bayad 1comm. payment for something. Hituwey bayad nan ginattang ku. This is the payment for what I bought. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Pay.) 2trans. to pay for something. Ibayad na nan binokla na hi gawat na. He will use his salary to pay his debts. Adim bayadan nan inalak an tinapay nah tendaan ta kay hidiyey bayad nan pihhun inutang nan munggattang hidin ha-oy. Do not pay for the bread I took from that store so that it will be the payment of the money the storekeeper borrowed from me. Maid di adi mabayadan an utang. No debt will be left unpaid. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑, ma‑ ‑an/na‑ ‑an. 3intrans. to make a payment Mumbayad hi Juan hi bigat. Juan will pay tomorrow. Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.
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abak trans. to compete with someone. 3H Conversive action process. 1.1defeat. 1.1.1trans. to compete with the focus on the ‘defeat’ component. Abakon dakan Juan. Juan will/can defeat you. Abakok nan mittulu I can defeat the teacher. Pangabakom nan pihhuk te bayadam ten ipaabak mu. Make my money win because you will have to pay it back if you lose it. Adika piabbak. Don’t let yourself be defeated. Inabakak ke Pedroh tugal. I lost to Pedro in gambling./Pedro defeated me in gambling. ‑on/‑in‑, pi‑, ipa‑. Sim: apput. 1.1.2sta. to be the one to lose; loser. ma‑. 1.2trans. to win 1.2.1trans. to win something; usually used in relation to gambling. Kaatnay inabak mun dih hilong hi tugal. How much did you win last night in gambling. Man-u te deket nangabak di tagu nah tugal ya mun-an-anla. It might be that when one wins in gambling he is happy. ‑on/‑in‑, maN‑/naN‑. 1.2.2nom. winnings. [The word may be used in a communication situation: 1. winning in a debate 2. being more articulate than another.] Kaatnay pangabak yu? How much are your winnings?/How much did you win? Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano. der. pangabak infl. maabak infl. mangabak infl. nangabak
abono₁ 1intrans. to work without pay, free labor. Mun-abono kayu. You will work for free. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class . Sim: baddang, tulung, dang-a. (sem. domains: 6.1 - Work.) 2trans. to pay for something for someone, making it free for them. [If the payment is offered without being requested, it will not be reimbursed.] Abonowam ta ahik bayadan. Pay for me and I will pay you later. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Spanish.
ahinut adjectival predicate. little by little; to do something little by little. Ahinutom an ie nan kaiw. Take the wood little by little. Ahinutom an bayadan nan ongal an utang. Pay your large debt little by little. Mu dakdakol di kaapputan ta maahinut ot ya abun am-in. But one loses more times than he wins such that eventually, everything will be lost. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑. Time adverbial predicate. (sem. domains: 9.2.2 - Adverbs, 8.4.2 - Take time.)
bukud trans. take everything for oneself; do a task by oneself. Am-in pe on pinhod mun bukudan. You always want everything for yourself. Bukudak an bayadan. I’ll shoulder the paying of all of it. Bukudan nan munggabyon nah garden na. He will hoe his garden all by himself. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 5C Goal-oriented sites. Sim: am-am; Sim: ohhaan. (sem. domains: 7.4.3 - Get.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano: bucud.
buwis (sp. var. buwit) 1comm. tax. Adika pakabayad hi buwis di payom. You cannot pay the tax on your ricefield. (sem. domains: 6.8.8 - Tax.) 2trans. to tax something in particular. Buwisan dan am-in di malpuh luta. They will tax everything that comes from the land. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog: buwis.
dilal sta. to distract someone who is concentrating on something else. Adi dakol di ibagam ke hiyat adi madilal teden pungkuwenta nay bayad di balat ku. Don’t ask a lot of questions so that you distract him while he is computing the cost of my bananas. ma‑/na‑. 6B Characteristics of human nature or life situation. (sem. domains: 3.2 - Think.)
hopa 1comm. a unit of dry measure equivalent to about a pint; a measure, volume of rice or any grain. Hinhopa nan intanom kun bulhe. I planted a pint of beans. Kaatnay bayad di ohan hopan balatong. How much is the cost of one pint of monggo-beans. hiN‑. Sim: talub, ganta. (sem. domains: 8.1 - Quantity.) 2trans. to measure in a pint size can. Hopaon yu nan balatung. Measure the mung beans. ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. (sem. domains: 7.5.1 - Gather.)
kah-in (sp. var. kanah-in) advpred. for something to be necessary or required; must. Adik idat tun gattak, kah-in di bayadam. I won’t give you this milk; you must pay for it. Kah-in di waday himpulun mukkol ta ahi mapnu nan saku. Ten more pieces are needed to fill up the sack. Kah-in di he-ay ume ta he-ay e makihummangan ke hiya. You must go so that you’ll be the one to talk to him. Kah-in di idat mun ha-oy ta ahik bayadan. You must give it to me before I will pay it. Modality. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Necessary.)
ke ha-on (n. ph. of ha-on) pers. me; first person, singular personal pronoun; a member of Set 4 direct and indirect object pronouns; the members of this objective set are not cross-referenced by the verbal affix. <
> Kalyom ke hiyan nangamung ak an mumbayad ya ipainilam ke ha-on. Tell him that I will pay it back and he should let me know. Dahdi nan kimmalin ha-on? Who was that who talked to/called me? (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Demonstrative pronouns.) The determiner ke or its allomorph n that attaches to a preceding word that ends in a vowel must co-occur.
ke hiya (n. ph. of hiya₂) pers. him, her, it; third person, singular pronoun; member of Set 4 direct or indirect object pronouns; the members of this objective set are not cross-referenced by the verbal affix. <
> Umamowak ke hiya. I am so jealous of him. Kalyom ke hiyan nangamung ak an mumbayad ya ipainilana ke ha-on. Tell him that I will pay it back and he should let me know. Ta mundadaan dah ibaddang dan hiya. So that they will prepare whatever they will give to help him. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Demonstrative pronouns.) The determiner ke or its allomorph n that attaches to a preceding word that ends in a vowel must co-occur.
ke₃ det. a determiner that marks an indirect object that is not cross-referenced by the verb. the form ‘ke’ has an allomorph form. <
> Kalyom ke hiyan nangamung ak an mumbayad ya ipainilana ke ha-on. Tell him that I will pay it back and he should let me know. Makulug, ina. Tinibo mi. Nakihummangan pay ke dakami, kanak. “It’s true, mother! I saw her. She even talked to us,” I said. Indani udot ya wada on tagun nanibon hiya ot baddanganan ianamut hi nunhituwan mid Longnga. Fortunately, a man was passing by and saw him and brought him to our house in Longnga. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) der. n The form ‘ke’ has an allomorph form, the ‘n’ attached to a preceding word that ends in a vowel.
kuwenta 1trans. to calculate or compute the number or amount of something. Deket gagalan madatngan hidiyen toon, mahapul an kuwentaon dat hanan lebbeng nan pamangngad nay bayadana, ta kay natangdanan hi katootoon. (Libiticus 25:52-53a) If that year will arrive soon, they must calculate the right amount of his payment of return so that it is like (he receives) his wages for every year. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 8.1.1 - Number.) 2comm. the calculated number or amount of something. Hi Jehoiakim an patul di Judah ya binuwisana nadan tatagu, mipuun hi kuwentan di limmu dat wada pamayad nah buwis an ibagan nan patul di Egypt. (2 Patul 23:35) As for Jehoiakim who was king of Judah, he taxed the people based on the calculated amount of their wealth so that there would be payment for the taxes that the king of Egypt asked.
mangat (infl. of at) trans. to do something; the agent-subject is topicalized. <
> Kon waday laing yun mangat nah ipangunuk? Do you have the skill to do my work? Hanan tagu ya tobalonan mabayadan an mangat hi gaga-iho. That person, he will accept payment to do bad. maN‑/naN‑. This particular form of at is used when the discourse requires the agent-subject to be in the pre-verb position.
nangamung₂ 1advpred. to be responsible for something. Adi kayu madanagan, ha-oy di nangamung. Don’t worry, I’m the one responsible. Kalyom ke hiyan nangamung ak an mumbayad ya ipainilana ke ha-on. Tell him that I will pay it back (be responsible) and he should let me know. Manner. Sim: uk’od. 2trans. to be responsible for accomplishing something, even if it requires taking a risk. Inangamungan day nitaguwan da takon naligatan da. They are responsible for their own lives, even if they are hardshipped. i‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 9.5 - Case.)
nganat (sp. var. ngana-) int. why; interrogative pronoun that asks the reason for something. Kanan Juliey “Nganat edakami hinalaman an binangun?” Julie asked, “Why did you wake us up so early?” Oha bo ya ngannat etaku bayadan? One thing more, why should we pay? Sim: tipe. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168.1 - Reason.)
pitu 1adj. seven. Pitu kamin hintutulang. We are seven brothers and sisters. Pituy toona yaden makangngun-unud ya makabbaddang. He was only seven years old, yet he was obedient and helpful. Number quantifier. 2adj. seventh. Ha-oy di mikapitu. I’m the seventh. mika‑. 3adj. seven times. Naminpitu kan immali. You came seven times. Mamitun pihuy bayad di oha hantudah nungkikbin manuk. Those cooped chickens are worth seven pesos each. maN‑. namin‑. 4adj. seven each. Hinpipituy imbabale mi. We have seven children each. Hinpipituy liblu mi ot ahi kami nuntikod. We each reached seventh grade before we quit. hiN‑ CV‑. 5intrans. to divide into seven parts. Pumpituwom nan tupaya. Divide the papaya into seven pieces. puN‑ ‑on. comp. himpulut pitu der. himpipitu
topa trans. to take a risk with one’s money or life; to gamble; to bet or wager. Itopak di nitaguwak. I wager my life (in pursuit of something). Adika ot makiineh makattugal te ilaggat daka man an itopa. Don’t marry a gambler because he might include you in his wager. Bayadam nan intopak. You pay my bet. Eyak tumopa nah mun-ay-ayyam nah lophak. I will go and place a bet where they are gambling at the wake. i‑/iN‑, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3I Direct an action toward an object. Sim: pusta, taya₃. (sem. domains: 4.4.5 - Chance.)
udidi (infl. of udi₂) 1comm. the last in a sequence in time or spatial dimensions. Ad uwanin algo di udidin di punbayadan hi buwis. Today is the last day for paying taxes. Hituwey udidi nan pangalyak. This is the last time I will tell (you). (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Order, sequence.) 2intrans. to become last in a sequence. He-at ingganay manguddidi te nadoddoy ka. You are always the last one because you are a slowpoke. Hay manguddidih kalyok ya maphod tun naat. In conclusion, I say that what happened is good. maN‑. 3comm. youngest. Hiya di udidiyan dan hintutulang. He is the youngest in their family. ‑an. der. udidiyan