Search results for "bumdang"

bumdang comm. a class of spirit beings. Wadaday bumdang ad nah wa-el. There are spirit beings in the creek. Indai otto- kanana pay di “Maphod ta hiyo- nan bumdang ya- maule.” Later on er...he added “It’s good that the bumdang-spirits are kind.” Wadada key donglon hi bumdang ya mibakne ta nah luta. If bumdang-spirits are heard, just lay on the ground. Sim: anninito, bibiy’o, pinading, mabdang. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.)

mabdang comm. a class of spirits, sometimes referred to as bumdang. Ya wadaday kalyon takun bumdang weno mabdang. And there are the ones we call bumdang-spirits or the mabdang-spirits. Sim: anninito, bibiy’o, pinading, bumdang. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.)

anninito (sp. var. anninitu) comm. a kind of spirit. [Believed to live in the east and west; anninitud daya; anninitud lagud.] Kanan day umikodkod di anninitu. They say that anninito-spirits hold peoples’ souls. Kanan day dakol di anninito nah ongal an batu. They say that there are spirits in the big stone. Dakol di adi matibon anninitu nah wa-el. There are many unseen spirits in the creek. Sim: bibiy’o, pinading, bumdang, mabdang. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano: anito.

bibiy’o comm. a supernatural spirit; fairy; goblin. [There are varying opinions about this type of being. Some classify the spirit being as evil; others believe they are fairy-like mythical beings with magical powers; others believe they are more like goblins, beings that are ugly and malicious.] Adiyak pe mangulug hi bibiyo. I don’t believe in fairies. “Mun-ay-ayam kamih did dola ya timmaddog on bibiyo nah hinangngab mi, inhumang ku. “We were playing in the yard and a fairy stood in front of us,” I answered. Sim: anninito, pinading, bumdang, mabdang. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.) id. mangali day bibiyo

pinading (fr. var. pipinading) comm. a spirit like a fairy. [According to belief, the pinading spirits have hair that is the same as the yellow, red or brown hair color of Americans.] Nadan imbabalen di Malikano ya kay da pinading. American children are like fairies. Sim: anninito, bibiy’o, bumdang, mabdang. (sem. domains: 4.9.2 - Supernatural being.)

a-apo 1comm. a short story, usually sung; may be myths, legends, or folktales. Pinpinhod ku hanan a-apon mipanggep ke Kabbigat. I like the story-song about Kabbigat. Sim: istolya, bida, malamala. (sem. domains: 3.5.4 - Story.) 2intrans. to tell a story in song. Umbun kat mun-a-apoh apum. You sit down and your grandfather will sing a story-song. Mun-ap-apo wak kanu ya- uggek inila nan ia-apok. According to them, I’ll tell a story; oh, I don’t know what to relate. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 3.5.1 - Say.) 3trans. to tell a story with the story-object cross-referenced. Aga mot nan bumdang di ia-apok. Okay, I’ll tell a story about roaming-spirits. i‑/iN‑. Speech Verb: Purpose is to entertain.

ad-adi (der. of adi) advpred. evaluates and describes something as bad or awful. Hi ke aman din hi Dulawan ya waday ad-adin inat di bumdang ke hiya. As for my late father, Dulnuwan, he had a very bad experience with the bumdang-spirit. Ad-adiy nangiha-ad na nadah karga. He didn’t place the baggage in an orderly way. Hay punnomnom ku tuh liblu ya ad-adi. As for my thinking about the book, it was awful. (sem. domains: 8.3.7.1 - Bad.) infl. ad-adiyon

ag’a adjunct. 1a polite expression; please; excuse me. {This is a polite expression that can be used to soften a request or demand; also, it can be used to excuse oneself from an event or communication situation.} Idat yu agah tuwe ke Maria? Will you please give this to Maria? Agak, apapon daka? Agam, ten pinhod mu. Shall I go ahead and slap you? Go ahead, if it pleases you. Aga ta mangmangngeyak pe. Excuse me, I’m going ahead. Agat ek aton hanan ngunuk ta magibbu. Excuse me, I will go to finish my work so that it will be done. Aga, nangamung boh pidwana. There now, till next time. Aga, di inalam ad Manila. Please (let me see) what you got in Manila. Aga ke ta ha-oy di muntudok. Move away so I’ll (be the one) to write. Interpersonal. (sem. domains: 9.2.6 - Particles.) 2expression that means to go ahead and do something or continue action. Mun-ap-apo wak kanu ya- uggek inila nan ia-apok. Aga mot nan bumdang di ia-apok. According to them, I’ll tell a story; oh, I don’t know what to relate. Okay, I’ll tell a story about roaming spirits. Agam, deket pinhod mun makie ya mundadaan kah pihhum ta deke ya imme ta. Go ahead. If you want to join in going, save your money so that we can go. (sem. domains: 3.5 - Communication.) der. agannat

aga₂ adjunct. an interjection expressing the idea of acceptance; okay. Aga mot nan bumdang di ia-apok. Okay now, I’ll tell a story about roaming spirits. Aga abuna man ad uwanin nangang-angak pun-apuyan an nakapya. Okay, it’s surely only today that I have seen a fireplace that is made. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.4 - Agree with someone.)

apo reiterate in speaking 1.1intrans. to tell, reiterate a story; to tell something several times; to reiterate out of anger or displeasure all the things one has done. [To reiterate can be considered either good or bad depending on the situation. It is sometimes used to make the hearer feel how indebted he is to the speaker.] Mun-ap-apo wak kanu ya- uggek inila nan ia-apok. Aga mot nan bumdang di ia-apok. According to them, I’ll tell a story; oh, I don’t know what to relate. Okay, I’ll tell a story about roaming spirits. mun‑. Sim: duti. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.2.6 - Repeat.) 1.2trans. to say something in particular repeatedly In-apoaponay namaddanganan dakami. He reiterated all the help he gave us. i‑/iN‑.

dammu (sp. var. damu) 1to meet. 1.1trans. to encounter someone in particular; to meet. Em dammuwon hi inam. Go and meet your mother. Dinammuwak nah muyung. He met me in the forest. Hidiy nanammuwanan nadah bumdang kediyen hilong. There is where he had encountered the bumdang-spirit the night before. ‑on/‑in‑ , nan‑ ‑an. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 7.2.3 - Move toward something.) 1.2trans. to meet someone with something; what is being taken is in view. Idammu yu nan payung te mun-udan. Meet him with the umbrella because it’s raining. Mangali ta ahan ya pun-idammum di mahakit an kali. I am just arriving and you are meeting/greeting me with harsh words. i‑/iN‑, puN‑ i‑. 1.3rec. to meet each other. Nundammu da nah kalata. They met on the street. Dahdiy mundammu ke he-a? Who will meet you? muN‑/nuN‑. 1.4trans. meeting place. Daanay pundammuwan yu? Where will you meet? puN‑ ‑an. 2trans. may refer to meeting trouble or difficulty; may also refer to two inanimate objects being brought together to be adjacent. Tibom ta adim dammuwon ad-adin maat. Be careful (lit. see to it) that you don’t meet with something bad. ‑on/‑in‑.

i-₁ TACR. 1this prefix encodes non-past tense, a punctiliar time aspect and cross-references the direct object with the conveyed semantic role. It is a member of the default affix set for Class 3 verbal roots. Iha-ad muh nae hitu. Place that one here. Iha-ad da nan basket hi bale. They will put the basket in our house. Kay anhan ya idatong dah boble ta inay-un dah dolan di himmagabi. Sooner or later, the hagabi-bench will arrive in the village brought by the men and to the yard of the man performing the ceremony. Em iwaklin nan buhi. Put the wine jar in a safe place. Sim: iN-. (sem. domains: 9.2.9.1 - Verb affixes.) 2the prefix encodes non-past tense and punctiliar aspect; it derives a transitive verb when it co-occurs with Class 1A intransitive movement verbal roots and cross-references an object that moves with the agent, e.g. to bring something or to take something. I-alik nan liblum. I will bring your book. (I will come bringing your book.) 3the prefix encodes non-past tense, punctiliar aspect, and cross references an instrument object with Class 4 verbal roots. Idikhal na nan matadom an wahe. He will use the sharp ax to split wood. Nganney ipalang mu? What will you use to cut with? Inggatang nay payo da ya odon da ta hay ahan itugal na. He sold their ricefields and heirlooms just to have money with which to gamble. 4the prefix encodes non-past tense, punctiliar aspect and expresses a manner component related to the phrase or clause in the direct object NP position of the main clause. Ipdug nay gunggung na. He chases with barking. Adim iploy pangalam hi pencil na. Don’t get his pencil by grabbing. I-ang-ang kuh manayo. I’ll look at the dancers. Kalubam hi daun ya ihamad mu ta maid hunggop hi dibdib. Cover the jar tightly with banana leaves so that no air enters. Namahig di hona da ta ihalhalla day dalan, ihinghingngi day dalan, namam-a ten waday iiban nadan himmagabi nah dalnon da. They go the wrong way, they go out of the way, especially if they know of a relative of the one performing the hagabi-ceremony who lives along the way. 5the prefix encodes non-past tense; co-occurs with a time aspect adverbial predicate and cross-references the clause embedded in the object NP position of the main clause. Ituluy mun mangan inggana mabhug ka. You continue eating until you are satisfied. Itikod mun muntugal an ap-apuk. Stop gambling, grandson. 6the prefix encodes non-past tense, derives a verb from a noun, and the object is usually incorporated though a specific object may be explicit and cross-referenced. Deke bo ta makudang di binokbok na ya madang-o nan hinamal o maid di idanum na. When the binokbok-yeast is insufficient, the rice will either be spoiled (it will not ferment) or it will produce no wine/liquid. Nganney iduyum? What have you placed on your plate (lit. plated)? 7the prefix encodes non-past tense and punctiliar aspect; it co-occurs with speech verbs and cross-references the object that refers to what is said. Mun-ap-apo wak kanu ya- uggek inila nan ia-apok. Aga mot nan bumdang di ia-apok. According to them, I’ll tell a story; oh, I don’t know what to relate. Okay, I’ll tell a story about roaming spirits.

kay’a adjunct. adds emphasis to a statement; in fact, certainly, definitely. Kanan Rosa di umed Manila mu adi kaya. Rosa said she is going to Manila but in fact, she is not. Adika kaya mahaul. Don’t ever be tempted (even if they insist)! Immi-ingleyak an pinhod kun umanamut mo indani bo kaya ya uminghaak. I felt so lonely that I wanted to return home, but after a while I definitely became adjusted. Hinae toan bumdang hidiyen bokon kaya hi Lammooy. That is what I don’t know, roaming spirits there, but definitely not Lammooy. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 9.6.3.2 - Markers of emphasis.)

maule (infl. of ule) sta. to be kind. Maphod te nan bumdang ya maule. It was good because that bumdang-spirit was kind. Inila yun maule kamin dakayu umat hi ulen di ina hi imbabalena...(1Tesalonika 2:7b) You know that we were kind to you like the kindness with which a mother treats her child... ma‑.

pay adv. 1refers to an addtional item; also. Ihaklunganak pay. Dip another cup for me. Indai otto- kanana pay di “Maphod ta hiyo- nan bumdang ya- maule.” Later on er...he added “It’s good that the bumdang-spirits are kind.” Dakol di damanan mitakke adi ya abuh ginattut mo udum nat linibu pay. Many people can ride and it is not only the hundreds but sometimes by the thousands also. Additive. (sem. domains: 9.6.1.1 - And, also.) 2adds emphasis to a statement; definitely. Madney pay ta ahida umali. It will definitely be a long time before they come. Namam-an mahong-o hin udman pay hi gatan di niyug. It is definitely more tasty if coconut milk is added. (sem. domains: 9.4.4.1 - Certainly, definitely.) Language Of Borrowing: Ilocano.

taku pers. 1we-all; first person, plural, inclusive pronoun; the form is a member of both Set 1 and Set 2 and always encodes the subject whether or not it is cross-referenced. Ume taku mo. We’ll go now. Ya wadaday kalyon takun bumdang weno mabdang. And there are the ones we call bumdang spirits or the mabdang spirits. Mala-u key duwan hinlingguwan ya damanan hiitom nan baya ta inumon taku! After about two weeks, pour out the wine from the jar and we’ll drink it. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2our, belonging to all of us; first person, plural inclusive possessive pronoun. Bagi taku tun ahu. This dog is ours.

ule 1sta. to be kind; to be calm. Indai ya kanana pay di “Maphod ta hiyo- nan bumdang ya- maule. Later on, he added “It’s good that the bumdang-spirits are kind.” Maule ot di bibiyo te umidat hi kendi, hiya ina? an kanak bo. “Mother, fairies are kind aren’t they because they give us candy,” I said. Makaulle kan ha-oy. You are very kind to me. ma‑/na‑. 6B Characteristis of human nature or life situation. (sem. domains: 4.3.4 - Do good to.) 2intrans. to be careful; do something carefully; do something slowly Intugun inada an mun-ule dah dalan ya mundongol dah iskul ta waday inilaon da. Their mother instructed them to be careful on the way and to listen in class so they would learn something. Nun-ule-ule da te uma-agol hi Bugan an mundalan nah madanglol an banong. They walked slowly because Bugan was cautious walking on the slippery dikes. Tibom ta mun-ul-ulen malutu. See that it cooks slowly. muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 4.4.3.4 - Caution.) infl. maule infl. ul-ule