Search results for "dakami"

dakami pers. 1us, exclusive; first person, plural exclusive pronoun; member of Set 3 object pronouns; cross-referenced by verbal affixes. Ialiyan dakami ya- hi ubunan mi. Please bring us chairs and we will sit down.. Indattan dakamih kendi. Teya ay, kanak an pun-ukat ku nan kendin imbolsak. “She gave us candy. Here it is,” I said as I took the candy from my pocket. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2we, exclusive; first person, plural exclusive; member of Class 4 subject pronouns; the subject is preposed before the verb and is cross-referenced by verbal affixes. Dakami nan kimmanantan dih hilong. We were the ones who kept on singing last night. Dakami ke ya intuddu day iskul hi sentral ot ume kamih di. We were told to go to the Central School, so we went there. n. ph. ke dakami

Dakamiy hapang didan aammod. (id. of hapang) We are relatives (lit. we, the branches of those ancestors). (sem. domains: 4.1.9.1 - Related by birth.)

edakami pers. we, exclusive; the form is a compound of the marker e with the 2nd person plural exclusive personal pronoun, a member of Set 3; the form is preposed before the verb in the clause, encodes the object grammatical relation and is cross-referenced by the affix on the verb.. Kanan Juliey “Nganat edakami hinalaman binangun?” Julie asked “Why did you wake us up so early?” (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)

ke dakami (n. ph. of dakami) pers. us; first person, plural exclusive; member of Set 4 direct or indirect object pronouns; non-cross-referenced by verbal affixes. <The determiner ke or its allomorph n must co-occur.> Makulug, ina. Tinibo mi. Nakihummangan pay ke dakami, kanak. “It’s true, mother! I saw her. She even talked to us,” I said. (sem. domains: 9.2.3.5 - Demonstrative pronouns.)

abuwan (der. of abu) advpred. this predicate expresses the idea that there is only one reason for what someone is doing or the only thing that is involved; the affix cross-references the action or thing. {This is a modality adverbial predicate that modifies an action.} Hay abuwan tun at-atton dan dakamid uwani ya dog-alon dakami tuh boble. The only thing that they want to do to us now is to drive us away from this barrio. Bokon ya abuwan datuwey matibod Manila. These are not the only things that can be seen in Manila. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Limiting or minimalizing. (sem. domains: 8.3.5.3.3 - Unique.)

alamanu intrans. to shake hands in agreement. Nakialamanu dan dakamih pangipatib-an dan abuluton dakami. They shook hands with us to show that they accepted us. maki‑/naki‑. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.4 - Agree with someone.)

amunna adv. to be unique in number of characteristics. Maid di udum an makiha-ad ke dakami amunna nadan duwan golang an imbabalek ya nan inayak. There were no others living with us, only my two small children and my husband.

apo reiterate in speaking 1.1intrans. to tell, reiterate a story; to tell something several times; to reiterate out of anger or displeasure all the things one has done. [To reiterate can be considered either good or bad depending on the situation. It is sometimes used to make the hearer feel how indebted he is to the speaker.] Mun-ap-apo wak kanu ya- uggek inila nan ia-apok. Aga mot nan bumdang di ia-apok. According to them, I’ll tell a story; oh, I don’t know what to relate. Okay, I’ll tell a story about roaming spirits. mun‑. Sim: duti. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.2.6 - Repeat.) 1.2trans. to say something in particular repeatedly In-apoaponay namaddanganan dakami. He reiterated all the help he gave us. i‑/iN‑.

appa (sp. var. ap’a) interj. 1expression of apology, surprise, dismay; Oops! Appa ya ugge daka tinibo. Oops, I did not see/notice you. Interjection. Sim: appaw. (sem. domains: 9.2.7 - Interjections.) 2an interjection that expresses concern; oh dear, oh my. E appa, naka-liwan Fely payung na. Oh dear, Felay forgot her umbrella. Appa, ta ayagan dakami. Oh dear, they might call us. Interjection.

baal 1comm. messenger; utility man during a rich man’s feast. Hiya nan baal Juan. He is the messenger of Juan. Sim: hon’ag, tud-ak, gitgit. (sem. domains: 3.5.2.1 - Report.) 2trans. to send someone on an errand; to command or order. Baalon dakan e gumattang hi itlog. I am going to send you to buy some eggs. Dakami nan ba-ba-alon Apu Dios an mangitudduh kalina. We are God’s messengers to teach his words. Adi mabaal tun unga. This child cannot be sent on an errand. ‑on/‑in‑, ma‑. 4F Adjacency/Adjoining actions. (sem. domains: 7.3.3.3 - Send.) infl. mabaal

bahho mistaken. Sim: halla. 1.1trans. to do something wrong; to make a mistake; to err. Adim ibahho nan impingunuk ke he-a. Don’t deliberately err in the work I let you do. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 3 - Language and thought.) 1.2pass. to be mistaken or wrong, generally referring to what is thought or said. Nibahho nan kinalinan dakami. What he told us is wrong. Nibahhoy punnomnom da. Their thinking is mistaken. mi‑/ni‑.

balai 1comm. trap with dart weapon or gun set-up with a spring-rod for the trigger for wild game. Nakna on ulha nah balai. A wild pig was caught in the trap. Sim: appad, hulu, lingon, bawol. (sem. domains: 6.4.2 - Trap.) 2intrans. to snare using the balai Mumbalai ka ta wada key makna ya idatan dakami. When you set the snare and something is caught, give us some. muN‑/nuN‑.

bangun₂ 1intrans. to awaken and get up. Bimmangun kanuh ho- Abe ot to- mangen muntikid an umed Talih hi abung na. Reportedly, Abe awakened/got up and er...went climbing toward Talih to his hut. “Bumangun kayu mon iimbabalek, kanan inada. “Wake up, children,” their mother said. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 2E Body/Physiological functions. (sem. domains: 5.7.3 - Wake up.) 2trans. to awaken someone; the affix cross-references the person being awakened. Kanan Juliey “Nganat edakami hinalaman an binangun? Julie asked, “Why did you wake us up so early?” ‑on/‑in‑. bumangun infl. bangunon

bimmoh-ol (infl. of boh-ol) intrans. to be angry; irate. Bimmoh-ol hi ama ot pumboh-olan dakami. My father was so angry that he scolded us. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 2C Emotion and sensation. Sim: bungot. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.3 - Angry.)

bitu 1comm. a pit trap; a pit. Nangapya dah bitu nah habal. They made a pit-trap in the swiden farm. (sem. domains: 6.4.2 - Trap.) 2trans. to trap animals using a hole in the ground. Wada key bituwon yu ya idatan dakami. If you trap anything give us some. Ekayu mamitu Go and make a pit-trap. Nabitu nan mangakon dih hilong nah bitun kinapya mi. Last night the robber fell into the trap which we had made. ‑on/‑in‑, maN‑/naN‑, ma‑/na‑.

boh-ol 1comm. to feel displeasure or indignation; anger. Adika ni-an mih-up inggana mabaoy boh-ol na. Don’t go near him yet until his anger cools off. (sem. domains: 3.4.2.3 - Angry.) 2trans. to be angry and scold. Boh-olan daka ke ya adika humumang. If they scold you, do not answer back. Mumboh-ol hi amana yaden limmah-un. His father was scolding yet he went out. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑/nuN‑. Sim: bungotan. (sem. domains: 4.8.4.1 - Rebuke.) 3intrans. feeling or showing anger; to be angry. Adika bumoh-ol te langlangkak ya abu. Don’t be angry because I was only teasing. Bimmoh-ol mo kanuh Pangka ya ho- mundopap da. So, according to Pangka, he got mad and er...they grappled. Bimmoh-ol hi ama ot pumboh-olan dakami. My father was so angry that he scolded us. Ek ot humangon mu uggek te tinibok an bimmoh-ol I was about to answer him back but I didn’t because I saw that he was angry. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 2C, Emotion and sensation. infl. bimmoh-ol

bul’uk 1sta. to be rotten, decomposed, decayed. Nabuluk nan inhaang dan ihda. What they cooked for viand is rotten. Nakabulluk ot ahi hamakon hanadan tindalu. It was fully decomposed before the soldiers found it. Bulbulukkan kinali uggeyak gimmatang. It is a little bit rotten that is why I did not buy it. ma‑/na‑, naka‑. Prpcess or state of inanimate objects. (sem. domains: 8.3.7.8 - Decay.) 2trans. to let or cause something to rot. Hanada ken iBontoc ya bulukon day dotag ta ahida ihda. The Bontoc people let meat rot before they use it for viand. ‑on/‑in‑. 3v. (fig) to be caused to be evil. Dakamiy kon bahul te binuluk mi. We are at fault because (you) caused us to be evil. ‑in‑.

da₂ quan. plural quantifier; co-occurs with demonstratives, nouns and the existential predicate. <Morphology: The quantifier form becomes an enclitic on Set 1 demonstratives and the existential predicate; it becomes a proclitic on Set 2 and Set 3 demonstratives; it stands alone as an independent form when co-occuring with nouns, common and proper.> Maid ke handidan aammod an kimmalikali an kanan day matongaal tan mun-itkul ya wada ot an ohaak damdama hanadah natag-ey adal na. If it hadn’t been for those old folks who kept discouraging me and saying that studying is distracting and has no value, I could have been one of those highly educated now. Wada da Apu Paredes ya Datumanung nah stage ya Sir Paredes and Sir Datumanung were on the stage together Loktat bo kaya ya wadaday inin-innilak an gagayyum ku. Then, I met some people who became my friends. Ingonay kay da gugutul di tatagu ten mundaldallanan ka nah kalata. You are compared to ants when you are walking along the road. Dakamin da Bugan ke da Kabbigat ya hi Hinayyup di nungkukuyyug. We were together with the group of Bugan, Kabbigat and Hinayyup. Daan da nan iibbam? Where are your companions? (sem. domains: 8.1.1 - Number.) comp. dayyada

dinol 1rely on. 1.1trans. to trust someone or something; to believe in the reliability of another. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.1.1 - Trust.) 1.2trans. to rely on; depend on. Gapu bot mauleyak ya pundinlam ta hay pinhod muy at-attom. Just because I am kind, you depend on that and do whatever you like. Pundindinlam hi inam an mangingunuh kanom. You are always depending on your mother to provide your food. Idinol muh kalyon da inam. Trust in what your mother says. i‑/iN‑, puN‑ ‑an. Sim: piyal. 2trustworthy. 2.1sta. to be worthy of confidence; to be trustworthy, one who can be relied on. Adi midinol te hinaulak. He is not trustworthy because he deceived me. mi‑. 2.2sta. to be and feel confident; to trust in someone or something. Madinol kami an hi Apu Dios an mamaddang dakami. We are confident that God will help us. Naapput da te makadinnol da te hay inila da ya makattakut di Ipugao. They were defeated because they were unsuspecting because they thought (were confident that) the Ifugao were cowards. ma‑, maka‑. 3comm. trust. Maid dinol kun he-a. I have no trust in you. (sem. domains: 3.2.5.1.1 - Trust.) der. madinol infl. idinol infl. makadinnol infl. mangidinol infl. midinol

gih-i trans. to crush something between the teeth. Gih-iyom nan moma ta idat muy udum ke dakami. Crush the betelnut between your teeth to give us some of it. ‑on/‑in‑. 4A Change the structure of object. (sem. domains: 7.8.1 - Break.)

halaman 1advpred. to be early in the morning. Humalaman kan umalih bigat. Come early tomorrow. Ohan biggatna ya himmalaman dan nangan. One morning they ate very early. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Time. (sem. domains: 8.4.1.2.3 - Time of the day.) 2trans. to do something specific early. Halamanom an umali. You come early. Kanan Juliey “Nganat edakami hinalaman an binangun?” Julie asked, “Why did you wake us up so early?” ‑on/‑in‑. 4B Tactile - Touch contact. der. himmalaman

hangga trans. 1to oppose; to face each other in a quarrel or in fight; may be used in regard to enemies in a war. Dahdiy ihanggam ke ha-on? Whom will you select to face me (to fight with me)? Aga, ha-on di hanggaom. Come on, let me be the one you will face (quarrel/fight with). Munhanggay manuk mu nah manuk ku. Your chicken (cock) will fight against my (chicken) cock. Ag-agam, wada on he-ay humangga! My, you are too much; everytime you are the one who faces/fights me! i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. (sem. domains: 4.8.2 - Fight, 4.8.3 - War.) 2to face towards someone or something. Ihanggam hidi ta adi dakami hanggaon. You face there so that you won’t be facing us. i‑/iN‑, ‑on/‑in‑. Sim: hangngab. (sem. domains: 8.5.1.1 - In front of.) der. panangga

himpupulu (der. of himpulu) adj. ten each of something is referred to. Himpupulu dah inalan kindi. They each took ten candies. Indatan dakami hi himpupulun kindi. They gave each of us ten pieces of candy. Number quantifier. (sem. domains: 8.1.1 - Number.)

hintaguwan nom. 1refers to a related group of people; lit. one-group-of-people. Adi ka umogon an bumaddang te bokon kayu hintaguwan. Don’t be selfish in helping because you’re not related. Adi mahapul an eyak tangdanan te konak hintaguwan. I don’t need to be paid because I belong to your group. hiN‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 4.1 - Relationships.) 2refers to anyone who is not a part of the local group of people. Dakol di hintaguwan an nakiboblen dakamid uwani. There are many foreigners living among us today.

humang to answer or converse. 1.1to answer a comment or question. 1.1.1intrans. to answer; to reply. <The infix gives prominence to the action of answering.> Nomnomom on ahika himmumang. Think before you answer. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Speech verbs. (sem. domains: 3.5.1.5.1 - Answer, 3.5.1.5 - Ask.) 1.1.2trans. to answer. <The prefix cross-references the object, the words used to answer.> An hinaey ihumang mun ha-oy? Is that your answer to me? “Mapopotangan ka ya abuh di,” inhumang amana. “You will just be standing in the sun,” answered his father. “Om, mama” inhumang nadan iimbabalena. “Yes, mama,” the children answered. i‑/iN‑. 1.1.3trans. to answer someone. <The object is cross-referenced with either the person or his words having referential prominence.> Ek ot humangon mu uggek te tinibok an bimmoh-ol. I was about to answer him but I didn’t because I saw that he was angry. Humangom nan kinalina. Answer what he said. ‑on/‑in‑. 1.2trans. to converse; talk together; to make an agreement. Munhummangan kayu. You converse with each other. “Makulug, ina. Tinibo mi. Nakihummangan pay ke dakami,” kanak. “It’s true, mother! I saw her. She even talked to us,” I said. Nakihummangan hi uncle ot magibbuy nunhummanganan da ot tumayan kamih di. My uncle spoke to him about his woodcarvings and when they finished their conversation, we left there. Indai ot ya abut mangalin nahho- wa-el, inang ay, waday munhuhummangan. Later on, he was approaching the er...creek, he saw...there were voices conversing. muN‑ ‑an/nuN‑ ‑an, maki‑ ‑an/naki‑ ‑an. infl. hummangan infl. munhuhummangan