baddang 1trans. to help someone; to aid; to assist. Bumaddang kayun mamah-on nah intungu. Help in carrying the firewood. Eyak bumaddang, atok di damanan atok I will help; I will do what I can. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Sim: tulung, dang-a, abono₁. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Help.) 2comm. assistance or help that is given to someone; often it is in the form of money, but it can be general assistance in anything that is needed. Hay oha bo ya nomnomom an ongal di baddang Apu Dios ke he-a ot maischolar ka. Another thing is remember that God helped you greatly to become a scholar. 3trans. to help someone who is specified. Em baddangan nah payo da. Go and help them in their field. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 4trans. to give something, often money, to help someone; what is given is cross-referenced as the grammatical object. Hituwey ibaddang kun he-a. This is what I will give to help you. i‑/iN‑. 3B Move and release object. infl. mamaddang
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mumbinnaddang (sp. var. mumbaddang) rec. to help one another in work. Munbaddang kayun mangingunu ketuwe. Help each other work on this. Munbibinnaddang taku nah ahiani. Let us help one another during harvest time. muN‑ ‑inn‑/nuN‑ ‑inn‑.
abono₁ 1intrans. to work without pay, free labor. Mun-abono kayu. You will work for free. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class . Sim: baddang, tulung, dang-a. (sem. domains: 6.1 - Work.) 2trans. to pay for something for someone, making it free for them. [If the payment is offered without being requested, it will not be reimbursed.] Abonowam ta ahik bayadan. Pay for me and I will pay you later. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.
dang-a 1comm. labor that is voluntary; volunteer work; to help do anything. Dang-an Juan ad uwani. Now is the time to go and help Juan with his work. Sim: baddang, tulung, abono₁. (sem. domains: 6.1 - Work.) 2trans. to work without pay; voluntarily. Dang-ahon da nan ubun di kaiw hi bigat. They will volunteer to carry the wood tomorrow. Pidang-ak nan magolgol hi bale. I’m having (people) voluntarily saw wood for my house. ‑on/‑in‑, pi‑. 3intrans. to work voluntarily. Mundang-a dad uwani. They are working voluntarily today. muN‑/nuN‑.
‑an₂ TACR. this suffix is a default affix for Class 5 verbal roots; it encodes non-past tense and punctiliar aspect; cross references an object with a site semantic role. Indani ya- ena kanu iuduk onno mungkulih Lammooy an haniyana. Later on, according to him, he tried to pass under the extended arm yet Lammooy blocked him. Ya adim kal-iwan an hay importanten punggastuwam ya nadan liblum And don’t forget that the most important thing is to spend money on the books Kalubam hi daun ya ihamad mu ta maid hunggop hi dibdib. Cover the jar tightly with banana leaves so that no air enters. Adugan yu nan ihda te ibtik nan puha. Guard the viand because the cat will run off with it. Wada on tagun nanibon hiya ot baddanganan ianamut nunhituwan mid Longnga. There was a person who saw him and helped him to return to where we were staying in Longnga. Sim: ‑in‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Verb affixes.)
danag 1intrans. to worry; to be anxious; to be concerned. Adika mundanag tulang ku mu mundasal ka ta baddangan dakan Apu Dios. Don’t be anxious, sister, but instead pray for God’s help. Dumanadanag hi inam te ugge ka immanamut. Your mother kept worrying because you did not come home. muN‑/nuN‑, ‑um‑ ‑an‑. Sim: kagu. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206.1 - Worried.) 2sta. Deket mungkahilong on madanagan hi inam ke he-a. When it is becoming dark your mother worries about you. Makadannaganak ad nakugab te mundogo nan golang. I was so worried yesterday because the baby was sick. ma‑ ‑an, maka‑ ‑an. 3caus. to cause worry or concern on the part of others. Adim padanagon di ammod mu. Do not make your parents worry. pa‑ ‑on. 4intrans. to be the one causing worry. Mangipadanag kan ad-addi ka umanamut. You are worrying us by not coming home. mangipa‑/nangipa‑. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano. infl. madanagan
dayyu 1intrans. to move in a downward direction; walking or riding down an incline; descend; go down, walk down a mountain or hillside. Dumayyu ka keh tu ta waday ibagak. Come down here (lit. descend) and I will ask you something. Dumayyu kad Pindongan ta em tibon hi Dulyaggan. Come down to Pindongan so that you will go to see Dulyaggan. Mundayyu kat ume kah bale da ta em ayagan hi Kabbigat ta pumbaddang kun mangilagim tuh babuy. Go down (lit. descend), to their house and call for Kabbigat so that I will have someone to help me singe the pig. Indai ot dongdonglona, mundayyu dah wa-el nan ho kali ya- ne kinimit na. Later on, as he was hearing, they were going down to the creek and then he closed his eyes. muN‑/nuN, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 1B Movement with a directional component. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Move down.) 2sta. to be sloping, a path or road, descending toward a destination. Madayyu nan dalan an umeh baleda. The path going to their house is sloping. Ya mumpadayyuy ohat mumpaed Kiangan. And one pathway goes down towards Kiangan. ma‑. 3to descend with the path or site in view. 3.1trans. the direct object refers to a specific path or something along the path. Dayyuwon yu nan madopla ta ahi kayu dumatong. You’ll go down/descend the cliff before arriving. ‑on/‑in; dayyuwon. 3.2trans. the direct object refers to a specific site for starting the descent Hidiy dayyuwan yu. There (is the place) where you will go down. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3.3trans. the direct object refers to an object along the path of descent. Idayyu yu nah kad-an di mangga. You’ll go down/descend where the mango tree is. i‑/iN‑.
gaga-o trans. to be ever ready to take advantage of a situation; willing and eager to do something. Gaga-on e mangala nah dotag. He was ever ready to get the meat. Gaga-on e makibaddang hin waday hamul ta waday ianamut na. He is ever ready to help when there’s a feast so that he can take some food home. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. Sim: bot’al, gahugahu, gagaid. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168.2 - Enthusiastic.)
gala 1comm. donations or gifts of money given to a couple during their marriage celebration. [Dances are announced for each sitio. After the dancers finish they are served rice wine. They line up in a single file and put money in a container to start the couple in their married life.] Nan napanaun gala di kay da numpuunan. The money collected served as their capital. (sem. domains: 6.8.6 - Money.) 2intrans. to give a donation. Gumala taku ta kay taku baddang ke dida. Let’s give money as our help to them. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Give, donate.)
hanan (han) dem. the; that; a member of Set 1; co-occurs with a noun, and refers to specific people or things. <
> Hanan mittulu mi ke ya impakainnila nay mungkanta. The teacher knows how to sing well. Mahapul an hanan himmagabi ya taganah kolong hi nuwang o babuy ta pihdana nadah deh muyung ya nadan udum an bumadbaddang. The man performing the Hagabi-ceremony must go on butchering carabao and pigs to feed the people in the forest and all the others who are helping him. Hanan it-itay hidiyey appit di babai. While the side with the smaller head represents the woman. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Demonstrative pronouns.) This form must co-occur with a noun; nan is shortened form
hitu 1dem. Class 4 demonstrative pronoun; refers to spatial area: here, near speaker. <
> Dahdiy wadah tu? Who is in here? Handih nun-ap-apuwan di Ippangyol hitud Pilipinas ya waday immalid Kiangan. During the Spanish rule here in the Philippines, some of them came to Kiangan. Hitu ke ya danum an maid di poppog nay maang-ang. Here, all you see is water without an end. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Demonstrative pronouns.) 2comm. refers to someone who is from the place,where the speaker is talking; from here. Ihitu da. They are from this place. 3nom. the place where someone resides; home; speaker’s house. Indani udot ya wada on tagun nanibon hiya ot baddanganan ianamut hi nunhituwan mid Longnga. Fortunately, a man was passing by and saw him and brought him to our house in Longnga. muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an. athitu comp. athituy comp. dehtu comp. deyahtu comp. wadahtu der. ihtu der. nunhituwan ph. v. dedah tu Morphophonology: the h of the demonstrative attaches to a previous word ending in a V ; the i vowel of the demonstrative drops, and the tu remains.
Kabbigat₁ prop. name of man, common in traditional society; can be surname. Kabbigat di ngadan apu da. Kabbigat is the name of their grandfather. Mundayyu kat ume kah baleda ta em ayagan hi Kabbigat ta pumbaddang kun mangilagim tuh babuy. Descend and go to their house to call Kabbigat so that I will have his help in singeing this pig. (sem. domains: 9.7.1 - Name of a person.)
ke he-a (n. ph. of he-a) pers. you, singular; second person, singular pronoun; member of Set 4 direct or indirect object pronouns; the members of this objective set are not cross-referenced by the verbal affix. <
> Duntukon daka hin adika ume nah nangitud-akak ke he-a. I will sock you if you will not go to where I sent you. Hay oha bo ya nomnomom an ongal di baddang Apu Dios ke he-a ot maischolar ka. Another thing is, remember that God helped you greatly to become a scholar. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Demonstrative pronouns.) The determiner ke or its allomorph n that attaches to a preceding word that ends in a vowel must co-occur.
ke hiya (n. ph. of hiya₂) pers. him, her, it; third person, singular pronoun; member of Set 4 direct or indirect object pronouns; the members of this objective set are not cross-referenced by the verbal affix. <
> Umamowak ke hiya. I am so jealous of him. Kalyom ke hiyan nangamung ak an mumbayad ya ipainilana ke ha-on. Tell him that I will pay it back and he should let me know. Ta mundadaan dah ibaddang dan hiya. So that they will prepare whatever they will give to help him. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Demonstrative pronouns.) The determiner ke or its allomorph n that attaches to a preceding word that ends in a vowel must co-occur.
ke₃ det. a determiner that marks an indirect object that is not cross-referenced by the verb. the form ‘ke’ has an allomorph form. <
> Kalyom ke hiyan nangamung ak an mumbayad ya ipainilana ke ha-on. Tell him that I will pay it back and he should let me know. Makulug, ina. Tinibo mi. Nakihummangan pay ke dakami, kanak. “It’s true, mother! I saw her. She even talked to us,” I said. Indani udot ya wada on tagun nanibon hiya ot baddanganan ianamut hi nunhituwan mid Longnga. Fortunately, a man was passing by and saw him and brought him to our house in Longnga. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) der. n The form ‘ke’ has an allomorph form, the ‘n’ attached to a preceding word that ends in a vowel.
konnat (sp. var. konna ket) adjunct. if such a thing were to happen; supposing that; to conjecture. Konnat ipatna yun idat yu athidin aggayam nah gobernador, kon umamlong ke dakayu weno kon edakayu baddangan? (Malachi 1:8b) Supposing you try to give an animal like that to the governor, would he be happy with you or would he help you? general: The sentence quotation from the book of the Bible, Malachi, is in the context of God speaking to the Israelites about their sacrificing of defective animals to him. Attitudinal. Sim: hin, deket, nu. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Condition.)