dongdong trans. to extend the hand or other object toward someone; to point something in a direction; to extend something to someone. Idongdong mun hiya tun puntudok ta alana. Extend the pen to him so that he will get it. Indongdonganak hi palattug. A gun was pointed at me. (lit. extended toward) i‑/iN‑, i‑ ‑an/in‑ ‑an. 3G Move body parts directionally. (sem. domains: 7.1.9 - Move a part of the body, 184.108.40.206 - Extend.)
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adal trans. to learn; generally refers to a formal mode of learning rather than the traditional mentoring or modeling mode. Adalom an munha-ang. You should learn to cook. Mun-an-anlah inadan nangngol an dakol di inadal da. Their mother was happy to hear that they had learned so much. Man-uke kanak hidiye ya adalon dan mumbaki nah eda pundongdongollan ya abu. The reason I say that is that they learn to recite the rituals and prayers by listening only. ‑on/‑in‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 3.2.2 - Learn.) Language Of Borrowing: Tagalog: aral. infl. adalon infl. maadal infl. naadalan
CV(C)₁ asp. 1the reduplication of the first syllable, either CV or CVC, of a verbal root is the morpheme form that encodes the continuative aspect; this aspect expresses a single, uninterrupted continuing activity; continue. Kabigabigat on nangin-innum da ya nunhahamul da nah muyung. Every day these men continue to feast and drink in the forest. Idihhan ta hin mungngangala da ta adi dita donglon ke dida. We will coincide it with when they are continuously noisy so they will not hear us. Maanlaanak an mundawdaw-en nah bungana on kinkinnan ku. I enjoyed continuing to pick and eat the fruit. Munhaghaggeyak te nikudliyak. I am limping because I slipped. Ot matatpuuk da nah puhung, mundopdoppap dah di. Then, they splashed into the pool, continuing to grapple there. 2expresses a continuative time aspect when co-occuring with roots that have an inherent punctiliar time aspect, but have been derived to have a durative time aspect with the prefix set muN-/nuN-. Mumpaypaytuk ya mungkuli te hidiyey pinghanan ena nakidilagan hi allama. She jumped and screamed because it was the first time she went to catch crabs with a torch. Ek ang-angon, munhidhid-ipak te nahilong ya- maid hi Lammooy I went to see, I was straining my eyes because it was dark, Lammooy was not around Nuntadtaddog kamin mundongdongngol hi kalkalyon nan mittulu. We were continuously standing as we were listening to the speech of the teacher. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11.3 - End.)
dayyu 1intrans. to move in a downward direction; walking or riding down an incline; descend; go down, walk down a mountain or hillside. Dumayyu ka keh tu ta waday ibagak. Come down here (lit. descend) and I will ask you something. Dumayyu kad Pindongan ta em tibon hi Dulyaggan. Come down to Pindongan so that you will go to see Dulyaggan. Mundayyu kat ume kah bale da ta em ayagan hi Kabbigat ta pumbaddang kun mangilagim tuh babuy. Go down (lit. descend), to their house and call for Kabbigat so that I will have someone to help me singe the pig. Indai ot dongdonglona, mundayyu dah wa-el nan ho kali ya- ne kinimit na. Later on, as he was hearing, they were going down to the creek and then he closed his eyes. muN‑/nuN, ‑um‑/‑imm‑. Class 1B Movement with a directional component. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Move down.) 2sta. to be sloping, a path or road, descending toward a destination. Madayyu nan dalan an umeh baleda. The path going to their house is sloping. Ya mumpadayyuy ohat mumpaed Kiangan. And one pathway goes down towards Kiangan. ma‑. 3to descend with the path or site in view. 3.1trans. the direct object refers to a specific path or something along the path. Dayyuwon yu nan madopla ta ahi kayu dumatong. You’ll go down/descend the cliff before arriving. ‑on/‑in; dayyuwon. 3.2trans. the direct object refers to a specific site for starting the descent Hidiy dayyuwan yu. There (is the place) where you will go down. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an. 3.3trans. the direct object refers to an object along the path of descent. Idayyu yu nah kad-an di mangga. You’ll go down/descend where the mango tree is. i‑/iN‑.
hidiye (diye, hi) demonstrative. demonstrative pronoun that does not require a co-occurring noun; that over there, definite reference to something, away from both speaker and hearer. Hidiye di balen da Juan. That one over there is the house of Juan. Man-uke kanak hidiye ya adalon dan mumbaki nah eda pundongdongollan ya abu. The reason I say that is that they learn to recite the rituals and prayers by listening only. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Demonstrative pronouns.) hidiyen hidiyey
hiN- -on TACR. this circumfix encodes a non-past modal that adds the meaning of ‘to pretend’ to the verbal root; the suffix part of the circumfix cross-references the object in the clause. <
> Himbaybayuom nan page. Pretend to be pounding the rice. Kahindongdongollona hi kinalik. He pretends to be listening to what I have said. (sem. domains: 9.4.2 - Agent-oriented modalities.) With a statement, rather than imperative, a ka- prefix is also added to the affix combination.
kahiN- -on mod. this modal circumfix adds the concept of pretense to a verb. Kahinhuyhuyopona pangalinat ha-oy di manaang. He pretended to be sleeping, hoping that I’ll be the one to cook. Deke bo udot ya kahinlullokon da ot inila takun adida unudon intugun taku. If they keep pretending to be deaf, then, we know that they will not follow what we advised. Kahindongdongollona hi kinalik. He pretends to be hearing what I said. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199 - Verb affixes.)
labulab (sp. var. labu) 1intrans. to use swear words; to use vulgar language. [It is considered extremely bad behavior to use vulgar language in the presence of any relative of the opposite sex up to 3rd cousins.] Panioy munlabulab namam-a ten wada day tutulang. It is taboo to use vulgar language, especially in the presence of brothers and sisters. Adika munlabulab te ad-adin dongdonglon. Don’t talk indecently because it’s not good to hear. muN‑/nuN‑. 1C General class. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Obscenity.) 2trans. Panion labulaban di aammod. It is evil to use vulgar words to parents. ‑an/‑in‑ ‑an.
man-uke (comp. of man-u, ke₂) adjunct. the reason being; the reason for. Man-uke kanak hidi ya adalon dan mumbaki nah eda pundongdongollan ya abu. The reason I say that is that they learn to recite the rituals and prayers by listening only. Man-uke ya maid di ammod da kinali umat hina da. The reason that they behave in that manner is because they do not have parents. Man-uke ya maddikit ya man-uke ya natalam. It’s partly that she’s good-looking and partly that she’s clever. Attitudinal. (sem. domains: 184.108.40.206 - Cause, 220.127.116.11.1 - Reason.)
tongngok trans. to look with open mouth; to gape; open mouth with amazement; to gawk. Adim totongngokon te humgop man di lalog hi tokom. Don’t be gaping because a fly will enter your mouth. Tipet nganne ahan hinaen ittolyan totongngokon yun mundongdongol. What is that story about that you are listening with open-mouthed amazement. Adika muntongngok hin ume tad Manila. Do not gawk when we go to Manila. ‑on/‑in‑, muN‑/nuN‑. 4E Perception and Cognition. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Surprise.)
yu pers. 1you, plural; second person, plural, Set 1 non-cross-referenced subject. Tipe nganne ahan hinaen ittolyan totongngokon yun mundongdongol. What is that story about that you are listening with open mouths. (sem. domains: 9.2.3 - Pronouns.) 2your, plural; second person, plural possessive pronoun. Idawawa yuy takle yu ta midatan kayu. Reach out your hands so you will be given some. Man-uket munggastu takuh pun-iskul yu ya kiphodan yuh udum hi algo. The reason we spend money for your studies is it is for your own good in the future.