‑, muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Walk.) 2.2intrans. to walk, with a starting point in view. Dumallan mo nan unga. The child can already walk. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3to walk by, bypass or through a place. 3.1trans. to walk, passing by a place or through a medium. Indaladalan muh di yaden adim pinhod an makihummangan ke hiya. You are always passing there yet you do not like to talk with her. Idalan taku nah wa-el. We will pass through the creek. Daanay pangidalanam? Where will you pass (lit. path/walk)? i‑/iN‑. nangi‑/pangi‑ + ‑an. 3.2trans. to walk on a path, road with prominence given to the thing walked on. Maid di dalanon yuh tu. There is no place to walk here. ‑on/‑in‑. id. kay bakkukul an dumalan id. kay gawgaway pundalan id. kay kabayun dumalan infl. ipadalan Affixation: The circumfix set muN ‑ ‑ an/nuN ‑ ‑ an expresses both a durative aspect and the site-concept of a widely spread area for the walking, i.e. walking around.
ikan₁ (infl. of kan) trans. to buy snacks. Idat kuh tuwen liman pihut em ikan ta adika maagangan. I’m giving you this five pesos to buy snacks so you won’t get hungry. Makangngan ka tuwali nah bigatna ta adim e ikan am-in nan pihum. You eat well in the morning so that you will not spend all your money on snacks. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Buy.)
ka- -an₁ nominalizer. this circumfix derives a noun from a verb. Hituwen makalin hagabi di katbalan di tagu peman This so-called prestige feast ‘hagabi’ entitles a man to due respect by his co-villagers Maid di ena id-um hi kanomnoman ya mumbalin tan kay hiyyahiyya. Nothing is added to your wisdom and we may become proud and boastful. Dakol di tatagun umed Manila Bay ten himbatangan te da tibon nan kalimuhan nan algo. Many people go to Manila Bay in the afternoon because they go to see the setting of the sun. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Derivational affixes.)
kaban₁ 1comm. a measure of rice; a container with 50 kilos of rice. Deket kalyon day ohan kaban an boga on limay pulun kilo kinali hingkaban di upuwon dah ohan bulan. If they say one container of rice is fifty kilos that is why one container is what they consume in one month. (sem. domains: 8.2.8 - Measure, 6.7.7 - Container.) 2trans. refers to a container that has been filled with 50 kilos of rice. Kinaban di gattangonah boga te dakol da. He buys rice by the kavan-container because there are many of them. ‑in‑. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.
Maknongan₁ (der. of konong₁) comm. the most supreme of the Ifugao gods. [In the traditional religion, the name means ‘one to whom sacrifice is due’.] Oha ya abuy Maknongan nadan mangulug ke Jesus. There is only one God for those who believe in Jesus. Syn: Apu Dios. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.)
nuN- -an₁ 1TACR. this circumfix cross-references a time or place noun phrase. Handih nun-ap-apuwan di Ippangyol hitud Pilipinas ya waday immalid Kiangan. During the Spanish rule in the Philippines, some of them to Kiangan. Nakaluggit nan eyu nungkekeyan. The place you went swimming is very dirty. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Verb affixes.) 2TACR. this circumfix encodes the concept of distributing an action or activity over time, space, or participants; non-past tense; cross-references agent-subject. Nuntotobbalan dah diyen aton da ot gutudon day algo. They agreed to do that and set a date. 3nom. nominalizes a non-noun form. Indani udot ya wada on tagun nanibon hiya ot baddanganan ianamut hi nunhituwan mid Longnga. Fortunately, a man was passing by and saw him and brought him to our house in Longnga.
paN- -an₁ dervN. this circumfix is a clausal nominalizer; it nominalizes a verb that co-occurs with argument constituents, the resulting nominalized clause becomes a constituent argument of the main verb. Mu nan naminhod an mangipangpanguluh mangulug ya mahapul an pangi-enat maid di pamihulan di tagun hiya. (1 Timothy 3:2a) But as for the one who wants to be a leader of believers, his way must be good so that there is no basis for any person’s scorning of him. Adi kayu mumplanuh panadagan yuh ibbayu. (Sechariah 8:17a) Don’t plan the destruction of your companions. Adi mabalin an eta mabiyag hin maid di ustuh ngunuh pangal-an hi pumbiyagan. It isn’t possible to live if we don’t have adequate work for getting our livelihood. Te inilam met an naligat di pangal-an hi pihhu. Because you very well know that it is hard to get money. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Derivational affixes.)
pangi- -an₁ top. this circumfix cross-references a topicalized place, instrument or beneficiary semantic roles or modal word or phrase; non-past tense. Deket palhu di pangiha-angam, mahapul an uggan mu ikiwa ta mun-iingngoy lutu na. If a skillet is used, it is necessary to stir the rice from time to time so that it will be cooked evenly. Intibon ama nah pottok nan pumpangituludan dan hiya ya inang-ang na. My father looked in the direction where they were pushing him and he saw it. Nagibbu ke nan kapkapyan di hagabi, kalyon day algoh pangihakyatan da. When the hagabi-bench is completed, they set the day that it will be brought home. Dahdiy pangidatan nah pihu? To whom will the money be given? Sim: nangi- -an.
1this circumfix encodes a distributive concept; it distributes an action or activity to plural objects and cross-references the objects. Bimmoh-ol hi ama ot pumboh-olan dakami. My father was so angry that he scolded us. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Verb affixes.) 2this circumfix cross- references a topicalized time or place. Kediyen algon pumbungbungan da ya immali on inhinyeron mangiha-ad hi bungbung That day when they blasted the rocks, an engineer came to put dynamite sticks. Daanay pungkekeyan yu? Where will you swim? . TACR
toan₁ advpred. an expression that asserts a lack of knowledge concerning the topic or issue being questioned; I don't know. Nganney nihudu tuh butilya? Toan. What is in this bottle? I don’t know. Toan ten makulug, mu deket makulug, ikabing mu anhan tun tugun ku. Whether or not this is true, I don’t know, but if it is, then, heed my advice. Kanak “Toan wada nin nah liting.” I told myself, ‘I don’t know, maybe it’s in the water.” Modality. (sem. domains: 3.2.3 - Know.)
Apu Dios (comp. of apu, Dios) comm. the Christian God; the Lord God. Hi Apu Dios di nangidinolana. He entrusted it to God. Gulatna nin ta maid di mundogo nadah mangulug Apu Dios ke ya maid da nin di mumbaki. Maybe if none of those believing in God would become ill, maybe there would be no more pagan priests. Syn: Maknongan₁. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.)
du-uti (dial. var. dudduti) 1comm. dragonfly, generic. [All species of dragonflies are edible.] Adik pinhod an ihda di du-uti. I do not like to have dragonflies for viand. Spec: ballahang, wittan, ku-ing, buggan₁, bongngot, u-uhlung. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Insect.) 2intrans. to catch dragonflies. Eda manu-uti ta ipakan da nadah gawgawa. They are going to catch dragonflies and feed them to the ducks. maN‑/naN‑.
kalata 1comm. road; street. Mangapya da hi kalata an umed Tinoc. They are making a road to Tinok. Ingonay kay da gugutul di tatagu ten mundaldallanan ka nah kalata. You are compared to an ant when you are walking along the road. Sim: dalan₁, kah-on. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Road.) 2trans. to build a road. Kalataon da nan lutan da Juan. They will build a road along Juans’ land. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of object.