dakayu pers. 1you-all; second person, plural, member of Set 3 object pronouns; cross-referenced by verbal affixes. Umaliyak ta boh-olan dakayu. I will come and scold you. Adi dakayu homkon mu kastiguwon dakayu. You will not be pitied, instead you will be punished. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2second person, plural pronoun; a member of Set 4 subject pronouns, preposed before the verb and cross-referenced by the verbal affix; you all. Dakayu nan dumisturboh hinuyop handih hilong te kumananta kayu. You were the ones disturbing our sleep last night because you kept on singing. Dakayuy umen e mangayag nah doktor. You will be the ones to go and call the doctor. n. ph. ke dakayu
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edakayu pers. you, plural; the form is a compound of the marker e and the 2nd person plural personal pronoun; a member of Set 3; the form is preposed before the verb, encodes an object grammatical relation and is cross-referenced by the verbal affix. Te edakayu awiton am-in hanadah boblen niayan yu ta ianamut dakayuh tuh boble yu. (Ezekiel 36:24) I will call you from all of the countries where you have gone so that I can return you to your home country. (The agent-subject God is understood in the context.) (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.)
ke dakayu (n. ph. of dakayu) pers. you, plural; second person, plural pronoun; member of Set 4 direct or indirect object pronouns; non-cross-referenced by verbal affixes. <
> “Ot nganney inat nan dakayu?” kanan ina. “Then what did she do to you?” mother said. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Demonstrative pronouns.) The determiner ke or its allomorph n that attaches to a preceding word that ends in a vowel must co-occur.
ab-abigon (der. of ab-abig) trans. to prophesy or predict an event or action. [This meaning was used in the translation of the Tuwali Ifugao Bible.] Donglon yu bo tun ab-abigok ke dakayu. (Matthew 21:33a) Listen again to this that I will prophesy about you. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Prophecy.)
buhihi intrans. to alienate by opposing; to cause enmity.. Kon adi kayu bumain an dakayu pen hintutulang on mumbubuhhihi kayu? Aren’t you ashamed that you who are relatives are disliking each other? Nganne humlun hi pumbuhihiyan yun hintulang? What is the reason why you siblings are opposing each other? muN‑/nuN‑, puN‑ ‑an. (sem. domains: 4.1.6 - Disunity.)
bun’ung trans. to give a wedding present during the bubun ceremony. Nganne pinhod yuh ibnung kun dakayu? What do you want me to give you for a wedding present? Pinhod kuy otak an ibnung ke da Dulnuan an himbale. I want to give a bolo to Dulnuan and his wife. i‑/iN‑. 3B Move and release object. (sem. domains: 2.6.1 - Marriage.)
bungubung comm. 1a distant place, farthest place from the center of a village. [This word usually refers to Julongan-towards Tinok side.] Nalpu nadan aamod ku bungubungna. My forefathers came from a distant place. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Far.) 2from a distant place. Dakol day ibungubung nan nakipasyal. There are many people from the distant places that came to visit. Dakayu ken ibungubung na ya makiapu kayu tuwali hantudah ipoblacion ta ne adi kayu munnanong hidi. Those of you who live the farthest should intermarry with those from the poblacion (center) so that you won’t stay there. i‑.
dadaan prepare something. 1.1trans. to prepare something for use. Idadaan muy kanon taku. You prepare our food. An waday ahim idadaan hin umali kami. Do you have something to prepare if we come? Idadaanan dakayu hi makan. We’ll prepare food for you. i‑/iN‑, i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. 3A Move and position object. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Prepare.) 1.2pass. something has been prepared. Nidadaan nan panganan. The table is ready. Tinibo mi an hay nidadaan ya abu ya duwan palangganan hinamal We saw that what was prepared for us were two basins of rice mi‑/ni‑. infl. mundadaan
dayu 1comm. visitor. [The word is most commonly used about visitors who come to the market plaza or other public place; usually they come for games, gambling, etc.] Datuwey dayu an nalpud baliwon. These here are the visitors from the lowlands. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Visit.) 2trans. to visit someone or a place. Dayuwon dakayu hi bobleyu. We will visit you in your village. Dumayu dan makiay-ayyam. Their purpose in visiting is to play. ‑on, ‑um‑. Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog: dayuhan.
dungpal trans. to bump into; crash into; to run-over someone or something. [The word is often used to refer to a head-on collision of vehicles.] Dungpalon dakayu hi talak hin nah kalata di pun-ay-ayyaman yu. You will be run over by vehicles if you play in the streets. Indungpal na nan tolak na nah mangga. He crashed his car into the mango tree. Nidungpal nan tolak nah loba. The vehicle crashed into the slope. i‑/iN‑, mi‑/ni‑, ‑on/‑in‑. 3E Move an object directionally. Sim: dungpup. (sem. domains: 7.7.1 - Hit.) Language of Borrowing: Ilocano: dungpar.
gadul trans. to excuse oneself, by giving a reason or alibi for not doing something. Munggadugadul an adi makien dakayu. He is looking for an alibi so that he does not have to go with you. Pangigadulanay maid libluna ot lumah-un. He made his not having a book the reason and went out. Nganney pangigadulam an adi ume? What is your excuse for not going? Hanan tagun humigan mungngunu ya adina pinhod an lumah-un te igadul nan kal-ina ya waday layon nah dola. (Proverbs 26:13) As for the person who is lazy to work, he doesn’t want to go out because he excuses himself by saying that there might be a lion outside. muN‑, pangi‑ ‑an, i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Cause, 18.104.22.168.1 - Reason.)
ganal (sp. var. ganar) 1comm. salary rate. Kaatnay ganal muh ohan algo? How much is your salary rate for one day? Nabongley ganal na hi ohan algo. His salary for one day is fifty pesos. Sim: tangdan, bokla₂, ngunu, suweldu. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Pay.) 2intrans. to receive a specified salary. Mungganal hi hinggatut hi ohan algo. He is paid a hundred per day. muN‑/nuN‑. 3trans. to give someone a specified salary rate. Ganalan dakayuh liman pihu hi hin-olat. He will give you a salary rate of five pesos an hour. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.
gappat 1pass. to be included, related to a group, e.g. kin; to be a part of a group. Nigappat kami ke dakayu te hintulang di apu taku. We are related because our grandparents are siblings. mi‑/ni‑. Sim: laggat, hayyup, lak-am, lanud, sakup. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Crowd, group.) 2trans. to include. Aton takuy kabaelan takut igappat ditakun dida. We’ll do our best to include ourselves with them. i‑/iN‑.
gawat 1comm. debt; indebtedness; transaction of borrow-loan. Ongal di gawat kun dakayu. I’m very much indebted to you. Maid di pihhuk te dakol di gawat kuh binayadak. I have no money because I paid a lot of my debts. Sim: utang, pakat₃. 2intrans. to incur debts. ‑um‑/‑imm‑. 3intrans. to show something as a loan collateral. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Pay.) 4trans. to borrow. ‑on/‑in‑. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Owe.) 5intrans. to send someone. to borrow for self. i‑ ‑an/iN‑ ‑an. infl. gawaton infl. gumawat infl. igawat infl. igawatan
hanhan 1trans. to question or ask about something; to ask; to verify. Em hanhanan ten kakon-anay pangayanda ad Manila. Go ask him when they will go to Manila. Ugge na kinaliy ngadanan dakayu? hinanhanan ina. “Didn’t she tell you her name?” mother asked. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. Speech verbs - Purpose is to evoke a response. Sim: mahma. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Ask.) 2intrans. to ask a question. An he-a di munhanhan? Are you the one to ask questions? Mai-iimih inan mangmangngol. Nganney kinalina? punhanhanan ina. Mother smiled as she listened. “What did she say?” mother asked. Punhanhanak ya abuy oras. I am only asking the time. muN‑/nuN‑, puN‑ ‑an.
hin bokon (comp. of hin, bokon) negpred. this is a predicate assertion that what follows is the only possibility of a true fact. Maid di udum an tatagu tuh lutan makabbendisyonan hin bokon dakayu ya abu. (Deuteronomy 7:14) There are no other people here on earth that he has blessed so greatly if not you only. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Evaluator.)
hinay demonstrative predicate. that is the place; predicates and refers to the location of the addressee/hearer; there by you. Hantuh aliyak hinay pitlunah panib-ak ke dakayu....(2 Corinthians 13:1) When I come that will be my third visit to you there.... (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Demonstrative pronouns.)
hituweh (hituwe) dem. this; the form is based on hituwe, a member of Set 3 demonstrative pronouns and co-occurs with the determiner hi. Ya adiyu kanan di intudok kuh tuwen dakayu te pinhod kun umidat kayuh mahapul ku te maid hituweh nomnom ku. And don’t think that I wrote this to you because I want you to give what I need because there is nothing like this in my mind. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Demonstrative pronouns.)
hiwang trans. 1to bypass; choose another way or path to avoid destroying plants or to avoid harm to one’s feet. Ihwang mu nah dalanom ta adi ka mag-od. Bypass the path you are walking so that you will not hurt yourself. i‑/iN‑. 3I Direct action toward object. (sem. domains: 7.2.2 - Move in a direction.) 2to be kept from trouble, danger or disaster; particularly used about God helping people. Mu he-a ke ya waday planuk an ipaannung ku, kinali ihwang dakayun ha-on. (Genesis 6:18) But as for you, I will fulfill my plan, that’s why I will save you. (God said this to Noah.) i‑/iN‑. Sim: mangibaliw, salbal. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Save from trouble, 184.108.40.206 - Salvation.) infl. ihwang infl. mihwang
hunni 1sta. to be inverted or reversed in a position or order; often related to teaching or thinking. Dakayun nahunnihunniy punnomnom na. You are inverting thinking (about what is good and bad). Isaiah 5:20 Nakahhunni kan tagu. You are a person who prefers the reverse. ma‑/na‑, makaC1‑/nakaC1‑. 6B Characteristics of human nature or life situation. Sim: ballin₁. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Change something.) 2trans. to invert; to turn upside down; to reverse. Hanunhunniyon nah diyen intuttudu kun dakayu He is always twisting (reversing, saying the opposite of) what I have taught you. ‑on/‑in‑, ‑an‑ CV(C)‑. 3nom. the opposite of something. He-ay hunnin inam. You are the opposite of your mother. (She is gentle but you, you’re an angry person.)
idut 1comm. a curse. [Usually refers to rituals related to cursing; there are formal cursing rituals.] Kayang kattog di idut na! My! What curses he says! Sim: dug-a, duhngil, Ayak, Hagoho, gamud, hiblot, bong’eg. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Curse.) 2trans. to curse someone. Dakayun aammod ya adiyu ot anhan idutan di imbabale yu. You parents should not curse your children. Liwat di mun-idut. It is a sin to curse. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an, muN‑/nuN‑. Speech Verbs - Purpose is to affect recipient.
impangulu (der. of pangulu) trans. to go before others; go first and lead others. Impangulu dakayun Apu Dios an tumayan ad Egypt. (Deuteronomy 4:20) God led you when you left Egypt. (refers to God leading the Israelites). Hay mabungot an tagu ya haulonay hinag-onat ipangulu nan mangat hi gaga-iho. (Proverbs 16:29) As for a violent person, he will deceive his neighbor and he will lead him to do bad things. i‑/iN‑. (sem. domains: 7.3.3 - Take somewhere.)